Cabinet Office, Whitehall, London
|Headquarters||70 Whitehall, London, England |
|Employees||8,270 (As of June 2020)|
|Annual budget||£2.1 billion (current) & £400 million (capital) for 2011–12|
|This article is part of a series on|
|Politics of the United Kingdom|
The Cabinet Office is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for supporting the prime minister and Cabinet of the United Kingdom.It is composed of various units that support Cabinet committees and which co-ordinate the delivery of government objectives via other departments. It currently has just under 8,000 staff, some of whom work in Whitehall. Staff working in the Prime Minister's Office are part of the Cabinet Office.
The Cabinet Office's core functions are:
The Cabinet Office has responsibility for the following at a UK national level:
The department was formed in December 1916 from the secretariat of the Committee of Imperial Defenceunder Sir Maurice Hankey, the first Cabinet Secretary.
Traditionally the most important part of the Cabinet Office's role was facilitating collective decision-making by the Cabinet, through running and supporting Cabinet-level committees. This is still its principal role, but since the absorption of some of the functions of the Civil Service Department in 1981 the Cabinet Office has also helped to ensure that a wide range of Ministerial priorities are taken forward across Whitehall.
It also contains miscellaneous units that do not sit well in other departments. For example:
In modern times the Cabinet Office often takes on responsibility for areas of policy which are the priority of the Government of the time. The units that administer these areas migrate in and out of the Cabinet Office as government priorities (and governments) change.
The Cabinet Office Ministers are as follows:
|The Rt Hon. Boris Johnson MP|| Prime Minister |
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister for the Civil Service
Minister for the Union
|Head of government; oversees the operation of the Civil Service and government agencies; appoints members of the government; he is the principal government figure in the House of Commons.|
|The Rt Hon. Michael Gove MP|| Minister for the Cabinet Office |
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
|Oversight of all Cabinet Office policy and appointments; oversight of transition period activity and our future relations with the EU; oversight of constitutional policy and enhancement, defending democracy and electoral law, devolution issues and strengthening the Union; leading cross-government and public sector transformation and efficiency; oversight of cross-government work on veterans’ issues; oversight of Cabinet Office responsibilities on National Security and resilience, and the Civil Contingencies; Secretariat, including COVID-19 supporting the coordination of the cross-government and the devolution aspects of the response to COVID-19.|
|The Rt Hon. Alok Sharma MP||COP26 President||Leading preparations for the 26th United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held in Glasgow in November 2021; Chairing the Climate Action Implementation Cabinet Committee to coordinate government action towards net zero by 2050.|
|The Rt Hon. The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park|| Leader of the House of Lords |
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
|Management and delivery of the Government's legislative programme (through the House of Lords) and facilitating the passage of individual bills; Leading the House (in the Chamber and as a key member of domestic committees to do with procedure, conduct, and the internal governance of the House); Issues connected to the House of Lords and its governance; Speaking for the Government in the Chamber on a range of issues, including repeating in the House of Lords statements made to the Commons by the Prime Minister; Ceremonial and other duties as the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.|
|The Rt Hon. The Lord Frost||Minister of State at the Cabinet Office||Oversight of the implementation of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement and Withdrawal Agreement, including the Northern Ireland protocol; UK co-chair of the Joint Committee and Partnership Council; Oversight of the effective conduct of EU related business with the EU and its Member States; Supporting the coordination of cross-Government positions on trade issues; Oversight of the development of cross-Government work on maximising the economic and political opportunities flowing from EU exit; Oversight of domestic transition readiness (held jointly with the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster until 12th April).|
|The Rt Hon. Amanda Milling MP||Minister without Portfolio||Supporting the Cabinet Office; The Minister without Portfolio is a member of Cabinet.|
|The Rt Hon. Jacob Rees-Mogg MP|| Leader of the House of Commons |
Lord President of the Council
|The Government's Legislative Programme, chairing the Cabinet Committee; Managing and announcing the business of the House of Commons weekly and facilitating motions and debate in the Chamber, particularly on House business; Government's representative in the House (sitting on the House of Commons Commission, Public Accounts Commission, and the Speaker's Committees on the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority); House of Commons representative in Government; Parliamentary reform and policy; Ministerial responsibility for the Privy Council Office.|
