|First Lord of the Treasury|
|Style||The Right Honourable|
|Residence||10 Downing Street|
|Appointer|| Monarch |
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Deputy||Second Lord of the Treasury|
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The First Lord of the Treasury is the head of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer in the United Kingdom, and is by convention also the Prime Minister. This office is not equivalent to the usual position of the "Treasurer" in other governments; the closer equivalent of a Treasurer in the United Kingdom is Chancellor of the Exchequer, who is the Second Lord of the Treasury.
A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency. There is a notable variety of agency types. Although usage differs, a government agency is normally distinct both from a department or ministry, and other types of public body established by government. The functions of an agency are normally executive in character, since different types of organizations are most often constituted in an advisory role—this distinction is often blurred in practice however.
The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government position since the Acts of Union of 1707. A holder of the post would be the third-highest-ranked Great Officer of State, below the Lord High Steward and the Lord High Chancellor.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, until 1801 known as the Prime Minister of Great Britain, is the head of government of the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister directs both the executive and the legislature, and together with their Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.
As of the beginning of the 17th century, the running of the Treasury was frequently entrusted to a commission, rather than to a single individual. Since 1714, it has permanently been in commission. The commissioners have always since that date been referred to as Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, and adopted ordinal numbers to describe their seniority. Eventually in the middle of the same century, the First Lord of the Treasury came to be seen as the natural head of the overall ministry running the country, and, as of the time of Robert Walpole (Whig), began to be known, unofficially, as the Prime Minister. The term Prime Minister was initially, but decreasingly, used as a term of derogation; it was first used officially in a royal warrant only in 1905. William Pitt the Younger said the Prime Minister "ought to be the person at the head of the finances"—though Pitt also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer for the entirety of his time as Prime Minister, so his linkage of the finance portfolio to the premiership was wider than merely proposing the occupation of the First Lordship by the Prime Minister.
Her Majesty's Treasury, sometimes referred to as the Exchequer, or more informally the Treasury, is the British government department responsible for developing and executing the government's public finance policy and economic policy. The Treasury maintains the Online System for Central Accounting and Reporting (OSCAR), the replacement for the Combined Online Information System (COINS), which itemises departmental spending under thousands of category headings, and from which the Whole of Government Accounts (WGA) annual financial statements are produced.
In the United Kingdom there are at least six Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, serving as a commission for the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer. The board consists of the First Lord of the Treasury, the Second Lord of the Treasury, and four or more junior lords to whom this title is usually applied.
Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford,, known between 1725 and 1742 as Sir Robert Walpole, was a British politician who is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain.
Prior to 1841 the First Lord of the Treasury also held the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer unless he was a peer and thus barred from that office; in this case, the Second Lord of the Treasury usually served as Chancellor. As of 1841, the Chancellor has always been Second Lord of the Treasury when he was not also Prime Minister. By convention, the other Lords Commissioners of the Treasury are also Government Whips in the House of Commons.
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury. The office is a British Cabinet-level position.
A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature. This usually means ensuring that members of the party vote according to the party platform, rather than according to their own individual ideology or the will of their constituents. Whips are the party's "enforcers". They ensure their fellow legislators attend voting sessions and vote according to official party policy.
The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.
10 Downing Street is the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury, not the office of Prime Minister. [ citation needed ]Chequers, a country house in Buckinghamshire, is the official country residence of the Prime Minister, used as a weekend and holiday home, although the residence has also been used by other senior members of government.
Chequers, or Chequers Court, is the country house of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. A 16th century manor house in origin, it is located near the village of Ellesborough, halfway between Princes Risborough and Wendover in Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom, at the foot of the Chiltern Hills. It is about 40 miles (64 km) north west of central London. Coombe Hill, once part of the estate, is located two thirds of a mile northeast. Chequers has been the country home of the Prime Minister since 1921. The house is listed Grade I on the National Heritage List for England.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
Much of this list overlaps with the list of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, but there are some notable differences, principally concerning the Marquess of Salisbury, who was Prime Minister but not First Lord in 1885–86, 1887–92 and 1895–1902. Those First Lords who were simultaneously Prime Minister are indicated in bold; those who were considered Prime Minister only during part of their term are indicated in bold italic.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury,, styled Lord Robert Cecil before the death of his elder brother in 1865, Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until his father died in April 1868, and then the Marquess of Salisbury, was a British statesman, serving as Prime Minister three times for a total of over thirteen years. A member of the Conservative Party, he was the last Prime Minister to head his full administration from the House of Lords.
