1715 British general election

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1715 British general election
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg
  1713 22 January – 9 March 1715 (1715-01-22 1715-03-09) 1722  

All 558 seats in the House of Commons
280 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  No image.svg Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751).jpg
Leader Whig Junto Viscount Bolingbroke
Party Whig Tory
Leader sincec.1695July 1714
Seats won341217
Seat changeIncrease2.svg180Decrease2.svg152

The 1715 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 5th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the 1707 merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. In October 1714, soon after George I had arrived in London after ascending to the throne, he dismissed the Tory cabinet and replaced it with one almost entirely composed of Whigs, as they were responsible for securing his succession. The election of 1715 saw the Whigs win an overwhelming majority in the House of Commons, and afterwards virtually all Tories in central or local government were purged, leading to a period of Whig ascendancy lasting almost fifty years during which Tories were almost entirely excluded from office. The Whigs then moved to impeach Robert Harley, the former Tory first minister. After he was imprisoned in the Tower of London for two years, the case ultimately ended with his acquittal in 1717.

Contents

Constituencies

See 1796 British general election for details. The constituencies used were the same throughout the existence of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Dates of the election

The general election was held between 22 January 1715 and 9 March 1715. At this period elections did not take place at the same time in every constituency. The returning officer in each county or parliamentary borough fixed the precise date (see hustings for details of the conduct of the elections).

Results

1715 British general election results.svg

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Whig
61.1%
Tory
38.9%

See also

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References