2014 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom

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2014 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  2009 22 May 2014 2019  

All 73 United Kingdom seats to the European Parliament
Turnout35.6% [1] Increase2.svg 0.9%
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Nigel Farage MEP 1, Strasbourg - Diliff (cropped).jpg Glenis Willmott.jpg Syed Kamall par Claude Truong-Ngoc fevrier 2015.jpg
Leader Nigel Farage Glenis Willmott Syed Kamall
Party UKIP Labour Conservative
Alliance EFDD S&D ECR
Leader since 5 November 2010 18 January 200919 November 2013
Leader's seat South East England East Midlands London
Last election13 seats, 16.0%13 seats, 15.2%26 seats, [lower-alpha 1] 27.4%
Seats won242019
Seat changeIncrease2.svg11Increase2.svg7Decrease2.svg7
Popular vote4,376,6354,020,6463,792,549
Percentage26.6%24.4%23.1%
SwingIncrease2.svg10.6%Increase2.svg9.2%Decrease2.svg4.3%

Map of the European Parliament election (2014) (United Kingdom).svg
Map of the results indicating the seats won in each region by party

2014 UK European Parliament election.svg

Leader of Largest Party before election

David Cameron
Conservative

Subsequent Leader of Largest Party

Nigel Farage
UKIP

The United Kingdom's component of the 2014 European Parliament election was held on Thursday 22 May 2014, [2] [3] coinciding with the 2014 local elections in England [4] and Northern Ireland. In total, 73 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation. England, Scotland and Wales use a closed-list party list system of PR (with the D'Hondt method), while Northern Ireland used the single transferable vote (STV).

Contents

Most of the election results were announced after 10pm on Sunday 25 May – with the exception of Scotland, which did not declare its results until the following day – after voting closed throughout the 28 member states of the European Union.

The most successful party overall was the UK Independence Party (UKIP) which won 24 seats and 27% of the popular vote, the first time a political party other than the Labour Party or Conservative Party had won the popular vote at a British election since the 1906 general election. [5] [6] It was also the first time a party other than Labour or Conservative had won the largest number of seats in a national election since the December 1910 general election. [7] [8] [9] In addition, the 23.1% of the vote won by the Conservatives was the lowest recorded voteshare for the party in a national election until 2019.

The Labour Party became the first Official Opposition party since 1984 to fail to win a European Parliament election, although it did gain 7 seats, taking its overall tally to 20. The governing Conservative Party was pushed into third place for the first time at any European Parliament election, falling to 19 seats, while the Green Party of England and Wales saw its number of MEPs increase for the first time since 1999, winning 3 seats. In Scotland, the Scottish National Party won the largest share of the vote, taking 29% of the vote and 2 MEPs. The Liberal Democrats, who were in coalition with the Conservatives at the time, lost 10 of the 11 seats they were defending, and won just 7% of the popular vote.

Figures released in December 2014 showed that the Conservatives and UKIP each spent £2.96m on the campaign, the Liberal Democrats £1.5m, and the Labour Party approximately £1m. [10]

Voting system and regional representation

Polling station in Gosberton in Lincolnshire within the East Midlands constituency on 22 May 2014 Gosberton Polling Station (2014).jpg
Polling station in Gosberton in Lincolnshire within the East Midlands constituency on 22 May 2014

The United Kingdom elected 73 Members of the European Parliament using proportional representation. The United Kingdom was divided into twelve multi-member constituencies. The eleven of these regions which form Great Britain used a closed-list party list system method of proportional representation, calculated using the D'Hondt method. Northern Ireland used the Single Transferable Vote (STV). As a result of the Treaty of Lisbon coming into force, the UK became entitled to a 73rd MEP as from November 2011. The Electoral Commission performed a reallocation in keeping with the same procedures it used to allocate 72 MEPs; an extra Conservative MEP was allocated to the West Midlands constituency, based on the 2009 vote, and was enshrined in the European Union Act 2011 as an amendment of the European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002.[ citation needed ]

Representation by region
Electoral region2009
election
2014
election
+/-
East Midlands 55Steady2.svg
East of England 77Steady2.svg
London 88Steady2.svg
North East England 33Steady2.svg
North West England 88Steady2.svg
South East England 1010Steady2.svg
South West England 166Steady2.svg
West Midlands 67Increase2.svg1
Yorkshire and the Humber 66Steady2.svg
Wales 44Steady2.svg
Scotland 66Steady2.svg
Northern Ireland 33Steady2.svg

1 Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory which was part of the European Union.

