Lord Privy Seal

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The Lord Privy Seal (or, more formally, the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal) is the fifth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord President of the Council and above the Lord Great Chamberlain. Originally, its holder was responsible for the monarch's personal (privy) seal (as opposed to the Great Seal of the Realm, which is in the care of the Lord Chancellor) until the use of such a seal became obsolete. The office is currently one of the traditional sinecure offices of state. Today, the holder of the office is invariably given a seat in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.

Contents

Though one of the oldest offices in government anywhere, it has no particular function today because the use of a privy seal has been obsolete for centuries; thus the office has generally been used as a kind of minister without portfolio. Since the premiership of Clement Attlee, the position of Lord Privy Seal has frequently been combined with that of Leader of the House of Lords or Leader of the House of Commons. The office of Lord Privy Seal, unlike those of Leader of the Lords or Commons, is eligible for a ministerial salary under the Ministerial and other Salaries Act 1975. [1] The office does not confer membership of the House of Lords, leading to Ernest Bevin's remark on holding this office that he was "neither a Lord, nor a Privy, nor a Seal". [2]

During the reign of Edward I, prior to 1307, the Privy Seal was kept by the Controller of the Wardrobe. [3] The Lord Privy Seal was the president of the Court of Requests during its existence.

List of Lords Privy Seal

Lords Privy Seal (c. 1307–1714)

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of officeMonarch
(Reign)
William Melton
(died 1340)
13071312 Edward II
Coat of Arms of England (-1340).svg
(1307–1327)
Roger Northburgh
(died 1358)
13121316
Thomas Charlton
(died 1344)
13161320
Robert Baldock
Archdeacon of Middlesex
(died 1327)
13201323
Robert Wodehouse
(died 1346)
13231323
Robert Ayleston 13231324
William Ayermin
(died 1336)
13241325
Henry de Cliff
(died 1334)
13251325
William Herlaston 13251326
Robert Wyvil
(died 1375)
13261327
Richard Airmyn
(died c. 1340)
13271328 Edward III
Coat of Arms of Edward III of England (1327-1377) (Attributed).svg
(1327–1377)
Adam Lymbergh 13281329
Richard Bury
Bishop of Durham
(1287–1345)
13291334
Robert Ayleston 13341334
Robert Tawton 13341335
William de la Zouch
(died 1352)
13351337
Richard Bintworth
(died 1339)
13371338
William Kilsby 13381342
John de Ufford
(died 1349)
13421344
Thomas Hatfield
(died 1381)
13441345
John Thoresby
Master of the Rolls
(died 1473)
13451347
Simon Islip
Archbishop of Canterbury
(died 1366)
13471350
Michael Northburgh
Archdeacon of Suffolk
(died 1361)
13501354
Thomas Bramber 13541355
John Winwick 13551360
John Buckingham
Bishop of Lincoln
(died 1399)
13601363
William of Wykeham
Archdeacon of Lincoln
(died 1358)
13631367
Peter Lacy
(c. 1310/8–1375)
13671371
Nicholas Carew
MP for Surrey
(died 1390)
13711377
John Fordham
(died 1425)
13771381 Richard II
Coat of Arms of Richard II of England (1377-1399).svg
(1377–1399)
William Dighton 13811382
Walter Skirclaw
Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield
(died 1406)
13821386
John Waltham
Bishop of Salisbury
(died 1395)
13861389
Edmund Stafford
Bishop of Exeter
(1344–1419)
13891396
Guy Mone
(died 1407)
13961397
Richard Clifford
Bishop of Bath and Wells
(died 1421)
13971401
Henry IV
Coat of Arms of Henry IV of England (1399-1413).svg
(1399–1413)
Thomas Langley
(c. 1363–1437)
14011405
Nicholas Bubwith
(1355–1424)
14051406
John Prophet
Dean of York
(1356–1416)
14061415
Henry V
Coat of Arms of Henry IV & V of England (1413-1422).svg
(1413–1422)
John Wakering
Bishop of Norwich
(died 1425)
14151416
Henry Ware
(died 1420)
14161418
John Kemp
Bishop of Rochester
(c. 1380–1454)
14181421
John Stafford
(died 1452)
14211422
William Alnwick
Bishop of Norwich [nb 1]
(died 1449)
14221432 Henry VI
Coat of Arms of Henry VI of England (1422-1471).svg
(1422–1461)
William Lyndwood
Bishop of St David's [nb 2]
(c. 1375–1446)
14321443
Thomas Beckington
Bishop of Bath and Wells
(c. 1390–1465)
14431444
Adam Moleyns
Bishop of Chichester [nb 3]
(died 1450)
14441450
Andrew Holes
Archdeacon of York
14501452
Thomas Lisieux
Dean of St Paul's
(died 1456)
14521456
Laurence Booth
Bishop of Durham [nb 4]
(c. 1420–1480)
14561460
Robert Stillington
Bishop of Bath and Wells [nb 5]
(1420–1491)
14601467
Edward IV
Coat of Arms of Edward IV of England (1461-1483).svg
(1461–1470)
Thomas Rotheram
Bishop of Rochester [nb 6]
(1423–1500)
14671470
John Hales
Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield
(c. 1400–1490)
14701471 Henry VI
Coat of Arms of Henry VI of England (1422-1471).svg
(1470–1471)
Thomas Rotheram
Bishop of Lincoln [nb 7]
(1423–1500)
14711474 Edward IV
Coat of Arms of Edward IV of England (1461-1483).svg
(1471–1483)
John Russell
Bishop of Lincoln [nb 8]
(died 1494)
14741483
Edward V
Coat of Arms of Edward V of England (1483).svg
(1483)
John Gunthorpe
Dean of Wells
(died 1498)
14831485
Richard III
Coat of Arms of Richard III of England (1483-1485).svg
(1483–1485)
Peter Courtenay
Bishop of Exeter
(c. 1432–1492)
14851487 Henry VII
Coat of Arms of Henry VII of England (1485-1509).svg
(1485–1509)
Richard Foxe
Bishop of Winchester [nb 9]
(c. 1448–1528)
14871516
Henry VIII
Coat of Arms of England (1509-1554).svg
(1509–1547)
Thomas Ruthall
Bishop of Durham
(died 1523)
15161523
Henry Marney
1st Baron Marney

