Lincoln (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Lincoln
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Lincoln2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Lincoln in Lincolnshire
EnglandLincolnshire.svg
Location of Lincolnshire within England
County Lincolnshire
Electorate 72,662 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Lincoln
Current constituency
Created1265
Member of Parliament Karl McCartney (Conservative)
Number of membersTwo until 1885, then one

Lincoln is a constituency [n 1] in Lincolnshire, England represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Karl McCartney, a Conservative Party politician. [n 2]

Contents

Since the split of the seat City of York with effect from the 2010 general election, Lincoln has been the oldest constituency in continuous existence in the UK – established in 1265. Lincoln was a bellwether between 1974 and 2017. The seat bucked the national Conservative victory in 1970 by electing a Labour MP, as it did in 2017.

The seat has been considered relative to others an ultra-marginal seat, as well as a swing seat, since 2005 as its winner's majority has not exceeded 6.9% of the vote since the 12.5% majority won in 2005 and the seat has changed hands three times since that year.

Boundaries

Lincoln (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of present boundaries

1918–1950: The County Borough of Lincoln, and the Urban District of Bracebridge.

1950–1974: The County Borough of Lincoln.

1974–1983: As prior but with redrawn boundaries.

1983–1997: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven wards of Bracebridge Heath, North Hykeham Central, North Hykeham North, North Hykeham South, Skellingthorpe, and Waddington West.

1997–2010: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven ward of Bracebridge Heath.

2010–present: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven wards of Bracebridge Heath and Waddington East, and Skellingthorpe.

The constituency, as its name suggests, covers the cathedral city [n 3] of Lincoln in Lincolnshire, and most of its directly adjoining villages.

History

Lincoln first sent Members to Parliament in 1265, thirty years before the first all-over coverage of cities and qualifying towns was introduced in the Model Parliament, and has done so ever since, although no records exist from before the end of the 13th century. The early elections were held at the Guildhall and the burgesses elected were usually officials of the borough.

The representation, originally two Members ("burgesses"), was reduced to one Member in 1885.

The seat was represented for five years by former Cabinet minister Margaret Jackson, later Margaret Beckett. [n 4] Lincoln became the oldest constituency in the country in 2010 when the City of York constituency was divided.

Constituency profile

The seat includes the University of Lincoln. From 1945 to 1972 Lincoln was continuously held by the Labour Party, often as a safe seat. The city has good transport links with Nottingham, Hull and the smaller ancient market towns in Lincolnshire, such as Spalding, Market Rasen and Boston. Lincoln was a bellwether constituency from October 1974 to 2015, voting for the party which would form the government in each election. In 2017 Labour took the seat despite being the 2nd largest party nationwide.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1265–1660

