Special address by the British monarch

Last updated
King George VI broadcasting a message to the British Empire on the evening of his Coronation on 12 May 1937 George VI 1937 Radio Times.JPG
King George VI broadcasting a message to the British Empire on the evening of his Coronation on 12 May 1937

Special addresses by the monarch of United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms (and previously of the British Empire and its Dominions), outside the annual Royal Christmas Message and the Commonwealth Day Message, only take place at times of significant national or royal events. [1] [2]

Contents

British monarchs have given speeches for centuries but it was only in the 20th century, with the advent of radio, that the Monarch was able to address the whole nation at once. On Christmas Day in 1932, King George V became the first British monarch to make a live radio broadcast to the nation. The tradition of the monarch broadcasting to the nation on Christmas Day continues to this day. Special addresses by the Monarch on days other than Christmas Day, however, are extremely rare and have only occurred at times of significant national or royal events.

List of special addresses

This list does not include Empire Day and Commonwealth Day broadcasts.

George V

DateSubjectNotesPrime MinisterRef
6 May 1935 Silver Jubilee A speech made by King George V at the end of the celebrations of his Silver Jubilee. He thanked all his peoples on behalf of himself and Queen Mary. It was also the first broadcast by him outside the Royal Christmas Message. [3] Ramsay MacDonald

Edward VIII

DateSubjectNotesPrime MinisterRef
1 March 1936 Accession to the throne Edward VIII's first radio address to the Empire after the death of his father, George V, on 20 January 1936. Stanley Baldwin
26 July 1936Unveiling of Canadian National Vimy Memorial The unveiling ceremony for the Canadian war memorial was broadcast live to Canada through the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission. The ceremony included a speech from the King in both English and French. [4] [5] William Lyon Mackenzie King
(Canada)
11 December 1936 Abdication crisis The former King made a speech to the Empire from Windsor Castle having abdicated just hours earlier. He was introduced by Sir John Reith as "His Royal Highness Prince Edward". [6] Stanley Baldwin

George VI

DateSubjectNotesPrime MinisterRef
12 May 1937 Coronation of George VI and Elizabeth George VI made the speech on the evening of his coronation.Stanley Baldwin
3 September 1939 Outbreak of World War II The King made the speech hours after the United Kingdom declared war on Germany. A dramatisation of the radio broadcast forms the "climax" of the 2010 film The King's Speech . Neville Chamberlain
23 September 1940 First year of World War II The King made the speech just over a year after the outbreak of the war. In the speech, he announced the creation of the George Cross. Winston Churchill
6 June 1944 Normandy landings The King addressed the Allies on the evening of the D-Day landings.
8 May 1945 Victory in Europe Day The King's speech to celebrate VE Day after the surrender of Nazi Germany. He also warned that the war with Japan still had to be won.
15 August 1945 Victory over Japan Day and end of World War II The King addressed the Empire at the end of the war. Clement Attlee

Elizabeth II

  Contingent Address - Never delivered
DateSubjectNotesPrime MinisterRef
2 June 1953 Coronation of Elizabeth II Following her coronation on 2 June 1953, Queen Elizabeth II made a broadcast in the evening. She reflected on the events of the day, thanked the public for their support and promised to serve the Commonwealth and Empire. [7] Winston Churchill
29 January 1954Farewell broadcast to New Zealand Before leaving New Zealand in 1954, the Queen broadcast a message of thanks to New Zealand and to its ‘great and united people’ from Invercargill, at the tip of New Zealand's South Island on 29 January. In the broadcast, she said that she and Prince Philip "have been deeply impressed" by the way in which New Zealand's manifold natural resources are being developed with the aid of science and technical skill. She added that with the spontaneous enthusiasm and affection that she and Prince Philip were greeted to 'this beautiful country', they were truly made to feel at home. [8] [9] [10] Sidney Holland
(New Zealand)
18 March 1954Visit to Broken Hill On 18 March 1954, during her first tour of Australia, the Queen flew into Broken Hill with her husband the Duke of Edinburgh. The Queen made a speech from the Flying Doctor Base, which was broadcast throughout the entire Australian Outback via the Flying Doctor Network. Mrs Mitchell, from the Muloorina station spoke to the Queen on behalf of the Outback residents, after which the Queen broadcast her reply to all the Outback people. The Queen spoke of the fortitude, courage, humour, and friendliness of the Outback residents, and of the "magnificent way in which you have overcome the problems of living in this region of vast distances and great lonliness". [11] [12] Robert Menzies
(Australia)
1 April 1954Farewell broadcast to Australia The Queen broadcast a farewell speech upon her departure from Australia on 1 April 1954. The Queen and Prince Philip left Australia on Gothic , and as the royal yacht was slowly making its way out of the Swan River into the Indian Ocean, the Queen left the top deck to make her farewell broadcast to Australia and its people. All ABC stations broadcast the speech throughout Australia, and the Queen's voice was heard between 7:30 and 8:00 pm. In the speech, the Queen thanked the Australian people for their ‘welcome, hospitality and loyalty’. She added that "it is demonstrated that the Crown is a human link between all the people who owe allegiance to me, an allegiance of mutual love and respect and never of compulsion". The Queen said "I hope that this visit has served to remind you of the wonderful heritage we share". [13] [14] [15] [16]
21 April 1954Farewell broadcast to Ceylon Upon her departure from Ceylon, the Queen broadcast a farewell message onboard Gothic , to the Ceylonese people. The Queen spoke via Radio Ceylon in the evening of her birthday in 1954. In the broadcast, the Queen said that the welcome given to her and Prince Philip in city and countryside has brought them very near to the people of Ceylon, and would've liked to stay longer in this 'beautiful island'. She added that Ceylon's past is long and famous, and is convinced that the future holds even more for Ceylon and for her people. [17] [18] [19] John Kotelawala
(Ceylon)

