Jubilee line

Last updated

Jubilee line
Jubilee line flag box.svg
Stanmore tube station MMB 02 1996 Stock.jpg
1996 Stock at Stanmore in 2014
Overview
Stations27
Colour on map Silver
Website tfl.gov.uk
Service
Type Rapid transit
System London Underground
Depot(s)
Rolling stock 1996 Stock
Ridership276.813 million (2019) [2] passenger journeys
History
Opened1 May 1979;44 years ago (1979-05-01)
Last extension1999
Technical
Line length36.2 km (22.5 mi)
CharacterDeep level
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Fourth rail,  630 V DC
Operating speed100 km/h (62 mph)
Signalling CBTC (SelTrac S40)
Train protection systemTBTC
London Underground
Bakerloo
Central
Circle
District
Hammersmith & City
Jubilee
Metropolitan
Northern
Piccadilly
Victoria
Waterloo & City
London Overground
Liberty
Lioness
Mildmay
Suffragette
Weaver
Windrush
Other TfL Modes
DLR
Elizabeth line
London Trams

The Jubilee line is a London Underground line that runs between Stanmore in suburban north-west London and Stratford in east London, via the Docklands, South Bank and West End. Opened in 1979, it is the newest line on the Underground network, although some sections of track date back to 1932 and some stations to 1879.

Contents

The western section between Baker Street and Stanmore was previously a branch of the Metropolitan line and later the Bakerloo line, while the newly built line was completed in two major sections: initially in 1979 to Charing Cross, then in 1999 with an extension to Stratford. The later stations are larger and have special safety features, both aspects being attempts to future-proof the line. Following the extension to east London, serving areas once poorly connected to the Underground, the line has seen a huge growth in passenger numbers and is the fourth-busiest on the network (after the Northern, Victoria and Central lines) [3] , with over 276 million passenger journeys in 2019.

Between Finchley Road and Wembley Park the Jubilee line shares its route with the Metropolitan line and Chiltern Main Line. Between Canning Town and Stratford it runs parallel to the Stratford International branch of the Docklands Light Railway. The Jubilee line is printed silver on the Tube map, to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II, after which the line was named.

History

1932 to 1939

The first section of what is now the Jubilee line opened in 1932, when the Metropolitan Railway built a branch from its main line at Wembley Park to Stanmore. The line, as with many others in the northwest London area, was designed for the use of commuters from the new and rapidly expanding suburbs. The line presented the Metropolitan with a problem. The suburban traffic had been so successful that, by the early 1930s, the lines into Baker Street were becoming overloaded, a problem exacerbated by the post-war flight from the City of London to the West End of London.[ citation needed ]

At first, the Metropolitan had advocated a new deep tube line roughly following the line of the Edgware Road between the tube station and a point near Willesden Green. Indeed, construction advanced as far as the rebuilding of Edgware Road station to accommodate 4 platforms of 8-car length. Things changed, though, with the formation of the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) and the subsequent absorption of the Metropolitan line. The solution was now a new branch of the Bakerloo line from Baker Street to serve new stations at St John's Wood and Swiss Cottage, thereby rendering the existing stations of Lord's, Marlborough Road and Swiss Cottage on the parallel route redundant, and negating the need for the Met's extension from Edgware Road station. It was originally proposed that the Metropolitan line's Swiss Cottage station would remain open during peak hours for interchange with the Bakerloo, and that Lord's station would open for special cricketing events, but both were closed permanently as economy measures during the Second World War. The new line rose between the Metropolitan line tracks at Finchley Road, providing cross-platform interchange with the Metropolitan line. Continuing north to Wembley Park, the new Bakerloo line branch was to provide local service on the Metropolitan line, while Metropolitan line trains ran non-stop between Finchley Road and Wembley Park, cutting seven minutes from journey times. At Wembley Park, the new Bakerloo would turn north to serve Kingsbury, Queensbury, Canons Park and Stanmore, taking over the former Metropolitan branch. The Bakerloo extension, built as above, opened in 1939.[ citation needed ]

1939 to 1979, the Fleet line

The planning for the Tube network immediately before and after World War II considered several new routes. The main results of this study concerned two major routes: the south-to-northeast "line C", and lines 3 and 4, new cross-town routes, linking the northwest suburbs to Fenchurch Street, Wapping and variously Lewisham and Hayes. Line C opened as the Victoria line, in stages, from 1968 to 1972. Work on the northwest–southeast route continued.

