Departments of the Government of the United Kingdom

Last updated

The Government of the United Kingdom is divided up into departments. These, according to the government, are responsible for putting government policy into practice. [1] There are currently 23 ministerial departments, 20 non-ministerial departments and 413 agencies and other public bodies. [2]

Contents

Ministerial departments

Ministerial departments are generally the most high-profile government departments and differ from the other two types of government departments in that they include ministers.

List

Ministerial departmentMinister responsible Permanent Secretary/DirectorRef.
Attorney General's Office The Rt Hon Michael Ellis QC MP
Attorney General
Shehzad Charania MBE
(Interim Director General of the Attorney General’s Office) [3]
[2] [4] [5]
Cabinet Office The Rt Hon Michael Gove MP
Minister for the Cabinet Office
Alex Chisholm [2] [6] [7]
Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy The Rt Hon Kwasi Kwarteng MP
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Sarah Munby [2] [8] [9]
Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport The Rt Hon Oliver Dowden CBE MP
Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
Sarah Healey CB [2] [10] [11]
Department for Education The Rt Hon Gavin Williamson CBE MP
Secretary of State for Education
Susan Acland-Hood [2] [12] [13]
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs The Rt Hon George Eustice MP
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Tamara Finkelstein CB [2] [14] [15]
Department for International Trade The Rt Hon Elizabeth Truss MP
Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade
John Alty
(interim)
[2] [16] [17]
Department for Transport The Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP
Secretary of State for Transport
Bernadette Kelly CB [2] [18] [19]
Department for Work and Pensions The Rt Hon Dr Thérèse Coffey MP
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
Peter Schofield CB [2] [20] [21]
Department of Health and Social Care The Rt Hon Sajid Javid MP
Secretary of State for Health and Social Care
Sir Chris Wormald KCB [2] [22] [23]
Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office The Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP
Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs
Sir Philip Barton KCMG OBE [2] [24] [25]
HM Treasury The Rt Hon Rishi Sunak MP
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sir Tom Scholar KCB [2] [26] [27]
Home Office The Rt Hon Priti Patel MP
Secretary of State for the Home Department
Matthew Rycroft CBE [2] [28] [29]
Ministry of Defence The Rt Hon Ben Wallace MP
Secretary of State for Defence
David Williams KCB [2] [30] [31]
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government The Rt Hon Robert Jenrick MP
Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government
Jeremy Pocklington [2] [32] [33]
Ministry of Justice Robert Buckland [34] [35] Antonia Romeo [2] [36]
Northern Ireland Office The Rt Hon Brandon Lewis CBE MP
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
Madeleine Alessandri CMG [2] [37] [38]
Office of the Advocate General for Scotland Lord Stewart of Dirleton QC [39] [40] [41] Neil Taylor, Director and Solicitor to the Advocate General [42] [2] [43]
Office of the Leader of the House of Commons [n 1] Jacob Rees-Mogg [44] [45] N/A [2] [46]
Office of the Leader of the House of Lords [n 1] Baroness Evans [47] [48] N/A [2] [49]
Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland Alister Jack MP [50] [51] Laurence Rockey, Director [52] [2] [53]
Office of the Secretary of State for Wales Simon Hart MP [54] [55] [56] Glynne Jones, Director [57] [2] [58]
UK Export Finance The Rt Hon Elizabeth Truss MP
Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade
N/A [2] [16] [59]

Non-ministerial departments

Non-ministerial departments are headed by civil servants and usually have a regulatory or inspection function. [1]

List

Non-ministerial departmentRef.
The Charity Commission
[2]
Competition and Markets Authority
[2]
Crown Prosecution Service
[2]
Food Standards Agency
[2]
Forestry Commission
[2]
Government Actuary's Department
[2]
Government Legal Department
[2]
HM Land Registry
[2]
HM Revenue & Customs
[2]
NS&I
[2]
The National Archives
[2]
National Crime Agency
[2]
Office of Rail and Road
[2]
Ofgem
[2]
Ofqual
[2]
Ofsted
[2]
Serious Fraud Office
[2]
Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
[2]
UK Statistics Authority
[2]
The Water Services Regulation Authority
[2]

Agencies and other public bodies

Government departments in this third and final category can generally be split into five types: [1]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Part of the Cabinet Office.

