Home Secretary

Last updated

Secretary of State
for the Home Department
Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (Crown & Garter) (2022).svg
Royal Arms as used by the Home Office
Suella Braverman Official Cabinet Portrait, October 2022.jpg
Suella Braverman
since 25 October 2022
Home Office
Style Home Secretary
The Right Honourable
(within the UK and Commonwealth)
Type Minister of the Crown
Status Secretary of state
Great Office of State
Member of
Reports to Prime minister
Seat Westminster
NominatorPrime minister
Appointer The King
(on the advice of the prime minister)
Term length At His Majesty's pleasure
Formation7 March 1782;241 years ago (1782-03-07)
First holder Earl of Shelburne
Salary£154,089 per annum (2022) [1]
(including £86,584 MP salary) [2]
Website www.gov.uk

The secretary of state for the Home Department, more commonly known as the Home secretary, is a senior minister of the Crown in the Government of the United Kingdom and the head of the Home Office. [3] The position is a Great Office of State, making the home secretary one of the most senior and influential ministers in the government. The incumbent is a statutory member of the British Cabinet and National Security Council.


The position, which may be known as interior minister in other nations, was created in 1782, [4] though its responsibilities have changed many times. [5] Past office holders have included the prime ministers Lord North, Robert Peel, the Duke of Wellington, Lord Palmerston, Winston Churchill, James Callaghan and Theresa May. The shortest-serving Home Secretary is Grant Shapps, who served in the position for the final six days of the premiership of Liz Truss. In 2007, Jacqui Smith became the first female home secretary. [6] The incumbent home secretary is Suella Braverman.

The office holder works alongside the other Home Office ministers and the permanent under-secretary of state of the Home Office. The corresponding shadow minister is the shadow home secretary, and the performance of the home secretary is also scrutinized by the Home Affairs Select Committee in the House of Commons [7] and the Justice and Home Affairs Committee in the House of Lords. [8]


Corresponding to what is generally known as an interior minister in many other countries, the home secretary's remit includes:

Formerly, the home secretary was the minister responsible for prisons and probation in England and Wales; however in 2007 those responsibilities were transferred to the Ministry of Justice under the lord chancellor.

In addition, from 1894 the home secretary was required to attend royal births to ensure that the baby and potential heir to the throne was a descendant of the monarch, and not an imposter. This practice was discontinued by King George VI shortly before the birth of Prince Charles in 1948. [9] [10]


The title Secretary of State in the government of England dates back to the early 17th century. [11] The position of Secretary of State for the Home Department was created in the British governmental reorganisation of 1782, in which the responsibilities of the Northern and Southern Departments were reformed into the Foreign Office and Home Office. [11]

In 2007, the new Ministry of Justice took on the criminal justice functions of the Home Office and its agencies. [12]

