The Lord Taverne
|Director of the Institute for Fiscal Studies|
|Preceded by||Position Established|
|Succeeded by||John Kay|
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury|
13 October 1969 –19 June 1970
|Prime Minister||Harold Wilson|
|Preceded by||Harold Lever|
|Succeeded by||Patrick Jenkin|
| Member of the House of Lords |
5 February 1996
| Member of Parliament |
8 March 1962 –20 September 1974
|Preceded by||Geoffrey de Freitas|
|Succeeded by||Margaret Jackson|
|Born||18 October 1928|
|Political party|| Labour (−1972)|
Democratic Labour (1972–80) Social Democratic (1981–88) Liberal Democrats (1988–)
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
Dick Taverne, Baron Taverne, QC (born 18 October 1928) is an English Liberal Democrat politician and life peer in the House of Lords. In 1972 he was deselected as a Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Lincoln,so he left the Labour Party and resigned his seat, forcing a by-election which he won.
Taverne's 1973 victory in Lincoln was short-lived: Labour regained the seat at the October 1974 general election. However, his success opened the possibility of a realignment on the left of British politics, which took shape in 1981 as the Social Democratic Party (SDP), which Taverne joined. He later joined the Liberal Democrats when the SDP merged with the Liberal Party.
Educated at Charterhouse School, and then Balliol College, Oxford, he graduated in Philosophy and Ancient History, qualified as a barrister in 1954 and became a Queen's Counsel (QC) in 1965.
He unsuccessfully contested Putney as the Labour Party candidate at the 1959 general election, [ citation needed ] In 1970, he helped to launch the Institute for Fiscal Studies, now an influential independent think tank and was the first Director, later chairman.and was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Lincoln at a by-election in March 1962. Under Harold Wilson's premiership in the 1960s, he served as a Home Office Minister from 1966 to 1968, Minister of State at the Treasury from 1968 to 1969 and then as Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1969 to 1970.
In 1972 he was deselected by the Lincoln Constituency Labour Party,who disagreed with his pro-European Economic Community views. He then resigned from the Labour Party and from Parliament, and formed the Lincoln Democratic Labour Association. He was re-elected as an Independent Democratic Labour candidate at a by-election in March 1973, and held the seat at the February 1974 general election.
Taverne lost his seat in Parliament at the October 1974 general election. but he continued to remain active with the Democratic Labour Association until it folded after the 1979 general election.[ citation needed ] He was a leading social democratic thinker, publishing The Future of the Left: Lincoln and After in 1974.
When the Social Democratic Party (SDP) was formed in the early 1980s, he joined them, serving on their national committee from 1981 until 1987. He stood as an SDP candidate in the 1982 Peckham by-election, coming second with 32% of the vote, and in the 1983 general election, he stood in Dulwich, coming third with 22%. When the SDP merged with the Liberal Party he joined the new Liberal Democrats, serving on its Federal Policy Committee from 1989 until 1990. On 5 February 1996 he was created a life peer as Baron Taverne, of Pimlico in the City of Westminster ,and sits in the House of Lords as a Liberal Democrat. In May 2006 he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Liberal Democrats in local elections to Westminster City Council in the Marylebone High Street ward.
In 1955, he married Janice Hennessey, a scientist.[ clarification needed ] He became interested in science and public policy, and in 2002 founded Sense About Science, a charity with the objective of advancing public understanding of science and the evidence-based approach to scientific issues. He was elected President of the Research Defence Society in 2004. He was a member of the House of Lords Committee on the Use of Animals in Scientific Procedures, and is currently a member of the Science and Technology Committee of the House of Lords. He is the author of The March of Unreason, published by Oxford University Press in March 2005.[ citation needed ]
He is an Honorary Associate of the National Secular Societyand a Distinguished Supporter of Humanists UK, as well as a vice-chair of the All Party Parliamentary Humanist Group. He is a former member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group. He won the Science Writers' Award as Parliamentary Science Communicator of the Year 2005. He is a listed member of Republic, the campaign for abolishing the monarchy.
On 15 September 2010, Taverne, along with 54 other public figures, signed an open letter published in The Guardian , stating their opposition to Pope Benedict XVI's state visit to the UK.
Taverne was interviewed in 2012 as part of The History of Parliament's oral history project.
In 2014 Taverne published his memoir, Against the Tide.
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Democratic Labour was a minor political party operating in the United Kingdom in the 1970s. It was formed by the Labour MP, Dick Taverne when his Constituency Labour Party (Lincoln) asked him to stand down as their candidate at the next general election. He had fallen out with them over Britain's continued membership of the European Economic Community which he supported but they did not.
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This is an annotated list of notable records from Parliamentary by-elections in the United Kingdom. A by-election occurs when a Member of Parliament (MP) vacates a House of Commons seat during the course of a parliament.
The Lincoln by-election of 1 March 1973 saw the re-election of Dick Taverne as Member of Parliament for Lincoln as a Democratic Labour representative, after Taverne's pro-Common Market views saw him repudiated by the Lincoln Constituency Labour Party. The by-election led to considerable speculation, stoked by Taverne, about the formation of a new centre party, but Taverne was unable to make his victory last.
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|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Geoffrey de Freitas
| Member of Parliament for Lincoln |
| Financial Secretary to the Treasury |
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
The Lord Bowness
| Gentlemen |
The Lord Thomas of Gresford