Returning officers

The European Parliamentary Elections (Returning Officers) Order 2013 provides for the designated Returning Officer for each electoral region to be the council official responsible for elections in each of the following Westminster constituencies: Kettering for the East Midlands, Chelmsford for the Eastern region, Lewisham, Deptford for the London region, Sunderland Central for the North East region, Manchester Central for the North West region, Falkirk for Scotland, Southampton, Test for the South East region, Poole for the South West region, Preseli Pembrokeshire for Wales, Birmingham Ladywood for the West Midlands region, Leeds Central for the Yorkshire and Humber region, and Belfast South for the Northern Ireland Region. [11]

MEPs before the 2014 election, by European Parliament group

Between the 2009 and 2014 elections, there were various changes to the breakdown of UK members. In December 2011, a 73rd member from the UK (Anthea McIntyre, Conservative) was allocated to England because of the implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon. There were also various defections:

The Ulster Conservatives and Unionists - New Force (UCUNF) electoral pact between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) was dissolved.

Thus, before the 2014 election, the following parties had MEPs representing UK constituencies:

Parties in the European Parliament (UK) before the 2014 election
United Kingdom party Seats/73European Parliament group Seats/766
Conservative 26 European Conservatives and Reformists 52
UUP 1
Labour 13 Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats 195
Liberal Democrats 12 Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 75
UKIP 9 Europe of Freedom and Democracy 31
Independent 1
Green 2 The Greens–European Free Alliance 52
Scottish National 2
Plaid Cymru 1
Sinn Féin 1 European United Left–Nordic Green Left 35
Democratic Unionist 1 Non-Inscrits
British Democratic 1
British National 1
We Demand a Referendum 1
An Independence from Europe 1

Parties and candidates

39 parties stood a total of 747 candidates. The Conservative Party and UKIP had candidates in every region, as did the three Green parties. Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the BNP had a full slate of candidates in all the regions in Great Britain (i.e. excluding Northern Ireland). The English Democrats and An Independence from Europe had a full slate of candidates in all the English regions. No2EU had a full slate in seven regions, while Britain First and the Socialist Party of Great Britain had full slates in two regions each. The Harmony Party stood in four regions and the Christian Peoples Alliance in three regions. Other parties only stood in one region.

Retiring/resigned incumbents

British Democratic Party

(Elected in 2009 as British National Party)

Conservative

Green

Labour

Liberal Democrats

UKIP

Debates

On 20 February, the Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg used his weekly phone-in show on LBC 97.3 to challenge the leader of the UK Independence Party, Nigel Farage, to a live public debate on the UK's membership of the European Union. [29] Clegg said, "he is the leader of the party of 'out'; I am the leader of the party of 'in'. I think it's time we now have a proper, public debate so that the public can listen to the two sides of the argument and judge from themselves." [30] [31] Farage accepted, but said he would also like to see Ed Miliband and David Cameron participate. [32]

The first hour-long debate between the two men was held on 26 March 2014 and was broadcast live on television by Sky News and on the BBC News Channel. The debate was hosted by LBC and moderated by Nick Ferrari. [33] After the first debate, a YouGov poll asked "Who performed better?", with 57% saying Farage did better compared to 36% for Clegg.