(Transcript)
15 February 1956Farewell broadcast to Nigeria Queen Elizabeth II bid farewell to the Nigerian people in a broadcast speech, on the conclusion of the Royal tour of Nigeria. The Queen wearing a pearl encrusted dress and necklace, sitting in front of two microphones, spoke from Government House in Lagos, on the evening of 15 February 1956. In the broadcast, she thanked the people of Nigeria for their hospitality during her three-week tour of Nigeria. The broadcast included a special reference to the work of civil services, which she saw during her tour. [20] [21] [22] [23] Anthony Eden
13 October 1957 Royal Tour of Canada On 12 October 1957, Queen Elizabeth II arrived in Ottawa for a four-day visit to open Canada's first session of the 23rd Parliament on 14 October. On 13 October 1957, the Queen made a live television address at 9 pm from her official Canadian residence to the people of Canada. It was her first ever televised broadcast and was telecast by CBC. [24] [25] John Diefenbaker
(Canada)
26 July 1958Closing ceremony of British Empire and Commonwealth Games The Queen broadcast a message to the Commonwealth Games in Cardiff at its closing ceremony on 26 July 1958. The Queen who was unable to deliver the speech in person due to catarrhal sinusitis, was represented at the ceremony by her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. The Duke introduced the Queen's prerecorded message, which was prepared by the BBC. In the message, the Queen declared: "I want to take this opportunity of speaking to all Welsh people, not only in this arena but wherever they may be. The British Empire and Commonwealth Games in the capital, together with all the activities of the Festival of Wales, have made this a memorable year for the principality. I have therefore decided to mark it further by an act which will, I hope, give as much pleasure to all Welshmen as it does to me. I intend to create my son, Charles, Prince of Wales today. When he is grown up, I will present him to you at Caernarfon". Charles found out about as he and some other boys were invited to the headmaster's study at Cheam to hear the Queen's speech. [26] [27] [28] Harold Macmillan
1 July 1959 Dominion Day From a sunny veranda at her Canadian residence at Rideau Hall in Ottawa, the Queen spoke to Canadians on Dominion Day in the midst of a long tour of Canada. In English and French, she congratulated Canadians on Dominion Day and praised the country for having attained unity. She noted that Canada was the first independent country in the Commonwealth. The Queen also said she is glad that in a country too big for her to visit everywhere, television can take her into all Canadian homes. John Diefenbaker
(Canada)
1 March 1961Farewell broadcast to India At the end of the Royal tour of India, Queen Elizabeth II spoke to the people of India in a farewell broadcast over All India Radio, on the eve of her departure from Delhi. The Queen, the first British monarch to visit the subcontinent since independence, said that she always hoped 'to have the good fortune' to come to India sooner or later, and thanked the Indian people for the warmth of their welcome. She suggested that the Royal tour had 'set the seal on a new relationship between Britain and India'. The Queen said that she was happy and moved after witnessing the 'splendid' Republic Day parade in Delhi, and the massive 'demonstrations of affection' in Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay. She added that the events, she witnessed in India formed 'a kaleidoscope of infinite colour and variety'. [29] [30] Jawaharlal Nehru
(India)

