Cabinet Office

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Cabinet Office
Cabinet Office logo.svg
Cabinet Office (29542331802).jpg
Cabinet Office, Whitehall, London
Department overview
FormedDecember 1916
Preceding Department
Jurisdiction Government of the United Kingdom
Headquarters70 Whitehall, London, England
51°30′13″N0°7′36″W / 51.50361°N 0.12667°W / 51.50361; -0.12667 Coordinates: 51°30′13″N0°7′36″W / 51.50361°N 0.12667°W / 51.50361; -0.12667
Employees10,220 (As of December 2021) [1]
Annual budget£2.1 billion (current) & £400 million (capital) for 2011–12 [2]
Ministers responsible
Department executives
Child agencies
Website Cabinet Office

The Cabinet Office is a department of His Majesty's Government responsible for supporting the prime minister and Cabinet. [3] It is composed of various units that support Cabinet committees and which co-ordinate the delivery of government objectives via other departments. As of December 2021, it has over 10,200 staff, most of whom are civil servants, some of whom work in Whitehall. Staff working in the Prime Minister's Office are part of the Cabinet Office.

Contents

Responsibilities

The Cabinet Office's core functions are: [4]

The Cabinet Office has responsibility for the following at a UK national level:

UK Government Procurement Policy Notes are issued in the name of the Cabinet Office, although in the past they were issued by the Crown Commercial Service (CCS). [8] The CCS Helpdesk continues to act as the contact point for any queries. [9]

History

The department was formed in December 1916 from the secretariat of the Committee of Imperial Defence [10] under Sir Maurice Hankey, the first Cabinet Secretary.

Traditionally the most important part of the Cabinet Office's role was facilitating collective decision-making by the Cabinet, through running and supporting Cabinet-level committees. This is still its principal role, but since the absorption of some of the functions of the Civil Service Department in 1981 the Cabinet Office has also helped to ensure that a wide range of Ministerial priorities are taken forward across Whitehall.

It also contains miscellaneous units that do not sit well in other departments. For example:

In modern times the Cabinet Office often takes on responsibility for areas of policy which are the priority of the Government of the time. The units that administer these areas migrate in and out of the Cabinet Office as government priorities (and governments) change.

Ministers and civil servants

The Cabinet Office Ministers are as follows: [12]

MinisterRankPortfolio
The Rt Hon. Rishi Sunak MP Prime Minister
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister for the Civil Service
Minister for the Union
Head of government; oversees the operation of the Civil Service and government agencies; appoints members of the government; he is the principal government figure in the House of Commons.
The Rt Hon. Oliver Dowden MP Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Driving delivery of Government’s priorities including oversight of the Prime Minister's Delivery Unit, equalities including oversight of the Government Equalities Office, oversight of all Cabinet Office policy issues, the Union and intergovernmental relations, constitution, national security and cyber security, oversight of civil contingencies and resilience including COBR, oversight of Cabinet Office business planning, oversight of major events, including Bridges, oversight of borders and migration, oversight of honours, oversight of Cabinet Office’s work on science, technology, and innovation, including oversight of the Office of Science and Technology Strategy.
The Rt Hon. Jeremy Quin MP Minister for the Cabinet Office
Paymaster General
Delivery of the Government’s efficiency programme; Civil Service modernisation and reform; Places for Growth; Cabinet Office business planning and performance, including Cabinet Office 2025; oversight of the Crown Commercial Service; commercial models; Government Commercial Function; Central Digital and Data Office; Government Digital Service; Office of Government Property; Government Property Agency; Infrastructure and Projects Authority (jointly with HMT); Government Communications Service; Government Security Group; including United Kingdom Security Vetting (UKSV); Public Sector Fraud Authority; Civil Service HR; Propriety and Ethics; supporting Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on civil contingencies and resilience; including COBR; public appointments; Infected Blood inquiry sponsorship.
The Rt Hon. The Baroness Neville-Rolfe DBE CMG Minister of State at the Cabinet Office Cabinet Office business in the Lords; Procurement Bill; COVID-19 Commemoration; Transparency and Freedom of Information; Sponsorship of UK Statistics Authority and Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman; Geospatial Commission; Supporting the Minister for the Cabinet Office on the delivery of civil service efficiency and modernisation; Supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on honours; Supporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on borders, including the Single Trade Window.
Alex Burghart MPParliamentary SecretarySupporting the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in matters relating to the Constitution, the Union, and intergovernmental relations; Government inquiries – Infected Blood, Grenfell Tower, COVID-19; Procurement Bill; secondary legislation; support to Minister for the Cabinet Office on day-to-day management of the Government functions and Government Business Services.
The Rt Hon. Nadhim Zahawi MP Minister without Portfolio
The Rt Hon. Johnny Mercer MP Minister of State for Veterans Affairs Civilian and service personnel policy; armed forces pay, pensions and compensation; Armed Forces Covenant; welfare and service families; community engagement; equality, diversity and inclusion; veterans (including resettlement, transition, defence charities and Ministerial Covenant and Veterans Board, and Office of Veteran Affairs); legacy issues and non-operational public inquiries and inquests; mental health; Defence Medical Services; the people programme (Flexible Engagement Strategy, Future Accommodation Model and Enterprise Approach); estates service family accommodation policy and engagement with welfare.
The Rt Hon. Penny Mordaunt MP Leader of the House of Commons
Lord President of the Council
The Government's Legislative Programme, chairing the Cabinet Committee; Managing and announcing the business of the House of Commons weekly and facilitating motions and debate in the Chamber, particularly on House business; Government's representative in the House (sitting on the House of Commons Commission, Public Accounts Commission, and the Speaker's Committees on the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority); House of Commons representative in Government; Parliamentary reform and policy; Ministerial responsibility for the Privy Council Office.
The Rt Hon. The Lord True CBE Leader of the House of Lords
Lord Privy Seal
Management and delivery of the Government's legislative programme (through the House of Lords) and facilitating the passage of individual bills; Leading the House (in the Chamber and as a key member of domestic committees to do with procedure, conduct, and the internal governance of the House); Issues connected to the House of Lords and its governance; Speaking for the Government in the Chamber on a range of issues, including repeating in the House of Lords statements made to the Commons by the Prime Minister; Ceremonial and other duties as the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.
The Rt Hon. The Earl Howe Deputy Leader of the House of Lords The Deputy Leader of the House of Lords supports the House of Lords in its job of questioning government ministers, improving legislation and debating topics of national significance.