The second debate was held on BBC Two on 2 April in a special programme called The European Union: In or Out , moderated by David Dimbleby. Farage was again seen as outperforming his rival, with a snap poll by YouGov showing 68% of people thought he did better in the debate compared to 27% for Clegg. A snap Guardian poll also showed that 69% thought Farage won the debate. [34]

Despite David Cameron and Ed Miliband declining to participate in the leaders' debates, the Conservative and Labour parties were represented in a lower-profile debate on the BBC. On 13 February Andrew Neil hosted a four-way debate on the BBC's Sunday Politics programme. The Conservatives were represented by Syed Kamall MEP, Labour by Richard Howitt MEP, the Liberal Democrats by Baroness Sarah Ludford MEP and the UK Independence Party by Patrick O'Flynn, the party's Director of communications and an MEP candidate. [35] [36]

Opinion polls

Graphical summary

Graph of opinion polls conducted. Trend lines represent local regressions and the grey areas represent uncertainty about the trendlines and not those of the results. Opinion polling for the 2014 European Parliament Election in the United Kingdom.svg
Graph of opinion polls conducted. Trend lines represent local regressions and the grey areas represent uncertainty about the trendlines and not those of the results.

These opinion polls are for Great Britain and generally exclude Northern Ireland. The methodology used for these polls broadly corresponds to that used for opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election; see that article for the methodology used by each polling company. YouGov have experimented with different methods of polling for these elections, using their own method for their 8–9 January 2013 poll and another corresponding to that used by Survation and ComRes for their 10–11 January 2013 poll (both below) and argue that their method gives more accurate answers. [37] Data for these polls are generally gathered at the same time as the data for General Election polling.

2014

Date(s)Polling organisation/clientSample Con UKIP Lab Lib Dems OthersLead
22 May 2014EU election, 2014 (GB) Results16,017,36623.9%27.5%25.4%6.9%16.3%2.1%
20–21 May YouGov/The Sun 6,12422%27%26%9%16%1%
19–21 May Opinium/Daily Mail 1,96721%32%25%6%16%7%
19–20 May Survation/Mirror 1,10623%32%27%9%11%5%
19–20 May YouGov/The Sun 1,87423%27%27%10%14%Tied
18–19 May YouGov/The Sun 1,74021%24%28%10%17%4%
15–19 May TNS 1,21721%31%28%7%13%3%
16–18 May ComRes [ permanent dead link ]2,06120%33%27%7%13%6%
15–16 May YouGov/Sunday Times 1,89223%26%27%9%14%1%
13–16 May Opinium/Daily Mail 2,03620%31%29%5%15%2%
14–15 May ICM/Sunday Telegraph 2,03326%25%29%7%13%3%
14–15 May ComRes 2,04520%35%24%6%15%11%
13–14 May YouGov/The Sun 1,96822%25%28%10%15%3%
9–12 May Opinium 1,93622%30%28%7%13%2%
9–11 May ICM/The Guardian 1,00027%26%24%7%16%1%
9–11 May ComRes/C4M 2,05622%34%24%8%12%10%
9 May Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,00521%32%28%9%11%4%
6–8 May Opinium/Daily Mail 1,97223%28%27%8%14%1%
28 Apr – 6 May YouGov/Sky News 1,93323%31%25%9%14%6%
2–3 May Survation/Mirror 1,00524%31%28%7%10%3%
1–2 May YouGov/Sunday Times 1,94522%29%28%7%14%1%
30 Apr – 1 May YouGov/Sun on Sunday 1,84423%29%26%10%12%3%
30 Apr – 1 May YouGov/The Sun 1,81322%27%30%9%13%3%
27–30 Apr YouGov/The Sun 5,33122%28%29%9%13%1%
24–28 Apr TNS 1,19918%36%27%10%12%9%
25–27 Apr ComRes [ permanent dead link ]2,05218%38%27%8%14%11%
24–25 Apr YouGov/Sunday Times 1,83519%31%28%9%13%3%
21–22 Apr YouGov/The Sun 2,19022%27%30%10%11%3%
15–17 Apr ICM/Sunday Telegraph 2,00022%27%30%8%13%3%
11–13 Apr ICM/The Guardian 1,00025%20%36%6%13%11%
3–7 Apr TNS 1,19321%29%30%9%11%1%
4–6 Apr Populus/Financial Times 2,03427%25%31%10%7%4%
3–4 Apr YouGov/Sunday Times 1,99822%28%30%9%10%2%
4 Apr Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,00121%27%34%9%9%7%
2–3 Apr ComRes/The People 2,06722%30%30%8%10%Tied
2 AprBroadcast of The European Union: In or Out debate.
27–28 Mar YouGov/The Sunday Times 1,91624%23%32%11%10%8%
26–27 Mar YouGov/The Sun 2,03924%26%28%11%11%2%
26 Mar LBC radio debate on the European Union between the Lib Dems' Nick Clegg and Nigel Farage of UKIP.
20–21 Mar Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,00028%23%32%7%10%4%
17–18 Mar YouGov/Times 2,28424%23%32%10%11%8%
12–13 Mar ComRes/Independent on Sunday 2,00121%30%28%8%13%2%
7–9 Feb ICM/The Guardian 1,00225%20%35%9%11%10%
14–15 Jan YouGov/The Sun 1,89323%26%32%9%10%6%
3 Jan Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,00123%26%32%9%10%6%