(Transcript)
15 March 1963Visit to Alice Springs On 15 March 1963, during her tour of Australia, the Queen visited Alice Springs and broadcast a message to its remote communities from the Flying Doctor base over its radio network. The Queen said she was "very sorry to learn that there has been a severe drought for the last few years which has brought you many hardships and misfortunes". She also paid tribute to the "very special skill and unswerving devotion" of the doctors and nurses of the Royal Flying Doctor Service. [31] [32] Robert Menzies
(Australia)

(Transcript)
26 March 1963Farewell broadcast to Australia The Queen, who had visited Australia to take part in Canberra's 50th jubilee, broadcast a farewell message on the eve of her departure from Australia, onboard Britannia at Fremantle to the people of Australia on 26 March 1963. In the broadcast, the Queen recounted 'vitally important' milestones in Australia's history and said that they 'represent progressive' steps in shaping modern-day Australia. The Queen said that "The rivalry between the States, the intense local patriotism of cities and districts is a typical sign of a healthy and vigorous democratic people". She added, "Of all the continents, Australia has the unique distinction and advantage of being one people under one Government". [33]
(Transcript)
16 April 1970Visit to Mount Isa In April 1970, the Queen visited Mount Isa, as part of her royal tour of Australia. On 16 April, the Queen broadcast a speech from Mount Isa, to the outback population, over the Royal Flying Doctor Service network. [34] John Gorton
(Australia)
4 March 1983 World War III Text of a speech written in the 1980s to be used in the event of a third world war was released by the government under the thirty-year rule on government documents in 2013. The full text of the speech, written as if broadcast at midday on Friday 4 March 1983, was made available to the public by the National Archives. "The horrors of war could not have seemed more remote as my family and I shared our Christmas joy with the growing family of the Commonwealth", the speech reads in part. It mentions Prince Andrew, then serving in the Royal Navy: "My beloved son Andrew is at this moment in action with his unit and we pray continually for his safety and for the safety of all servicemen and women at home and overseas." It continues: "Now, this madness of war is once more spreading through the world and our brave country must again prepare itself to survive against great odds." The speech ends, "As we strive together to fight off the new evil, let us pray for our country and men of goodwill wherever they may be. God bless you all." [35] [36] [37] Margaret Thatcher
(Transcript)
24 February 1991 Gulf War Queen Elizabeth II addressed the nation on the Gulf War. The broadcast was described by The Times as "unprecedented". The Queen spoke on her own initiative after consulting with the Prime Minister John Major and government ministers before making the broadcast. [38] The Queen said that "we can unite in praying" that the success of the Allied coalition against Iraqi forces would be "as swift as it is certain" and that it be "achieved with as small a cost to human life and suffering as possible". The Queen concluded that following victory "the true reward of their courage be granted: a just and lasting peace". [38] John Major
5 September 1997 Death of Diana, Princess of Wales The Queen addressed the nation on the eve of the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales. The Queen dressed in black wearing pearl earrings and a triangular diamond broach, and was seated in the Chinese Dining Room in Buckingham Palace in front of an open window through which the crowds outside the palace could be seen mourning the princess. [39] [40] The speech was written by Robert Fellowes, Baron Fellowes, the Queen's Private Secretary with the assistance of David Airlie and Geoffrey Crawford. The Queen and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh then amended the speech in consultation with staff. Andrew Rawnsley described the initial tone of the speech as being perceived by officials at 10 Downing Street as "chilly" and "impersonal". [40] Prime Minister Tony Blair said that there were "some last minute discussions about her precise words". The Downing Street Press Secretary Alastair Campbell coined the phrase "speaking as a grandmother", which was approved by the Queen's Press Secretary, Dickie Arbiter, and inserted into the speech. [41]

The speech had originally been intended to be recorded at 4 pm and then later broadcast, but royal officials were persuaded by the government to broadcast the address live and it was timed to be inserted into the Six o'clock news bulletins. [42] The speech lasted for 3 minutes and 9 seconds. [39]

The circumstances of the broadcast form the "climax" of the 2006 film The Queen , in which the Queen is portrayed by Helen Mirren. [43]