(c. 1447–1523)
15231523
Cuthbert Tunstall
Bishop of London
(1474–1559)
15231530
Thomas Boleyn
1st Earl of Wiltshire

(c. 1477–1539)
15301536
Thomas Cromwell
1st Earl of Essex
[nb 10]
(c. 1485–1540)
15361540
William FitzWilliam
1st Earl of Southampton

(c. 1490–1542)
15401542
John Russell
1st Earl of Bedford
[nb 11]
(c. 1485–1555)
15421555
Edward VI
Coat of Arms of England (1509-1554).svg
(1547–1553)
Mary I
Coat of Arms of England (1554-1558).svg
(1553–1558)
William Paget
1st Baron Paget

(c. 1506–1563)
15551558
Sir Nicholas Bacon
(1510–1579)
15581571 Elizabeth I
Coat of Arms of England (1558-1603).svg
(1558–1603)
William Cecil
1st Baron Burghley

(1520–1598)
15711572
William Howard
1st Baron Howard of Effingham

(c. 1510–1573)
15721573
Sir Thomas Smith
MP for Essex
(1513–1577)
15731576
Sir Francis Walsingham
MP for Surry
(c. 1532–1590)
15761590
William Cecil
1st Baron Burghley

(1520–1598)
15901598
Robert Cecil
1st Earl of Salisbury

(1564/3–1598)
15981608
James I
Coat of Arms of England (1603-1649).svg
(1603–1625)
Henry Howard
1st Earl of Northampton