|Honorary Commander The Rt Hon. Penny Mordaunt MP||Paymaster General||Supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in coordinating the transition to our future relations with the EU; supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on devolution issues relating to our future relationship with the EU and international trade; supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on civil contingencies issues (including COVID-19), cyber security, joint funds, Official Development Assistance (ODA) and the global goals; government inquiries - Infected Blood.|
|Chloe Smith MP||Minister of State for the Constitution and Devolution||Supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on constitutional policy and enhancement; defending democracy and electoral law; supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on driving the government's devolution agenda; supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster to strengthen the Union.|
|The Rt Hon. The Lord Agnew of Oulton|| Minister of State for Efficiency and Transformation |
(jointly with HM Treasury)
|Public value and planning and performance; supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on cross-government functions and controls, including public bodies and Cabinet Office domestic; supporting procurement and other government functional activity relating to COVID-19.|
|The Rt Hon. The Lord True||Minister of State at the Cabinet Office||Leading on all Cabinet Office business in the Lords, including the Cabinet Office legislation programme in the Lords; supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in coordinating the transition to our future relations with the EU; supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on constitutional policy and enhancement.|
|Julia Lopez MP||Minister for Implementation||Supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Lord Agnew to deliver cross-government efficiency and public sector transformation; supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in coordinating the transition to our future relations with the EU; supporting Cabinet Office primary legislation in the Commons and the Cabinet Office secondary legislation programme; oversight of Cabinet Office corporate activity, including staff within the Equalities Hub (NB. responsibility for equalities policy sits with Minister for Women & Equalities, Minister for Disabled People and XST).|
|Vacant||Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence People and Veterans (joint with Ministry of Defence)||Civilian and service personnel policy, armed forces pay, pensions and compensation, Armed Forces Covenant, welfare and service families; community engagement, equality, diversity and inclusion, veterans (including resettlement, transition, defence charities and Ministerial Covenant and Veterans Board, and Office of Veteran Affairs), legacy issues and non-operational public inquiries and inquests, mental health, Defence Medical Services, the people programme (Flexible Engagement Strategy, Future Accommodation Model and Enterprise Approach), estates service family accommodation policy and engagement with welfare.|
The Cabinet Office senior Civil Servants are as follows:
|Simon Case||Cabinet Secretary and Head of the Home Civil Service||9 September 2020 – present|
|Alex Chisholm||Permanent Secretary and Chief Executive of the Home Civil Service||14 April 2020 – present|
|James Bowler||Second Permanent Secretary - Head of the COVID Taskforce||9 October 2020 – present|
The Cabinet Office also supports the work of:
The Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Cabinet Office supports the work of ministers.
Cabinet committees have two key purposes:
The main building of the Cabinet Office is at 70 Whitehall , adjacent to Downing Street. The building connects three historically distinct properties, as well as the remains of Henry VIII's 1530 tennis courts, part of the Palace of Whitehall, which can be seen within the building. The Whitehall frontage was designed by Sir John Soane and completed by Sir Charles Barry between 1845 and 1847 as the Treasury Buildings. Immediately to the west Dorset House (1700) connects the front of the building to William Kent's Treasury (1733–36), which faces out onto Horse Guards Parade. The latter is built over the site of the Cockpit, used for cock fighting in the Tudor period, and subsequently as a theatre. In the early 1960s the buildings were restored and many of the Tudor remains were exposed and repaired. Significant renovations between 2010 and 2016 converted many of the floors to open plan and created new office space. The Cabinet Office Briefing Rooms are located on this site.
The department occupies other buildings in Whitehall and the surrounding area, including part of 1 Horse Guards, as well as sites in other parts of the country.
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Her Majesty's Home Civil Service, also known as Her Majesty's Civil Service or the Home Civil Service, is the permanent bureaucracy or secretariat of Crown employees that supports Her Majesty's Government, which is composed of a cabinet of ministers chosen by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as two of the three devolved administrations: the Scottish Government and the Welsh Government, but not the Northern Ireland Executive.
