|Former Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||Greenwich (see below)|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Greenwich & Woolwich|
and small corner of West Kent
Greenwich was a constituency in south-east London, which returned two then (from 1885) one member (MP) to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It existed from 1832 to 1997. Elections used the first past the post system; when this elects more than one member it is sometimes called plurality-at-large voting.
From 1832 until 1885 it was a two-member constituency. Its area was in net outcome cut but it gained Kidbrooke and it was reduced to a seat under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 associated with the Reform Act 1884. For the 1997 general election, it was merged with part of the former Woolwich constituency to form the Greenwich and Woolwich seat.
Its history is dominated by the area's strong maritime tradition. Its most prominent claim to fame was as the seat of William Ewart Gladstone between 1868 and 1880, and it also achieved prominence in the 1987 Greenwich by-election, when the SDP won a surprise victory.
1832–1885 the parishes of Greenwich; St Nicholas and St Paul Deptford; and the most populous parts of Charlton and Woolwich.detailed as: "From the Point at which the Royal Arsenal Canal at Woolwich joins the Thames, along the said Canal to the southern extremity thereof; thence in a straight Line to the south-western corner of the Ordnance Storekeeper's House; thence in a straight Line, in the Direction of a Stile in the footpath from Woolwich to Plumstead Common, over Sand Hill, to the Boundary of the Parish of Woolwich; thence, southward, along the boundary of the parish of Woolwich to the point at which the same meets the Boundary of the parish of Charlton; thence westward along the Boundary of the parish of Charlton to the point at which the same turns southward near the Dovor Road; thence along the Dovor Road to the nearest point of the boundary of the parish of Greenwich; thence Westward, along the boundary of the parish of Greenwich to the point at which the same turns abruptly to the south, close by the Dovor Road, thence in a straight line, in a westerly direction, to the nearest point of the boundary of the parish of Greenwich, thence westward along the boundary of the parish of Greenwich to the point at which the same meets the boundary of the parish of Saint Paul Deptford; thence southward along the boundary of the parish of Saint Paul Deptford to the point at which the same meets the Thames; thence along the Thames to the point first described." The boundaries were thus in the schedules of the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832.
1885–1918: The parishes of Greenwich, St Nicholas Deptford, Charlton, and Kidbrooke.
1918–1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich.
1974–1983: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Blackheath, Charlton, Eastcombe, Hornfair, Kidbrooke, Marsh, Park, Trafalgar, Vanbrugh, and West.
1983–1997: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Blackheath, Charlton, Ferrier, Hornfair, Kidbrooke, Rectory Field, St Alfege, Trafalgar, Vanbrugh, and West.
Between 1983 and 1997, the constituency formed the western part of the Royal Borough of Greenwich.
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||James Whitley Deans Dundas||Whig||Edward George Barnard||Radical|
|1837||Matthias Wolverley Attwood||Conservative|
|1841||James Whitley Deans Dundas||Whig|
|1851 by-election||David Salomons||Radical|
|1852 by-election||Houston Stewart||Whig|
|1852||Peter Rolt||Conservative||Montague Chambers||Radical|
|Feb 1857 by-election||Sir William Codrington||Whig|
|Mar. 1857||John Townsend||Radical|
|Feb. 1859 by-election||David Salomons||Radical|
|1865||Sir Charles Tilston Bright||Liberal|
|1868||William Ewart Gladstone||Liberal|
|1873 by-election||Sir Thomas Boord||Conservative|
|1880||Baron Henry de Worms||Conservative|
|1885||Representation reduced to one member|
|1885||Sir Thomas Boord||Conservative|
|1895||Lord Hugh Cecil||Conservative|
|Jan 1910||Ion Hamilton Benn||Conservative|
|1923||Edward Timothy Palmer||Labour|
|1924||Sir George Hume||Conservative|
|1929||Edward Timothy Palmer||Labour|
|1931||Sir George Hume||Conservative|
|1971 by-election||Guy Barnett||Labour|
|1987 by-election||Rosie Barnes||Social Democratic|
|Whig||James Whitley Deans Dundas||1,633||39.6||N/A|
|Radical||Edward George Barnard||1,442||35.0||N/A|
|Radical||Frederick George Hammond||15||0.4||N/A|
|Whig win (new seat)|
|Radical win (new seat)|
|Radical||Edward George Barnard||1,102||27.6||−7.8|
|Conservative||Matthias Wolverley Attwood||1,063||26.6||New|
|Conservative||Matthias Wolverley Attwood||1,368||36.8||+10.2|
|Radical||Edward George Barnard||1,194||32.1||+4.5|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+2.9|
|Whig||James Whitley Deans Dundas||1,747||37.9||New|
|Radical||Edward George Barnard||1,592||34.5||+2.4|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Dundas was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.
|Whig||James Whitley Deans Dundas||Unopposed|
|Whig||James Whitley Deans Dundas||2,409||46.7||+8.8|
|Radical||Edward George Barnard||1,511||29.3||−5.2|
|Turnout||2,578 (est)||49.7 (est)||−25.0|
Barnard's death caused a by-election.