(1540–1614)
16081614
Robert Carr
1st Earl of Somerset

(c. 1587–1646)
16141616
Edward Somerset
4th Earl of Worcester

(c. 1550–1628)
16161625
Sir John Coke
MP for Cambridge University
(1563–1644)
16251628 Charles I
Coat of Arms of England (1603-1649).svg
(1625–1649)
Sir Robert Naunton
(1563–1635)
16281628
Henry Montagu
1st Earl of Manchester

(1563–1635)
16281642
Lucius Cary
2nd Viscount Falkland

(c. 1610–1643)
16431643
Sir Edward Nicholas [nb 12]
(1593–1669)
16431644
Henry Bourchier
5th Earl of Bath

(1587–1654)
16441646
[nb 13]
Interregnum
Commissioners of Parliament's Great Seal
16461660 Charles II
Coat of Arms of England (1660-1689).svg
Court in exile
John Robartes
2nd Baron Robartes

(1606–1685)
16601673 Charles II
Coat of Arms of England (1660-1689).svg
(1660–1685)
Arthur Annesley
1st Earl of Anglesey

(1614–1686)
16731682
George Savile
1st Marquess of Halifax

(1633–1695)
16821685
Henry Hyde
2nd Earl of Clarendon

(1638–1709)
16851687 James II
Coat of Arms of England (1660-1689).svg
(1685–1688)
Henry Arundell
3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour

(1607/8–1694)
16871688
George Savile
1st Marquess of Halifax

(1633–1695)
16891690 Mary II
Coat of Arms of England (1689-1694).svg
(1689–1694)
&
William III
Coat of Arms of England (1694-1702).svg
(1689–1702)
Thomas Herbert
8th Earl of Pembroke

(c. 1656–1733)
16921699
John Lowther
1st Viscount Lonsdale

(1655–1700)
16991700
Ford Grey
1st Earl of Tankerville

(1655–1701)
17001701
John Sheffield
1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby
[nb 14]
(1648–1721)
17021705 Anne
Coat of Arms of England (1702-1707).svg
(1702–1714)
John Holles
1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

(1662–1711)
17051711
John Robinson
Bishop of Bristol
(1650–1723)
17111713
William Legge
1st Earl of Dartmouth

(1672–1750)
17131714

Lords Privy Seal (1714–present)

Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officeOther ministerial portfolios held during tenurePartyMinistryMonarch
(Reign)
1stMarquessOfWharton.jpg The Most Honourable
Thomas Wharton
1st Marquess of Wharton
PC
[nb 15]
(1648–1715)
23 September
1714
31 August
1715
Whig Townshend I George I
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1714–1727)
Charles Spencer 3rd Earl of Sunderland.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Spencer
3rd Earl of Sunderland
PC FRS

(1675–1722)
31 August
1715
19 December
1716
1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull.JPG His Grace
Evelyn Pierrepont
1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull
PC

(c. 1655–1726)
19 December
1716
6 February
1719
Stanhope–Sunderland I
Stanhope–Sunderland II
Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent.jpg His Grace
Henry Grey
1st Duke of Kent
KG PC

(1671–1740)
6 February
1719
11 June
1720
1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull.JPG His Grace
Evelyn Pierrepont
1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull
KG PC

(c. 1655–1726)
11 June
1720
11 March
1726
Walpole–Townshend
1stBaronTrevor.jpg The Right Honourable
Thomas Trevor
1st Baron Trevor
PC KC FRS

(1658–1730)
11 March
1726
8 May
1730
George II
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1727–1760)
Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington.jpg The Right Honourable
Spencer Compton
1st Earl of Wilmington
KB PC

(c. 1673–1743)
8 May
1730
January
1731
Whig Walpole
3rdearlDevonshire.jpg His Grace
William Cavendish
3rd Duke of Devonshire
PC FRS

(1698–1755)
12 January
1731
5 May
1733
Whig
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Henry Lowther
3rd Viscount Lonsdale
PC

(1694–1751)
5 May
1733
16 May
1735
Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg The Right Honourable
Francis Godolphin
2nd Earl of Godolphin
PC

