Catford

Last updated

Catford
Catford - geograph.org.uk - 98590.jpg
The Catford Cat, a giant fibreglass sculpture of a black cat above the entrance to the Catford Centre, with the Village Green and Water Pump shown in the foreground
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Catford
Location within Greater London
Population44,905 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference TQ385735
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SE6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°26′43″N0°01′15″W / 51.4452°N 0.0207°W / 51.4452; -0.0207 Coordinates: 51°26′43″N0°01′15″W / 51.4452°N 0.0207°W / 51.4452; -0.0207
The Broadway Theatre. Broadway Theatre, Catford, SE6 (6877523774).jpg
The Broadway Theatre.
The town centre, with the 'village green' including water pump just visible to the left Catford gyratory.jpg
The town centre, with the 'village green' including water pump just visible to the left

Catford is a district in south east London, England, and the administrative centre of the London Borough of Lewisham. It is southwest of Lewisham itself, mostly in the Rushey Green and Catford South wards. The population of Catford, including the Bellingham, London neighbourhood, was 44,905 as of 2011.

Contents

The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. [2]

History

Toponymy

A map showing the Catford ward of Lewisham Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916. Lewisham Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg
A map showing the Catford ward of Lewisham Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

The origin of the name is unknown. Speculation suggests it may derive from the place where cattle crossed the river Ravensbourne in Anglo-Saxon times or from wild cats using the river crossing. [3] [4] [5]

Catford covers most of SE6 postcode district. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. [2]

Governance

Catford is covered by the Rushey Green and Catford South wards in the London Borough of Lewisham. It also makes up a large part of the Lewisham East constituency.

Built environment

John Betjeman reads William Norton's Petition to Save Lewisham Town Hall, 1961 John Betjeman Reads William Horton's Petition to Save Lewisham Town Hall, 1961.jpg
John Betjeman reads William Norton's Petition to Save Lewisham Town Hall, 1961

Early developments

Broadway Theatre is an art deco building adjoining the town hall. It is a curved stone structure decorated with shields and heraldic emblems and topped with a copper-green spire. It was opened in 1932 as the Concert Hall and is now a Grade II listed building. The interior is in art deco style. The last cinema in the borough (before the 2019 launch of Catford Mews) stood diagonally opposite the theatre until its closure in 2002. Catford also boasts a large Gothic police station. In 2006, a large blue pipe sculpture was unveiled outside Eros House, which was another former cinema (The Eros Cinema), and the Lewisham Hippodrome theatre. [6]

The 1960s and 70s had a considerable impact on the architecture of Catford. The old Town Hall of 1875, was replaced by the current Civic Suite in 1968, soon after the merger of the metropolitan boroughs of Lewisham and Deptford. Laurence House, where many of the Lewisham Council functions are housed including the offices of the Mayor of Lewisham and the Young Mayors of Lewisham, is on the site of old St Laurence's Church. The original Gothic C of E St. Laurence Church was located where Laurence House is today (known as the Catford Cathedral), but as part of the urban renewal of Catford in the 1960s, the church is now housed in a more modern style building 200 metres down Bromley Road.

The 1968 St Laurence Church St Laurence, Bromley Road, Catford (geograph 2258443).jpg
The 1968 St Laurence Church

In Rushey Green the old village water hand-pump from the 1850s survives.

At the end of World War II, the 186-bungalow Excalibur Estate was laid out in Catford, and by 2011 was the largest surviving prefab estate in Britain. However, in spite of the opposition of many residents, [7] all are due for demolition, apart from six with Grade II listing. A new estate on the site is due for completion by the end of 2023. [8]

Brutalist architecture

A few examples of Brutalist architecture survive including the Catford shopping centre and Milford Towers, designed by the architect Owen Luder in 1974. The design was to make it the Barbican of the south.

