All 72 of the United Kingdom's seats
in the European Parliament
Map of the results indicating the seats won in each region by party *Seat change has been adjusted to allow for direct comparison with the results from the 2004 election.
†(including 1 UCUNF)
|Part of a series of articles on|
| UK membership |
of the European Union (1973–2020)
|EU portal · UK portal|
The European Parliament election was the United Kingdom's component of the 2009 European Parliament election, the voting for which was held on Thursday 4 June 2009. The election was held concurrently with the 2009 local elections in England. In total, 72 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation.
Notable outcomes were that the Labour Party – which came third – suffered a significant drop in support, and that the UK Independence Party (UKIP) finished second in a major election for the first time in its history, coming level with Labour in terms of seats but ahead of it in terms of votes. This was the first time in British electoral history that a party in government had been outpolled in a national election by a party with no representation in the House of Commons. The British National Party (BNP) also won two seats, its first ever in a nationwide election.It also marked the first time the Scottish National Party (SNP) won the largest share of the European election vote in Scotland, and the first time Labour had failed to come first in a Welsh election since 1918. It was the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)'s worst ever European election result, and also the first time an Irish Republican party, Sinn Féin, topped the polls in Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom elected 72 Members of the European Parliament using proportional representation. It was divided into twelve multi-member constituencies, or regions. The eleven of these regions which form Great Britain used a closed-list party list system method of proportional representation, calculated using the D'Hondt method. Northern Ireland used the single transferable vote (STV).
The experimental use of all-postal ballots in four regions in 2004 was not repeated, resulting in a sharp reduction in turnout in those regions.
As had been the case since 1999, the electoral constituencies were based on the government's nine English regions, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales, creating a total of 12 constituencies. The Treaty of Nice fixed the number of MEPs for the whole European Parliament at 736; as a consequence of the accession of Romania and Bulgaria in 2007, the number of seats allocated to the United Kingdom was reduced from 78 to 72. If the Treaty of Lisbon had entered into force by June 2009, this figure would have been 73. On 31 July 2007, in line with the required reduction in representation from the United Kingdom, the number of members elected from each region was modified by the Boundary Commission and Electoral Commission, based on the size of the electorate in each region. The recommended changes were approved by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 2008.
Changes in regional seat allocations
|East of England||7||7|
|North East England||3||3|
|North West England||9||8||1|
|South East England||10||10|
|South West England 1||7||6||1|
|Yorkshire and the Humber||6||6|
1Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory which was then part of the EU.
In the run up to the election, several polling organisations carried out public opinion polling in regards to voting intentions in Great Britain. Results of such polls are displayed below.
ComRes, ICM, Populus and YouGov are members of the British Polling Council, and abide by its disclosure rules. BPIX is not a member of the BPC, and does not publish detailed methodology and findings.
|Polling organisation/client||Con||Lab||UKIP||Lib Dem||Green||BNP||Others||Lead|
|4 June 2009||EU Election, 2009 (GB Result)||27.7%||15.7%||16.5%||13.7%||8.6%||6.2%||11.6%||11.2%|
|14/05/09||ComRes/UKIP [ permanent dead link ]||28%||23%||15%||14%||11%||4%||5%||5%|
|04/05/09||ICM/TPA [ permanent dead link ]||32%||28%||9%||22%||1%||1%||7%||4%|
|10 June 2004||EU Election, 2004 (GB results only)||26.7%||22.6%||16.1%||14.9%||6.3%||4.9%||8.5%||4.1%|
|Jan Jananayagam (Ind.)||50,014||0.3||New||0|
|Duncan Robertson (Ind.)||10,189||0.1||New||0|
|Peter Rigby (Ind.)||9,916||0.1||New||0|
|Katie Hopkins (Ind.)||8,971||0.1||New||0|
|Fair Play Fair Trade Party||7,151||0.0||New||0|
|Steven Cheung (Ind.)||4,918||0.0||New||0|
|Francis Apaloo (Ind.)||3,621||0.0||New||0|
|Yes 2 Europe||3,384||0.0||New||0|
|Sohale Rahman (Ind.)||3,248||0.0||New||0|
|Gene Alcantara (Ind.)||1,972||0.0||New||0|
|Haroon Saad (Ind.)||1,603||0.0||New||0|
†Includes Ulster Conservatives and Unionists (82,892 votes, 1 MEP).
‡ As the number of seats was reduced, these are notional changes estimated by the BBC.
1Joint ticket, ran in England as: The Christian Party - Christian Peoples Alliance.