List of home secretaries

Secretary of State for the Home Department [3]
Including constituencies for elected MPs.
Term of officePartyMinistryMonarch
William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne by JL Mosnier crop.jpg William Petty
2nd Earl of Shelburne
27 March 178210 July 1782 Whig Rockingham II George III
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg
[note 1]
Viscount Sydney by Gilbert Stuart.jpg Thomas Townsend [13]
MP for Whitchurch
10 July 17822 April 1783 Whig Shelburne
( WhigTory )
Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg Frederick North
Lord North
MP for Banbury
2 April 178319 December 1783 Tory Fox–North
1stMarquessOfBuckingham.jpg George Nugent-Temple-Grenville
3rd Earl Temple
19 December 178323 December 1783 Tory Pitt I
Viscount Sydney by Gilbert Stuart.jpg Thomas Townsend
1st Baron Sydney
23 December 17835 June 1789 Whig
1st Baron Grenville-cropped.jpg William Grenville
1st Baron Grenville
MP for Buckinghamshire [note 2]
5 June 17898 June 1791 Tory
1stViscountMelville2.jpg Henry Dundas [13]
MP for Edinburgh
8 June 179111 July 1794 Tory
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped.jpg William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
11 July 179430 July 1801 Tory
2ndEarlOfChichester.jpg Thomas Pelham
4th Baron Pelham of Stanmer
30 July 180117 August 1803 Whig
George Romney (1734-1802) - The Right Honourable Charles Philip Yorke (1764-1834) - 207768 - National Trust.jpg Charles Philip Yorke [13]
MP for Cambridgeshire
17 August 180312 May 1804 Tory
Earl jenkinson.jpg Robert Jenkinson
2nd Baron Hawkesbury
12 May 18045 February 1806 Tory Pitt II
George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer.jpg George Spencer
2nd Earl Spencer
5 February 180625 March 1807 Whig All the Talents
( WhigTory )
Earl jenkinson.jpg Robert Jenkinson
2nd Earl of Liverpool
25 March 18071 November 1809 Tory Portland II
No image.svg Richard Ryder [13]
MP for Tiverton
1 November 18098 June 1812 Tory Perceval
Henry Addington by Beechey.jpg Henry Addington
1st Viscount Sidmouth
11 June 181217 January 1822 Tory Liverpool
George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg Robert Peel [13]
MP for Oxford University
17 January 182210 April 1827 Tory
No image.svg William Sturges Bourne [13]
MP for Ashburton
30 April 182716 July 1827 Tory Canning
( CanningiteWhig )
Lord Henry Petty.jpg Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
3rd Marquess of Lansdowne
16 July 182722 January 1828 Whig
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg Robert Peel [13]
MP for 3 constituencies respectively
26 January 182822 November 1830 Tory Wellington–Peel
William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, painted by John Partridge.jpg William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
22 November 183016 July 1834 Whig Grey
Bessborough4.JPG John Ponsonby
1st Baron Duncannon
19 July 183415 November 1834 Whig Melbourne I
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington
15 November 183415 December 1834 Tory Wellington Caretaker
HenryGoulburn.jpg Henry Goulburn [13]
MP for Cambridge University
15 December 183418 April 1835 Conservative Peel I
Lord john russell.jpg Lord John Russell [14]
MP for Stroud
18 April 183530 August 1839 Whig Melbourne II
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby by John Jackson.jpg Constantine Phipps
1st Marquess of Normanby
30 August 183930 August 1841 Whig
Sir James Graham 2nd Bart First Lord Admiralty.jpg James Graham [14]
MP for Dorchester
6 September 184130 June 1846 Conservative Peel II
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg George Grey [14]
8 July 184623 February 1852 Whig Russell I
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG Spencer Horatio Walpole [14]
MP for Midhurst
27 February 185219 December 1852 Conservative Who? Who?
Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
MP for Tiverton
28 December 18526 February 1855 Whig Aberdeen
( PeeliteWhig )
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg George Grey [14]
MP for Morpeth
8 February 185526 February 1858 Whig Palmerston I
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG Spencer Horatio Walpole [14]
MP for Cambridge University
26 February 18583 March 1859 Conservative Derby–Disraeli II
Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron Estcourt Grant.jpg Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron-Estcourt [14]
MP for North Wiltshire
3 March 185918 June 1859 Conservative
Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Bt.jpg George Cornewall Lewis [14]
MP for Radnor
18 June 185925 July 1861 Liberal Palmerston II
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg George Grey [14]
MP for Morpeth
25 July 186128 June 1866 Liberal
Russell II
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG Spencer Horatio Walpole [14]
MP for Cambridge University
6 July 186617 May 1867 Conservative Derby–Disraeli III
1st Earl of Cranbrook.jpg Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy [14]
MP for Oxford University
17 May 18673 December 1868 Conservative
Henry Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare NPG.jpg Henry Bruce [14]
9 December 18689 August 1873 Liberal Gladstone I
Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount Sherbrooke by George Frederic Watts.jpg Robert Lowe [14]
MP for London University
9 August 187320 February 1874 Liberal
Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg R. A. Cross [14]
MP for South West Lancashire
21 February 187423 April 1880 Conservative Disraeli II
Sir William Harcourt.jpg William Harcourt [14]
MP for Derby
28 April 188023 June 1885 Liberal Gladstone II
Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg R. A. Cross [14]
MP for Newton
24 June 18851 February 1886 Conservative Salisbury I
Hugh Childers, Lock & Whitfield woodburytype, 1876-83 crop.jpg Hugh Childers [14]
MP for Edinburgh South
6 February 188625 July 1886 Liberal Gladstone III
Henrymatthews.jpg Henry Matthews [14]
MP for Birmingham East
3 August 188615 August 1892 Conservative Salisbury II
Portrait of Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith.jpg H. H. Asquith [14]
MP for East Fife
18 August 189225 June 1895 Liberal Gladstone IV
Matthew White Ridley sketch.jpg Matthew White Ridley [14]
MP for Blackpool
29 June 189512 November 1900 Conservative Salisbury
(III & IV)