(1678–1766)
16 May
1735
7 April
1740
John Hervey, Baron Hervey of Ickworth by Jean Baptiste van Loo detail.jpg The Right Honourable
John Hervey
2nd Baron Hervey
PC

(1696–1743)
7 April
1740
13 July
1742
Johnleveson.jpg The Right Honourable
John Leveson-Gower
2nd Baron Gower
PC

(1694–1754)
13 July
1742
10 December
1743
Tory Carteret
No image.svg The Right Honourable
George Cholmondeley
3rd Earl of Cholmondeley
PC

(1703–1770)
10 December
1743
27 December
1744
Johnleveson.jpg The Right Honourable
John Leveson-Gower
1st Earl Gower
PC
[nb 16]
(1694–1754)
27 December
1744
8 June
1755
Tory Broad Bottom
(I & II)
Newcastle I
3rd duke of marlborough.jpg His Grace
Charles Spencer
3rd Duke of Marlborough
PC

(1706–1758)
8 June
1755
22 December
1755
1stMarquessOfStafford.jpg The Right Honourable
Granville Leveson-Gower
2nd Earl Gower
PC

(1721–1803)
22 December
1755
30 June
1757
Tory
Pitt–Devonshire
1757 Caretaker
Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple by William Hoare.jpg The Right Honourable
Richard Grenville-Temple
2nd Earl Temple
PC

(1711–1779)
30 June
1757
5 October
1761
Pitt–Newcastle
George III
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1760–1820)
[nb 17]
4thDukeOfBedford.jpg His Grace
John Russell
4th Duke of Bedford
KG PC FRS

(1710–1771)
25 November
1761
22 April
1763
Whig
Bute
Georgespencer1739-3.jpg His Grace
George Spencer
4th Duke of Marlborough
KG PC

(1739–1817)
22 April
1763
30 July
1765
Grenville
( WhigTory )
1stDukeOfNewcastleOld.jpg His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles
1st Duke of Newcastle
KG PC FRS

(1693–1768)
30 July
1765
30 July
1766
Whig Rockingham I
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham after Richard Brompton cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Pitt
1st Earl of Chatham
PC FRS

(1708–1778)
30 July
1766
2 November
1768
Whig Chatham
( WhigTory )
Zoffany - George William Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol.jpg The Right Honourable
George Hervey
2nd Earl of Bristol
PC

(1721–1775)
2 November
1768
26 February
1770
Grafton
( WhigTory )
2ndEarlofHalifaxByJoshuaReynoldsNSArtGallery.jpg The Right Honourable
George Montagu-Dunk
2nd Earl of Halifax
KG PC

(1716–1771)
26 February
1770
22 January
1771
Tory North
Sir Joshua Reynolds - Portrait of Henry Howard.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Howard
12th Earl of Suffolk
PC

(1739–1889)
22 January
1771
12 June
1771
Grafton3.JPG His Grace
Augustus FitzRoy
3rd Duke of Grafton
KG PC

(1735–1811)
12 June
1771
4 November
1775
Whig
William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth.jpg The Right Honourable
William Legge
2nd Earl of Dartmouth
PC FRS

(1731–1801)
4 November
1775
27 March
1782
Grafton3.JPG His Grace
Augustus FitzRoy
3rd Duke of Grafton
KG PC

(1735–1811)
27 March
1782
4 April
1783
Whig Rockingham II
Shelburne
( WhigTory )
Romney - Frederick Howard, Fifth Earl of Carlisle.jpg The Right Honourable
Frederick Howard
5th Earl of Carlisle
PC

(1748–1825)
4 April
1783
23 December
1783
Fox–North
( WhigTory )
4th Duke Rutland.jpg His Grace
Charles Manners
4th Duke of Rutland
KG PC