Turnout in Great Britain was 34.3%, with 15,137,202 votes out of a total electorate of 44,171,778.Most of the results of the election were announced on Sunday 7 June, after similar elections were held in the other 26 member states of the European Union. Scotland declared its result on Monday 8 June, as counting in the Western Isles was delayed due to observance of the Sabbath.
Great Britain kept to the Europe-wide trend towards the right.The Labour Party, which was in its twelfth year of government of the United Kingdom, polled third and suffered a significant drop in support; UKIP finished second in a major election for the first time in its history, coming level with Labour in terms of seats but ahead of it in terms of votes. This was the first time in British electoral history that a party in government had been outpolled in a national election by a party with no representation in the House of Commons.
The Conservatives won in every region in Great Britain except the North East, where Labour won, and Scotland, where the SNP won.Labour suffered most notably in Cornwall, where it came sixth behind Mebyon Kernow, and in the wider South West region and South East, where it polled fifth behind the Green Party. The BNP won two seats, its first ever in a national election. The share of the vote achieved by the English Democrats doubled.
The turnout in Scotland was the lowest in the United Kingdom at 28.8%, with 1,104,512 votes out of a total electorate of 3,872,975.In Scotland it was the first time the SNP won the largest share of the European election vote. The SNP share of the vote rose by 9.4% points compared to 2004; this was the biggest positive swing for any party in any region in Great Britain.
In Wales it was the first time since 1918 that Labour had failed to come first in a Welsh election, dropping 12.2%. In Wales the Conservative Party topped the poll, with the nationalist Plaid Cymru coming a close third. UKIP took the fourth Welsh seat, the first time Wales had elected a UKIP MEP.Both the Liberal Democrats and the Green Party polled their lowest regional shares in Wales, though Wales was the only region where the Liberal Democrat share of the vote rose compared with 2004.
Summary of the election results for Great Britain
|Party||Votes won||% of vote|| % Plus/|
|Christian/Christian Peoples Alliance 1||249,493||1.6%||1.3||0||0|
|Jan Jananayagam (Independent)||50,014||0.3%||New||0||0|
|Duncan Robertson (Independent)||10,189||0.1%||New||0||0|
|Peter Rigby (Independent)||9,916||0.1%||New||0||0|
|Katie Hopkins (Independent)||8,971||0.1%||New||0||0|
|Fair Play Fair Trade Party||7,151||0.0%||New||0||0|
|Steven Cheung (Independent)||4,918||0.0%||New||0||0|
|Francis Apaloo (Independent)||3,621||0.0%||New||0||0|
|Yes 2 Europe||3,384||0.0%||New||0||0|
|Sohale Rahman (Independent)||3,248||0.0%||New||0||0|
|Gene Alcantara (Independent)||1,972||0.0%||New||0||0|
|Haroon Saad (Independent)||1,603||0.0%||New||0||0|
†Seat change has been adjusted to allow for direct comparison with the results from the 2004 election
1Joint ticket, ran in England as: The Christian Party - Christian Peoples Alliance.
Gibraltar is a British overseas territory (BOT) and therefore is under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom but does not form part of it.Gibraltar was, however, part of the EU, the only BOT to be so, and participated as part of the South West England constituency.
Turnout was 35% in Gibraltar, below the 39% for the South West England electoral region as a whole and significantly lower than the turnout in Gibraltar in 2004.
The Conservatives won with 53.3% of the votes. Labour narrowly retained second place achieving 19% to the Liberal Democrats' 18.2%.
|Party||Votes won||Vote share (%)||Change (%)|
|Conservative || 3,721|| 53.3 || 16.2|
|Labour || 1,328 || 19.0 || 9.6|
|Liberal Democrats || 1,269 || 18.2 || 10.6|
|Green || 224 || 3.2 || 5.5|
|UKIP || 100 || 1.4 || 0.3|
|BNP || 94 || 1.4 || 0.5|
|Christian || 70 || 1.0 || New|
|Socialist Labour || 56 || 0.8 || New|
|English Democrat || 37 || 0.5 || New|
|Pensioners || 26 || 0.4 ||New|
|Independent - Katie Hopkins || 15 || 0.2 || New|
|NO2EU || 12 || 0.2 || New|
|Mebyon Kernow || 8 || 0.1 || New|
|Fair Pay Fair Trade||8||0.1||New|
|Jury Team || 6 || 0.1 ||New|
|Wai D Your Decision||4||0.1||New|
|Libertas || 3 || 0.0 || New|
It was the DUP's worst ever European election result: the party had previously topped the poll in every European election in Northern Ireland since the first one in 1979.It was also the first time an Irish Republican topped the poll, Bairbre de Brun of Sinn Féin coming first with 125,000 votes. The share of the votes for most parties in Northern Ireland remained essentially unchanged, the main exceptions were the DUP where their share of the vote fell by 13.8%, and the TUV, a party created by former DUP MEP Jim Allister whose share of the vote rose 13.7%. The DUP's decreased vote share was largely blamed on the TUV splitting the vote.