Tony Blair
8 April 2002 Death of the Queen Mother The Queen addressed the nation following the death of her mother, Queen Elizabeth. In the broadcast the Queen said that the "extent of the tributes that huge numbers of you have paid my mother in the last few days has been overwhelming" and that "I have drawn great comfort from so many individual acts of kindness and respect... So I count myself fortunate that my mother was blessed with a long and happy life. She had an infectious zest for living, and this remained with her until the very end". [44]
26 June 2002Special Golden Jubilee message to Armed Forces The Queen addressed the Armed Forces during a Golden Jubilee message broadcast worldwide on the British Forces Broadcasting Service on 26 June 2002. She spoke of the work of the servicemen and women involved in the global war against terrorism. The Queen said, "The regard in which the Armed Forces are held in the UK, and around the world, is probably as high as it has ever been over the last fifty years". She thanked the Forces for "defending Britain, and preserving peace around the world". [45] [46]
(Transcript)
25 December 2004Special Christmas message to Armed Forces It was first time in the Queen's reign that a special Christmas radio message to the Armed Forces was made by her. The message to troops was broadcast during Christmas Day breakfast shows on the British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS). It was heard by British troops all over the world, including those in Iraq and Brunei as well as British garrisons in Germany. In it she praised the “spirit, good humour and courage” of troops stationed across the globe in what has been a “demanding” year. The short message was recorded on the Queen's initiative as a way of expressing her thanks and support for the dangerous work being carried out by the Armed Forces. [47] [48] [49] [50]
(Transcript)
24 December 2006Special Christmas message to Armed Forces The Queen sent a special Christmas message to the British Armed Forces overseas. The pre-recorded message was broadcast on Christmas Eve, and it was the second time in her reign that the Queen recorded a specific message for troops in addition to her annual traditional broadcast to the nation. She praised the courage and loyalty of the country's troops serving in Iraq and Afghanistan saying, "In Iraq and Afghanistan you continue to make an enormous contribution in helping to rebuild those countries and in other operational theatres you undertake essential duties with a professionalism which is so highly regarded the world over." She said her "thoughts and prayers" were with the families of soldiers killed in recent months and, "Your courage and loyalty are not lightly taken. It is a pledge which calls for sacrifice and devotion to duty. And I know that yours is a job which often calls for great personal risk." She added, "My father King George VI said that 'the highest of distinctions is service to others.' There is no higher goal. Your service to our country is, I believe, an outstanding example of that ideal. I am grateful to you all". [51] [52] [53] [54]
1 July 2009Creation of the Elizabeth Cross On 1 July 2009, the Queen addressed the members of the Armed Forces around the world on the British Forces Broadcasting Service. In the speech, she announced the creation of the Elizabeth Cross, a special emblem and scroll which will be presented to the next of kin of servicemen and women who have given their lives during operations. The Queen said the emblem was "a right and proper way of showing our enduring debt". [55] [56] Gordon Brown
5 June 2012 Diamond Jubilee In 2012 to mark her Diamond Jubilee, the Queen said the public celebrations had "touched me deeply". [2] The broadcast, lasting just over two minutes, was transmitted on television and radio at 6 pm in the United Kingdom and across the Commonwealth. The message was recorded in the Presence Room in Buckingham Palace the previous evening, prior to the Jubilee Concert. [57] David Cameron
7 June 2013Opening of the new BBC Broadcasting House The Queen officially opened the new BBC Broadcasting House headquarters on 7 June 2013. During her visit, she made a live broadcast to the nation on BBC Radio 4, [58] and it was transmitted live throughout the world on the BBC World Service. [59] In the broadcast, she said it was a 'great pleasure' to see the BBC's new central London headquarters. She added, "I hope this new building will serve you well for the future and I am delighted to declare it open today." [60] [61] The Duke of Edinburgh had also been expected to attend, but was admitted to hospital the previous day for an abdominal operation. [62]
1 January 2017 150th anniversary of the Canadian Confederation In a video message, the Queen, wearing the Canadian Maple Leaf brooch, sent her 'warmest good wishes' of congratulations to the people of Canada on the 150th anniversary of the Canadian Confederation. She spoke in both English and French — adding that she and her family are with the Canadian people 'in spirit'. [63] Justin Trudeau
(Canada)
5 April 2020 COVID-19 pandemic The Queen addressed the United Kingdom and Commonwealth on the developing COVID-19 pandemic, thanking NHS doctors, nurses and frontline and other workers for carrying out their roles and assuring Britons that "We should take comfort that while we may have more still to endure, better days will return: we will be with our friends again; we will be with our families again; we will meet again". [2] Boris Johnson
11 April 2020 Easter MessageThe Queen delivered her first ever special Easter message on the day before Easter 2020. Though it was a televised message, the Queen did not appear in the video with only her voice being heard against the backdrop of lit candles. [64] The Queen said in reference to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic that "Easter will be different for many of us, but by keeping apart, we keep others safe". She said many religions had festivals celebrating light overcoming darkness, which often featured the lighting of candles and that candles "seem to speak to every culture, and appeal to people of all faiths, and of none". Wishing everyone of all faiths a happy Easter, she said: "May the living flame of the Easter hope be a steady guide as we face the future." [65]
8 May 202075th anniversary of VE Day The Queen addressed the nation at 9 pm, exactly 75 years after her father, King George VI, gave a radio address on VE Day in 1945. [66] The Queen said that at the start of the war "the outlook seemed bleak, the end distant, the outcome uncertain" but that "Never give up, never despair" was the message of VE Day. Referencing the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the Queen said "Our streets are not empty, they are filled with the love and the care we have for each other" and that "we are still a nation those brave soldiers, sailors and airmen would recognise and admire." [67]
1 November 2021 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference In a recorded video address, the Queen spoke of the importance of joining to tackle the challenges facing the planet as she welcomed world leaders for the UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow. The Queen wearing a green dress and a butterfly brooch, said that "the impact of the environment on human progress was a subject close to the heart of my dear late husband, Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh". The Queen expressed her hope that world leaders would “rise above the politics of the moment, and achieve true statesmanship” in tackling the climate crisis. "Of course, the benefits of such actions will not be there to enjoy for all of us here today: we none of us will live for ever. But we are doing this not for ourselves but for our children and our children’s children, and those who will follow in their footsteps", she added. [68] [69]