YearFirst memberSecond member
1307 (January) Hugh Skarlet [2] Henry de Windsor [2]
1369 John Sutton [3]
1372 John Sutton [3]
1373 John Sutton [3]
1381 Robert Sutton [4]
1377 (October) John Sutton [3]
1382 (May) Robert Sutton [4]
1383 Robert Saltby [5]
1384 (November) Robert Sutton [4]
1385 Robert Sutton [4]
1386 Robert Sutton [4] Robert Saltby [6]
1388 (February) Robert Sutton [4] John Sutton [3]
1388 (September) Gilbert Beesby Robert Harworth [6]
1390 (January) Nicholas Werk Robert Peck [6]
1390 (November)
1391 Robert Sutton [4] Robert Ledes [6]
1393 Thomas Thornhagh John Belasise [6]
1394 Robert Sutton [4] Robert Messingham [6]
1395 Robert Harworth Robert Ledes [6]
1397 (January) Robert Sutton [4] Robert Appleby [6]
1397 (September) Seman Laxfield John Thorley [6]
1399 Robert Sutton [4] William Blyton [6]
1401 Robert Harworth Gilbert Beesby [6]
1402 John Balderton William Blyton [6]
1404 (January) Seman Laxfield William Dalderby [6]
1404 (October) Nicholas Huddleston Robert Appleby [6]
1406 Richard Worsop Thomas Forster [6]
1407 Richard Worsop Richard Bell [6]
1410 ?
1411 John Bigge John Belasise [6]
1413 (February)
1413 (May) John Dalderby Thomas Forster [6]
1414 (April)
1414 (November) John Ryle Thomas Teryng [6]
1415 Thomas Archer Thomas Forster [6]
1416 (March) John Bigge Hamon Sutton [6]
1416 (October)
1417 Thomas Archer Robert Walsh [6]
1419 ?
1420 John Bigge Hamon Sutton [6]
1421 (May) John Bigge Hamon Sutton [6]
1421 (December) William Leadenham Richard Walsh [6]
1423 Hamon Sutton
1425 Hamon Sutton
1426 Hamon Sutton
1459 Thomas Fitzwilliam [7]
1510 ?
1512 Robert Alanson Richard Clerke [8]
1515 Robert Alanson Richard Clerke [8]
1523 Richard Clerke John Halton [8]
1529 Vincent Grantham William Sammes [8]
1536 Vincent Grantham Thomas Moigne [8]
1539 Robert Dighton Anthony Missenden [8]
1542 Anthony Missenden, died
and replaced in January 1543 by
George St Poll
William Alanson [8]
1545 George St Poll William Yates [8]
1547 George St Poll Thomas Grantham [8]
1553 (March) ?Robert Farrar  ?
1553 (October) George St Poll Robert Farrar [8]
1554 (April) Robert Farrar William Rotheram [8]
1554 (November) George St Poll Robert Farrar [8]
1555 Robert Farrar  ? [8]
1558 George St Poll Francis Kempe [8]
1558/59 Anthony Thorold Robert Farrar [9]
1562/63 Robert Monson Robert Farrar [9]
1571Thomas Wilson Robert Monson [9]
1572 (May)Thomas Wilson John Welcome [9]
1584 Stephen Thymbleby John Joye [9]
1586 John Savile Thomas Fairfax [9]
1588/89 George Anton Peter Eure [9]
1593 George Anton Charles Dymoke [9]
1597Thomas Grantham George Anton [9]
1601 (October) George Anton Francis Bullingham [9]
1604 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir Edward Tyrwhit
1614 Sir Thomas Grantham Edward Bash
1621 Sir Lewis Watson, (1st Baronet) Sir Edward Ayscough
1624 Sir Lewis Watson, 1st Baronet Thomas Hatcher
1625 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir John Monson
1626 Sir Thomas Grantham Robert Monson
1628-1629 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir Edward Ayscough
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned
April 1640 Thomas Grantham John Farmery
November 1640 Thomas Grantham John Broxholme died 1647
and replaced by
Thomas Lister
1654William Marshall Original Peart
1656 Humphrey Walcot Original Peart
1659Robert Marshal Thomas Meres

MPs 1660–1885

ElectionMember [10] PartyMember [10] Party
1660 John Monson Sir Thomas Meres
1661 Sir Robert Bolles, Bt
1664 Sir John Monson
1675 Henry Monson
1681 Sir Thomas Hussey, Bt
1685 Henry Monson
1689, January Sir Christopher Nevile
1689, May Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1690 Sir John Bolles, Bt.
1695 William Monson
1698 Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1701, January Sir Thomas Meres
1701, December Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1702 Sir Thomas Meres
1705 Thomas Lister
1710 Richard Grantham
1713 John Sibthorpe
1715 Sir John Tyrwhitt, Bt Whig Richard Grantham
1722 Sir John Monson
1727 Charles Hall Tory
1728 Sir John Tyrwhitt, 5th Bt Whig
1734 Charles Monson Coningsby Sibthorp Tory
1741 Sir John Tyrwhitt, 6th Bt
1747 Coningsby Sibthorp Tory
1754 George Monson John Chaplin
1761 Coningsby Sibthorp Tory
1768 Thomas Scrope Constantine Phipps [11]
1774 George Lumley Robert Vyner
1780 Sir Thomas Clarges, Bt
1783 John Fenton-Cawthorne [12]
1784 Richard Lumley-Savile
1790 Robert Hobart [13]
1796, 14 May George Rawdon
1796, 25 May Richard Ellison Tory [14]
1800 Humphrey Sibthorp Tory [14]
1806 William Monson
1808 John Savile
1812 John Nicholas Fazakerley Sir Henry Sullivan
1814 Coningsby Waldo-Sibthorpe Tory [14]
1818 Ralph Bernal Whig [14]
1820 Bobus Smith Whig [14]
1822 John Williams
1826 John Nicholas Fazakerley Whig [14] Charles Sibthorp Tory [14]
1830 John Fardell Tory [14]
1831 George Heneage Whig [14] [15] [16]
1832 Edward Bulwer [17] Whig [14] [18] [19]
1835 Charles Sibthorp Conservative [14]
1841 William Rickford Collett Conservative [14]
1847 Charles Seely [20] Radical [15] [21] [22] [23]
1848 by-election Thomas Hobhouse Radical [24] [25]
1852 George Heneage Whig [14] [15] [16]
1856 by-election Gervaise Sibthorp Conservative
1859 Liberal
1861 by-election Charles Seely Liberal
1862 by-election John Bramley-Moore Conservative
1865 Edward Heneage [26] Liberal
1868 John Hinde Palmer Liberal
1874 Edward Chaplin Conservative
1880 John Hinde Palmer Liberal
1884 by-election Joseph Ruston Liberal