Summary of the election results for Northern Ireland
|Party||Candidate||Seats||Loss/Gain||First Preference Votes|
|Number||% of vote|
|Sinn Féin||Bairbre de Brún||1||0||126,184||25.8|
|Green (NI)||Steven Agnew||0||0||15,764||3.2|
Traditional Unionist Voice
Gordon Brown faced calls for him to resign as Prime Minister after Labour's defeat.
During the 2005 Conservative Party leadership election, David Cameron argued for withdrawal of the Conservatives from EPP-ED and for the formation of a new group. After the European election it was announced that the Conservatives were leaving the EPP-ED and forming a new group, the European Conservatives and Reformists.On 22 June 2009, the first official list of the new group's members was released. The group held its inaugural meeting on 24 June, during which Conservative MEP Timothy Kirkhope was named interim leader. The first election for the group leadership was also scheduled for 14 July, pitting interim leader Kirkhope against fellow Briton Geoffrey Van Orden. However, both Conservative leadership candidates were forced to forfeit the leadership in order to prevent the group from collapsing, when then-Conservative MEP Edward McMillan-Scott defied his party whip and stood for one of the vice-presidency posts despite pledges the previous week that Polish MEP Michal Kaminski would be backed for it. Kaminski's bid for Vice-President of the European Parliament subsequently failed, and the Poles threatened to abandon the new caucus unless Kaminski was made the group leader in the parliament.
Similarly, UKIP helped found a new European Parliament Group, Europe of Freedom and Democracy, after the other parties in UKIP's pre-election European parliamentary grouping, Independence/Democracy, had polled badly.
Summary of the post-election European Parliament Groupings of each party
|EP Group||MEPs||UK Party||MEPs|
|European Conservatives and Reformists||26||Conservative||25|
|Conservatives and Unionists||1|
|Europe of Freedom and Democracy||13||UKIP||13|
|Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats||13||Labour||13|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe||11||Liberal Democrats||11|
|The Greens–European Free Alliance||5||Green Party of England and Wales||2|
|Scottish National Party||2|
|European United Left-Nordic Green Left||1||Sinn Féin||1|
|Non-Inscrits||3||British National Party||2|
The United Kingdom is a unitary state with devolution that is governed within the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of state while the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, currently Boris Johnson, is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the British government, on behalf of and by the consent of the monarch, and the devolved governments of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as in the Scottish and Welsh parliaments and the Northern Ireland Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The highest court is the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
Local elections took place in various parts of the United Kingdom on 1 May 2003, the same day as the Scottish Parliamentary and the Welsh Assembly elections. There were local elections for all councils in Scotland and in most of England. There were no elections in Wales, Northern Ireland or London.
The 1999 European Parliament election was the United Kingdom's part of the European Parliament election 1999. It was held on 10 June 1999. Following the European Parliamentary Elections Act 1999, it was the first European election to be held in the United Kingdom where the whole country used a system of proportional representation. In total, 87 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom across twelve new regional constituencies.
The 2004 European Parliament election was the United Kingdom's part of the wider 2004 European Parliament election which was held between 10 and 13 June 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union. The United Kingdom's part of this election was held on Thursday 10 June 2004. The election also coincided with the 2004 local elections and the London Assembly and mayoral elections. In total, 78 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation.
The 2005 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 5 May 2005, to elect 646 members to the House of Commons. The Labour Party, led by Tony Blair, won its third consecutive victory, with Blair becoming the only Labour leader besides Harold Wilson to form three majority governments. However, its majority fell to 66 seats compared to the 167-seat majority it had won four years before. This was the first time the Labour Party had won a third consecutive election, and remains the party's most recent general election victory.