2013

Date(s)Polling organisation/clientSample Con UKIP Lab Lib Dems OthersLead
21–22 Nov Survation/Daily Star 1,00624%25%32%8%12%7%
11 Oct Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,01721%22%35%11%11%13%
22–24 May ComRes/Open Europe 2,00321%27%23%18%11%4%
17–18 May Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,00020%30%31%8%11%1%
17–18 Jan YouGov/The Sun 1,91230%12%38%13%10%8%
10–11 Jan YouGov/The Sun 1,99524%19%36%12%10%12%
9–10 Jan ComRes/Sunday People 2,00222%23%35%8%12%12%
8–9 Jan YouGov/The Sun 1,98027%17%38%12%6%11%
5 Jan Survation/Mail on Sunday 77224%22%31%11%12%7%
4 Jun 2009 EU election, 2009 (GB) Results 15,136,93227.7%16.5%15.7%13.7%25.6%11.2%

Scottish polls

Date(s)Polling organisation/clientSample SNP Lab Con Lib Dems UKIP OthersLead
22 May 2014 EU election, 2014 (Scotland) 1,343,48329.0%25.9%17.2%7.1%10.5%10.4%3.1%
12–15 May 2014 ICM/Scotsman 1,00336%27%13%7%9%8%9%
9–12 May 2014 Survation/Daily Record 1,00337%26%13%6%11%7%11%
11–22 Apr 2014 YouGov/Edinburgh University 1,01433%31%12%7%10%7%2%
14–16 Apr 2014 ICM/Scotland on Sunday 1,00437%28%11%7%10%6%9%
4–7 Apr 2014 Survation/Daily Record 1,00239% 30%14%6%7%5%9%
17–21 Mar 2014 ICM/Scotsman 1,01041%29%13%5%6%6%12%
21–24 Jan 2014 ICM/Scotsman 1,01043%24%14%6%7%6%19%
4 Jun 2009 EU election, 2009 (Scotland) 1,104,51229.1%20.8%16.8%11.5%5.2%16.6%8.3%

Welsh polls

Date(s)Polling organisation/clientSample Con Lab Plaid UKIP Lib Dems OthersLead
22 May 2014 EU election, 2014 (Wales) Results 733,06017.4%28.2%15.3%27.6%4.0%7.7%0.6%
12–14 May 2014 YouGov/ITV 1,09216%33%15%23%7%7%10%
11–22 Apr 2014 YouGov/Cardiff University 1,02718%39%11%20%7%6%19%
10–12 Feb 2014 YouGov/ITV 1,25017%39%12%18%7%7%21%
2–4 Dec 2013 YouGov/ITV 1,00120%41%13%13%8%5%21%
4 Jun 2009 EU election, 2009 (Wales) Results 684,52021.2%20.3%18.5%12.8%10.7%16.6%0.9%