The "Fleet line" was mentioned in a 1965 Times article, discussing options after the Victoria line had been completed – suggesting that the Fleet line could take a route via Baker Street, Bond Street, Trafalgar Square, Strand, Fleet Street, Ludgate Circus and Cannon Street, then proceeding into southeast London. [4] The new line was to have been called the Fleet line, [5] after the River Fleet (although it would only have crossed under the Fleet at Ludgate Circus; the central London section mostly follows the Tyburn).

In 1971, construction began on the new Fleet line. Economic pressure and doubt over the final destination of the line had led to a staged approach. Under the first stage, the Baker Street-to-Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo line was joined at Baker Street to a new 2.5-mile (4 km) segment into central London, with intermediate stops at Bond Street and Green Park and terminating at a new station at Charing Cross, thereby relieving pressure on the West End section of the Bakerloo line between Baker Street and Charing Cross and also allowing increased frequencies on the section north of Baker Street. The new tube was to offer cross-platform interchange between the Bakerloo and Fleet at Baker Street, as pioneered on the Victoria line. The work was completed in 1979. As part of the works, Trafalgar Square (Bakerloo) and Strand (Northern) stations were combined into a single station complex, Charing Cross. The existing Charing Cross station on the sub-surface District and Circle lines was renamed Embankment.

1983 Stock train at Kilburn in 1988 1983 Stock at Kilburn tube station in 1988.jpg
1983 Stock train at Kilburn in 1988

Another part of the works included a section of test tunnel, built near New Cross. This part of London has waterlogged soil that is difficult to tunnel in, so a new tunnelling method, called the bentonite shield, was used experimentally to construct a 150 m (490 ft) section of tunnel, that was on the line of the proposed Phase 2 route, in 1972. [6] [7] The experiment was successful, leading to the introduction of this form of construction elsewhere, [6] but when the planned route was altered, this 180-metre (590 ft) section was left abandoned. [8]

In 1975, when plans were under way to introduce the London Transport Silver Jubilee Bus fleet, the then Sales Manager of London Transport Advertising, Geoffrey Holliman, proposed to the Chairman of LTE, Kenneth Robinson, that the Fleet line should be renamed the Jubilee line. However, this idea was initially rejected because of the additional costs involved. Nevertheless, the name was ultimately chosen for the line after Queen Elizabeth II's 1977 Silver Jubilee following a pledge made by the Conservatives in the Greater London Council election of 1977. The original choice of battleship grey for the line's colour was based on the naval meaning of the word fleet; this became a lighter grey, representing the silver colour of the Jubilee itself.

The line was officially opened by the Prince of Wales on 30 April 1979, with passenger services operating from 1 May 1979. [9] [10]

Proposed extensions

The Jubilee line of 1979 was to be the first of four phases of the project, but lack of funds meant that no further progress was made until the late 1990s.

Millennium extension

Changes in land use, particularly the urban renewal of the Docklands area, resulted in the project to extend the line beyond Charing Cross being changed considerably in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. The Jubilee Line Extension, as the eventual project became known, opened in three stages in 1999. [13] [14] It split from the existing line at Green Park; the service to Charing Cross was discontinued (though still maintained for reversing trains at times of disruption, and for occasional use as a film set). The line extends as far as Stratford, with ten intermediate stations.

The new stations were designed to be "future-proof", with wide passageways, large quantities of escalators and lifts, and emergency exits. The stations were the first on the Underground to have platform edge doors, and were built to have step free access throughout. [15] The project was the single largest addition to the Underground in 25 years. [16]

There have been other proposals to extend the line serving the docks. [17]

24-hour weekend service

It was planned that from Saturday 12 September 2015, there would be a 24-hour service on Friday and Saturday nights on the entire Jubilee line as part of the new Night Tube service pattern. [18] This was postponed due to an ongoing dispute between Transport for London and rail unions. In August 2016, Sadiq Khan, Mayor of London, announced that the Jubilee line night tube would run with services starting on 7 October 2016. [19]

Current Jubilee line

Open since 1979, the Jubilee line is the newest line of the London Underground network. The trains were upgraded in 1997 to the 1996 stock. In 1999, trains began running to Stratford instead of Charing Cross, serving areas once poorly connected to the London Underground network.