Charles III

DateSubjectNotesPrime MinisterRef
9 September 2022 Death of Elizabeth II King Charles III addressed the nation and the Commonwealth following the death of his mother, Queen Elizabeth II. In the broadcast the King said his mother's "dedication and devotion as Sovereign never waivered, through times of change and progress, through times of joy and celebration, and through times of sadness and loss." He also emphasised on his own lifelong commitment to service for "the remaining time God grants me". At the end of the speech, he thanked his mother for her "love and devotion to [thei]r family and to the family of nations [she] ha[s] served so diligently all these years. May 'flights of Angels sing thee to thy rest'." [70] Liz Truss

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Speech from the throne</span> Monarchs speech outlining governmental agenda and opening the legislative session

A speech from the throne, or throne speech, is an event in certain monarchies in which the reigning sovereign, or a representative thereof, reads a prepared speech to members of the nation's legislature when a session is opened, outlining the government's agenda and focus for the forthcoming session, or in some cases closed. When a session is opened, the address sets forth the government's priorities with respect to its legislative agenda, for which the cooperation of the legislature is sought. The speech is often accompanied with formal ceremony and is often held annually, although in some places it may occur more or less frequently, whenever a new session of the legislature is opened.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Commonwealth Day</span> Holiday in the Commonwealth of Nations

Commonwealth Day is the annual celebration of the Commonwealth of Nations, since 1977 often held on the second Monday in March. It is marked by an Anglican service in Westminster Abbey, normally attended by the monarch as Head of the Commonwealth along with the Commonwealth Secretary-General and Commonwealth High Commissioners in London. The King delivers a broadcast address to the Commonwealth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">King's Official Birthday</span> Public holiday in Commonwealth realms

The King's Official Birthday is the selected day in the United Kingdom and most Commonwealth realms on which the birthday of the monarch is officially celebrated in those countries. It does not necessarily correspond to the date of the monarch's actual birth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Head of the Commonwealth</span> Symbolic head of association of independent states

The head of the Commonwealth is the ceremonial leader who symbolises "the free association of independent member nations" of the Commonwealth of Nations, an intergovernmental organisation that currently comprises 56 sovereign states. There is no set term of office or term limit and the role itself involves no part in the day-to-day governance of any of the member states within the Commonwealth. The position is currently held by King Charles III.