( Con.Lib.U. )
Charles Thomson Ritchie headshot.jpg Charles Ritchie [14]
MP for Croydon
12 November 190011 August 1902 Conservative
Edward VII
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Aretas Akers-Douglas, 1st Viscount Chilston.png Aretas Akers-Douglas [14]
MP for St Augustine's
11 August 19025 December 1905 Conservative
Viscount Gladstone.jpg Herbert Gladstone [14]
MP for Leeds West
11 December 190519 February 1910 Liberal Campbell-Bannerman
Winston Churchill 1874 - 1965 Q42037.jpg Winston Churchill [14]
MP for Dundee
19 February 191024 October 1911 Liberal
George V
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Reginald McKenna photo.jpg Reginald McKenna [14]
MP for North Monmouthshire
24 October 191127 May 1915 Liberal
Viscount Simon.jpg John Simon [14]
MP for Walthamstow
27 May 191512 January 1916 Liberal Asquith Coalition
( Lib.Con.–et al.)
Herbert Samuel.jpg Herbert Samuel [14]
MP for Cleveland
12 January 19167 December 1916 Liberal
George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave in 1915.jpg George Cave
1st Viscount Cave
MP for Kingston [note 5]
11 December 191614 January 1919 Conservative Lloyd George
(I & II)
Edward Shortt.jpg Edward Shortt [14]
MP for Newcastle upon Tyne West
14 January 191923 October 1922 Liberal
William Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman.png William Bridgeman [14]
MP for Oswestry
25 October 192222 January 1924 Conservative Law
Baldwin I
1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg Arthur Henderson [14]
MP for Burnley [note 6]
23 January 19244 November 1924 Labour MacDonald I
1st Viscount Brentford 1923.jpg William Joynson-Hicks [14]
MP for Twickenham
7 November 19245 June 1929 Conservative Baldwin II
J.R. Clynes LCCN2014717260 (cropped).jpg John Robert Clynes [14]
MP for Manchester Platting
8 June 192926 August 1931 Labour MacDonald II
Herbert Samuel.jpg Herbert Samuel [14]
MP for Darwen
26 August 19311 October 1932 Liberal National I
( N.Lab.Con.–et al.)
National II
Sir John Gilmour.jpg John Gilmour [14]
MP for Glasgow Pollok
1 October 19327 June 1935 Unionist
Viscount Simon.jpg John Simon [14]
MP for Spen Valley
7 June 193528 May 1937 Liberal National National III
( Con.N.Lab.–et al.)
Edward VIII
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
George VI
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Sir Samuel Hoare GGBain.jpg Samuel Hoare [14]
MP for Chelsea
28 May 19373 September 1939 Conservative National IV
John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley 1947.jpg John Anderson [14]
MP for Combined Scottish Universities
4 September 19394 October 1940 Independent
Chamberlain War
Churchill War
(All parties)
Herbert Morrison 1947.jpg Herbert Morrison [14]
MP for Hackney South
4 October 194023 May 1945 Labour
Donald Somervell [14]
MP for Crewe
25 May 194526 July 1945 Conservative Churchill Caretaker
( Con.Lib.N. )
James Chuter Ede (minister van Binnenlandse Zaken (Home Secretary)), Bestanddeelnr 900-7223.jpg James Chuter Ede [14]
MP for South Shields
3 August 194526 October 1951 Labour Attlee
(I & II)
David Maxwell Fyfe, Nuremberg, 1946 (Art. IWM ART LD 5863).jpg David Maxwell Fyfe [14]
MP for Liverpool West Derby
27 October 195119 October 1954 Conservative Churchill III
Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Gwilym Lloyd George 1922.jpg Gwilym Lloyd George [14]
MP for Newcastle upon Tyne North
19 October 195414 January 1957 National Liberal
Richard-Austen-Rab-Butler-1st-Baron-Butler-of-Saffron-Walden.jpg Rab Butler [14]
MP for Saffron Walden
14 January 195713 July 1962 Conservative Macmillan
(I & II)
Henry Brooke [14]
MP for Hampstead
14 July 196216 October 1964 Conservative
No image.svg Frank Soskice [14]
MP for Newport
18 October 196423 December 1965 Labour Wilson
(I & II)
Roy Jenkins 1977b.jpg Roy Jenkins [14]
MP for Birmingham Stechford
23 December 196530 November 1967 Labour
Persconferentie na afloop Overleg van de 9 , Den Haag Callaghan (oa met Enge, Bestanddeelnr 928-9157 (crop).jpg James Callaghan [14]
MP for Cardiff South East
30 November 196719 June 1970 Labour
Reginald Maudling [14]
MP for Barnet
20 June 197018 July 1972 Conservative Heath
Robert Carr [14]
MP for Carshalton
18 July 19724 March 1974 Conservative
Roy Jenkins 1977b.jpg Roy Jenkins [14]
MP for Birmingham Stechford
5 March 197410 September 1976 Labour Wilson
(III & IV)
Merlyn Rees appearing on "After Dark", 16 July 1988.jpg Merlyn Rees [14]
MP for Leeds South
10 September 19764 May 1979 Labour
William Whitelaw [14]
MP for Penrith and The Border
4 May 197911 June 1983 Conservative Thatcher I
Leon Brittan (1996) 02.jpg Leon Brittan [14]
MP for Richmond (Yorks)
11 June 19832 September 1985 Conservative Thatcher II
Lord Hurd (cropped).jpg Douglas Hurd [14]
MP for Witney
2 September 198526 October 1989 Conservative
Thatcher III
David Waddington [14]
MP for Ribble Valley
26 October 198928 November 1990 Conservative
Official portrait of Lord Baker of Dorking 2020 crop 2.jpg Kenneth Baker [14]
MP for Mole Valley
28 November 199010 April 1992 Conservative Major I
Official portrait of Mr Kenneth Clarke crop 2.jpg Kenneth Clarke [14]
MP for Rushcliffe
10 April 199227 May 1993 Conservative Major II
Official portrait of Lord Howard of Lympne crop 2, 2023.jpg Michael Howard [14]
MP for Folkestone and Hythe
27 May 19932 May 1997 Conservative
Jack Straw 2.jpg Jack Straw [14]
MP for Blackburn
2 May 19978 June 2001 Labour Blair I
Official Portrait of Lord Blunkett crop 1.jpg David Blunkett [14]
MP for Sheffield Brightside
8 June 200115 December 2004 Labour Blair II
Charles Clarke (cropped).jpg Charles Clarke [14]
MP for Norwich South
15 December 2004 5 May 2006 Labour
Blair III
Official portrait of Lord Reid of Cardowan, 2020.jpg John Reid [15]
MP for Airdrie and Shotts
5 May 2006 27 June 2007 Labour
Jacqui Smith, September 2009 cropped.jpg Jacqui Smith [16]
MP for Redditch
28 June 20075 June 2009 Labour Brown
Alan Johnson MP.jpg Alan Johnson [17]
MP for Hull West and Hessle
5 June 200911 May 2010 Labour
Theresa May 2015 (cropped).jpg Theresa May [18]
MP for Maidenhead
12 May 201013 July 2016 Conservative Cameron–Clegg
( Con.L.D. )
May's tenure as Home Secretary Cameron II
Official portrait of Amber Rudd crop 2.jpg Amber Rudd [19]
MP for Hastings and Rye
13 July 2016 29 April 2018 Conservative May I
May II
Official portrait of Rt Hon Sajid Javid MP crop 2.jpg Sajid Javid [20]
MP for Bromsgrove
30 April 2018 24 July 2019 Conservative
Official portrait of Rt Hon Priti Patel MP crop 2.jpg Priti Patel [21]
MP for Witham
24 July 20196 September 2022 Conservative Johnson I
Johnson II
Suella Braverman Official Cabinet Portrait, September 2022 (cropped).jpg Suella Braverman [22]
MP for Fareham
6 September 202219 October 2022 Conservative Truss
Charles III
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (2022).svg
Official portrait of Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP crop 2.jpg Grant Shapps [23]
MP for Welwyn Hatfield
19 October 202225 October 2022 Conservative
Suella Braverman Official Cabinet Portrait, September 2022 (cropped).jpg Suella Braverman [24]
MP for Fareham
25 October 2022Incumbent Conservative Sunak