The Cabinet Office senior civil servants are as follows:

NamePositionTenure
Simon Case [13] Cabinet Secretary and Head of the Home Civil Service 9 September 2020 – present
Alex Chisholm [14] Permanent Secretary and Chief Executive of the Home Civil Service14 April 2020 – present
Sir Tim Barrow [15] National Security Adviser7 September 2022 - present

The Cabinet Office also supports the work of:

The Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Cabinet Office supports the work of ministers.

Committees

Cabinet committees have two key purposes: [16]

Buildings

The entrance to the Cabinet Office. Cabinet Office, Whitehall, London, UK - 20130629-02.jpg
The entrance to the Cabinet Office.

The main building of the Cabinet Office is at 70 Whitehall , adjacent to Downing Street. The building connects three historically distinct properties, as well as the remains of Henry VIII's 1530 tennis courts, part of the Palace of Whitehall, which can be seen within the building. The Whitehall frontage was designed by Sir John Soane and completed by Sir Charles Barry between 1845 and 1847 as the Treasury Buildings. Immediately to the west Dorset House (1700) connects the front of the building to William Kent's Treasury (1733–36), which faces out onto Horse Guards Parade. The latter is built over the site of the Cockpit, used for cock fighting in the Tudor period, and subsequently as a theatre. In the early 1960s the buildings were restored and many of the Tudor remains were exposed and repaired. Significant renovations between 2010 and 2016 converted many of the floors to open plan and created new office space. The Cabinet Office Briefing Rooms are located on this site.

The department occupies other buildings in Whitehall and the surrounding area, including part of 1 Horse Guards, as well as sites in other parts of the country.

See also

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References

  1. "Civil service employment - Table 9, Row 23". Public sector employment dataset - June 2020. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  2. Budget 2011 (PDF). London: HM Treasury. 2011. p. 48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  3. This should be distinguished from the prime minister's personal staff who form the Prime Minister's Office.
  4. "Cabinet Office, About Us". HM Government. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  5. Government Commercial Function: Looking to the Future, accessed 5 May 2019
  6. Government Commercial Function, Government Commercial Organisation, published 5 June 2018, accessed 5 May 2019
  7. Government Functional Standard GovS 005: Digital, Data and Technology, published 2 July 2020, accessed 26 Nov 2020
  8. For example, Crown Commercial Service, Procurement Policy Note – Armed Forces Covenant, Information Note 06/16 25 June 2016
  9. Cabinet Office, Procurement Policy Note – Procurement in an Emergency, Information Note PPN 01/21, published 4 February 2021, accessed 6 February 2021
  10. "Research Guide: Cabinet Office Records - Your Archives". webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  11. "National Archive Series reference CAB 103" . Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  12. UKOpenGovernmentLicence.svg  This article incorporates text published under the British Open Government Licence : "Our ministers". GOV.UK. Retrieved 16 October 2022.
  13. "Simon Case Government Profile". Gov.uk. UK Government. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  14. "Alex Chisholm Government Profile". Gov.uk. UK Government. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  15. "Sir Tim Barrow appointed as National Security Adviser". gov.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. "A Guide to Cabinet and Cabinet Committee Business" (PDF). London: Cabinet Office. 2008. p. 44. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2009.