The King's Christmas Message is a broadcast made by the sovereign of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms to the Commonwealth of Nations each year at Christmas. The tradition began in 1932 with a radio broadcast by King George V via the British Broadcasting Corporation's Empire Service. The message is broadcast on television, radio, and the Internet via various providers. It is usually broadcast at 15:00 GMT on Christmas Day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monarchy of Antigua and Barbuda</span> Constitutional monarchy as a system of government in Antigua and Barbuda

The monarchy of Antigua and Barbuda is a system of government in which a hereditary monarch is the sovereign and head of state of Antigua and Barbuda. The current Antiguan and Barbudan monarch and head of state since 8 September 2022, is King Charles III. As sovereign, he is the personal embodiment of the Crown of Antigua and Barbuda. Although the person of the sovereign is equally shared with 14 other independent countries within the Commonwealth of Nations, each country's monarchy is separate and legally distinct. As a result, the current monarch is officially titled King of Antigua and Barbuda and, in this capacity, he and other members of the Royal Family undertake public and private functions domestically and abroad as representatives of Antigua and Barbuda. However, the King is the only member of the Royal Family with any constitutional role.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monarchy of Australia</span> Function and history of the Australian monarchy

The monarchy of Australia is Australia's form of government embodied by the Australian sovereign and head of state. The Australian monarchy is a constitutional monarchy, modelled on the Westminster system of parliamentary government, while incorporating features unique to the Constitution of Australia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Personality and image of Elizabeth II</span> Public depiction of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom

The image of Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom and Head of the Commonwealth from 1952 to 2022, was generally favourable throughout her years as a reigning monarch. Conservative in dress, she was well known for her solid-colour overcoats and matching hats, which allowed her to be seen easily in a crowd. She attended many cultural events as part of her public role. Her main leisure interests included horse racing, photography, and dogs, especially her Pembroke Welsh corgis. Her views on political issues and other matters were largely subject to conjecture. She never gave a press interview and was otherwise not known to discuss her personal opinions publicly.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elizabeth II</span> Queen of the United Kingdom from 1952 to 2022

Elizabeth II was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states during her lifetime, and was head of state of 15 realms at the time of her death. Her reign of 70 years and 214 days was the longest of any British monarch and the longest verified reign of any female monarch in history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monarchy of Barbados</span> Constitutional monarchy as a system of government in Barbados from 1966 to 2021

The monarchy of Barbados was a system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign and head of state of Barbados from 1966 to 2021. Barbados shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms, with the country's monarchy being separate and legally distinct. The Barbadian monarch's operational and ceremonial duties were mostly delegated to her representative, the Governor-General of Barbados.

The alternative Christmas message is a message broadcast by Channel 4 since 1993, as a sometimes humorous and sometimes serious alternative to the traditional Royal Christmas Message.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coronation of Elizabeth II</span> Initiation rite performed to crown Queen Elizabeth II in 1953

The coronation of Elizabeth II took place on 2 June 1953 at Westminster Abbey in London. She acceded to the throne at the age of 25 upon the death of her father, George VI, on 6 February 1952, being proclaimed queen by her privy and executive councils shortly afterwards. The coronation was held more than one year later because of the tradition of allowing an appropriate length of time to pass after a monarch dies before holding such festivals. It also gave the planning committees adequate time to make preparations for the ceremony. During the service, Elizabeth took an oath, was anointed with holy oil, was invested with robes and regalia, and was crowned Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monarchy of Pakistan</span> Pakistans head of state from 1947 to 1956

From 1947 to 1956, the Dominion of Pakistan was a self-governing country within the Commonwealth of Nations that shared a monarch with the United Kingdom and the other Dominions of the Commonwealth. The monarch's constitutional roles in Pakistan were mostly delegated to a vice-regal representative, the governor-general of Pakistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Queen of Ghana</span> Elizabeth IIs reign in Ghana from 1957 to 1960

Elizabeth II was Queen of Ghana from 1957 to 1960, when Ghana was an independent sovereign state and a constitutional monarchy. She was also queen of the United Kingdom and other sovereign states. Her constitutional roles in Ghana were delegated to the governor-general of Ghana.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Queen of the Gambia</span> Elizabeth IIs reign in The Gambia from 1965 to 1970

Elizabeth II was Queen of the Gambia from 1965 to 1970, when the Gambia was an independent sovereign state and a constitutional monarchy within the Commonwealth of Nations. She was also the monarch of the other Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom. Her constitutional roles in the Gambia were delegated to the governor-general.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Queen of Sierra Leone</span> Elizabeth IIs reign in Sierra Leone from 1961 to 1971

Elizabeth II was Queen of Sierra Leone from 1961 to 1971, when Sierra Leone was an independent constitutional monarchy. She was also the monarch of other Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom. Her constitutional roles in Sierra Leone were mostly delegated to the governor-general of Sierra Leone.