(1754–1787)
23 December
1783
27 November
1784
Pitt I
1stMarquessOfStafford.jpg The Most Honourable
Granville Leveson-Gower
1st Marquess of Stafford
PC
[nb 18]
(1721–1803)
27 November
1784
1794 Tory
George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer.jpg The Right Honourable
George Spencer
2nd Earl Spencer
PC DL FRS FSA

(1758–1834)
179416 July
1794
Whig
Chatham2.JPG The Right Honourable
John Pitt
2nd Earl of Chatham
KG PC

(1756–1835)
16 July
1794
14 February
1798
Detail of a mezzotint portrait by John Jones (circa 1745-1797) after George Romney of John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland, 1796.jpg The Right Honourable
John Fane
10th Earl of Westmorland
KG PC

(1759–1841)
14 February
1798
5 February
1806
Tory
Addington
Pitt II
Henry Addington by Beechey.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Addington
1st Viscount Sidmouth
PC

(1757–1844)
5 February
1806
15 October
1806
Tory All the Talents
( WhigTory )
Henry Vassall-Fox 3rd Baron Holland (1795).jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Vassall-Fox
3rd Baron Holland
PC

(1773–1840)
15 October
1806
25 March
1807
Whig
Detail of a mezzotint portrait by John Jones (circa 1745-1797) after George Romney of John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland, 1796.jpg The Right Honourable
John Fane
10th Earl of Westmorland
KG PC

(1759–1841)
25 March
1807
30 April
1827
Tory Portland II
Perceval
Liverpool
George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1820–1830)
4th-Duke-of-Portland.gif His Grace
William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck
4th Duke of Portland
PC DCL

(1768–1854)
30 April
1827
16 July
1827
Tory Canning
( CanningiteWhig )
No image.svg The Right Honourable
George Howard
6th Earl of Carlisle
PC FRS

(1773–1848)
16 July
1827
26 January
1828
Whig
Goderich
( CanningiteWhig )
1stEarlOfEllenborough.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Law
2nd Baron Ellenborough
PC FRS

(1790–1871)
26 January
1828
10 June
1829
Tory WellingtonPeel
Rosslyn2.JPG The Right Honourable
James St Clair-Erskine
2nd Earl of Rosslyn
GCB PC

(1762–1837)
10 June
1829
22 November
1830
Tory
William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1830–1837)
John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham by Thomas Phillips.jpg The Right Honourable
John Lambton
1st Baron Durham
PC

(1792–1840)
22 November
1830
3 April
1833
Whig Grey
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg The Right Honourable
Frederick John Robinson
1st Earl of Ripon
PC

(1782–1859)
3 April
1833
5 June
1834
Whig
No image.svg The Right Honourable
George Howard
6th Earl of Carlisle
PC FRS

(1773–1848)
5 June
1834
30 July
1834
Whigs
Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby by John Jackson.jpg The Right Honourable
Constantine Phipps
2nd Earl of Mulgrave
GCH PC

(1797–1863)
30 July
1834
14 November
1834
Whig Melbourne I
1stLordWharncliffe.jpg The Right Honourable
James Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie
1st Baron Wharncliffe
PC

(1776–1845)
15 December
1834
8 April
1835
Conservative Peel I
Bessborough4.JPG The Right Honourable
John Ponsonby
1st Baron Duncannon
styledViscount Duncannon
PC

(1781–1847)
23 April
1835
15 January
1840
Whig Melbourne II
Victoria
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1837–1901)
4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg The Right Honourable
George Villiers
4th Earl of Clarendon
GCB PC

(1800–1870)
15 January
1840
30 August
1841
Whig
2ndDukeOfBuckinghamAndChandos.JPG His Grace
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville
2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
GCH PC FRS

(1797–1861)
3 September
1841
2 February
1842
Conservative Peel II
5th Duke of Buccleuch.jpg His Grace
Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott
5th Duke of Buccleuch
KG PC

(1806–1884)
2 February
1842
21 January
1846
Conservative
Thomas Hamilton.jpg The Right Honourable
Thomas Hamilton
9th Earl of Haddington
PC FRS

