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|Politics of the United Kingdom|
The Government of the United Kingdom is divided up into departments. These, according to the government, are responsible for putting government policy into practice.There are currently 23 ministerial departments, 20 non-ministerial departments and 413 agencies and other public bodies.
Ministerial departments are generally the most high-profile government departments and differ from the other two types of government departments in that they include ministers.
|Ministerial department||Minister responsible||Permanent Secretary/Director||Ref.|
|Attorney General's Office||The Rt Hon Michael Ellis QC MP|
|Shehzad Charania MBE|
(Interim Director General of the Attorney General’s Office)
|Cabinet Office||The Rt Hon Michael Gove MP|
Minister for the Cabinet Office
|Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy||The Rt Hon Kwasi Kwarteng MP|
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
|Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport||The Rt Hon Oliver Dowden CBE MP|
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
|Sarah Healey CB|
|Department for Education||The Rt Hon Gavin Williamson CBE MP|
Secretary of State for Education
|Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs||The Rt Hon George Eustice MP|
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
|Tamara Finkelstein CB|
|Department for International Trade||The Rt Hon Elizabeth Truss MP|
Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade
|Department for Transport||The Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP|
Secretary of State for Transport
|Bernadette Kelly CB|
|Department for Work and Pensions||The Rt Hon Dr Thérèse Coffey MP|
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
|Peter Schofield CB|
|Department of Health and Social Care||The Rt Hon Sajid Javid MP|
Secretary of State for Health and Social Care
|Sir Chris Wormald KCB|
|Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office||The Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP|
Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs
|Sir Philip Barton KCMG OBE|
|HM Treasury||The Rt Hon Rishi Sunak MP|
Chancellor of the Exchequer
|Sir Tom Scholar KCB|
|Home Office||The Rt Hon Priti Patel MP|
Secretary of State for the Home Department
|Matthew Rycroft CBE|
|Ministry of Defence||The Rt Hon Ben Wallace MP|
Secretary of State for Defence
|David Williams KCB|
|Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government||The Rt Hon Robert Jenrick MP|
Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government
|Ministry of Justice||Robert Buckland||Antonia Romeo|
|Northern Ireland Office||The Rt Hon Brandon Lewis CBE MP|
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
|Madeleine Alessandri CMG|
|Office of the Advocate General for Scotland||Lord Stewart of Dirleton QC||Neil Taylor, Director and Solicitor to the Advocate General|
|Office of the Leader of the House of Commons||Jacob Rees-Mogg||N/A|
|Office of the Leader of the House of Lords||Baroness Evans||N/A|
|Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland||Alister Jack MP||Laurence Rockey, Director|
|Office of the Secretary of State for Wales||Simon Hart MP||Glynne Jones, Director|
|UK Export Finance||The Rt Hon Elizabeth Truss MP|
Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade
Non-ministerial departments are headed by civil servants and usually have a regulatory or inspection function.
|The Charity Commission|
|Competition and Markets Authority|
|Crown Prosecution Service|
|Food Standards Agency|
|Government Actuary's Department|
|Government Legal Department|
|HM Land Registry|
|HM Revenue & Customs|
|The National Archives|
|National Crime Agency|
|Office of Rail and Road|
|Serious Fraud Office|
|Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
|UK Statistics Authority|
|The Water Services Regulation Authority|
Government departments in this third and final category can generally be split into five types:
In the United Kingdom, non-departmental public body (NDPB) is a classification applied by the Cabinet Office, Treasury, the Scottish Government and the Northern Ireland Executive to public sector organisations that have a role in the process of national government but are not part of a government department. NDPBs carry out their work largely independently from ministers and are accountable to the public through the Parliament; however, ministers are responsible for the independence, effectiveness and efficiency of non-departmental public bodies in their portfolio.
In most common law jurisdictions, the attorney general or attorney-general is the main legal advisor to the government. The plural is attorneys general. In some jurisdictions, attorneys general also have executive responsibility for law enforcement, prosecutions or even responsibility for legal affairs generally. In practice, the extent to which the attorney general personally provides legal advice to the government varies between jurisdictions, and even between individual office-holders within the same jurisdiction, often depending on the level and nature of the office-holder's prior legal experience.