Grant ShappsSuella BravermanPriti PatelSajid JavidAmber RuddTheresa MayAlan JohnsonJacqui SmithJohn Reid, Baron Reid of CardowanCharles ClarkeDavid BlunkettJack StrawMichael HowardKenneth ClarkeKenneth Baker, Baron Baker of DorkingDavid WaddingtonDouglas HurdLeon BrittanWilliam WhitelawMerlyn ReesRobert CarrReginald MaudlingJames CallaghanRoy JenkinsFrank SoskiceHenry Brooke, Baron Brooke of CumnorRab ButlerGwilym Lloyd GeorgeDavid Maxwell FyfeJames Chuter EdeDonald SomervellHerbert MorrisonJohn Anderson, 1st Viscount WaverleySamuel Hoare, 1st Viscount TemplewoodSir John Gilmour, 2nd BaronetJohn Robert ClynesWilliam Joynson-HicksArthur HendersonWilliam Bridgeman, 1st Viscount BridgemanEdward ShorttGeorge Cave, 1st Viscount CaveHerbert SamuelJohn Simon, 1st Viscount SimonReginald McKennaWinston ChurchillHerbert GladstoneAretas Akers-DouglasCharles RitchieMatthew White RidleyH. H. AsquithHenry Matthews, 1st Viscount LlandaffHugh ChildersWilliam Harcourt (politician)R. A. Cross, 1st Viscount CrossRobert LoweHenry Bruce, 1st Baron AberdareGathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of CranbrookGeorge Cornewall LewisT. H. S. Sotheron-EstcourtHenry John Temple, 3rd Viscount PalmerstonSpencer Horatio WalpoleGeorge Grey, 2nd BaronetSir James Graham, 2nd BaronetConstantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of NormanbyJohn Russell, 1st Earl RussellHenry GoulburnArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonJohn Ponsonby, 4th Earl of BessboroughWilliam Lamb, 2nd Viscount MelbourneHenry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of LansdowneWilliam Sturges BourneRobert PeelHenry Addington, 1st Viscount SidmouthRichard Ryder (politician, born 1766)George Spencer, 2nd Earl SpencerRobert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of LiverpoolCharles Philip YorkeThomas Pelham, 2nd Earl of ChichesterWilliam Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of PortlandHenry DundasWilliam Grenville, 1st Baron GrenvilleGeorge Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of BuckinghamFrederick North, Lord NorthThomas Townshend, 1st Viscount SydneyWilliam Petty, 2nd Earl of ShelburneHome Secretary

