Pentonville

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Pentonville
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Pentonville
Location within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ315835
  Charing Cross 1.75 mi (2.8 km)  SSW
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N1
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°31′55″N0°06′50″W / 51.532°N 0.114°W / 51.532; -0.114 Coordinates: 51°31′55″N0°06′50″W / 51.532°N 0.114°W / 51.532; -0.114

Pentonville is an area on the northern fringe of Central London, in the London Borough of Islington. It is located 1.75 miles (2.82 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross on the Inner Ring Road. Pentonville developed in the northwestern edge of the ancient parish of Clerkenwell on the New Road. It is named after Henry Penton, the developer of the area.

Central London Innermost part of London, England

Central London is the innermost part of London, in England, spanning several boroughs. Over time, a number of definitions have been used to define the scope of Central London for statistics, urban planning and local government. Its characteristics are understood to include a high density built environment, high land values, an elevated daytime population and a concentration of regionally, nationally and internationally significant organisations and facilities.

London Borough of Islington Borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Islington is a London borough in Inner London, England. The borough includes a significant area to the south which forms part of central London. Islington has an estimated population of 215,667. It was formed in 1965 by merging the former metropolitan boroughs of Islington and Finsbury.

Charing Cross The point from which distances from London are calculated.

Charing Cross is a junction in London, England, where six routes meet. Clockwise from north these are: the east side of Trafalgar Square leading to St Martin's Place and then Charing Cross Road; the Strand; Northumberland Avenue; Whitehall; The Mall leading to Admiralty Arch and Buckingham Palace; and two short roads leading to Pall Mall.

Contents

History

A map showing Pentonville ward of Finsbury Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1952. Finsbury Met. B Ward Map 1952.svg
A map showing Pentonville ward of Finsbury Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1952.

The area is named after Henry Penton, who developed a number of streets in the 1770s in what was open countryside adjacent to the New Road. [1] Pentonville was part of the ancient parish of Clerkenwell, and was incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury by the London Government Act 1899. It has been part of the London Borough of Islington since 1965.

Henry Penton (1736–1812) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons for 35 years from 1761 to 1796. As the developer of his estate in North London, he became the founder of Pentonville.

Clerkenwell area of inner north London in the London Borough of Islington

Clerkenwell is an area of central London, England. The area includes the sub-district of Finsbury.

Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury

The Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury was a Metropolitan borough within the County of London from 1900 to 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Islington to form the London Borough of Islington.

The church of St Silas (Church of England) St Silas, Penton Street London N1 - geograph.org.uk - 1074010.jpg
The church of St Silas (Church of England)
The church of St Mark the Evangelist, 1828 (Church of England) St Mark the Evangelist, Pentonville - Shepherd, Metropolitan Improvements (1828), p328.jpg
The church of St Mark the Evangelist, 1828 (Church of England)

Pentonville is the birthplace of John Stuart Mill (1806) and Forbes Benignus Winslow (1810), the noted psychiatrist. In 1902 Vladimir Lenin and his wife lived just off Pentonville Road, and it was at this time that he first met his fellow exile Leon Trotsky.

John Stuart Mill British philosopher and political economist

John Stuart Mill, usually cited as J. S. Mill, was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of classical liberalism, he contributed widely to social theory, political theory, and political economy. Dubbed "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century", Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state and social control.

Forbes Benignus Winslow British psychiatrist and author

Forbes Benignus Winslow DCL, FRCP Edin., MRCP, MRCS, MD, was a British psychiatrist, author and an authority on lunacy during the Victorian era.

A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry, the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders. Psychiatrists are medical doctors, unlike psychologists, and must evaluate patients to determine whether their symptoms are the result of a physical illness, a combination of physical and mental ailments, or strictly psychiatric. A psychiatrist usually works as the clinical leader of the multi-disciplinary team, which may comprise psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists and nursing staff. Psychiatrists have broad training in a bio-psycho-social approach to assessment and management of mental illness.

Geography

Nearby places include Islington, St. Pancras and Finsbury.

Islington Area of London

Islington is a district in Greater London, England, and part of the London Borough of Islington. It is a mainly residential district of Inner London, extending from Islington's High Street to Highbury Fields, encompassing the area around the busy High Street, Upper Street, Essex Road, and Southgate Road to the east.

St Pancras, London Area of central London, England

St Pancras is an area of Central and North West London. For many centuries the name was used for various officially designated areas, but it is now used mainly for the railway station and for upmarket venues in the immediate locality, having been largely superseded by other place names including Kings Cross and Somers Town.

Finsbury district of inner north London, England

Finsbury is a district of Central London, England and is in the London Borough of Islington

Pentonville is not the location of HM Prison Pentonville, which is located on Caledonian Road, some distance north in Barnsbury.

Her Majestys Prison Service UK prison service

Her Majesty's Prison Service (HMPS) is a part of Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service, which is the part of Her Majesty's Government charged with managing most of the prisons within England and Wales.

Barnsbury area of north London, England

Barnsbury is an affluent area of north London in the London Borough of Islington, in the N1 postal district.

Transport

The closest tube station is Angel.