Michael Cole is a former BBC television journalist and royal correspondent. After leaving the BBC, he worked as director of public affairs for Harrods, and thus also as a spokesman for its owner Mohamed Al Fayed.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister's New Year Message</span> Annual speech by UK Prime Minister

The Prime Minister's New Year Message in the United Kingdom is an annual speech made by the Prime Minister for the start of a new year. It is traditionally released around New Year's Eve and Hogmanay throughout Britain, consisting of a speech which is a few minutes long and usually contains reflections upon what has taken place throughout the previous year. This is then followed by a government-backed preview of what can be expected in the coming new year and the current political state of the nation. Beyond politics, the message also includes sentiments and achievements from throughout the year, and national events that have taken place.

A royal address is a public speech by a monarch or member of a royal family. This may refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II</span> 70th anniversary of the Queens accession

The Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II was the international celebration in 2022 marking the 70th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II on 6 February 1952, the first British monarch to ever celebrate one.

References

  1. Caroline Davies (3 April 2020). "Queen to address nation on Sunday over coronavirus crisis". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  2. 1 2 3 Chris Ship (3 April 2020). "What is the significance of the Queen's special address to the nation during the coronavirus crisis?". ITV News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  3. Owens, Edward (15 October 2018). The Family Firm: Monarchy, Mass Media and the British Public, 1932-53. University of London Press. p. 420. ISBN   9781909646988.
  4. "History of the monument". www.vimyfoundation.ca. Vimy Foundation. 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  5. Philip, P. J. (26 July 1936). "6,000 Canadians at Vimy Today; Edward VIII Sails for Ceremony; King Will Unveil Memorial for Dominion Soldiers Who Fell in World War -- His Address Will Be Broadcast Throughout the World -- President Lebrun to Attend". The New York Times.
  6. Broadcast after his abdication
  7. "A speech by The Queen on her Coronation Day, 1953 ; The Royal Family". Royal.uk. 2 June 1953.
  8. Commonwealth Survey: Volume 1, Central Office of Information, 1954, p. 13
  9. Queen & Commonwealth: 90 Glorious Years (PDF), Henley Media Group, 2016, p. 68, ISBN   9780992802066
  10. "Royal Visit of 1953-54: Page 2 – Itinerary". New Zealand History. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  11. "March 18th, 1954: Broken Hill welcomes Queen Elizabeth II". ABC. 20 March 2009.
  12. "Broken Hill remembers the Queen's visit in 1954". ABC News. 8 November 2015.
  13. The ABC Weekly, Vol. 16, No. 3 - Radio Programmes - March 28 - April 3, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 1954, p. 4
  14. "From the Archives, 1954: Queen Elizabeth's historic Australian tour ends". The Age. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  15. Goldberg, Samuel Louis; Smith, Francis Barrymore (1988), Australian Cultural History, Cambridge University Press, p. 152, ISBN   9780521356510
  16. Queen & Commonwealth: 90 Glorious Years (PDF), Henley Media Group, 2016, p. 69, ISBN   9780992802066
  17. Ceylon Today: Volume 3, Issues 3-12, 1954, p. 29
  18. Commonwealth Survey: Volume 1, Central Office of Information, 1954, p. 59
  19. "A Glimpse from the past". Daily News. 4 January 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  20. "QUEEN THANKS NIGERIA; Broadcasts Good-By as She Prepares to Leave Today". The New York Times. 16 February 1956. Archived from the original on 15 May 2021. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  21. "HM The Queen in Nigeria, 1956". Royal Collection Trust. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  22. "HM the Queen making a farewell broadcast from Government House, Lagos. [Royal Tour of Nigeria, 1956]". Royal Collection Trust. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  23. Jeffries, Sir Charles Joseph (1972), Whitehall and the Colonial Service: An Administrative Memoir, 1939-1956, University of London, Published for the Institute of Commonwealth Studies [by] The Athlone Press, p. 92, ISBN   9780485176155
  24. Bousfield, Arthur; Toffoli, Garry (2002). Fifty Years the Queen: A Tribute to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on Her Golden Jubilee. Dundurn. ISBN   9781550023602.
  25. "The Queen's Speeches (13 October 1957)" (PDF). royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 October 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  26. Ingrid Seward (2015), The Queen's Speech: An Intimate Portrait of the Queen in Her Own Words, Simon & Schuster UK, p. 70, ISBN   9781471150975
  27. Ingrid Seward (2021), Prince Philip Revealed, Atria Books, p. 152, ISBN   9781982129767
  28. Douglas Liversidge (1975), Prince Charles: Monarch in the Making, A. Barker, p. 70, ISBN   9780213165680
  29. India, Ministry of External Affairs (1961), Foreign Affairs Record, p. 82