See also


  1. The Prince of Wales served as prince regent from 5 February 1811.
  2. Elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain in 1790
  3. Elected to a new constituency in the 1847 general election.
  4. Lost seat in the 1868 general election and elected to a new constituency in the Renfrewshire by-election.
  5. Ennobled on the day of the 1918 election, which he did not contest. His rank did not entitle him to a seat in the House of Lords.
  6. Elected on 28 February 1924 in the Burnley by-election.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Foreign Secretary</span> United Kingdom government cabinet minister

The secretary of state for foreign, Commonwealth and development affairs is a secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom, with responsibility for the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office. Seen as one of the most senior ministers in the government and a Great Office of State, the incumbent is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Home Office</span> Ministerial department of the UK Government

The Home Office (HO), also known as the Home Department, is a ministerial department of the British Government, responsible for immigration, security, and law and order. As such, it is responsible for policing in England and Wales, fire and rescue services in England, visas and immigration, and the Security Service (MI5). It is also in charge of government policy on security-related issues such as drugs, counter-terrorism, and ID cards. It was formerly responsible for His Majesty's Prison Service and the National Probation Service, but these have been transferred to the Ministry of Justice.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of the Board of Trade</span> Head of the Board of Trade, a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom

The President of the Board of Trade is head of the Board of Trade. This is a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, first established as a temporary committee of inquiry in the 17th century, that evolved gradually into a government department with a diverse range of functions. The current holder of the post is Kemi Badenoch, who is concurrently the secretary of state for business and trade.

An interior minister is a cabinet official position that is responsible for internal affairs, such as public security, civil registration and identification, emergency management, supervision of regional and local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters. This position is head of a department that is often called an interior ministry, a ministry of internal affairs or a ministry of home affairs. In some jurisdictions, there is no department called an "interior ministry", but the relevant responsibilities are allocated to other departments.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Grant Shapps</span> UK Secretary of State for Defence since 2023

Grant Shapps is a British politician serving as Secretary of State for Defence since August 2023. He previously served as Secretary of State for Transport in the Johnson government from 2019 to 2022, Home Secretary during the final six days of the Truss premiership in October 2022, Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy from October 2022 to February 2023 and Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero from February to August 2023. A member of the Conservative Party, he has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Welwyn Hatfield since 2005.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Great Offices of State</span> Four senior ministerial offices in the UK government