MPs 1885–present

ElectionMember [10] Party
1885 Joseph Ruston Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1886 Frederick Kerans Conservative
1892 William Crosfield Liberal
1895 Charles Seely Liberal Unionist
1906 Charles Roberts Liberal
1918 Alfred Davies Coalition Conservative
1924 Robert Arthur Taylor Labour
1931 Walter Liddall Conservative
1945 George Deer Labour
1950 Geoffrey de Freitas Labour
1962 by-election Dick Taverne Labour (until 1972)

Lincoln Democratic Labour (from 1973)

1973 by-election
February 1974 Lincoln Democratic Labour Association
October 1974 Margaret Jackson later Beckett Labour
1979 Kenneth Carlisle Conservative
1997 Gillian Merron Labour
2010 Karl McCartney Conservative
2017 Karen Lee Labour
2019 Karl McCartney Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Lincoln [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Karl McCartney 24,267 47.9 Increase2.svg 3.2
Labour Karen Lee 20,75341.0Decrease2.svg 6.9
Liberal Democrats Caroline Kenyon2,4224.8Increase2.svg 2.2
Green Sally Horscroft1,1952.4Increase2.svg 1.2
Brexit Party Reece Wilkes1,0792.1New
Independent Rob Bradley6091.2New
Liberal Charles Shaw3040.6New
Majority3,5146.9N/A
Turnout 50,62967.7Increase2.svg 1.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing Increase2.svg 5.1
General election 2017: Lincoln [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Karen Lee 23,333 47.9 Increase2.svg 8.3
Conservative Karl McCartney 21,79544.7Increase2.svg 2.1
UKIP Nick Smith1,2872.6Decrease2.svg 9.6
Liberal Democrats Caroline Kenyon1,2842.6Decrease2.svg 1.7
Green Ben Loryman5831.2New
Independent Phil Gray3120.6New
Independent Iain Scott-Burdon1240.3New
Majority1,5383.2N/A
Turnout 48,71866.6Increase2.svg 3.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing Increase2.svg 3.1
General election 2015: Lincoln [29] [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Karl McCartney 19,976 42.6 +5.1
Labour Lucy Rigby18,53339.6+4.4
UKIP Nick Smith5,72112.2+10.0
Liberal Democrats Ross Pepper1,9924.3−15.9
TUSC Elaine Smith3440.7New
Lincolnshire Independent Helen Powell2860.6New
Majority1,4433.0+0.7
Turnout 46,85263.2+1.0
Conservative hold Swing +0.38
General election 2010: Lincoln [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Karl McCartney 17,163 37.5 +4.6
Labour Gillian Merron 16,10535.2−10.2
Liberal Democrats Reg Shore9,25620.2+2.0
BNP Robert West 1,3673.0New
UKIP Nick Smith1,0042.2−1.3
English Democrat Ernest Coleman6041.3New
Independent Gary Walker2220.5New
Majority1,0582.3N/A
Turnout 45,72162.2+4.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.75