|Name||Entered office||Left office||Party|
|The Earl of Halifax||13 October 1714||19 May 1715||Whig|
|The Earl of Carlisle||23 May 1715||10 October 1715||Whig|
|Robert Walpole||10 October 1715||12 April 1717||Whig|
|The Earl Stanhope||12 April 1717||21 March 1718||Whig|
|The Earl of Sunderland||21 March 1718||4 April 1721||Whig|
|Sir Robert Walpole||4 April 1721||11 February 1742||Whig|
|The Earl of Wilmington||16 February 1742||2 July 1743||Whig|
|Henry Pelham||27 August 1743||6 March 1754||Whig|
|The Duke of Newcastle||16 March 1754||16 November 1756||Whig|
|The Duke of Devonshire||16 November 1756||8 June 1757||Whig|
|The Earl Waldegrave||8 June 1757||12 June 1757||Whig|
|The Duke of Devonshire||12 June 1757||25 June 1757||Whig|
|The Duke of Newcastle||2 July 1757||26 May 1762||Whig|
|The Earl of Bute||26 May 1762||16 April 1763||Tory|
|George Grenville||16 April 1763||13 July 1765||Whig|
|The Marquess of Rockingham||13 July 1765||30 July 1766||Whig|
|The Duke of Grafton||30 July 1766||28 January 1770||Whig|
|Lord North||28 January 1770||22 March 1782||Tory|
|The Marquess of Rockingham||27 March 1782||1 July 1782||Whig|
|The Earl of Shelburne||4 July 1782||2 April 1783||Whig|
|The Duke of Portland||2 April 1783||19 December 1783||Whig|
|William Pitt the Younger||19 December 1783||14 March 1801||Tory|
|Henry Addington||17 March 1801||10 May 1804||Tory|
|William Pitt the Younger||10 May 1804||23 January 1806||Tory|
|The Lord Grenville||11 February 1806||31 March 1807||Whig|
|The Duke of Portland||31 March 1807||4 October 1809||Whig|
|Spencer Perceval||4 October 1809||11 May 1812||Tory|
|The Earl of Liverpool||9 June 1812||10 April 1827||Tory|
|George Canning||10 April 1827||8 August 1827||Tory|
|The Viscount Goderich||31 August 1827||22 January 1828||Tory|
|The Duke of Wellington||22 January 1828||22 November 1830||Tory|
|The Earl Grey||22 November 1830||16 July 1834||Whig|
|The Viscount Melbourne||16 July 1834||14 November 1834||Whig|
|The Duke of Wellington||14 November 1834||10 December 1834||Tory|
|Sir Robert Peel||10 December 1834||8 April 1835||Tory|
|The Viscount Melbourne||18 April 1835||30 August 1841||Whig|
|Sir Robert Peel||30 August 1841||29 June 1846||Conservative|
|Lord John Russell||30 June 1846||23 February 1852||Whig|
|The Earl of Derby||23 February 1852||19 December 1852||Conservative|
|The Earl of Aberdeen||19 December 1852||6 February 1855||Peelite|
|The Viscount Palmerston||6 February 1855||20 February 1858||Liberal|
|The Earl of Derby||20 February 1858||12 June 1859||Conservative|
|The Viscount Palmerston||12 June 1859||18 October 1865||Liberal|
|The Earl Russell||29 October 1865||28 June 1866||Liberal|
|The Earl of Derby||28 June 1866||27 February 1868||Conservative|
|Benjamin Disraeli||27 February 1868||3 December 1868||Conservative|
|William Ewart Gladstone||3 December 1868||20 February 1874||Liberal|
|Benjamin Disraeli||20 February 1874||23 April 1880||Conservative|
|William Ewart Gladstone||23 April 1880||23 June 1885||Liberal|
|The Earl of Iddesleigh||29 June 1885||1 February 1886||Conservative|
|William Ewart Gladstone||1 February 1886||25 July 1886||Liberal|
|The Marquess of Salisbury||3 August 1886||14 January 1887||Conservative|
|William Henry Smith||14 January 1887||6 October 1891||Conservative|
|Arthur Balfour||6 October 1891||15 August 1892||Conservative|
|William Ewart Gladstone||15 August 1892||5 March 1894||Liberal|
|The Earl of Rosebery||5 March 1894||25 June 1895||Liberal|
|Arthur Balfour||25 June 1895||5 December 1905||Conservative|
Thereafter the posts of First Lord of the Treasury and Prime Minister have continually been held by the same person.