The Great Offices of State are senior offices in the UK government. They are the prime minister, chancellor of the Exchequer, foreign secretary and home secretary or, alternatively, three of those offices excluding the prime minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Priti Patel</span> British politician (born 1972)

Dame Priti Sushil Patel is a British politician who served as Home Secretary from 2019 to 2022. A member of the Conservative Party, she was Secretary of State for International Development from 2016 to 2017. Patel has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Witham since 2010. She is ideologically on the right wing of the Conservative Party; she considers herself to be a Thatcherite and has attracted attention for her socially conservative stances.

Sir Alexander Claud Stuart Allan is a British civil servant who served as chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee and Head of Intelligence Assessment for Her Majesty's Government between 2007 and 2011.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Women in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom</span> Females in the British House of Commons

The representation of women in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom has been an issue in the politics of the United Kingdom at numerous points in the 20th and 21st centuries. Originally debate centred on whether women should be allowed to vote and stand for election as Members of Parliament. The Parliament Act 1918 gave women over 21 the right to stand for election as a Member of Parliament. The United Kingdom has had three female Prime Ministers: Margaret Thatcher (1979–1990), Theresa May (2016–2019), and Liz Truss (2022). The publication of the book Women in the House by Elizabeth Vallance in 1979 highlighted the under-representation of women in Parliament. In more modern times concerns about the under-representation of women led the Labour Party to introduce and, decades later, abandon all-women short lists, something which was later held to breach discrimination laws.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael Ellis (British politician)</span> British Conservative politician

Sir Michael Tyrone Ellis is a British politician and barrister who served as Attorney General for England and Wales between September and October 2022, having previously served in the position from March to September 2021 during the maternity leave of Suella Braverman. A member of the Conservative Party, he previously served as Paymaster General from 2021 to 2022 and as Minister for the Cabinet Office from February to September 2022. Ellis has also served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Northampton North since 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Second Cameron ministry</span> Government of the United Kingdom (2015–2016)

David Cameron formed the second Cameron ministry, the first Conservative majority government since 1996, following the 2015 general election after being invited by Queen Elizabeth II to form a new administration. Prior to the election Cameron had led his first ministry, the Cameron–Clegg coalition, a coalition government that consisted of members of the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, with Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg as Deputy Prime Minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lucy Frazer</span> British politician (born 1972)

Lucy Claire Frazer is a British politician and barrister serving as Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport since February 2023. A member of the Conservative Party, she has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for South East Cambridgeshire since 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Suella Braverman</span> Home Secretary of the United Kingdom since 2022

Sue-Ellen CassianaBraverman is a British politician and barrister who became Home Secretary of the United Kingdom on 25 October 2022. She had previously held the position from 6 September to 19 October 2022 under Prime Minister Liz Truss. A member of the Conservative Party, she was chair of the European Research Group from 2017 to 2018 and attorney general for England and Wales from 2020 to March 2021 and September 2021 to 2022. She became Member of Parliament (MP) for Fareham in 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">First May ministry</span> Government of the United Kingdom (2016-2017)

Theresa May formed the first May ministry in the United Kingdom on 13 July 2016, after having been invited by Queen Elizabeth II to form a new administration. Then the Home Secretary, May's appointment followed the resignation of then Prime Minister David Cameron. The ministry, a Conservative majority government, succeeded the second Cameron ministry which had been formed following the 2015 general election. Cameron's government was dissolved as a result of his resignation in the immediate aftermath of the June 2016 referendum on British withdrawal from the European Union.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">European Research Group</span> Eurosceptic faction within UK Conservative Party

The European Research Group (ERG) is a research support group and caucus of Eurosceptic Conservative Members of Parliament of the United Kingdom. The journalist Sebastian Payne described it in the Financial Times as "the most influential [research group] in recent political history".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">First Johnson ministry</span> Government the United Kingdom (2019)

The first Johnson ministry began on 24 July 2019 when Queen Elizabeth II invited Boris Johnson to form a new administration, following the resignation of the predecessor Prime Minister Theresa May. May had resigned as Leader of the Conservative Party on 7 June 2019; Johnson was elected as her successor on 23 July 2019. The Johnson ministry was formed from the 57th Parliament of the United Kingdom, as a Conservative minority government. It lost its working majority on 3 September 2019 when Tory MP Phillip Lee crossed the floor to the Liberal Democrats. An election was called for 12 December 2019, which led to the formation of a Conservative majority government, the second Johnson ministry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Second Johnson ministry</span> Government of the United Kingdom (2019–2022)