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is a group of the most senior ministers of the Crown in the government of the United Kingdom. A committee of the Privy Council, it is chaired by the prime minister and its members include secretaries of state and other political leaders of government departments.
The Home Office (HO), also known as the Home Department, is a ministerial department of the Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for immigration, security, and law and order. As such, it is responsible for policing in England and Wales, fire and rescue services in England, visas and immigration, and the Security Service (MI5). It is also in charge of government policy on security-related issues such as drugs, counter-terrorism, and ID cards. It was formerly responsible for Her Majesty's Prison Service and the National Probation Service, but these have been transferred to the Ministry of Justice. The Cabinet minister responsible for the department is the Home Secretary, a post considered one of the Great Offices of State; it has been held since July 2019 by Priti Patel.
The Scottish Government is the devolved government of Scotland. It was formed in 1999 as the Scottish Executive following the 1997 referendum on Scottish devolution.
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is the government department responsible for environmental protection, food production and standards, agriculture, fisheries and rural communities in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Concordats set out agreed frameworks for co operation, between it and the Scottish Government, Welsh Government and Northern Ireland Executive, which have devolved responsibilities for these matters in their respective nations.
The Welsh Government is the devolved government of Wales. The government consists of ministers, who attend cabinet meetings, and deputy ministers who do not, and also of a counsel general. It is led by the first minister, usually the leader of the largest party in the Senedd, who selects ministers and deputy ministers with the approval of the Senedd. The government is responsible for tabling policy in devolved areas for consideration by the Senedd and implementing policy that has been approved by it.
The Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, also referred to as the Health Secretary, is a secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for the work of the Department of Health and Social Care. The incumbent is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, eighth in the ministerial ranking.
The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) is a department of the United Kingdom government, with responsibility for culture and sport in England, the building of a digital economy, and some aspects of the media throughout the UK, such as broadcasting and Internet.
The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) is the UK government department responsible for government policy on health and adult social care matters in England, along with a few elements of the same matters which are not otherwise devolved to the Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive. It oversees the English National Health Service (NHS). The department is led by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care with three Ministers of State and three Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State.
A cabinet secretary is usually a senior official who provides services and advice to a cabinet of ministers as part of the Cabinet Office. In many countries, the position can have considerably wider functions and powers, including general responsibility for the entire civil service.
Her Majesty's Advocate General for Scotland is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, whose duty it is to advise the Crown and Government of the United Kingdom on Scots law. The Office of the Advocate General for Scotland is a ministerial department of the United Kingdom government. The position is currently held by Lord Stewart of Dirleton QC.
Ministry or department, also less commonly used secretariat, office, or directorate are designations used by a first-level executive bodies in the machinery of governments that manage a specific sector of public administration.
A private secretary (PS) is a civil servant in a governmental department or ministry, responsible to a secretary of state or minister; or a public servant in a royal household, responsible to a member of the royal family.
The Scottish Government Education Directorates were a group of the civil service directorates in the Scottish Government. The Directorates were titled Children, Young People and Social Care; Schools; and Lifelong Learning. They were responsible for education in Scotland; social work care for children and young people and lifelong learning. In December 2010 these functions were taken on by the Learning and Justice Directorates.
The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) is a ministerial department of the British Government headed by the Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor. The department is responsible for areas of constitutional policy not transferred in 2010 to the Deputy Prime Minister, human rights law and information rights law across the UK.
The Government of the United Kingdom, domestically referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The government is led by the prime minister, who selects all the other ministers. The country has had a Conservative-led government since 2010, with successive prime ministers being the then leader of the Conservative Party. The prime minister and their most senior ministers belong to the supreme decision-making committee, known as the Cabinet.
The Department for Education (DFE) is the UK government department responsible for child protection, education, apprenticeships and wider skills in England.
The Department of Public Expenditure and Reform is a department of the Government of Ireland. It is led by the Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform who is assisted by two Ministers of State.