|Radical||David Williams Wire||1,278||37.1||N/A|
Dundas resigned after being appointed Commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, causing a by-election.
|Turnout||5,159 (est)||81.8 (est)||+32.1|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
Rolt resigned, causing a by-election.
|Radical||Arthur B. Sleigh||1,543||34.2||−9.6|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+19.9|
|Turnout||3,917 (est)||49.7 (est)||−32.1|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.8|
Townsend resigned after becoming a bankrupt, also leading to his suspension from the House of Commons.
|Turnout||5,587 (est)||70.3 (est)||+20.6|
|Liberal||Charles Tilston Bright||3,691||34.1||N/A|
|Radical Liberal||Baxter Langley||190||1.8||New|
|Turnout||6,518 (est)||66.5 (est)||−3.8|
|Liberal||William Ewart Gladstone||6,386||28.8||−5.3|
|Turnout||11,073 (est)||71.0 (est)||+4.5|
Gladstone's appointment as Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury caused a by-election.
|Liberal||William Ewart Gladstone||Unopposed|
Salomons' death caused a by-election.
|Radical Liberal||Baxter Langley||2,379||28.5||New|
|Radical Liberal||John Bennett||324||3.9||New|
|Ind. Conservative||Henry Pook||27||0.3||New|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+29.8|
|Liberal||William Ewart Gladstone||5,968||26.0||−2.8|
|Conservative||John Evelyn Liardet||5,561||24.2||+4.5|
|Turnout||11,489 (est)||65.3 (est)||−5.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.6|
|Conservative||Henry de Worms||9,240||26.6||+2.4|
|Liberal||James Ebenezer Saunders||8,152||23.4||−2.6|
|Liberal||William Henry Stone||8,141||23.4||+0.5|
|Turnout||17,388 (est)||78.5 (est)||+13.2|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.5|
|Liberal||George Crispe Whiteley||2,551||44.1||-3.1|
|Liberal||George Crispe Whiteley||3,877||48.0||+3.9|
|Liberal||George Crispe Whiteley||3,564||42.6||-5.4|
|Ind. Conservative||Ion Hamilton Benn||3,565||32.9||New|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+22.8|
|Conservative||Ion Hamilton Benn||6,284||55.3||+33.5|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+17.0|
|Conservative||Ion Hamilton Benn||5,697||57.9||+2.6|
|Liberal||John William Harris||4146||42.1||-2.5|
|C||Unionist||Ion Hamilton Benn||14,576||69.3||+11.4|
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Labour||Edward Timothy Palmer||10,860||39.1||+8.4|
|Labour||Edward Timothy Palmer||12,314||42.7||+3.6|
|Liberal||Charles Garfield Lott Du Cann||5,806||20.1||New|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+13.7|
|Labour||Edward Timothy Palmer||17,409||48.5||+5.8|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||+4.3|
|Labour||Edward Timothy Palmer||20,328||46.3||−2.2|
|Liberal||W P Campbell||6,870||15.6||New|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+5.6|
|Labour||Edward Timothy Palmer||13,722||30.5||-15.8|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+21.35|
|Labour Co-op||Joseph Reeves||20,436||47.57||+17.09|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+18.03|
|Liberal||Leslie Maurice Dale||3,148||6.20||New|
|Conservative||William H Bishop||19,898||39.62||+3.67|
|Conservative||William F Rhodes||18,484||41.16||+1.54|
|Conservative||J Rodney Holmes||19,679||43.85||+2.69|
|Liberal||Michael PD Ellman||5,205||12.82||N/A|
|Conservative||J Stuart Thom||13,195||35.36|
|Conservative||J Stuart Thom||6,150||27.97||-7.39|
|Fellowship||Ronald Stephen Mallone||792||3.60||New|
|Ind. Conservative||Reginald Simmerson||285||1.30||New|
|Conservative||Suzette Mary Tremlett Harold||11,294||28.73|
|Liberal||Alastair James Drysdale Wilson||7,855||19.98|
|Conservative||Suzette Mary Tremlett Harold||9,249||26.81||-1.92|
|Liberal||Alastair James Drysdale Wilson||5,838||16.92||-3.06|
|Conservative||Narindar Singh Saroop||12,133||33.3||+6.5|
|Liberal||Graham Howard Knight||3,870||10.6||-6.3|
|National Front||Helena Mary Steven||951||2.6||New|
|Fellowship||Ronald Stephen Mallone||460||1.3||New|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Malcolm Hardee||124||0.3||New|
|National Front||Joe Pearce||103||0.3||New|
|Revolutionary Communist||Kate Marshall||91||0.3||New|
|SDP gain from Labour||Swing||+16.2|
|SDP gain from Labour||Swing||+9.4|
|Independent Social Democrat||Rosie Barnes||13,273||37.2||New|
|Green||Robert H.J. McCracken||483||1.4||+0.6|
|Natural Law||John D. Small||70||0.2||New|
|Labour gain from SDP||Swing||+4.8|
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|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Prime Minister |