The second Johnson ministry began on 16 December 2019, three days after Boris Johnson's audience with Queen Elizabeth II where she invited him to form a new administration following the 2019 general election. The Conservative Party was returned to power with a majority of 80 seats in the House of Commons. Initially the ministers were largely identical to those at the end of the first Johnson ministry, but changed significantly in cabinet reshuffles in February 2020 and September 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Truss ministry</span> Government of the United Kingdom (2022)

The Truss ministry began on 6 September 2022 when Liz Truss was invited by Queen Elizabeth II—two days before the monarch's death—to succeed Boris Johnson as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 6 September 2022. Johnson resigned as leader of the Conservative Party the previous day after Truss was elected as his successor. The Truss ministry was formed from the 2019 Parliament of the United Kingdom, as a Conservative majority government.

The October 2022 Conservative Party leadership election was triggered by Liz Truss's announcement that she would resign as Leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, amid an economic and political crisis.



  1. "Salaries of Members of His Majesty's Government – Financial Year 2022–23" (PDF). 15 December 2022.
  2. "Pay and expenses for MPs". parliament.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  3. 1 2 3 "Secretary of State for the Home Department". gov.uk . Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  4. "The Cabinet Papers: Senior Cabinet posts". The National Archives. Retrieved 3 July 2021. The post of Home Secretary was created in 1782 with the formation of the Home Office
  5. "Records created or inherited by the Home Office, Ministry of Home Security, and related bodies". The National Archives. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  6. "First female boss for Home Office". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2021. Jacqui Smith has become Britain's first female home secretary
  7. "The work of the Home Secretary". Parliament.UK. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2022. The Committee holds regular evidence sessions with the Home Secretary, the Permanent Secretary and other officials to ask questions about the policies and priorities of the department.
  8. "Home Secretary Priti Patel to appear before Lords Committee". Parliament.UK. 26 October 2021. Archived from the original on 27 October 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2022. The Justice and Home Affairs Committee will be questioning the Home Secretary, the Rt Hon Priti Patel MP.
  9. "Royal babies and The Gazette | The Gazette". www.thegazette.co.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  10. Pathé, British. "Home Secretaries and Archbishops at the Birth – A Royal Birth: The Countdown Begins – Stills Galleries – British Pathé". www.britishpathe.com. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  11. 1 2 Sainty, J. C. (1973). "Introduction". Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 2 – Officials of the Secretaries of State 1660–1782. pp. 1–21. At the Restoration [in 1660] the practice of appointing two Secretaries of State, which was well established before the Civil War, was resumed. Apart from the modifications which were made necessary by the occasional existence of a third secretaryship, the organisation of the secretariat underwent no fundamental change from that time until the reforms of 1782 which resulted in the emergence of the Home and Foreign departments. ... English domestic affairs remained the responsibility of both Secretaries throughout the period. In the field of foreign affairs there was a division into a Northern and a Southern Department, each of which was the responsibility of one Secretary. The distinction between the two departments emerged only gradually. It was not until after 1689 that their names passed into general currency. Nevertheless the division of foreign business itself can, in its broad outlines, be detected in the early years of the reign of Charles II.{{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  12. House of Commons Constitutional Affairs Committee (17 July 2007). "The creation of the Ministry of Justice" (PDF). parliament.uk . p. 3. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Gibson 2008.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 "Home Secretary". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard) . Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  15. "Clarke is fired in Cabinet purge". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  16. "First female boss for Home Office". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  17. "Hutton quits in cabinet reshuffle". BBC News. 5 June 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  18. "Cameron coalition: Theresa May made home secretary". BBC News. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  19. "Theresa May shakes up government with new-look cabinet". BBC News. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  20. "Sajid Javid announced as new Home Secretary after Amber Rudd's resignation". Sky News. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  21. "Priti Patel appointed UK interior minister: statement". Reuters . 24 July 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  22. "Suella Braverman MP on Twitter: My letter to the Prime Minister". Twitter. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
  23. "Grants Shapps replaces Suella Braverman as home secretary". BBC News. 19 October 2022. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
  24. "Braverman returns to home secretary role". BBC News. 25 October 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.