Station features

Jubilee line stations north of Baker Street were not built specifically for the Jubilee line. St John's Wood and Swiss Cottage stations were opened in 1939 on the then-new Bakerloo line branch and have more traditional tube station features. Stations north of Finchley Road were opened by the Metropolitan Railway (now the Metropolitan line), but they became part of the Bakerloo in 1939, with only Wembley Park being shared with the Metropolitan. Then, the Jubilee line took over the whole of the Bakerloo line service between Baker Street and Stanmore. The only stations with new platforms built for the original Jubilee line were the Baker Street westbound platform (eastbound opened in 1939), Bond Street, Green Park and the now-closed Charing Cross.

Stations on the Jubilee Line Extension feature: [15] [16]

The stations have subsequently been praised as exemplary pieces of 20th century architecture. [21] The platform edge doors were introduced primarily to prevent draughts underground and to assist in air flow. They also prevent people from falling or jumping onto the track, as well as the build-up of litter. [15] [16]

Rolling stock

1996 tube stock driving car 1996 stock driver car.png
1996 tube stock driving car
1996 tube stock trailer car 1996 stock trailer car.png
1996 tube stock trailer car
1996 stock arriving at West Hampstead Au Morandarte Flickr DSC00076 (10112746033).jpg
1996 stock arriving at West Hampstead

When the Jubilee line was opened, it was operated by 1972 stock. In 1984, this was partially replaced by the new 1983 stock: the displaced 1972 stock was transferred to the Bakerloo line. The 1983 stock proved to be unreliable and troublesome in service,[ citation needed ] with single-leaf doors making passenger loading and unloading a slower process than on other stock with wider door openings. With the construction of the Jubilee line Extension, the opportunity was taken to introduce new trains, and today the line is worked by 1996 stock, which has an exterior similar to the 1995 stock in use on the Northern line. The new stock has internal displays and automated announcements to provide passengers with information on the train's route. At first, the displayed text was static and showed only the destination of the train, but later showed also the name of the next station and interchanges there. Subsequent modifications introduced scrolling text. The 1996 stock uses a different motor from the 1995 stock and has a motor design similar to Class 365, Class 465, and Class 466 Networker trains.

Seventh car upgrade

The Jubilee line closed for three days from 25 December 2005 in order to add an extra car to each six-car train. [22] The line had to be closed as six- and seven-car trains could not run in service at the same time, because the platform-edge doors at Jubilee Line Extension stations could not cater for both train lengths simultaneously. The signalling system was also modified to work with the longer trains.

Previously, an extra four complete seven-car trains had been added to the fleet, bringing the total to 63. This enabled the period during which a full service could be run to be increased. The full fleet was not required to be available until full advantage could be taken of the new signalling system.

The result of the seventh car upgrade was a 17% increase in capacity, allowing 6,000 more passengers per hour to use the line. Work was completed and the line reopened two days ahead of schedule, on 28 December 2005.

Signalling system

Since 2011, the Jubilee line has automatic train operation (ATO), using the SelTrac S40 moving block system. [23] This provides capacity for 30 trains per hour. [24]

Migration to the system was problematic. The programme of temporary closures for engineering work was criticised by local politicians [25] as well as by the management of venues such as Wembley Stadium and The O2 because visitors to major concerts and sporting events had to travel by rail replacement bus. [26] [27] The management of the project by Tube Lines was criticised by London TravelWatch for its delayed delivery date, [28] and a report by the London Assembly referred to the weekly line closures as "chaotic". [29] [30]

4G connectivity

In March 2020, a leaky feeder based system was brought online in the Jubilee line tunnels, between Westminster and Canning Town. [31] The development of this system arose from the Home Office's desire to provide coverage for its new Emergency Services Network on the London Underground. It allows passengers to receive 4G connectivity both in the tunnels and on station platforms. [32]

When opened, it was the first section of London Underground tunnel to receive 4G and 5G connectivity. It was followed in December 2022 and into 2023 by a section of the Central line between Queensway and Holland Park and the Northern line between Archway and Mornington Crescent. [33] TfL intends to deploy the technology across the entire Tube network by the mid-2020s. [31]