The 2010 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 6 May 2010, with 45,597,461 registered voters entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons. The election took place in 650 constituencies across the United Kingdom under the first-past-the-post system. The election resulted in a large swing to the Conservative Party similar to that seen in 1979; the Labour Party lost the 66-seat majority it had previously enjoyed, but no party achieved the 326 seats needed for a majority. The Conservatives, led by David Cameron, won the most votes and seats, but still fell 20 seats short. This resulted in a hung parliament where no party was able to command a majority in the House of Commons. This was only the second general election since the Second World War to return a hung parliament, the first being the February 1974 election. However, a hung parliament was anticipated this time, so politicians and voters were better prepared for the constitutional process that would follow such a result. The coalition government that was subsequently formed was the first to eventuate directly from a UK election. The hung parliament came about in spite of the Conservatives managing both a higher vote total and a higher share of the vote than the previous Labour government had done in 2005, when it secured a comfortable majority. A total of 149 sitting MPs stood down at the election, the highest since 1945, including many former New Labour Cabinet ministers such as former Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott, Alan Milburn, Geoff Hoon, Ruth Kelly, James Purnell and John Reid. One reason for the very high number of MPs standing down was the parliamentary expenses scandal a year earlier.
There are five types of elections in the United Kingdom: elections to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elections to devolved parliaments and assemblies, local elections, mayoral elections and Police and Crime Commissioner elections. Within each of those categories, there may also be by-elections. Elections are held on Election Day, which is conventionally a Thursday. Since the passing of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 for general elections, all five types of elections are held after fixed periods, though early elections to parliament and the devolved assemblies and parliaments can occur in certain situations. The five electoral systems used are: the single member plurality system (first-past-the-post), the multi-member plurality system, the single transferable vote, the additional member system and the supplementary vote.
This is the results breakdown of the 2010 United Kingdom general election.
The United Kingdom's component of the 2014 European Parliament election was held on Thursday 22 May 2014, coinciding with the 2014 local elections in England and Northern Ireland. In total, 73 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation. England, Scotland and Wales use a closed-list party list system of PR, while Northern Ireland used the single transferable vote (STV).
The Newark by-election was a by-election in the Newark constituency of the British House of Commons, which was held on 5 June 2014, following the resignation of Patrick Mercer. Conservative Robert Jenrick won the seat with a majority of 7,403.
The 2015 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 7 May 2015 to elect 650 members to the House of Commons. It was the first and, as of 2021, the only general election at the end of a fixed-term Parliament. Local elections took place in most areas on the same day.
A by-election was held on 20 November 2014 for the UK parliamentary constituency of Rochester and Strood in Kent, England. The by-election was triggered when the sitting Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) Mark Reckless, left the Conservative Party and joined the UK Independence Party (UKIP). He resigned his seat in Parliament in order to seek re-election for his new party.
In the run-up to the general election on 8 June 2017, various organisations carried out opinion polling to gauge voting intentions. Results of such polls are displayed in this article. Most of the polling companies listed are members of the British Polling Council (BPC) and abide by its disclosure rules.
The 2017 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 8 June 2017, two years after the previous general election in 2015. The governing Conservative Party remained the largest single party in the House of Commons but lost its small overall majority, resulting in the formation of a Conservative-led minority government with a confidence-and-supply agreement with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) of Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom's component of the 2019 European Parliament election was held on Thursday 23 May 2019 and the results were announced on Sunday 26 and Monday 27 May 2019, after all the other EU countries had voted. This was the United Kingdom's final participation in a European Parliament election before leaving the European Union on 31 January 2020, and was also the last election to be held under the provisions of the European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002 before its repeal under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018.
The Conservative Party in Gibraltar is the part of the Conservative Party that operates in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. It is a branch of the South West Region of the Conservative Party. The party does not field candidates in the local elections in the territory, and so far has only ever stood candidates for the European Parliament constituency of South West England and Gibraltar.
The 2017 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 4 May 2017. Local elections were held across Great Britain, with elections to 35 English local authorities and all councils in Scotland and Wales.
Prior to the 2019 United Kingdom general election, various organisations carried out opinion polling to gauge voting intentions. Results of such polls are displayed in this list. Most of the pollsters listed are members of the British Polling Council (BPC) and abide by its disclosure rules. Opinion polling about attitudes to the leaders of various political parties can be found in a separate article.
Reform UK is a right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom. It was founded as the Brexit Party in November 2018, and was renamed on 6 January 2021. The party was founded by Nigel Farage and Catherine Blaiklock with the stated purpose of advocating for Brexit. Prior to the UK's withdrawal from the European Union (EU), the party had 23 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). Its largest electoral success was winning 29 seats and the largest share of the national vote in the 2019 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom.
The 2019 United Kingdom general election was held on 12 December 2019 to elect all 650 members of the House of Commons, including the 40 Welsh seats.
MEP Ashley Mote is giving up his South East seat, but says he will continue to fight against the European Union.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) (Archived by WebCite at )