January 1910 United Kingdom general election

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January 1910 United Kingdom general election
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  1906 15 January – 10 February 1910 (1910-01-15 1910-02-10) Dec 1910  

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond partyThird party
  H H Asquith 1908 (cropped).jpg Arthur-James-Balfour-1st-Earl-of-Balfour.jpg Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449) (cropped).jpg
Leader H. H. Asquith Arthur Balfour John Redmond
Party Liberal Conservative and Liberal Unionist Irish Parliamentary
Leader since30 April 190811 June 19026 February 1900
Leader's seat East Fife City of London Waterford City
Last election397 seats, 48.9%156 seats, 43.4%82 seats, 0.6%
Seats won27427271
Seat changeDecrease2.svg123Increase2.svg116Decrease2.svg11
Popular vote2,712,5112,919,23674,047
Percentage43.5%46.8%1.2%
SwingDecrease2.svg5.4%Increase2.svg3.4%Increase2.svg0.6%

 Fourth partyFifth party
  1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg William O'Brien 1917.jpg
Leader Arthur Henderson William O'Brien
Party Labour All-for-Ireland
Leader since22 January 1908March 1909
Leader's seat Barnard Castle North East Cork
Last election29 seats, 4.8%Did not contest
Seats won408
Seat changeIncrease2.svg11Increase2.svg8
Popular vote435,77023,605
Percentage7.0%0.4%
SwingIncrease2.svg2.2%Increase2.svg0.4%

United Kingdom general election 1910 January.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

Prime Minister after election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

The January 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 15 January to 10 February 1910. The government called the election in the midst of a constitutional crisis caused by the rejection of the People's Budget by the Conservative-dominated House of Lords, in order to get a mandate to pass the budget.

Contents

The general election resulted in a hung parliament, with the Conservative Party led by Arthur Balfour and their Liberal Unionist allies receiving the most votes, but the Liberals led by H. H. Asquith winning the most seats, returning two more MPs than the Conservatives. Asquith's government remained in power with the support of the Irish Parliamentary Party, led by John Redmond. Another general election was soon held in December.

The Labour Party, led by Arthur Henderson, returned 40 MPs. Much of this apparent increase (from the 29 Labour MPs elected in 1906) came from the defection, a few years earlier, of Lib Lab MPs from the Liberal Party to Labour.

Results

England and Wales seat winners 1910J England & Wales.png
England and Wales seat winners
274712724085
LiberalIPPConservativeLabAFIO
1910 (1) UK parliament.svg
UK General Election January 1910
CandidatesVotes
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Arthur Balfour 59427213014+11640.646.82,919,236+3.4
  Liberal H. H. Asquith 5112741213512340.943.52,712,5115.4
  Labour Arthur Henderson 7840176+116.07.0435,770+2.1
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 85710111110.61.274,047+0.6
  All-for-Ireland William O'Brien 10880+81.20.423,605
  Independent Nationalist N/A10332+20.50.316,533
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 900000.213,4790.1
  Ind. Conservative N/A4 1 1 100.10.211,772
  Free Trader John Eldon Gorst 400000.211,553
  Independent Labour N/A600 1 10.29,936
  Independent Liberal N/A3 1 1 0+10.10.15,237
  Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1 00000.0756

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative & Liberal Unionist
46.82%
Liberal
43.51%
Labour
6.99%
Irish Parliamentary
1.19%
All-for-Ireland
0.38%
Others
1.11%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
40.90%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
40.60%
Irish Parliamentary
10.60%
Labour
5.97%
All-for-Ireland
1.19%
Others
0.75%

See also

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References

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