Future

Thamesmead branch

When North Greenwich Underground station was opened, it was built to enable a branch extension to be built eastwards to Thamesmead. There are currently no plans to construct this branch route. [17]

West Hampstead interchange

Plans were put forward in 1974 and again in 2004 for a West Hampstead interchange, to connect the three West Hampstead stations in one complex. The plans were put on hold in 2007 due to uncertainty over the North London Line rail franchise. [34] The proposal is now no longer possible, due to development in the area. Furthermore, both the Thameslink station and the Overground station have been rebuilt and upgraded in recent years, with step free access added to both. [35]

Map

Jubilee line

Services

Jubilee line services are: [36]

Stations

Jubilee line
BSicon uKACCa.svg
Stanmore
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udYRDe.svg
Stanmore sidings
BSicon uvSHI2g+l-.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
Canons Park
BSicon uHST.svg
Queensbury
BSicon uHSTACC.svg
Kingsbury
BSicon uv-CONT4+f.svg
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon uvACC.svg
Wembley Park Metropolitan line roundel (no text).svg
BSicon uveBHF-BHF.svg
Neasden
BSicon uvSTR-HST.svg
Dollis Hill
BSicon uexldHST-L.svg
BSicon uvHST.svg
Willesden Green
BSicon uvSTR-HST.svg
Kilburn
BSicon uvSTR-INT.svg
West Hampstead Overground roundel (no text).svg National Rail logo.svg ThameslinkSymbol.svg
BSicon uvUSTxr.svg
BSicon uvBHF.svg
Finchley Road Metropolitan line roundel (no text).svg
BSicon utv-CONT3+ga.svg
BSicon utdSTRa.svg
BSicon utHST.svg
Swiss Cottage
BSicon ulCONTg@F.svg
BSicon utHST.svg
St John's Wood
BSicon utKRWg+l.svg
BSicon lNUL3@3.svg
BSicon utKRWgr.svg
link to Bakerloo line
BSicon utXBHF-L.svg
BSicon utXBHF-R.svg
Baker Street Bakerloo line roundel (no text).svg Circle line roundel (no text).svg H&c line roundel (no text).svg Metropolitan line roundel (no text).svg
BSicon lNUL1@1.svg
BSicon utKRWg+l.svg
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link from Bakerloo line
BSicon ulCONTf@G.svg
BSicon utINTACC.svg
Bond Street Central line roundel (no text).svg Elizabeth line roundel (no text).svg
BSicon utACC.svg
Green Park Piccadilly line roundel (no text).svg Victoria line roundel (no text).svg
BSicon uetKRWgl.svg
BSicon uextKRW+r.svg
BSicon utSTR.svg
BSicon uextINT.svg
Charing Cross Bakerloo line roundel (no text).svg Northern line roundel (no text).svg National Rail logo.svg
BSicon utSTR.svg
BSicon uextENDEe.svg
line ends short of Aldwych
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Westminster
Circle line roundel (no text).svg District line roundel (no text).svg BSicon FERRY.svg
BSicon WASSERl+4.svg
BSicon utKRZW.svg
BSicon WASSER+r.svg
BSicon utINTACC.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
Waterloo Bakerloo line roundel (no text).svg Northern line roundel (no text).svg W&c line roundel (no text).svg BSicon FERRY.svg National Rail logo.svg
BSicon utHSTACC.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
Southwark ( National Rail logo.svg
Waterloo
East
)
BSicon utINTACC.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
London Bridge Northern line roundel (no text).svg BSicon FERRY.svg National Rail logo.svg ThameslinkSymbol.svg
BSicon utHSTACC.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
Bermondsey
BSicon utINTACC.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
Canada Water Overground roundel (no text).svg
BSicon WASSER+l.svg
BSicon utKRZW.svg
BSicon WASSERr.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon utINTACC.svg
Canary Wharf Elizabeth line roundel (no text).svg DLR no-text roundel.svg
BSicon WASSERl.svg
BSicon utKRZW.svg
BSicon WASSER+r.svg
BSicon utINTACC.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
North Greenwich BSicon FERRY.svg London AirLine Roundel.png
BSicon exlENDE@Fq.svg
BSicon uetABZgr.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
provision for branch to
Royal Docks and Thamesmead
BSicon WASSER3+l.svg
BSicon utKRZW.svg
BSicon WASSERr.svg
BSicon utSTRe.svg
BSicon uINTACC.svg
Canning Town DLR no-text roundel.svg
BSicon uINTACC.svg
West Ham District line roundel (no text).svg H&c line roundel (no text).svg DLR no-text roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg
BSicon uABZg+l.svg
BSicon uKDSTeq.svg
Stratford Market depot
BSicon uKINTACCe.svg
Stratford Central line roundel (no text).svg Overground roundel (no text).svg Elizabeth line roundel (no text).svg DLR no-text roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg
Notice explaining about step-free access. This can be found inside every Jubilee line train. Step-free access notification (Jubilee line).png
Notice explaining about step-free access. This can be found inside every Jubilee line train.
StationImageRoundelOpenedAdditional information
Stanmore Wheelchair symbol.svg Stanmore tube station 2.jpg Stanmore Station Roundel.jpg 10 December 1932 map 1
Canons Park Canons Park Tube Station.JPG Canons Park Station.jpg 10 December 1932Opened as Canons Park (Edgware); renamed 1933. map 2
Queensbury Queensbury station entrance.JPG Queensbury Station.jpg 16 December 1934 map 3
Kingsbury Wheelchair symbol.svg Kingsbury platform N.JPG Kingsbury Station Sign.jpg 10 December 1932 map 4
