1892 United Kingdom general election

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1892 United Kingdom general election
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  1886 4–26 July 1892 (1892-07-04 1892-07-26) 1895  

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Robert-Gascoyne-Cecil-3rd-Marquess-of-Salisbury (cropped).jpg William Ewart Gladstone, 1892 (cropped).jpg Justin McCarthy, 1891.jpg
Leader Marquess of Salisbury William Ewart Gladstone Justin McCarthy
Party Conservative and Liberal Unionist Liberal Irish National Federation
Leader sinceApril 1881April 18801891
Leader's seat House of Lords Midlothian North Longford
Last election393 seats, 51.4%191 seats, 41.8%Part of IPP
Seats won31427272
Seat changeDecrease2.svg79Increase2.svg80Increase2.svg72
Popular vote2,028,5861,958,598224,528
SwingDecrease2.svg4.4%Increase2.svg3.6%New party

United Kingdom general election 1892.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Marquess of Salisbury

Prime Minister after

William Ewart Gladstone

The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 to 26 July 1892. It saw the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury again win the greatest number of seats, but no longer a majority as William Ewart Gladstone's Liberals won 80 more seats than in the 1886 general election. The Liberal Unionists who had previously supported the Conservative government saw their vote and seat numbers go down.


Despite being split between Parnellite and anti-Parnellite factions, the Irish Nationalist vote held up well. As the Liberals did not have a majority on their own, Salisbury refused to resign on hearing the election results and waited to be defeated in a vote of no confidence on 11 August. Gladstone formed a minority government dependent on Irish Nationalist support.

The Liberals had engaged in failed attempts at reunification between 1886 and 1887. Gladstone however was able to retain control of much of the Liberal party machinery, particularly the National Liberal Federation. Gladstone used the annual NLF meetings as a platform to consolidate various Liberal causes, particularly the Newcastle meeting of 1891, which gave its name to the radical Newcastle Programme. This programme placed Irish Home Rule first, followed by Welsh and Scottish disestablishment, reduction in factory work hours, free education, electoral reform, land reform, reform or abolition of the House of Lords, and the removal of duties on basic foods. This programme would later be disowned by the party leadership following the Liberal defeat in the 1895 election. [1]


1892 UK parliament.svg
UK General Election 1892
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Lord Salisbury 606314211007946.8746.992,028,5864.4
  Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 5352719819+7940.4445.371,958,598+0.2
  Irish National Federation Justin McCarthy 8572+7210.755.20224,528N/A
  Irish National League John Redmond 449+91.341.5567,119N/A
  Independent Labour N/A9330+30.450.5122,198N/A
  Ind. Conservative N/A4000000.135,556N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A6 1 1 0+10.150.083,572N/A
  Scottish Trades Councils Chisholm Robertson 4000000.052,313N/A
  Independent Nationalist N/A2000000.052,180N/A
  Scottish Parliamentary Labour Keir Hardie 3000000.041,866N/A
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 2000000.02659N/A
  Independent N/A3000000.00137N/A

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
Irish National Federation
Irish National League
Independent Labour
Independent Conservative
Independent Liberal

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
Irish National Federation
Irish National League
Independent Labour
Independent Liberal

See also


  1. ( Haigh 1990 , p. 259)
  2. All parties shown.
  3. "General Election Results 1885-1979". Archived from the original on 30 January 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2022.

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