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Lincoln [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Gillian Merron 16,724 45.4 −8.5
Conservative Karl McCartney 12,11032.9+1.7
Liberal Democrats Lisa Gabriel6,71518.2+5.5
UKIP Nick Smith1,3083.5+1.2
Majority4,61312.5-10.2
Turnout 36,85656.5+0.5
Labour hold Swing -5.1
General election 2001: Lincoln [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Gillian Merron 20,003 53.9 −1.0
Conservative Christine-Anne Talbot11,58331.2+0.2
Liberal Democrats Lisa Gabriel4,70312.7+1.9
UKIP Rodger Doughty8362.3New
Majority8,42022.7-1.2
Turnout 37,12556.0−15.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Lincoln [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Gillian Merron 25,563 54.9 +12.1
Conservative Tony Brown14,43331.0-16.1
Liberal Democrats Lisa Gabriel5,04810.8+0.7
Referendum John Ivory1,3292.9New
Natural Law Adrian Myers1750.4New
Majority11,13023.9N/A
Turnout 46,54871.1-8.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +14.1
General election 1992: Lincoln [35] [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 28,792 46.1 −0.4
Labour Nick Butler 26,74342.8+9.1
Liberal Democrats David Harding-Price6,31610.1−9.3
Liberal Sue E. Wiggin6031.0New
Majority2,0493.3−9.5
Turnout 62,45479.1+3.5
Conservative hold Swing −4.8

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Lincoln [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 27,097 46.5 +0.1
Labour Nick Butler 19,61433.7+6.2
SDP Peter Zentner11,31919.4−5.7
UnknownThomas Kyle2320.4New
Majority7,48312.8-6.1
Turnout 58,26275.6+1.0
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Lincoln [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 25,244 46.4
Labour Malcolm Withers14,95827.5
SDP Freddie Stockdale 13,63125.1New
Independent Gilbert Blades5231.0New
Majority10,28618.9
Turnout 54,35674.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 17,777 41.4 +13.1
Labour Margaret Jackson 17,17540.0+2.9
Liberal K. Melton5,63813.1New
Democratic Labour Freddie Stockdale 1,7434.130.5
National Front J. Noble5231.2New
Revolutionary ReformT. Kyle770.2New
Majority6021.4N/A
Turnout 42,93377.0+2.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.1
General election October 1974: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Margaret Jackson 14,698 37.1 +1.6
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 13,71434.6-1.0
Conservative Peter Myles Moran11,22328.3-3.7
Majority9842.5N/A
Turnout 39,63574.8-4.3
Labour gain from Democratic Labour Swing
General election February 1974: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 14,780 35.6
Labour Margaret Jackson 13,48732.5
Conservative Peter Myles Moran13,29932.0
Majority1,2933.1N/A
Turnout 41,56679.1
Democratic Labour gain from Swing {{{swing}}}
1973 Lincoln by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 21,967 58.2 +58.2
Labour John Dilks8,77623.227.8
Conservative Jonathan Guinness 6,61617.521.5
Democratic ConservativeReginald Simmerson1980.5New
Majority RuleMalcolm Waller1000.3New
Independent Jean Justice810.2New
Majority13,19135.0N/A
Turnout 37,73872.6-1.8
Democratic Labour gain from Labour Swing
General election 1970: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dick Taverne 20,090 51.0 -7.3
Conservative Richard Alexander 15,34039.0-2.7
Independent Liberal Gilbert Blades3,93710.0New
Majority4,75012.0-4.6
Turnout 39,36774.4-4.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dick Taverne 23,006 58.3 +10.5
Conservative Richard Alexander 16,46941.7+5.3
Majority6,53716.6+5.2
Turnout 39,47578.7-1.6
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dick Taverne 19,737 47.8 -7.3
Conservative Michael McNair-Wilson 15,01536.4-8.5
Liberal Patrick Furnell 6,51915.8N/A
Majority4,72211.4+1.2
Turnout 41,27180.3-3.8
Labour hold Swing
1962 Lincoln by-election: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dick Taverne 19,038 50.51
Conservative Percy Grieve 11,38630.21
Liberal Patrick Furnell 6,85618.19New
Independent A. Taylor4121.09New
Majority7,65220.30
Turnout 37,692
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,629 55.1 -1.1
Conservative Leslie Herbert Priestley19,24044.9+1.1
Majority4,38910.2-2.2
Turnout 42,86984.1-1.8
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,773 56.2 +2.1
Conservative Peter Emery 18,55143.8-2.1
Majority5,22212.4+4.2
Turnout 42,32485.9-1.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Lincoln
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,400 54.1 +4.1
Conservative Maurice Macmillan 19,84045.9+4.6
Majority3,5608.2-0.5
Turnout 43,24087.8-0.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: Lincoln [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 21,537 50.0
National Liberal Francis Hill 17,78441.3
Liberal Jean Henderson 3,7538.7
Majority3,7538.7
Turnout 43,07488.7
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Lincoln [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Deer 14,052 41.3 4.7
Conservative Walter Liddall 10,41430.523.5
Liberal Frederick Charles Truman9,62528.2New
Majority3,63810.8N/A
Turnout 34,09180.33.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +9.4