London polls

Date(s)Polling organisation/clientSample Con Lab Lib Dems Green UKIP OthersLead
22 May 2014 EU election, 2014 (London) Results 2,200,47522.5%36.7%6.7%8.9%16.9%8.3%14.2%
6–8 May 2014 YouGov/Evening Standard 1,42223%37%9%7%21%3%14%
28–29 Apr 2014 Survation 1,00121%39%13%7%20%1%18%
7–9 Apr 2014 YouGov/Evening Standard 1,20925%33%11%5%24%3%8%
8–10 Oct 2013 YouGov/Evening Standard 1,23123%34%10%9%22%1%11%
4 Jun 2009 EU election, 2009 (London) Results 1,751,02627.4%21.3%13.7%10.9%10.8%15.9%6.1%

Results

United Kingdom results

Map of highest polling party in each council area (results for Northern Ireland per council area are not available):
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
UKIP
Labour
Conservatives
SNP
Plaid Cymru
Liberal Democrats European Parliament election, 2014 (United Kingdom).svg
Map of highest polling party in each council area (results for Northern Ireland per council area are not available):
   UKIP
   Labour
   SNP
Results of the 2014 European Parliament election for the United Kingdom [39] [40]
PartyVotesSeats
Number%+/-Seats+/-%
UK Independence Party 4,376,63526.6Increase2.svg10.624Increase2.svg1132.9
Labour Party 4,020,64624.4Increase2.svg9.220Increase2.svg727.4
Conservative Party 3,792,54923.1Decrease2.svg3.819Decrease2.svg726.0
Green Party of England and Wales 1,136,6706.9Decrease2.svg0.93Increase2.svg14.1
Liberal Democrats 1,087,6336.6Decrease2.svg6.71Decrease2.svg101.4
Scottish National Party 389,5032.4Increase2.svg0.32Steady2.svg2.7
An Independence from Europe 235,1241.4New0Steady2.svg
British National Party 179,6941.1Decrease2.svg5.00Decrease2.svg2
Sinn Féin 159,8131.0Increase2.svg0.21Steady2.svg1.4
DUP 131,1630.8Increase2.svg0.21Steady2.svg1.4
English Democrats 126,0240.8Decrease2.svg1.00Steady2.svg
Plaid Cymru 111,8640.7Decrease2.svg0.11Steady2.svg1.4
Scottish Green Party 108,3050.7Increase2.svg0.10Steady2.svg
Ulster Unionist Party 83,4380.5New1Increase2.svg11.4
SDLP 81,5940.5Steady2.svg0Steady2.svg
TUV 75,8060.5Steady2.svg0Steady2.svg
Christian Peoples Alliance 50,2220.3Decrease2.svg1.30Steady2.svg
Alliance 44,4320.3Increase2.svg0.10Steady2.svg
No2EU 31,7570.2Decrease2.svg0.80Steady2.svg
4 Freedoms Party (UK EPP) 28,0140.2New0Steady2.svg
We Demand a Referendum Now 23,4260.1New0Steady2.svg
NHA 23,2530.1New0Steady2.svg
Animal Welfare Party 21,0920.1Steady2.svg0Steady2.svg
Britain First 20,2720.1New0Steady2.svg
Yorkshire First 19,0170.1New0Steady2.svg
Europeans Party10,7120.1New0Steady2.svg
Green (NI) 10,5980.1Steady2.svg0Steady2.svg
NI21 10,5530.1New0Steady2.svg
Peace Party 10,1300.1Steady2.svg0Steady2.svg
Others55,0110.3Decrease2.svg3.40Steady2.svg
Valid Votes16,454,95099.573Increase2.svg1
Rejected Votes90,8120.6
Overall turnout16,545,76235.6Increase2.svg0.9

Election results by constituency

[39]