Architecture critic Ian Nairn praised Eros House (Owen Luder, 1962) as:

A monster sat down in Catford and just what the place needed. No offence meant: this southward extension of Lewisham High Street badly wanted stiffening. Now there is a punchy concrete focus ('you know, that funny new building') both close to and at a distance, from the desolate heights of the Downham Estate, where it stands straight to the afternoon sun. Rough concrete is put through all its paces, front convex eaves on Sainsbury's to a staircase tower which is either afflicted with an astounding set of visual distortions or is actually leaning. Again, no offence meant. Unlike many other avant-garde buildings, particularly in the universities, this one is done from real conviction, not from a desire for self-advertisement. The gaunt honesty of those projecting concrete frames carrying boxed-out bow windows persists. It is not done at you and it transforms the surroundings instead of despising them. This most craggy and uncompromising of London buildings turns out to be full of firm gentleness. [9]

In 2015 Lewisham Council decided to demolish Milford Towers, as the housing estate was in disrepair and the land could be better used to meet the needs of local residents. [10] In 2018 the estate was however refurbished, with demolition still planned in the longer-term. [11]

Landmarks

The Catford Cat - a giant statue in Catford town centre, depicting a giant cat clawing at the Catford Centre sign. Catford Cat.jpg
The Catford Cat – a giant statue in Catford town centre, depicting a giant cat clawing at the Catford Centre sign.

Catford's most prominent landmark is the Catford Cat, a giant fibreglass sculpture of a black cat above the entrance to the Catford centre. There is also a street market on Catford Broadway.

Between 1932 and 2003, Catford Stadium was a successful greyhound racing track, but was closed and then destroyed by fire in 2005 [12] and ultimately demolished to make way for new housing.

Catford's oldest pub is the Black Horse and Harrow (now named The Ninth Life). The Catford Bridge Tavern is another heritage listed building close to the old dog track; this mock tudor pub burnt down in March 2015, but has since been refurbished and reopened in April 2017. [13] Nearby, is St Dunstan's College.

The area was once home to the Catford Studios, producing films during the silent era. Catford also used to have a cinema diametric to the theatre. Catford was also satirised in The Chap magazine in a series called 'A Year in Catford' named after Peter Mayle's best-seller A Year in Provence. The magazine poked fun at Catford's mundanity.[ citation needed ]

Regeneration

Catford town centre is a priority area for regeneration in the London Borough of Lewisham. [14] Several key sites around the town centre have been identified for redevelopment – Milford Towers, Catford Island, The Civic Centre, Lewisham Town Hall and The "Wickes" site have all been highlighted for significant change in the proposed Catford Plan. [15]

The council's aspiration is for the complete redevelopment of the Catford Shopping Centre and Milford Towers, which would require demolition of both plus the car parks and associated buildings along Thomas Lane. However, attempts to regenerate Catford have been hampered by various complex issues such as finance and the number of different landowners in and around the town centre.

Transport

Rail

Catford is served by two railway stations, Catford and Catford Bridge. Catford provides the area with Thameslink services to Kentish Town, London Blackfriars, Orpington via Bromley South and to Sevenoaks via Bromley South and Swanley. Catford Bridge is served by Southeastern services to London Charing Cross, London Cannon Street via Lewisham and to Hayes.

Buses

Catford is served by many Transport for London bus routes. [16]

Road

Catford's main road is the A205 South Circular which crosses South London, running from Woolwich in the east to the junction of the A406 (North Circular Road), the M4 and the A4 at Gunnersbury in the west.

Bakerloo line extension

There are proposals for a Bakerloo line extension to Lewisham, with a possible longer-term second phase to Catford and Hayes. As of 2022, no final decisions had been made. [17]

Docklands Light Railway extension

Transport for London (TfL) are currently considering the extension of the Docklands Light Railway from Lewisham to Bromley, with the first phase being from Lewisham to Catford. So far TfL have not expressed a preferred route, provided detailed plans, or indicated costs and funding. Lewisham Council has suggested that any route should be underground to reduce physical and visual impact.[ citation needed ]

Education

Local authority maintained schools

The local council maintains Conisborough College and Greenvale School.

Independent schools

Catford has two independent schools, St Dunstan's College and a small faith school, Springfield Christian School.

Parks and greenspaces

River Pool Linear Park

The walk follows the River Pool downstream from the Ravensbourne River. The banking has been planted with native trees and shrubs, herbaceous planting, wild flower grassland and wetland marginal planting. The park forms part of the Waterlink Way which forms a significant section of the river from Sydenham to the Thames.

