December 1910 United Kingdom general election

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December 1910 United Kingdom general election
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  Jan 1910 3–19 December 1910 (1910-12-03 1910-12-19) 1918  

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  H H Asquith 1908 (cropped).jpg Arthur-James-Balfour-1st-Earl-of-Balfour.jpg
Leader H. H. Asquith Arthur Balfour
Party Liberal Conservative & Lib. Unionist
Leader since30 April 190811 June 1902
Leader's seat East Fife City of London
Last election274 seats, 43.5%272 seats, 46.8%
Seats won272271
Seat changeDecrease2.svg2Decrease2.svg1
Popular vote2,157,2562,270,753
Percentage44.2%46.6%
SwingIncrease2.svg0.7%Decrease2.svg0.3%

 Third partyFourth party
  Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449) (cropped).jpg George Nicoll Barnes.png
Leader John Redmond George Barnes
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour
Leader since6 February 190014 February 1910
Leader's seat Waterford City Glasgow Blackfriars
and Hutchesontown
Last election71 seats, 1.2%40 seats, 7.0%
Seats won7442
Seat changeIncrease2.svg3Increase2.svg2
Popular vote90,416309,963
Percentage1.9%6.4%
SwingIncrease2.svg0.7%Decrease2.svg0.6%

United Kingdom general election 1910 December.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

Prime Minister after election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

The December 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 3 to 19 December. It was the last general election to be held over several days [1] and the last to be held prior to the First World War (1914–18).

Contents

The political context was the effort of the new Liberal government to pass its budget, with higher taxes on the wealthy. It was blocked by the House of Lords. The Government called an election to get a mandate for the Parliament Act 1911, which would prevent the House of Lords from permanently blocking legislation. [2] After the Liberals, together with the Irish Nationalists and Labour, retained their Commons majority, the House of Lords gave way and the budget was passed.

The Conservatives, led by Arthur Balfour with their Liberal Unionist allies, and the Liberals, led by H. H. Asquith, could not break the deadlock produced in the January general election, with the Conservatives again winning the largest number of votes. The Liberal Party under Asquith formed a government with the support of the Irish Nationalists. This was the last election in which the Liberals won the highest number of seats in the House of Commons. It was also the last United Kingdom national election in which a party other than Labour or the Conservatives won the most seats until the 2014 European Parliament elections.

Results

England and Wales seat winners 1910D England & Wales.png
England and Wales seat winners
272271744283
LiberalConservativeIPPLabAFIO
1910 (2) UK parliament.svg
UK General Election December 1910
CandidatesVotes
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Arthur Balfour 548271140.446.62,270,7530.3
  Liberal H. H. Asquith 467272240.644.22,157,256+0.7
  Labour George Barnes 564253+26.36.4309,9630.6
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 817452+311.01.990,416+0.7
  All-for-Ireland William O'Brien 2182201.20.630,322+0.2
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 200000.15,7330.1
  Ind. Conservative N/A4 1 1 1 00.10.14,647
  Independent Labour N/A400000.13,492
  Independent Liberal N/A 1 00 1 10.01,946
  Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1 00000.0913
  Independent Nationalist N/A420 1 10.30.0911
  Independent N/A200000.057

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.57%
Liberal
44.23%
Labour
6.36%
Irish Parliamentary
1.85%
All-for-Ireland
0.23%
Others
0.78%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
40.60%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
40.45%
Irish Parliamentary
11.04%
Labour
6.27%
All-for-Ireland
1.19%
Others
0.45%

See also

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References

  1. "General Election Dates 1832–2005" (PDF), parliament.uk
  2. Somervell, D. C. (1936), The Reign of King George V
  3. All parties shown.

Further reading

Manifestos