1713 British general election

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Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg
  1710 22 August – 12 November 1713 (1713-08-22 1713-11-12) 1715  

All 558 seats in the House of Commons
280 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  RobertHarley1710.jpg No image.svg
Leader Robert Harley Whig Junto
Party Tory Whig
Leader since1710c.1695
Seats won369161
Seat changeIncrease2.svg23Decrease2.svg35

The 1713 British general election produced further gains for the governing Tory party. Since 1710 Robert Harley had led a government appointed after the downfall of the Whig Junto, attempting to pursue a moderate and non-controversial policy, but had increasingly struggled to deal with the extreme Tory backbenchers who were frustrated by the lack of support for anti-dissenter legislation. The government remained popular with the electorate, however, having helped to end the War of the Spanish Succession and agreeing on the Treaty of Utrecht. The Tories consequently made further gains against the Whigs, making Harley's job even more difficult. Contests were held in 94 constituencies in England and Wales, some 35 per cent of the total, reflecting a decline in partisan tension and the Whigs' belief that they were unlikely to win anyway.

Contents

Summary of the constituencies

See 1796 British general election for details. The constituencies used were the same throughout the existence of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Dates of election

The general election was held between 22 August 1713 and 12 November 1713. At this period elections did not take place at the same time in every constituency. The returning officer in each county or parliamentary borough fixed the precise date (see hustings for details of the conduct of the elections).

Results

CountryTories [1] Whigs [1] Total Members
Flag of England.svg  England 323166489
  Wales 21324
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 143145
 Total358200558

See also

Notes

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