Unlike many of London's rivers, the Pool remains above ground for most of its length. The section of river flows through a linear park from Southend Lane to Catford Hill.

Mountsfield Park

In the 1920s, Charlton Athletic played at The Mount (stadium) in the park. The Council holds its annual People's Day event here in July.

Ladywell Fields

The park consists of three fields with a river running through them, and is next to University Hospital Lewisham. The middle field contains one of the last established rare Dutch Elm trees in London.

Iona Close Orchard

Iona Close Orchard is a preserved Victorian garden. In common with most old orchards, the site is of high nature conservation value. The houses to which it originally belonged dated to about 1825.

Sport

Facilities

The 20-acre Jubilee Ground is operated by St Dunstan's College.

Catford Stadium was one of the greyhound racing venues in the UK until its closure and subsequent demolition in 2005. It also hosted boxing and several other sporting events.

Local sports teams

Catford has a Non-League football club Lewisham Borough F.C. who play at the Ladywell Arena.

Kent County Cricket Club have played at Catford several times in the past.

The Catford Cycling Club [18] was founded in 1886. In 1894 they built their own track south of Brownhill Road with a pagoda grandstand. By the 1950s the majority of the track had been built over but the club still exists. [19]

Notable residents

Geography

Other nearby areas

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beckenham</span> Human settlement in England

Beckenham is a town in Greater London, England, within the London Borough of Bromley, in Greater London. Until 1965 it was part of the historic county of Kent. It is located 8.4 miles (13.5 km) south-east of Charing Cross, situated north of Elmers End and Eden Park, east of Penge, south of Lower Sydenham and Bellingham, and west of Bromley and Shortlands. Its population at the 2011 census counted 46,844 inhabitants.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bellingham, London</span> Human settlement in England

Bellingham is an area of South East London, England, within the London Borough of Lewisham. It lies south of Catford and north-west of Beckenham, and is part of the Catford postal district (SE6).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crofton Park</span> Human settlement in England

Crofton Park is a mainly residential suburb and electoral ward in the London Borough of Lewisham.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sydenham, London</span> Human settlement in England

Sydenham is a district of south-east London, England, which is shared between the London boroughs of Lewisham, Bromley and Southwark. Prior to the creation of the County of London in 1889, Sydenham was located in Kent, bordering Surrey. Historically, the area was very affluent, with the Crystal Palace being relocated to Sydenham Hill in 1854. Today, Sydenham is a diverse area, with a population of 28,378 and borders Forest Hill, Dulwich, Crystal Palace, Penge, Beckenham, Catford and Bellingham.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Borough of Lewisham</span> Borough of London

Lewisham is a London borough in south-east London; it forms part of Inner London. The principal settlement of the borough is Lewisham. The local authority is Lewisham London Borough Council, based in Catford. The Prime Meridian passes through Lewisham. Blackheath, Goldsmiths, University of London and Millwall F.C. are located within the borough.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lewisham</span> Area of London

Lewisham is an area of southeast London, England, 5.9 miles (9.5 km) south of Charing Cross. It is the principal area of the London Borough of Lewisham, and was within the historic county of Kent until 1889. It is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London, with a large shopping centre and street market.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bromley</span> Area of south east London

Bromley is a large town in Greater London, England, within the London Borough of Bromley. It is 9.4 miles (15.1 km) south-east of Charing Cross, and had an estimated population of 87,889 as of 2011.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Ravensbourne</span> Right-bank tributary of the Thames in London

The River Ravensbourne is a tributary of the River Thames in south London, England. It flows into the tidal River Thames at Deptford, where its tidal reach is known as Deptford Creek.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham</span>

The Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham was a Metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965, when it became part of the London Borough of Lewisham along with the Metropolitan Borough of Deptford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Downham</span> District of south-east London, England

Downham is a district of south-east London, England, within the London Borough of Lewisham. It borders the London Borough of Bromley, and is located north of Bromley and south of Catford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Grove Park, Lewisham</span> Human settlement in England

Grove Park is a district of South East London, England within the London Borough of Lewisham. It is located north east of Bromley and south east of Lewisham.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lewisham West (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1918–2010

Lewisham West was a borough constituency in south-east London represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election from 1918, until it was abolished for the 2010 general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parks and open spaces in the London Borough of Lewisham</span>

