Finsbury Park (area)

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Finsbury Park
Blackstock Road N4 - geograph.org.uk - 140196.jpg
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Finsbury Park
Location within Greater London
Population14,358 (2011 Census – partial) [1] [2]
OS grid reference TQ314872
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N4
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°34′06″N0°06′11″W / 51.5683°N 0.1031°W / 51.5683; -0.1031 Coordinates: 51°34′06″N0°06′11″W / 51.5683°N 0.1031°W / 51.5683; -0.1031

Finsbury Park is an area towards the northern edge of Inner London, England, which grew up around an important railway interchange near the convergence of the Boroughs of Islington, Haringey and Hackney.

Contents

Finsbury Park should not be confused with Finsbury, which is a district of Central London roughly three miles to the south, forming the south-eastern part of the London Borough of Islington.

Geography

The area is centred on Finsbury Park station, a major bus, rail and tube interchange near the southern end of the 46-hectare (110-acre) public park of the same name.

The neighbourhood includes part of Finsbury Park and Highbury West wards within the London Borough of Islington, [3] part of Brownswood ward in the London Borough of Hackney, [4] part of Stroud Green Ward and a very small part of Harringay ward in the London Borough of Haringey. [5]

Locale

The area is distinctly cosmopolitan and urban, as reflected by the variety of shops and establishments on Seven Sisters Road, Blackstock Road and Stroud Green Road. The North London Central Mosque (also known as the Finsbury Park Mosque) is located here. Arsenal Football Club's Emirates Stadium is nearby.

Demographics

The centre of Finsbury Park has a larger than average immigrant population with a lower level of residents born in the UK than the national average and a higher rate of residents either born in other EU countries or outside the EU. [2] This composition is probably not fully representative of the whole neighbourhood.

Demographic history

Scottish and Welsh Presbyterian churches reflect patterns of immigration into London from other regions of the United Kingdom. [6] [7] Welsh-language poet Dewi Emrys and Timothy Eynon Davies were among those who ministered in the district in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. [8] [9]

The 1960s and 1970s saw a large influx of Bangladeshis alongside pockets of Pakistanis, Indians and Burmese who settled in the borough. Many moved to surrounding locales[ citation needed ] as their economic prowess grew in the 1980s. They made significant contributions to local business and politics as well as to religious institutions (e.g. the founding of the original Finsbury Park Mosque. A number of immigrant-led businesses opened on Blackstock Road, an area associated with the Algerian immigrant community amongst others. [10]

There had been a large minority of the African Caribbean diaspora arriving in the area bordering Manor House throughout the same period and as early as the Windrush generation. [11] Greek Cypriots and later Turkish Cypriots started to arrive in the 1960s and 70s as economic migrants firmly establishing themselves in business through the clothing trade on Fonthill Road. [12]

In the 1980s and 90s, immigrants included significant populations of Somalis populating the area as refugees and asylum seekers at the height of the crisis in their homeland [11] and more recent arrivals of settled EU nationals from Scandinavian countries. The top of Blackstock Road is colloquially called "little Algiers" because of the large North African presence in the area. [12]

Education

Nearest places

Notable people

Finsbury Park attack

In June 2017 the Finsbury Park attack against the Muslim Welfare House drew national and international attention.

Related Research Articles

London Borough of Islington Borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Islington is a London borough in Inner London. The borough includes a significant area to the south which forms part of central London. Islington has an estimated population of 215,667. It was formed in 1965 under the London Government Act 1963, which simultaneously abolished the metropolitan boroughs of Islington and Finsbury.

Hornsey Area of London, England

Hornsey is a district of north London, England in the London Borough of Haringey. It is an inner-suburban, for the most part residential, area centred 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Charing Cross. It adjoins green spaces Queen's Wood and Alexandra Park to the north. Known locally as Hornsey Village it is London's oldest recorded village, first recorded in 1202, according to the Place Names of Middlesex.

Wood Green District in England

Wood Green is a suburban district in the borough of Haringey in London, England. Its postal district is N22, with parts in N8 or N15. The London Plan identifies it as one of the metropolitan centres in Greater London, and today it forms a major commercial district of North London.

London Borough of Haringey London borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Haringey is a London borough in North London, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by others as part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 by the amalgamation of three former boroughs. It shares borders with six other London boroughs. Clockwise from the north, they are: Enfield, Waltham Forest, Hackney, Islington, Camden, and Barnet.

Finsbury Park Public park in the London Borough of Haringey, England

Finsbury Park is a public park in the London neighbourhood of Harringay. It is in the area formerly covered by the historic parish of Hornsey, succeeded by the Municipal Borough of Hornsey. It was one of the first of the great London parks laid out in the Victorian era. The park borders the neighbourhoods of Harringay, Finsbury Park, Stroud Green, and Manor House.

Seven Sisters is a sub-district of Tottenham, north London in the United Kingdom, formerly within the municipal borough of Tottenham, which on 1 April 1965 was subsumed into the new London Borough of Haringey. It is located at the eastern end of Seven Sisters Road, which runs from Tottenham High Road to join the A1 in Holloway. It is within the South Tottenham postal district.

Seven Sisters Road

Seven Sisters Road is a road in north London, England which runs within the boroughs of Islington, Hackney and Haringey. It is an extension of Camden Road, running from Holloway Road at the Nags Head crossroads then on to another crossroads with Blackstock Road and Stroud Green Road. It carries on uphill alongside Finsbury Park to Manor House, and from there downhill to the junction with Tottenham High Road at Seven Sisters Corner. The road was authorised in 1829 and constructed in 1833 by the Metropolitan Turnpike Trust. Seven Sisters Road is part of the A503. The stretch running past Finsbury Park is open to the park on the west side, and on the east side are large Victorian villas now used mainly as hotels.

Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington

The Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington was a metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965 when it became part of the London Borough of Hackney.

Crouch End Human settlement in England

Crouch End is an area of North London, approximately five miles (8 km) from the City of London in the western half of the borough of Haringey. It is within the Hornsey postal district (N8). It has been described by the BBC as one of "a new breed of urban villages" in London.

Harringay is a district of north London, England, within the London Borough of Haringey. It is centred on the section of Green Lanes running between the New River, where it crosses Green Lanes by Finsbury Park, and Duckett's Common, near Turnpike Lane.

Stroud Green Human settlement in England

Stroud Green is a suburb and electoral ward in north London, England, in the London Borough of Haringey. On its south-western side, Stroud Green Road forms part of the boundary with the London Borough of Islington.

Manor House, London Human settlement in England

Manor House, also known as Woodberry Down, is an area of North London in the northwest corner of the London Borough of Hackney. It lies immediately east of Finsbury Park, north of Stoke Newington, west of Stamford Hill and Seven Sisters, and south of Harringay. The area was originally known as Woodberry Down. However, the construction of the Seven Sisters Road and the consequent establishment of the Manor House Tavern gave rise to the alternative name Manor House Crossroads and with the arrival of the tube station in 1932, the area immediately around the tube station began to be known as Manor House. The demolition of the once very fashionable area of Woodberry Down and its replacement with one of London's biggest public housing estates resulted in 'Woodberry Down Estate' being used to refer to the public housing area and 'Manor House' for the area beyond. With the regeneration of the area during the early part of the 21st Century, the area is now being referred to once again by its nineteenth-century name of 'Woodberry Down'.

Tottenham (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Tottenham is a constituency created in 1950 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Rt Hon David Lammy of the Labour Party. He currently serves as Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs and has served as Shadow Secretary of State for Justice and Shadow Lord Chancellor from 2020 to 2021. It previously existed from 1885 to 1918.

Green Lanes (London)

Green Lanes is a main road in North London which forms part of the A105 road. Covering a distance of 6.3 miles (10.1 km) between Newington Green and Winchmore Hill, it is one of the longest streets in the capital, passing through the N16, N4, N8, N13 and N21 postcode areas.

Parks and open spaces in the London Borough of Islington

The London Borough of Islington is short of large parks and open spaces, given its status in recent decades as a desirable place of residence. In fact, Islington has the lowest ratio of open space to built-up areas of any London borough. The largest continuous open space in the borough, at 11.75 hectares, is Highbury Fields.

The Finsbury Division was one of four divisions of the Hundred of Ossulstone, in the historic county of Middlesex, England. The area of the Finsbury Division is now the core of modern north London. The other divisions were named Holborn, Kensington and Tower. Ossulstone hundred was divided in the seventeenth century, with each of the four divisions replacing the hundred for most administrative purposes.

The history of Harringay tells the story of the development of the district of London five miles from its centre, affected by, but not always part of, the great city's history.

The advance of late Victorian urbanisation during the last twenty years of the 19th century swept away the 18th and early 19th-century houses, their grounds and the farmland. By 1900 Harringay was completely urbanised.

Tottenham Human settlement in England

Tottenham is a town in north London, England, within the London Borough of Haringey. It is located in the ceremonial county of Greater London and the historic county of Middlesex. Tottenham is centred 6 miles (10 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross, bordering Edmonton to the north, Walthamstow, across the River Lea, to the east, and Stamford Hill to the south, with Wood Green and Harringay to the west.

Angel, London Human settlement in England

Angel is an area on the northern fringes of Central London within the London Borough of Islington. It is 2 miles (3.2 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross on the Inner Ring Road at a busy transport intersection. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in London. It is a significant commercial and retail centre, and a business improvement district. Angel straddles the ancient boundary of the parishes of Clerkenwell and Islington that later became the metropolitan boroughs of Finsbury and Islington. It is named from the former Angel Inn which stood on the corner of Islington High Street and Pentonville Road. Since 1965 the whole area has formed part of the London Borough of Islington in Greater London.

References

  1. "Islington Ward Profile based on 2011 Census". London Borough of Islington. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  2. 1 2 As explained in the Geography section, this neighbourhood is within several administrative districts. The demographics information relates to just one out of four of those districts. It relates to the most central of the districts and is probably not fully representative of the whole neighbourhood.
  3. Islington Ward Map oncycleislington.uk (accessed June 2018)
  4. Hackney Wards map on hackney.gov.uk (accessed June 2018)
  5. Ward boundaries classify the park as being within Harringay Ward - Haringey Council Map showing the ward boundaries.
  6. Emrys Jones; Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (London, England) (21 September 2001). The Welsh in London, 1500–2000. University of Wales Press on behalf of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion. p. 185. ISBN   978-0-7083-1697-9.
  7. Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons (1914). The Parliamentary Debates (official Report).: House of Commons. H.M. Stationery Office.
  8. Gerallt Jones (2001). "JAMES, DAVID EMRYS ('Dewi Emrys'; 1881–1952), minister (Congl.), writer and poet". Dictionary of Welsh Biography . National Library of Wales.
  9. Thomas Mardy Rees (1959). "DAVIES, TIMOTHY EYNON (1854-1935), Congregational minister". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  10. Jonathan Duffy (13 January 2003). "London's 'Little Algiers'" . Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  11. 1 2 "Why the diverse community of Finsbury Park won't be divided by terror". The Conversation. 20 June 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  12. 1 2 Stansfeld, Katherine (21 June 2017). ""Finsbury Park won't be divided by terror": notes on a diverse north London community". CityMetric. Retrieved 17 June 2018.