Related Research Articles

In the United Kingdom, non-departmental public body (NDPB) is a classification applied by the Cabinet Office, Treasury, the Scottish Government and the Northern Ireland Executive to public sector organisations that have a role in the process of national government but are not part of a government department. NDPBs carry out their work largely independently from ministers and are accountable to the public through the Parliament; however, ministers are responsible for the independence, effectiveness and efficiency of non-departmental public bodies in their portfolio.

In most common law jurisdictions, the attorney general or attorney-general is the main legal advisor to the government. The plural is attorneys general. In some jurisdictions, attorneys general also have executive responsibility for law enforcement, prosecutions or even responsibility for legal affairs generally. In practice, the extent to which the attorney general personally provides legal advice to the government varies between jurisdictions, and even between individual office-holders within the same jurisdiction, often depending on the level and nature of the office-holder's prior legal experience.

Cabinet of the United Kingdom Decision-making body of the UK government

The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is a group of the most senior ministers of the Crown in the government of the United Kingdom. A committee of the Privy Council, it is chaired by the prime minister and its members include secretaries of state and other political leaders of government departments.

Home Office United Kingdom government ministerial department

The Home Office (HO), also known as the Home Department, is a ministerial department of the Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for immigration, security, and law and order. As such, it is responsible for policing in England and Wales, fire and rescue services in England, visas and immigration, and the Security Service (MI5). It is also in charge of government policy on security-related issues such as drugs, counter-terrorism, and ID cards. It was formerly responsible for Her Majesty's Prison Service and the National Probation Service, but these have been transferred to the Ministry of Justice. The Cabinet minister responsible for the department is the Home Secretary, a post considered one of the Great Offices of State; it has been held since July 2019 by Priti Patel.

Scottish Government Devolved government of Scotland

The Scottish Government is the devolved government of Scotland. It was formed in 1999 as the Scottish Executive following the 1997 referendum on Scottish devolution.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Agriculture ministry of United Kingdom (British ministerial department)

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is the government department responsible for environmental protection, food production and standards, agriculture, fisheries and rural communities in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Concordats set out agreed frameworks for co operation, between it and the Scottish Government, Welsh Government and Northern Ireland Executive, which have devolved responsibilities for these matters in their respective nations.

Welsh Government Devolved government of Wales, executive of the Senedd

The Welsh Government is the devolved government of Wales. The government consists of ministers, who attend cabinet meetings, and deputy ministers who do not, and also of a counsel general. It is led by the first minister, usually the leader of the largest party in the Senedd, who selects ministers and deputy ministers with the approval of the Senedd. The government is responsible for tabling policy in devolved areas for consideration by the Senedd and implementing policy that has been approved by it.

Secretary of State for Health and Social Care UK government cabinet minister

The Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, also referred to as the Health Secretary, is a secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for the work of the Department of Health and Social Care. The incumbent is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, eighth in the ministerial ranking.

Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport United Kingdom government department

The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) is a department of the United Kingdom government, with responsibility for culture and sport in England, the building of a digital economy, and some aspects of the media throughout the UK, such as broadcasting and Internet.

Department of Health and Social Care United Kingdom ministerial government department

The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) is the UK government department responsible for government policy on health and adult social care matters in England, along with a few elements of the same matters which are not otherwise devolved to the Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive. It oversees the English National Health Service (NHS). The department is led by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care with three Ministers of State and three Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State.

A cabinet secretary is usually a senior official who provides services and advice to a cabinet of ministers as part of the Cabinet Office. In many countries, the position can have considerably wider functions and powers, including general responsibility for the entire civil service.

Advocate General for Scotland

Her Majesty's Advocate General for Scotland is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, whose duty it is to advise the Crown and Government of the United Kingdom on Scots law. The Office of the Advocate General for Scotland is a ministerial department of the United Kingdom government. The position is currently held by Lord Stewart of Dirleton QC.