Wembley Park [lower-alpha 1] Wheelchair symbol.svg Wembley Park tube station extension.jpg Wembley Park stn roundel.JPG 14 October 1893Connects with Metropolitan line. map 5
Neasden [lower-alpha 2] Neasden station building.JPG Neasden station roundel.JPG 2 August 1880 map 6
Dollis Hill [lower-alpha 2] Dollis Hill stn north entrance.JPG Dollis Hill Station.jpg 1 October 1909 map 7
Willesden Green [lower-alpha 2] Willesden Green stn building north.JPG Willesden Green stn.jpg 24 November 1879 map 8
Kilburn [lower-alpha 2] Wheelchair symbol.svg Kilburn1.jpg Kilburn Station.jpg 24 November 1879Opened as Kilburn & Brondesbury; renamed 25 September 1950. map 9
West Hampstead [lower-alpha 2] National Rail logo.svg Overground roundel (no text).svg ThameslinkSymbol.svg West Hampstead 180408 d.adkins.jpg West Hampstead Jubilee Line.jpg 30 June 1879Connects with London Overground and National Rail services. map 10
Finchley Road [lower-alpha 2] Finchley Road Tube.jpg Finchley Road Roundel.jpg 30 June 1879Connects with Metropolitan line. map 11
Swiss Cottage Swiss Cottage tube station, North London.jpg Swiss Cottage Roundel.jpg 20 November 1939 map 12
St John's Wood StJohnsWood.jpg St Johns Wood Roundel.jpg 20 November 1939 map 13
Baker Street BakerStEntrance.JPG Baker St Jubilee Roundel.jpg 1 May 1979Connects with Bakerloo, Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines. map 14
Bond Street Wheelchair symbol.svg Elizabeth line roundel (no text).svg Bond Street stn entrance Oxford St.JPG Bond Street Station Roundel.jpg 1 May 1979Connects with Central line and the Elizabeth line. map 15
Green Park Wheelchair symbol.svg Green.park.underground.arp.750pix.jpg Green park Station Roundel.jpg 1 May 1979Connects with Piccadilly and Victoria lines. map 16
Westminster Wheelchair symbol.svg Westminster.tube.station.jubilee.arp.jpg Westminster Station Roundel.jpg 22 December 1999Connects with Circle and District lines. map 17
Waterloo National Rail logo.svg Wheelchair symbol.svg Waterloo tube stn entrance.JPG Waterloo Jubilee Line Roundel.jpg 24 September 1999Connects with Bakerloo, Northern and Waterloo & City lines and National Rail services. map 18
Southwark ( National Rail logo.svg Waterloo East ) Wheelchair symbol.svg Southwarktubestation.JPG Southwark stn roundel.JPG 20 November 1999Connects with National Rail services from Waterloo East. map 19
London Bridge National Rail logo.svg ThameslinkSymbol.svg ( BSicon FLUG.svg Trains to Gatwick ) Wheelchair symbol.svg London Bridge Jubilee Platforms.JPG London Bridge Jubilee Line.jpg 7 October 1999Connects with Northern line and National Rail services. map 20
Bermondsey Wheelchair symbol.svg Bermondsey station westbound look east.JPG Bermondsey Roundel.jpg 17 September 1999 map 21
Canada Water Wheelchair symbol.svg Overground roundel (no text).svg Canada Water station building.JPG Canada Water Roundel.jpg 17 September 1999Connects with London Overground. map 22
Canary Wharf Elizabeth line roundel (no text).svg DLR no-text roundel.svg Wheelchair symbol.svg Canary wharf tube station 750px.jpg Canary Wharf Roundel.jpg 17 September 1999Connects with Docklands Light Railway and the Elizabeth line. map 23
North Greenwich Wheelchair symbol.svg ( Small london cable car.png from Greenwich Peninsula) North Greenwich tube station Platform 2.jpg North Greenwich (J).jpg 14 May 1999Connects with the London Cable Car from Greenwich Peninsula. map 24
Canning Town [lower-alpha 3] DLR no-text roundel.svg Wheelchair symbol.svg Canningtowntubestation1.JPG Canning Town Jubilee Line.jpg 14 May 1999Connects with Docklands Light Railway. map 25
West Ham [lower-alpha 3] Wheelchair symbol.svg National Rail logo.svg DLR no-text roundel.svg Westhamsign.jpg West Ham Roundel.jpg 14 May 1999Connects with District and Hammersmith & City lines, Docklands Light Railway and National Rail services. map 26
Stratford [lower-alpha 3] Wheelchair symbol.svg National Rail logo.svg Overground roundel (no text).svg Elizabeth line roundel (no text).svg DLR no-text roundel.svg Stratford Station London UK.jpg Stratford Jubilee Line.jpg 14 May 1999Connects with Central line, London Overground, Elizabeth line, Docklands Light Railway and National Rail services. map 27
  1. At Wembley Park, there are six tracks, but Jubilee line trains only use the two innermost tracks.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Between Finchley Road and Wembley Park, the Jubilee line right of way widens to four tracks. Jubilee line trains run on the two inner tracks. Flanking the Jubilee line are tracks used by the Metropolitan line. Metropolitan line trains run non-stop from Finchley Road to Wembley Park, skipping West Hampstead, Kilburn, Willesden Green, Dollis Hill and Neasden stations. Willesden Green and Neasden stations have platforms on the Metropolitan line tracks, but Metropolitan line trains call there only when normal working is disrupted or on irregular occasions when local events can cause a heavy increase in use of the stations.
  3. 1 2 3 From Canning Town to Stratford low level, the Jubilee line right-of-way widens to four tracks. The Jubilee line trains use the two western tracks. Directly parallel to the line is the Docklands Light Railway Stratford International extension. Jubilee line trains make stops at Canning Town and West Ham, but bypass Star Lane, Abbey Road and Stratford High Street stations.