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Lincoln [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Walter Liddall 17,948 54.0 4.9
Labour George Deer 15,26446.0+4.9
Majority2,6848.09.8
Turnout 33,21284.04.9
Conservative hold Swing 4.9
General election 1931: Lincoln [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Walter Liddall 20,688 58.9 +24.6
Labour Robert Taylor 14,45541.12.5
Majority6,23317.8N/A
Turnout 35,12388.9+0.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +13.5

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Lincoln [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Taylor 15,176 43.6 +2.3
Unionist Benjamin Garnet Lampard-Vachell11,97834.36.8
Liberal Robert Pattinson 7,71922.1+4.5
Majority3,1989.3+9.1
Turnout 34,87388.50.0
Labour hold Swing +4.5
General election 1924: Lincoln [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Taylor 11,596 41.3 +7.1
Unionist George Hamilton 11,55741.10.9
Liberal A. G. Macdonell 4,95217.66.2
Majority390.2N/A
Turnout 28,10588.5+3.0
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +4.0
General election 1923: Lincoln [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Alfred Davies 11,338 42.0 17.0
Labour Robert Taylor 9,25134.26.8
Liberal A. G. Macdonell 6,44723.8New
Majority2,0877.810.2
Turnout 27,03685.50.4
Unionist hold Swing 5.1
General election 1922: Lincoln [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Alfred Davies 15,780 59.0 +11.3
Labour Robert Taylor 10,95141.0+12.5
Majority4,82918.01.2
Turnout 26,73185.9+11.5
Unionist hold Swing 0.6

Elections in the 1910s

Roberts Charles Henry Roberts.jpg
Roberts
General election 1918: Lincoln [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist Alfred Davies 11,11447.7+0.6
Labour Robert Taylor 6,65828.5New
Liberal Charles Roberts 5,55023.829.1
Majority4,45619.2N/A
Turnout 23,32274.415.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +14.8
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

General Election 1914/15

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Roberts 1910 Charles Roberts MP.jpg
Roberts
General election December 1910: Lincoln [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Roberts 5,484 52.9 +2.7
Conservative Robert Filmer 4,87847.1+17.0
Majority6065.814.3
Turnout 10,36289.53.5
Registered electors 11,577
Liberal hold Swing 7.1
General election January 1910: Lincoln [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Roberts 5,402 50.2 1.0
Conservative Robert Filmer 3,23630.1+18.5
Free Trader Charles Seely 2,12919.817.4
Majority2,16620.1+6.1
Turnout 10,76793.00.8
Registered electors 11,577
Liberal hold Swing 9.8

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Lincoln [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Roberts 5,110 51.2 +1.6
Free Trader Charles Seely 3,71837.2New
Conservative Henry Croft 1,16211.638.8
Majority1,39214.0N/A
Turnout 9,99093.8+4.1
Registered electors 10,645
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +20.2
General election 1900: Lincoln [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Unionist Charles Seely 4,002 50.4 1.1
Liberal Charles Roberts 3,93549.6+1.1
Majority670.82.2
Turnout 7,93789.72.0
Registered electors 8,846
Liberal Unionist hold Swing 1.1