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is a group of the most senior ministers of the crown in the government of the United Kingdom. A committee of the Privy Council, it is chaired by the prime minister and its members include secretaries of state and other political leaders of government departments.
The British government is directed by the Cabinet, a group of senior government ministers led by the Prime Minister. Most of the day-to-day work of the Cabinet is carried out by Cabinet committees, rather than by the full Cabinet. Each committee has its own area of responsibility, and their decisions are binding on the entire Cabinet.
The Ministry of Defence is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government, and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. It is the UK's ministry of defence.
The Scottish Government is the devolved government of Scotland. It was formed in 1999 as the Scottish Executive following the 1997 referendum on Scottish devolution.
The departments of the Government of the United Kingdom are the principal units through which it exercises executive authority; a few of them are titled ministries. A department is composed of employed officials, known as civil servants, and is politically accountable through a minister. Most major departments are headed by a secretary of state, who sits in the cabinet, and typically supported by a team of junior ministers.
A cabinet secretary is usually a senior official who provides services and advice to a cabinet of ministers as part of the Cabinet Office. In many countries, the position can have considerably wider functions and powers, including general responsibility for the entire civil service.
In the Government of the United Kingdom, the minister for the civil service is responsible for regulations regarding Her Majesty's Civil Service, the role of which is to assist the governments of the United Kingdom in formulating and implementing policies. The position is invariably held by the prime minister of the United Kingdom.
A permanent secretary, or permanent under-secretary, is the most senior civil servant of a ministry in the United Kingdom, charged with running the department on a day-to-day basis. Similar offices, often employing different terms, exist in many other Westminster-style systems and in some other governments.
The Australian Intelligence Community (AIC) and the National Intelligence Community (NIC) or National Security Community of the Australian Government are the collectives of statutory intelligence agencies, policy departments, and other government agencies concerned with protecting and advancing the national security and national interests of the Commonwealth of Australia. The intelligence and security agencies of the Australian Government have evolved since the Second World War and the Cold War and saw transformation and expansion during the Global War on Terrorism with military deployments in Afghanistan, Iraq and against ISIS in Syria. Key international and national security issues for the Australian Intelligence Community include terrorism and violent extremism, cybersecurity, transnational crime, the rise of China, and Pacific regional security.
The Prime Minister's Strategy Unit was a unit based in the UK Cabinet Office between 2002 and 2010. The Strategy Unit was established by the former Prime Minister Tony Blair, forming one part of a more streamlined centre of government along with a Delivery Unit, a Policy Unit and a Communications Unit.
The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (DPMC) is the central public service department of New Zealand charged with providing support and advice to the governor-general, the prime minister and members of the Cabinet of New Zealand. The department is also charged with centrally leading New Zealand's "national security planning, which includes civil defence."
The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) is a ministerial department of the British Government headed by the Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor. The department is responsible for areas of constitutional policy not transferred in 2010 to the Deputy Prime Minister, human rights law and information rights law across the UK.
The Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) was a UK government agency providing computer and telecoms support to government departments.
The counter-terrorism page primarily deals with special police or military organizations that carry out arrest or direct combat with terrorists. This page deals with the other aspects of counter-terrorism:
The National Security Committee (NSC), also known as National Security Committee of Cabinet, is the peak decision-making body for national security and major foreign policy matters in the Australian Government. It is a committee of the Cabinet of Australia though decisions of the NSC do not require the endorsement of the Cabinet itself.
The Department of Home Affairs is the Australian Government interior ministry with responsibilities for national security, law enforcement, emergency management, border control, immigration, refugees, citizenship, transport security and multicultural affairs. The portfolio also includes federal agencies such as the Australian Federal Police, Australian Border Force and the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation. The Home Affairs portfolio reports to the Minister for Home Affairs, Karen Andrews, and is led by the Secretary of the Department of Home Affairs, Mike Pezzullo.
The Economic and Domestic Affairs Secretariat (EDS) is a secretariat in the United Kingdom Cabinet Office.
The Government Property Agency is an executive agency of the Cabinet Office, a department of the Government of the United Kingdom. Formed in April 2018, it is responsible for managing government property and advising government departments in their management of property.
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