1868 United Kingdom general election

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1868 United Kingdom general election
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  1865 17 November – 7 December 1868 (1868-11-17 1868-12-07) 1874  

All 658 seats in the House of Commons
327 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  William Ewart Gladstone CDV 1861 for infobox.jpg Benjamin Disraeli, 1878 (cropped).jpg
Leader William Gladstone Benjamin Disraeli
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since3 December 186827 February 1868
Leader's seat Greenwich
(Defeated at South West Lancashire)
Last election369 seats, 59.5%289 seats, 40.5%
Seats won387271
Seat changeIncrease2.svg18Decrease2.svg18
Popular vote1,428,776903,318

United Kingdom general election 1868.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Benjamin Disraeli

Prime Minister after

William Gladstone

The 1868 United Kingdom general election was the first after passage of the Reform Act 1867, which enfranchised many male householders, thus greatly increasing the number of men who could vote in elections in the United Kingdom. It was the first election held in the United Kingdom in which more than a million votes were cast; nearly triple the number of votes were cast compared to the previous election in 1865.[ citation needed ]


The Liberals, led by William Gladstone, increased their majority over Benjamin Disraeli's Conservatives again to more than 100 seats.

This was the last general election at which all seats were taken by only the two leading parties, although the parties at the time were loose coalitions and party affiliation was not listed on registration papers.[ citation needed ]


1868 UK parliament.svg
UK General Election 1868
StoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Liberal 600387+1858.8161.241,428,776+2.0
  Conservative 4362711841.1938.71903,3182.1

Voting summary

Popular vote

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats

Regional results

Great Britain

PartyCandidatesUnopposedSeatsSeats changeVotes % % change
Liberal 51580321Increase2.svg71,374,31561.4
Conservative 38365234Decrease2.svg10864,55138.6
PartyCandidatesUnopposedSeatsSeats changeVotes % % change
Liberal 41246244Decrease2.svg71,192,09859.7
Conservative 33454211Decrease2.svg2803,63740.2
PartyCandidatesUnopposedSeatsSeats changeVotes % % change
Liberal 702351Increase2.svg9125,35682.5
Conservative 2037Decrease2.svg423,98517.5
PartyCandidatesUnopposedSeatsSeats changeVotes % % change
Liberal 291023Increase2.svg552,25662.1
Conservative 20410Decrease2.svg429,86637.9


PartyCandidatesUnopposedSeatsSeats changeVotes % % change
Liberal 854166Increase2.svg854,46157.9+2.3
Irish Conservative 532637Decrease2.svg838,76541.9Decrease2.svg2.5


PartyCandidatesUnopposedSeatsSeats changeVotes % % change
Conservative 946Steady2.svg7,06355.4
Liberal 413Increase2.svg34,60544.6

See also

References and further reading

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