The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking the Prime Minister. The Lord Chancellor is outranked only by the Lord High Steward, another Great Officer of State, who is appointed only for the day of coronations. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister. Prior to the Union there were separate Lord Chancellors for England and Wales, for Scotland and for Ireland.
William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, was a British Whig and Tory politician during the late Georgian era. He served as Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1792–1809) and twice as British prime minister, of Great Britain (1783) and then of the United Kingdom (1807–09). The twenty-six years between his two terms as Prime Minister is the longest gap between terms of office of any British prime minister.
In the United Kingdom, there are several Secretaries to the Treasury, who are Treasury ministers nominally acting as secretaries to HM Treasury. The origins of the office are unclear, although it probably originated during Lord Burghley's tenure as Lord Treasurer in the 16th century. The number of secretaries was expanded to two by 1714 at the latest. The Treasury ministers together discharge all the former functions of the Lord Treasurer, which are nowadays nominally vested in the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. Of the Commissioners, only the Second Lord of the Treasury, who is also the Chancellor of the Exchequer, is a Treasury minister.
A finance minister is an executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation. It may also be a junior minister in the finance department, the British Treasury, for example has four junior ministers.
In the United Kingdom the Great Officers of State are traditional ministers of The Crown who either inherit their positions or are appointed to exercise certain largely ceremonial functions or to operate as members of the government. Separate Great Officers of State exist for England and for Scotland, and formerly for Ireland. Many of the Great Officers became largely ceremonial because historically they were so influential that their powers had to be resumed by the Crown or dissipated.
The Conservative government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland that began in 1866 and ended in 1868 was led by Lord Derby in the House of Lords and Benjamin Disraeli in the House of Commons.
The Conservative government of the United Kingdom that began in 1922 and ended in 1924 consisted of two ministries: the Law ministry and then the first Baldwin ministry.
Stanley Baldwin of the Conservative Party formed the second Baldwin ministry upon his reappointment as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by King George V after the 1924 general election. His second ministry ended following the so-called "Flapper Election" of May 1929.
The Great Offices of State in the United Kingdom are the four most senior and prestigious posts in the British government. They are the Prime Minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary. According to convention, when the Prime Minister names his or her Cabinet, either after a general election or a mid-term reshuffle, the first Cabinet ministers to be announced are the Chancellor, the Foreign Secretary and the Home Secretary.
Winston Churchill formed the third Churchill ministry in the United Kingdom after the 1951 general election. He was reappointed as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by King George VI and oversaw the accession of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952 and her coronation.
The Conservative government of the United Kingdom that began in 1957 and ended in 1964 consisted of three ministries: the first Macmillan ministry, second Macmillan ministry, and then the Douglas-Home ministry. They were led by Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home, who were appointed respectively by Queen Elizabeth II.
A grace-and-favour home is a residential property owned by a monarch by virtue of his or her position as head of state and leased, often rent-free, to persons as part of an employment package or in gratitude for past services rendered.
The Canningites, led by George Canning and then the Viscount Goderich as First Lord of the Treasury, governed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1827 until 1828.
This is a list of members of the government of the United Kingdom in office under the leadership of Lord Liverpool from 1812 to 1827. He was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by the Prince Regent after the assassination of Spencer Perceval.
The Chatham ministry was a British government led by William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham that ruled between 1766 and 1768. Because of Pitt's former prominence before his title, it is sometimes referred to as the Pitt ministry. Unusually for a politician considered to be Prime Minister, Pitt was not First Lord of the Treasury during the administration, but instead held the post of Lord Privy Seal.