ConstituencyMembers
East Midlands  
East of England  
London  
North East England  
North West England  
South East England
South West England  
West Midlands  
Yorkshire and the Humber  
Scotland  
Wales  
Northern Ireland     

MEPs defeated

Conservative

Liberal Democrats

British National Party

An Independence from Europe

We Demand a Referendum

Analysis

The UK Independence Party (UKIP) came top of the poll, the first time a political party other than the Labour Party or Conservative Party had won the popular vote at a British election since the 1906 general election. [41] [6] It was also the first time a party other than Labour or Conservative had won the largest number of seats in a national election since the December 1910 general election. [7] [8] [9] However, by the end of 2018, following multiple departures and other changes, only 9 MEPs remained affiliated to UKIP. [42] By February 2019, there were only 7 UKIP MEPs, while 7 former UKIP MEPs had joined the new Brexit Party.

The Labour Party became the first Official Opposition party since 1984 to fail to win a European Parliament election, although it did gain 7 seats, taking its overall tally to 20. It concurrently won the largest share of the vote in 100 council areas, with its largest vote share recorded in Newham at 58.4%. [43]

The governing Conservative Party was pushed into third place for the first time at any European Parliament election; winning just 23.3% of the national vote share and losing 7 seats to fall to 19 overall, one behind Labour and won the largest share of the vote in just 89 council areas and its highest vote was recorded in Elmbridge at 43.1%.

The Green Party of England and Wales saw its number of MEPs increase for the first time since 1999, winning a total of 3 seats. The party rose from fifth place to fourth, although its vote share declined slightly compared to 2009. This was the first time since 1989 that the Greens had outpolled the Liberal Democrats in a European election.

In Scotland, the Scottish National Party won the largest share of the vote taking 28.9% of the vote and retained its two of the six Scottish seats. [44]

The Liberal Democrats, who were in coalition with the Conservatives at the time, lost ten of the eleven seats they were defending and won just 6.9% of the vote share nationally. [45] Their highest vote share was recorded in Gibraltar where they won a 67.2% share of the vote.

See also

Notes

  1. In 2009, the Conservatives were in alliance with the Ulster Unionist Party in Northern Ireland as Ulster Conservatives and Unionists, electing 1 Northern Irish MEP under this label. By 2014 the UCUNF alliance had been dissolved.

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Nigel Farage was a British MEP who stood as a candidate representing eurosceptic parties UK Independence Party (UKIP) and The Brexit Party since 1994. He was a Member of the European Parliament representing South East England since the 1999 election, winning re-election three times. Farage has stood for election to the House of Commons seven times, in five general elections and two by-elections, but has not won any of those elections. He was also a proponent of the UK leaving the European Union in the 2016 referendum, in which the electorate voted to do so by 52% to 48%.

September 2016 UK Independence Party leadership election

The September 2016 UK Independence Party leadership election was triggered after Nigel Farage, the leader of the UK Independence Party, announced on 4 July 2016, following the Leave result in the UK referendum on EU membership, that he would step down when a new leader had been elected.

The 2016 by-election for the House of Commons constituency of Sleaford and North Hykeham in Lincolnshire, England, was held on 8 December 2016. It was triggered by the resignation on 4 November 2016 of the Conservative member of parliament (MP) Stephen Phillips, who left Parliament due to policy differences with the Conservative government led by the Prime Minister, Theresa May, over Brexit – the British withdrawal from the European Union (EU). The Conservatives nominated Caroline Johnson, a paediatrician, to replace Phillips; she won the by-election with more than 50% of the vote, a sizable majority. The Conservatives' vote share fell slightly compared to the result at the previous general election in 2015.

Reform UK Political party in the United Kingdom

Reform UK is a right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom. It was founded as the Brexit Party in November 2018, and was renamed on 6 January 2021. The party was founded by Nigel Farage and Catherine Blaiklock with the stated purpose of advocating for Brexit. Prior to the UK's withdrawal from the European Union (EU), the party had 23 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). Its largest electoral success was winning 29 seats and the largest share of the national vote in the 2019 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom.

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