Ministry or department, also less commonly used secretariat, office, or directorate are designations used by a first-level executive bodies in the machinery of governments that manage a specific sector of public administration.

A private secretary (PS) is a civil servant in a governmental department or ministry, responsible to a secretary of state or minister; or a public servant in a royal household, responsible to a member of the royal family.

Education Directorates

The Scottish Government Education Directorates were a group of the civil service directorates in the Scottish Government. The Directorates were titled Children, Young People and Social Care; Schools; and Lifelong Learning. They were responsible for education in Scotland; social work care for children and young people and lifelong learning. In December 2010 these functions were taken on by the Learning and Justice Directorates.

Ministry of Justice (United Kingdom)

The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) is a ministerial department of the British Government headed by the Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor. The department is responsible for areas of constitutional policy not transferred in 2010 to the Deputy Prime Minister, human rights law and information rights law across the UK.

Government of the United Kingdom Central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The Government of the United Kingdom, domestically referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The government is led by the prime minister, who selects all the other ministers. The country has had a Conservative-led government since 2010, with successive prime ministers being the then leader of the Conservative Party. The prime minister and their most senior ministers belong to the supreme decision-making committee, known as the Cabinet.

Department for Education

The Department for Education (DFE) is the UK government department responsible for child protection, education, apprenticeships and wider skills in England.

Department of Public Expenditure and Reform Irish government department

The Department of Public Expenditure and Reform is a department of the Government of Ireland. It is led by the Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform who is assisted by two Ministers of State.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "How government works". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 "Departments, agencies and public bodies". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  3. "Attorney General". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  4. "Attorney General's Office". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  5. "Minister for the Cabinet Office". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  6. "Alex Chisholm". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  7. "Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  8. "Sarah Munby". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  9. "Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport - GOV.UK". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  10. "Sarah Healey". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  11. "Secretary of State for Education". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  12. "Susan Acland-Hood". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  13. "Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  14. "Tamara Finkelstein". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  15. 1 2 "Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  16. "John Alty". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  17. "Secretary of State for Transport". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  18. "Bernadette Kelly CB". GOV.UK. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  19. "Secretary of State for Work and Pensions". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  20. "Peter Schofield". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  21. "Secretary of State for Health and Social Care". gov.uk . Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  22. "Sir Chris Wormald KCB". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  23. "Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  24. "Sir Philip Barton KCMG OBE". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  25. "Chancellor of the Exchequer". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  26. "Tom Scholar". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  27. "Secretary of State for the Home Department". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  28. "Matthew Rycroft CBE". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  29. "Secretary of State for Defence". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  30. "David Williams". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  31. "Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  32. "Jeremy Pocklington". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  33. "Responsibilities: Oversight of all portfolios and Ministry of Justice strategy"
  34. "Antonia Romeo". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  35. "Secretary of State for Northern Ireland". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  36. "Madeleine Alessandri CMG". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  37. "The Scotland Office and Office of the Advocate General for Scotland report to the Secretary of State for Scotland and the Advocate General for Scotland respectively."
  38. "The Director of OAG is responsible for overseeing all legal services provided by OAG to the UK government, and for overseeing delivery of OAG’s objectives as set out in its Business Plan."
  39. "Office of the Advocate General for Scotland". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  40. "Office of the Leader of the House of Commons". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  41. "Office of the Leader of the House of Lords". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  42. "The Scotland Office and Office of the Advocate General for Scotland report to the Secretary of State for Scotland and the Advocate General for Scotland respectively."
  43. [https://www.gov.uk/government/ministers/secretary-of-state-for-scotland
  44. "Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  45. "Wales Office officials report to the Secretary of State and the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for policy purposes"
  46. "I have been privileged to serve as Secretary of State for Wales since December 2019, leading the department as it continues to implement the UK Government’s vision for Wales."
  47. [https://www.gov.uk/government/ministers/secretary-of-state-for-wales
  48. "Office of the Secretary of State for Wales". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  49. "UK Export Finance". gov.uk . Retrieved 16 June 2021.