Former stations

The Jubilee line platforms at Charing Cross are still used during service suspensions. For example, when the service is suspended between Green Park and Stratford, trains will terminate (and passengers alight) at Green Park before going to Charing Cross and using a scissors crossover to reverse back westbound. The platforms are a popular set for films and television because the platforms are contemporary and the trains used are current ones that appear in normal passenger service.

Depots

The main servicing and maintenance depot on the Jubilee line is Stratford Market Depot map 29 between the Stratford and West Ham stations. [37] Trains are also stabled in Neasden Depot – sharing it with the Metropolitan line.

Stratford Market Depot was built as part of the Jubilee Line Extension in the late 1990s, as the Neasden Depot could not accommodate the increased number of trains required. [38] [39]

Maps

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingsbury tube station</span> London Underground station

Kingsbury is a London Underground station in northwest London, England. It is on the Jubilee line between Queensbury and Wembley Park stations, in Zone 4, in the borough of Brent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wembley Park tube station</span> London Underground station

Wembley Park is a London Underground station in Wembley Park, north west London. The station is served by the Jubilee and Metropolitan lines and is in Travelcard Zone 4. It is located on Bridge Road (A4089) and is the nearest Underground station to the Wembley Stadium and Wembley Arena complex. This is where the Jubilee line from Stanmore diverges from the Metropolitan line, which was formerly a branch of the Metropolitan Railway and was taken over by the Bakerloo line and today part of the Jubilee line.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finchley Road tube station</span> London Underground station