  30. McGarr, Paul M. (2013), The Cold War in South Asia: Britain, the United States and the Indian Subcontinent, 1945-1965, Cambridge University Press, p. 99, ISBN   9781107008151, The upbeat attitude evidenced by British officials was reinforced by the reception that Queen Elizabeth received across India, in early 1961. The first British monarch to visit the subcontinent since independence, in a speech broadcast over All India Radio on 1 March, the Queen thanked her hosts for the warmth of their welcome and suggested that the royal tour had 'set the seal on a new relationship between Britain and India'.
  31. "The Queen's Speeches (15 March 1963)" (PDF). royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 March 2003.
  32. "The Queen's tours of Australia". 9News. 6 September 2015.
  33. Australia in Facts and Figures: Issue 77, Australian News and Information Bureau, Department of the Interior, 1963, p. 3
  34. "When the Queen came to the North West". The North West Star. 27 October 2018.
  35. "'WWIII Queen's speech' script revealed". BBC News. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  36. "The Queen has a back-up World War 3 speech". Euronews. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  37. "This Is the Speech Queen Elizabeth Would Give If World War III Ever Broke Out". PEOPLE.com. 19 September 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  38. 1 2 "Queen hopes for a lasting peace". The Times. 25 February 1991. p. 5. Retrieved 3 April 2020 via The Times Digital Archive.
  39. 1 2 Sally Bedell Smith (2 February 2012). Elizabeth the Queen: The real story behind The Crown. Penguin Books Limited. p. 479. ISBN   978-0-14-197333-3.
  40. 1 2 Andrew Rawnsley (16 July 2001). Servants of the People: The Inside Story of New Labour. Penguin Adult. p. 103. ISBN   978-0-14-027850-7.
  41. Sarah Bradford (5 July 2007). Diana. Penguin Books Limited. p. 29. ISBN   978-0-14-190673-7.
  42. "Queen Broadcasts Live to Nation". BBC News. 5 September 1997. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  43. Julia Kinzler (27 July 2018). Representing Royalty: British Monarchs in Contemporary Cinema, 1994-2010. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 251. ISBN   978-1-5275-1496-6.
  44. "Queen's tribute: Full text". CNN. 8 April 2002. Archived from the original on 5 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  45. "Queen thanks 'courageous' armed forces". BBC News. 26 June 2002. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  46. "Special Jubilee message to the Armed Services". Royal.uk. 26 June 2002. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  47. "Queen sends message to UK troops". BBC News. 25 December 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  48. "Queen records special message for her Forces". The Times. 23 December 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  49. "Queen sends Christmas message to UK troops". ABC News. 25 December 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  50. "Queen addresses British troops". politics.co.uk. 25 December 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  51. "Queen Elizabeth praises courage of military". ABC News. 24 December 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  52. "Queen sends special message to UK forces overseas". Taipei Times. 25 December 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  53. "Queen praises courage of troops". BBC News. 24 December 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  54. "In full: Queen's message to armed forces". BBC News. 24 December 2006.
  55. "The Queen's broadcast to the Armed Forces, 1 July 2009". Royal.uk. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  56. "New Queen's award for forces dead". BBC. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  57. "The Queen's Diamond Jubilee Message". Royal.uk. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  58. "The Queen tours New Broadcasting House". Radio Today UK. 9 June 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  59. "The Queen officially opens BBC's new Broadcasting House". The Guardian. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  60. "A speech by The Queen to open the new BBC Broadcasting House". Royal.uk. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  61. "Queen Elizabeth brings BBC news to a halt". Business Standard. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  62. "Queen officially opens BBC's new Broadcasting House building". BBC News. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  63. "A message from The Queen to the people of Canada". Royal.uk. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  64. "The Queen sends message of 'hope and light' on Easter Sunday - CBBC Newsround" . Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  65. Hallemann, Caroline (2020-04-11). "Queen Elizabeth Records Her First-Ever Easter Message of Hope Amid the Coronavirus Pandemic". Town & Country. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  66. "Queen to lead 75th VE Day anniversary events". BBC News. 29 April 2020. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  67. "Streets not empty as filled with love, says Queen". BBC News. 8 May 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  68. "COP26: Act now for our children, Queen urges climate summit". BBC News. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  69. "Queen tells Cop26 in video address it is 'time for action' on climate". The Guardian. 1 November 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  70. Bowden, George (9 September 2022). "King Charles III pays tribute to his mother in first speech". BBC News. Retrieved 9 September 2022.