1892 United Kingdom general election

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1892 United Kingdom general election
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  1886 4–26 July 1892 (1892-07-04 1892-07-26) 1895  

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  Photo of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg William Ewart Gladstone crop.jpg
Leader Marquess of Salisbury William Ewart Gladstone
Party Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal
Leader sinceApril 1881April 1880
Leader's seat House of Lords Midlothian
Last election393 seats, 51.4%191 seats, 41.8%
Seats won314272
Seat changeDecrease2.svg79Increase2.svg80
Popular vote2,028,5861,958,598
Percentage47.0%45.4%
SwingDecrease2.svg4.4%Increase2.svg3.6%

 Third partyFourth party
  O'CONNOR(1880) p4.697 JUSTIN Mc CARTHY M.P..jpg Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449) (cropped).jpg
Leader Justin McCarthy John Redmond
Party Irish National Federation Irish National League
Leader since18911891
Leader's seat North Longford Waterford City
Last electionPart of IPP Part of IPP
Seats won729
Seat changeIncrease2.svg72Increase2.svg9
Popular vote224,52867,119
Percentage5.2%1.6%
SwingNew partyNew party

United Kingdom general election 1892.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Prime Minister after
election

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 July to 26 July 1892. It saw the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury again win the greatest number of seats, but no longer a majority as William Ewart Gladstone's Liberals won 80 more seats than in the 1886 general election. The Liberal Unionists who had previously supported the Conservative government saw their vote and seat numbers go down.

Contents

Despite being split between Parnellite and anti-Parnellite factions, the Irish Nationalist vote held up well. As the Liberals did not have a majority on their own, Salisbury refused to resign on hearing the election results and waited to be defeated in a vote of no confidence on 11 August. Gladstone formed a minority government dependent on Irish Nationalist support.

The Liberals had engaged in failed attempts at reunification between 1886 and 1887. Gladstone however was able to retain control of much of the Liberal party machinery, particularly the National Liberal Federation. Gladstone used the annual NLF meetings as a platform to consolidate various Liberal causes, particularly the Newcastle meeting of 1891, which gave its name to the radical Newcastle Programme. This programme placed Irish Home Rule first, followed by Welsh and Scottish disestablishment, reduction in factory work hours, free education, electoral reform, land reform, reform or abolition of the House of Lords, and the removal of duties on basic foods. This programme would later be disowned by the party leadership following the Liberal defeat in the 1895 election ( Haigh 1990 , p. 259).

Results

2717293144
LiberalINFINLConservative & Lib. Unionist
UK General Election 1892
CandidatesVotes
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet% of total%No.Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Lord Salisbury 606314211007946.8746.992,028,5864.4
  Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 5352719819+7940.4445.371,958,598+0.2
  Irish National Federation Justin McCarthy 8572+7210.755.20224,528N/A
  Irish National League John Redmond 449+91.341.5567,119N/A
  Independent Labour N/A9330+30.450.5122,198N/A
  Ind. Conservative N/A4000000.135,556N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A6 1 1 0+10.150.083,572N/A
  Scottish Trades Councils Chisholm Robertson 4000000.052,313N/A
  Independent Nationalist N/A2000000.052,180N/A
  Scottish Parliamentary Labour Keir Hardie 3000000.041,866N/A
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 2000000.02659N/A
  Independent N/A3000000.00137N/A

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.99%
Liberal
45.37%
Irish National Federation
5.20%
Irish National League
1.55%
Independent Labour
0.51%
Independent Conservative
0.13%
Independent Liberal
0.08%
Others
0.17%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.72%
Liberal
40.60%
Irish National Federation
10.75%
Irish National League
1.34%
Independent Labour
0.45%
Independent Liberal
0.15%

See also

Notes

  1. All parties shown.

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References