Culture

"Pentonville" is a track on the Babyshambles album Down in Albion .

Babyshambles English rock band

Babyshambles is an English rock band established in London. The band was formed by Pete Doherty during a hiatus from the Libertines. As of 2013 the band includes Mick Whitnall, Drew McConnell and Adam Ficek. Babyshambles have released three albums Down in Albion (2005), Shotter's Nation (2007) and Sequel to the Prequel (2013), three EPs and a number of singles.

<i>Down in Albion</i> 2005 studio album by Babyshambles

Down in Albion is the debut album by Babyshambles, Pete Doherty's post-Libertines band.

Mr Brownlow, the gentleman whose books were stolen in Oliver Twist , lived in "a quiet shady street near Pentonville" in the novel and most film versions. However, in the musical adaptation, Oliver! , he lives in Bloomsbury Square.

Related Research Articles

Pentonville Road street in London Borough of Camden, United Kingdom

Pentonville Road is a road in Central London that runs west to east from Kings Cross to City Road at The Angel, Islington. The road is part of the London Inner Ring Road and part of the boundary of the London congestion charge zone.

City Road road that runs through inner north and central London in England

City Road or The City Road is a road that runs through central London. The northwestern extremity of the road is at Angel where it forms a continuation of Pentonville Road. Pentonville Road itself is the modern name for London's first bypass, the New Road from Paddington to Islington, which was constructed in 1756. The City Road was built in 1761 as a continuation of that route to the City of London.

Metropolitan Borough of Islington

Islington was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in London, England. It was an ancient parish within the county of Middlesex, and formed part of The Metropolis from 1855. The parish was transferred to the County of London in 1889 and became a metropolitan borough in 1900. It was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury to form the London Borough of Islington in Greater London in 1965.

The Angel, Islington Historic landmark and a series of buildings that have stood on the corner of Islington High Street and Pentonville Road in Islington, London, England

The Angel, Islington is a historic landmark and a series of buildings that have stood on the corner of Islington High Street and Pentonville Road in Islington, London, England. The land originally belonged to the Clerkenwell Priory and has had various properties built on it since the 16th century. The site was bisected by the New Road, which opened in 1756, and properties on the site have been rebuilt several times up to the 20th century. The corner site gave its name to Angel tube station, opened in 1901, and the surrounding Angel area of London.

Islington South and Finsbury (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1974 onwards

Islington South and Finsbury is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Emily Thornberry of the Labour Party.

The Finsbury Division was one of four divisions of the Hundred of Ossulstone, in the historic county of Middlesex, England. The area of the Finsbury Division is now the core of modern north London. The other divisions were named Holborn, Kensington and Tower. Ossulstone hundred was divided in the seventeenth century, with each of the four divisions replacing the hundred for most administrative purposes.

The parliamentary borough of Finsbury was a constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament from 1832 to 1885, and from 1918 to 1950. The constituency was first created in 1832 as one of seven two-seat "metropolis" parliamentary boroughs other than the two which already existed: Westminster and the City of London; the latter until 1885 retained an exceptional four seats. Finsbury was directly north of the City of London and was smaller than the Finsbury division of the Ossulstone hundred but took in land of Holborn division to its southwest in pre-introduction changes by Boundary Commissioners. It included Finsbury, Holborn, Moorfields, Clerkenwell, Islington, Stoke Newington and historic St Pancras. The 1918 constituency corresponded to the smaller Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury ; it was a seat, thus electing a single member, fulfilling a longstanding aim of Chartism which underscored the 1832 reforms.

Finsbury Central was a parliamentary constituency that covered the Clerkenwell district of Central London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

Plus Bus route 812 non-TfL London bus route

PlusBus route 812 is a circuit bus route in Greater London, serving Finsbury and Islington. Unusually for a bus route entirely in Greater London, it is tendered and subsidised by Islington London Borough Council rather than Transport for London, and is operated under a London Service permit. For this reason, buses used on this route are in a yellow livery, rather than the usual red, and it does not charge standard London fares. Oyster Cards are not accepted anywhere on the route. It is currently operated by HCT Group.

Angel, London district of Central London, England

Angel is a locality on the northern fringes of Central London within the London Borough of Islington. It is located 2 miles (3.2 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross on the Inner Ring Road at a busy transport intersection. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in London. It is a significant commercial and retail centre, and a business improvement district. Angel straddles the ancient boundary of the parishes of Clerkenwell and Islington that later became the metropolitan boroughs of Finsbury and Islington. It is named from the former Angel Inn which stood on the corner of Islington High Street and Pentonville Road. Since 1965 the whole area has formed part of the London Borough of Islington in Greater London.

Islington Local History Centre

Islington Local History Centre is a local studies centre and archive which holds material documenting the history of the London Borough of Islington.

Joseph Grimaldi Park public garden in Islington, London, UK

Joseph Grimaldi Park is a public garden located off Pentonville Road in Islington, north London. The former burial grounds for St James’s Anglican Chapel are located within the park, which is named after the pantomime clown Joseph Grimaldi, who is buried here.

References

  1. Pevsner, Nikolaus (1952). London except the Cities of London and Westminster. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 232–233.