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: Lincoln [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Unionist Charles Seely 3,808 51.5 +3.2
Liberal William Crosfield 3,59048.53.2
Majority2183.0N/A
Turnout 7,39891.7+2.1
Registered electors 8,068
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +3.2
General election 1892: Lincoln [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Crosfield 3,410 51.7 +4.3
Conservative Frederick Kerans 3,18648.34.3
Majority2243.4N/A
Turnout 6,59689.6+8.9
Registered electors 7,358
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.3

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Lincoln [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Frederick Kerans 3,159 52.6 +10.6
Liberal William Crosfield 2,85147.410.6
Majority3085.2N/A
Turnout 6,01080.75.6
Registered electors 7,444
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +10.6
General election 1885: Lincoln [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Joseph Ruston 3,726 58.0 16.9
Conservative Frederick Kerans 2,70142.0+16.9
Majority1,02516.0+5.2
Turnout 6,42786.31.0 (est)
Registered electors 7,444
Liberal hold Swing 16.9
By-election, 16 Jun 1884: Lincoln (1 seat) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Joseph Ruston 3,234 58.8 16.1
Conservative Richard Hall [43] 2,26341.2+16.1
Majority97117.6+6.8
Turnout 5,49781.26.1 (est)
Registered electors 6,769
Liberal hold Swing 16.1
General election 1880: Lincoln (2 seats) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Seely 3,401 39.0 +6.1
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 3,128 35.9 +5.1
Conservative Edward Chaplin 2,19025.111.2
Majority93810.8N/A
Turnout 5,591 (est)87.3 (est)+3.0
Registered electors 6,402
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.9
Liberal hold Swing +5.4

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Lincoln (2 seats) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edward Chaplin 2,107 36.3 New
Liberal Charles Seely 1,907 32.9 N/A
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 1,78430.8N/A
Majority2005.5N/A
Turnout 3,953 (est)84.3 (est)N/A
Registered electors 4,689
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Lincoln (2 seats) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Seely Unopposed
Liberal John Hinde Palmer Unopposed
Registered electors 4,243
Liberal hold
Liberal hold
General election 1865: Lincoln (2 seats) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Seely 878 34.9 +3.9
Liberal Edward Heneage 870 34.6 +2.1
Conservative John Bramley-Moore 76530.46.1
Majority1054.2N/A
Turnout 1,639 (est)95.7 (est)0.7
Registered electors 1,713
Liberal hold Swing +3.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.6
By-election, 12 February 1862: Lincoln [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Bramley-Moore 715 50.9 +14.4
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 69049.114.4
Majority251.82.2
Turnout 1,40594.32.1
Registered electors 1,490
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +14.4
By-election, 9 November 1861: Lincoln [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Charles Seely Unopposed
Liberal gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Lincoln (2 seats) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Gervaise Sibthorp 740 36.5 4.7
Liberal George Heneage 658 32.5 +0.6
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 62931.0+4.1
Majority824.05.3
Turnout 1,384 (est)96.4 (est)+24.8
Registered electors 1,435
Conservative hold Swing 4.7
Liberal hold Swing +1.5
General election 1857: Lincoln (2 seats) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Gervaise Sibthorp 829 41.2 1.2
Whig George Heneage 641 31.9 1.5
Radical John Hinde Palmer 54126.9+2.7
Turnout 1,006 (est)71.6 (est)1.0
Registered electors 1,405
Majority1889.3+0.3
Conservative hold Swing 1.3
Majority1005.04.2
Whig hold Swing 1.4
By-election, 16 January 1856: Lincoln [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Gervaise Sibthorp Unopposed
Majority1889.3
Conservative hold
General election 1852: Lincoln (2 seats) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Sibthorp 840 42.4 7.1
Whig George Heneage 661 33.4 +10.3
Radical Charles Seely 47824.23.2
Turnout 990 (est)72.6 (est)1.8
Registered electors 1,363
Majority1799.0+1.6
Conservative hold Swing 8.7
Majority1839.2N/A
Whig gain from Radical Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1840s

