1900 United Kingdom general election

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1900 United Kingdom general election
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  1895 26 September – 24 October 1900 (1900-09-26 1900-10-24) 1906  

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  Robert-Gascoyne-Cecil-3rd-Marquess-of-Salisbury (cropped).jpg Sir-Henry-Campbell-Bannerman.jpg
Leader Marquess of Salisbury Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Party Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal
Leader sinceApril 1881December 1898
Leader's seat House of Lords Stirling Burghs
Last election411 seats, 49.3%177 seats, 45.6%
Seats won402183
Seat changeDecrease2.svg9Increase2.svg6
Popular vote1,637,6831,469,500
Percentage50.2%45.1%
SwingIncrease2.svg0.9%Decrease2.svg0.5%

 Third partyFourth party
  Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449) (cropped).jpg Keir Hardie by George Charles Beresford (1905).jpg
Leader John Redmond Keir Hardie
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour Repr. Cmte.
Leader since6 February 190028 February 1900
Leader's seat Waterford City Merthyr Tydfil (won)
Last election82 seats, 3.9% [1] Did not contest
Seats won762
Seat changeDecrease2.svg6Increase2.svg2
Popular vote57,57641,900
Percentage1.8%1.3%
SwingDecrease2.svg2.1%New party

United Kingdom general election 1900.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Prime Minister after
election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

The 1900 United Kingdom general election was held between 26 September and 24 October 1900, following the dissolution of Parliament on 25 September. Also referred to as the Khaki Election (the first of several elections to bear this sobriquet), it was held at a time when it was widely believed that the Second Boer War had effectively been won (though in fact it was to continue for another two years).

Contents

The Conservative Party, led by Lord Salisbury with their Liberal Unionist allies, secured a large majority of 134 seats, despite securing only 5.6% more votes than Henry Campbell-Bannerman's Liberals. This was largely owing to the Conservatives winning 163 seats that were uncontested by others. The Labour Representation Committee, later to become the Labour Party, participated in a general election for the first time. However, it had only been in existence for a few months; as a result, Keir Hardie and Richard Bell were the only LRC Members of Parliament elected in 1900.

This was the first occasion when Winston Churchill was elected to the House of Commons. He had stood in the same seat, Oldham, at a by-election held the previous year, but had lost. It was also the final general election of the Victorian era.

Results

402183769
Conservative & Lib. UnionistLiberalIPP
1900 UK parliament.svg
UK General Election 1900
CandidatesVotes
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Marquess of Salisbury 5694023241960.150.21,637,683+1.0
  Liberal Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman 4021833832+627.445.11,469,5000.5
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 837628611.31.857,5760.8
  Labour Repr. Cmte. Keir Hardie 15220+20.31.341,900N/A
  Independent Nationalist N/A18660+60.90.723,706
  Ind. Conservative N/A7000000.413,713
  Independent Liberal N/A3 1 1 0+10.10.26,423+0.1
  Independent N/A3000000.24,800+0.2
  Scottish Workers Robert Allan 1 000000.13,107N/A
  Ind. Liberal Unionist N/A 1 000000.11,855N/A
  Independent Labour N/A 1 000000.0433+0.0

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
50.22%
Liberal
45.07%
Irish Parliamentary
1.77%
Labour
1.29%
Others
1.66%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
60.00%
Liberal
27.31%
Irish Parliamentary
11.34%
Labour
0.30%
Others
1.04%

See also

Notes

  1. Contested the 1895 election as two separate parties, the Irish National League and the Irish National Party, but reunified before 1900.
  2. All parties with more than 1,000 votes shown.

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References

Manifestos