Lewisham parks and open spaces are part of the "green lung" of London and include a diverse range of sites, from small urban parks and gardens to one of the most historic natural landscapes in Greater London at Blackheath. While overall control rests with London Borough of Lewisham, management of borough-owned parks and their facilities is contracted out to Glendale Grounds Management.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Mary Cray</span> Human settlement in England

St Mary Cray is an area of South East London, England, within the London Borough of Bromley. Historically it was a market town in the county of Kent. It is located north of Orpington, and 13 miles (21 km) south-east of Charing Cross.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Broadway Theatre, Catford</span>

The Broadway Theatre is a theatre on Rushey Green, Catford, in the London Borough of Lewisham. A grade II listed building, the theatre was built in 1932 and is an example of Art Deco design. It has two auditoriums, an 800-seat main theatre and a small 80-seat studio theatre. The theatre's programme consists of a diverse mix of theatre and music, including stand up comedy, nostalgia shows, pantomime, drama and children's theatre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Forster Memorial Park</span>

Forster Memorial Park, is a public park in London Borough of Lewisham. It takes up the land between Bellingham Road and Whitefoot Lane, Catford – the park and surrounding roads form Southend or Southend Village. The nearest stations are Bellingham and Beckenham Hill.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ladywell Fields</span>

Ladywell Fields, originally Ladywell Recreation Ground is a public park in the London Borough of Lewisham created from three historic fields. It is located near Ladywell railway station at the northern end of the park, and Catford Bridge at the southern end.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mountsfield Park</span> Park in Catford, London

Mountsfield Park is a public park in Catford, near to Hither Green within the London Borough of Lewisham. It opened in 1905 and has been greatly enlarged. The nearest railway stations are Hither Green, Catford and Catford Bridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lewisham Town Hall</span> Municipal building in London, England

Lewisham Town Hall is a municipal building in Catford Road, Lewisham, London. The oldest part of the facility, the curved municipal offices, which is the headquarters of Lewisham London Borough Council, is a Grade II listed building.

References

  1. Catford is made up of 3 wards in the London Borough of Lewisham: Bellingham, Catford South, and Rushey Green. "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates | London DataStore". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  2. 1 2 Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010.
  3. Talling, Paul. "London's Lesser Known Rivers - The Ravensbourne". London's Lost Rivers. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. Llewelyn, James (30 October 2020). "The true story behind the famous Catford cat statue". MyLondon. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  5. O "Brien, Cyril (March 2022). "2". A History of London Boroughs Through Beer Goggles (South East Edition). Google Books: Austin Macauley Publishers. ISBN   1398405442.
  6. "Theatres in Lewisham and Catford". The Music Hall and Theatre History Website. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  7. Storr, Will (19 August 2011). "Bulldozers home in on historic prefab estate". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 20 August 2011.
  8. Mulligan, Euan O'Byrne (20 June 2022). "Excalibur Estate: Catford redevelopment enters new phase". www.thisislocallondon.co.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  9. Nairn, I. A. (2014). Nairn's London. London: Penguin Books. ISBN   9780141396163.
  10. "Milford Towers". Lewisham Council. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  11. "'Barbican of the South', a strong example of post-war British brutalism". CRL. Archived from the original on 25 May 2022. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  12. "Stadium is destroyed". News Shopper. 25 May 2005.
  13. "VIDEO: Watch huge fire destroy Catford Bridge Tavern - News - London 24". Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  14. London Borough of Lewisham (Spring 2014). "Catford Regeneration". London Borough of Lewisham. Archived from the original on 24 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  15. London Borough of Lewisham. "Catford Town Centre Plan". London Borough of Lewisham. Archived from the original on 18 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  16. TFL Bus Route Map from Catford
  17. "Bakerloo line extension". tfl.gov.uk. 20 May 2021. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  18. "Catford Cycling Club" . Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  19. "History of Catford Cycling Club". Archived from the original on 9 February 2007.
  20. Wilkes, Roger (30 January 2002). "Inside story: last refuge for a killer's mistress". The Telegraph . London. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  21. Mangan, Lucy (26 April 2008). "Catford: a tribute (yes, really)". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 28 April 2010.