Finchley Road is a London Underground station at the corner of Finchley Road and Canfield Gardens in the London Borough of Camden, north London. It is on the Jubilee line, between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage stations and on the Metropolitan line between Wembley Park and Baker Street stations. It is in Travelcard Zone 2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Canning Town station</span> London Underground and Docklands Light Railway station

Canning Town is an interchange station located in Canning Town, London for London Underground, Docklands Light Railway (DLR) and London Buses services.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stanmore tube station</span> London Underground station

Stanmore is a London Underground station in Stanmore. It is the northern terminus of the Jubilee line and the next station towards south is Canons Park. The station is on the south side of London Road and is in Travelcard Zone 5.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marlborough Road tube station</span> Former station in St Johns Wood, London

Marlborough Road is a disused London Underground station in St John's Wood, northwest London NW8, England. It opened in April 1868 on the Metropolitan & St. John's Wood Railway, the first northward extension from Baker Street of the Metropolitan Railway. It is located at the junction of Finchley Road and Queen's Grove.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Swiss Cottage tube station (1868–1940)</span> Disused London Underground station in Swiss Cottage

Swiss Cottage is a disused London Underground station in Swiss Cottage, north-west London. It was opened in 1868 as the northern terminus of the Metropolitan and St. John's Wood Railway (M&StJWR), the first northward branch extension from Baker Street of the Metropolitan Railway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of the London Underground</span>

The history is of the London Underground began in the 19th century with the construction of the Metropolitan Railway, the world's first underground railway. The Metropolitan Railway, which opened in 1863 using gas-lit wooden carriages hhejejjhauled by steam locomotives, worked with the District Railway to complete London's Circle line in 1884. Both railways expanded, the Metropolitan eventually extending as far as Verney Junction in Buckinghamshire, more than 50 miles (80 km) from Baker Street and the centre of London. The first deep-level tube line, the City and South London Railway, opened in 1890 with electric trains. This was followed by the Waterloo & City Railway in 1898, the Central London Railway in 1900, and the Great Northern and City Railway in 1904. The Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL) was established in 1902 to fund the electrification of the District Railway and to complete and operate three tube lines, the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway, the Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway and the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway, which opened in 1906–07. By 1907 the District and Metropolitan Railways had electrified the underground sections of their lines.

The transport system now known as the London Underground began in 1863 with the Metropolitan Railway, the world's first underground railway. Over the next forty years, the early sub-surface lines reached out from the urban centre of the capital into the surrounding rural margins, leading to the development of new commuter suburbs. At the turn of the nineteenth century, new technology—including electric locomotives and improvements to the tunnelling shield—enabled new companies to construct a series of "tube" lines deeper underground. Initially rivals, the tube railway companies began to co-operate in advertising and through shared branding, eventually consolidating under the single ownership of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL), with lines stretching across London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neasden Depot</span>

Neasden Depot is a London Underground depot located in Neasden in the London Borough of Brent, between Neasden and Wembley Park stations on the Metropolitan line. It is the largest depot on the London Underground, and is currently responsible for maintenance and overhaul of the 191 S Stock trains used on the Circle, District, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stonebridge Park Depot</span>

Stonebridge Park Depot is a stabling and maintenance depot for trains on the Bakerloo line of the London Underground in England. It opened in 1979, as part of the restructuring that resulted in the Bakerloo line's Stanmore branch becoming part of the Jubilee line. It is the main depot on the Bakerloo line, and has been used for stabling stock dating from 1938, 1959 and 1972. In addition, trains of 1972 Stock from the Northern line have been transferred to the depot temporarily for overhaul.

References

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Template:Attached KML/Jubilee line
KML is from Wikidata
West: Crossings of the River Thames East:
Westminster Bridge Between Westminster and Waterloo Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges
Canary Wharf – Rotherhithe Ferry Between Canada Water and Canary Wharf Docklands Light Railway between Island Gardens and Cutty Sark
Greenwich Foot Tunnel Between Canary Wharf and North Greenwich Blackwall Tunnels
Blackwall Tunnels Between North Greenwich and Canning Town Millennium Dome electricity cable tunnel (no public access)
London Cable Car