By-election, 16 March 1848: Lincoln [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical Thomas Hobhouse 552 52.2 +1.7
Conservative Lebbeus Charles Humfrey [44] 50547.81.7
Majority474.40.0
Turnout 1,05783.2+8.8
Registered electors 1,271
Radical hold Swing +1.7
General election 1847: Lincoln (2 seats) [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Sibthorp 659 34.8 +4.8
Radical Charles Seely 518 27.4 +8.6
Whig Edward Bulwer-Lytton 43623.11.4
Conservative William Rickford Collett 27814.711.9
Turnout 946 (est)74.4 (est)11.0
Registered electors 1,271
Majority1417.4+5.3
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
Majority824.3N/A
Radical gain from Conservative Swing +6.1
General election 1841: Lincoln (2 seats) [14] [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Sibthorp 541 30.0 0.7
Conservative William Rickford Collett 481 26.6 +3.2
Whig Edward Bulwer-Lytton 44324.51.6
Radical Charles Seely 34018.8N/A
Majority382.12.6
Turnout 93285.4+2.4
Registered electors 1,091
Conservative hold Swing +0.1
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +2.0

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1837: Lincoln (2 seats) [14] [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Sibthorp 514 30.7 +9.1
Whig Edward Bulwer-Lytton 436 26.1 5.0
Conservative Henry Ellis [46] 39223.4+1.8
Whig Charles Henry Churchill [47] 33019.76.0
Turnout 86483.0+4.3
Registered electors 1,041
Majority784.77.5
Conservative hold Swing +7.3
Majority442.7
Whig hold Swing 5.2
General election 1835: Lincoln (2 seats) [14] [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Charles Sibthorp 565 43.3 +15.3
Whig Edward Bulwer-Lytton 406 31.1 3.0
Whig Charles Beaumont Phipps [48] 33525.712.1
Majority15912.2N/A
Turnout 88578.75.5
Registered electors 1,124
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +15.2
Whig hold Swing 5.3
General election 1832: Lincoln (2 seats) [14] [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Whig George Heneage 543 37.8
Whig Edward Bulwer-Lytton 490 34.1
Tory Charles Sibthorp 40228.0
Majority886.1
Turnout 87884.2
Registered electors 1,043
Whig hold
Whig gain from Tory
General election 1831: Lincoln (2 seats) [14] [49]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Tory Charles Sibthorp Unopposed
Whig George Heneage Unopposed
Registered electors c.1,400
Tory hold
Whig gain from Tory
General election 1830: Lincoln (2 seats) [14] [49]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Tory John Fardell (MP)Unopposed
Tory Charles Sibthorp Unopposed
Registered electors c.1,400
Tory hold
Tory gain from Whig

See also

Notes

  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. Lincoln Cathedral was from 1311 until an intense storm in 1549 the world's tallest building
  4. Changed seat in 1983 to serve Derby South which she has held to date (winning most recently in 2019)

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References

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  10. 1 2 3 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)
  11. Constantine Phipps later succeeded to the peerage as the 2nd Baron Mulgrave
  12. John Fenton-Cawthorne was expelled from the House of Commons on 2 May 1796
  13. Robert Hobart was known as Robert Hobart until 1793, and as Lord Hobart from 1793 until he acceded to the peerage in 1804 as the 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp.  202–204. ISBN   978-0-900178-13-9.
  15. 1 2 3 Hill, Francis (1974). Victorian Lincoln . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp.  17, 74. ISBN   978-0-521-20334-0 . Retrieved 19 May 2018.
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  17. Edward Bulwer was known as Bulwer-Lytton from 1844, and in 1866 became the 1st Baron Lytton
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  20. The election in 1847 of Charles Seely was declared void on 10 March 1848
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  43. "Election Intelligence" . Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 14 June 1884. p. 5. Retrieved 3 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  44. "Kentish Gazette" . 14 March 1848. p. 3. Retrieved 24 November 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  45. "Imperial Parliament" . Freeman's Journal. 13 March 1848. p. 4. Retrieved 24 November 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  46. "Lincoln Election" . Lincolnshire Chronicle. 28 July 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 16 April 2020 via British Newspaper Archive.
  47. "To the ELECTORS of the NORTHERN DIVISION of the COUNTY of NORTHAMPTON" . Stamford Mercury. 14 July 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 16 April 2020 via British Newspaper Archive.
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  49. 1 2 Fisher, David R. "Lincoln". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 April 2020.

Sources

Coordinates: 53°14′N0°32′W / 53.23°N 0.54°W / 53.23; -0.54