(1780–1858)
21 January
1846
27 June
1846
Conservative
2ndEarlOfMinto.jpg The Right Honourable
Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound
2nd Earl of Minto
GCB PC

(1782–1859)
6 July
1846
21 February
1852
Whig Russell I
James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury by DJ Pound.jpg The Most Honourable
James Gascoyne-Cecil
2nd Marquess of Salisbury
KG PC

(1791–1868)
27 February
1852
17 December
1852
Conservative Who? Who?
George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll by George Frederic Watts.jpg His Grace
George Campbell
8th Duke of Argyll
PC FRS FRSE

(1823–1900)
4 January
1853
7 December
1855
Peelite Aberdeen
( PeeliteWhig )
Palmerston I
Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby.jpg The Right Honourable
Dudley Ryder
2nd Earl of Harrowby
PC FRS

(1798–1882)
7 December
1855
3 February
1858
Whig
Clanricarde1.JPG The Most Honourable
Ulick de Burgh
1st Marquess of Clanricarde
KP PC

(1802–1874)
3 February
1858
21 February
1858
Whig
4thEarlOfHardwicke.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Yorke
4th Earl of Hardwicke
PC

(1799–1873)
26 February
1858
11 June
1859
Conservative DerbyDisraeli II
George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll by George Frederic Watts.jpg His Grace
George Campbell
8th Duke of Argyll
KT PC FRS FRSE

(1823–1900)
18 June
1859
26 June
1866
Liberal Palmerston II
Russell II
JH Harris 3rd Earl of Malmesbury by JG Middleton crop.jpg The Right Honourable
James Harris
3rd Earl of Malmesbury
GCB PC

(1807–1889)
6 July
1866
1 December
1868
Conservative DerbyDisraeli III
1st Earl of Kimberley 1868.jpg The Right Honourable
John Wodehouse
1st Earl of Kimberley
PC

(1826–1902)
9 December
1868
6 July
1870
Liberal Gladstone I
1stViscountHalifax.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Wood
1st Viscount Halifax
GCB PC

(1800–1885)
6 July
1870
17 February
1874
Liberal
JH Harris 3rd Earl of Malmesbury by JG Middleton crop.jpg The Right Honourable
James Harris
3rd Earl of Malmesbury
GCB PC

(1807–1889)
21 February
1874
12 August
1876
Conservative Disraeli II
Benjamin Disraeli by Cornelius Jabez Hughes, 1878.jpg The Right Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli
1st Earl of Beaconsfield
PC FRS

(1804–1881)
12 August
1876
4 February
1878
Conservative
Duke of Northumberland 1886 Hollyer.jpg His Grace
Algernon Percy
6th Duke of Northumberland
PC

(1810–1899)
4 February
1878
21 April
1880
Conservative
George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll by George Frederic Watts.jpg His Grace
George Campbell
8th Duke of Argyll
KT PC FRS FRSE

(1823–1900)
28 April
1880
2 May
1881
Liberal Gladstone II
1st Baron Carlingford.jpg The Right Honourable
Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue
1st Baron Carlingford
KP PC

(1823–1898)
2 May
1881
5 March
1885
Liberal
Archibald-Philip-Primrose-5th-Earl-of-Rosebery (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Archibald Primrose
5th Earl of Rosebery
PC

(1847–1929)
5 March
1885
9 June
1885
Liberal
DFS Ryder 3rd Earl of Harrowby, Lock & Whitfield.jpg The Right Honourable
Dudley Ryder
3rd Earl of Harrowby
PC

(1831–1900)
24 June
1885
28 January
1886
Conservative Salisbury I
1271754717 william-e.-gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRS FSS

MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
17 February
1886
20 July
1886
Liberal Gladstone III
George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan.jpg The Right Honourable
George Cadogan
5th Earl Cadogan
KG PC

(1840–1915)
3 August
1886
11 August
1892
Conservative Salisbury II
1271754717 william-e.-gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRS FSS

MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
20 August
1892
10 March
1894
Liberal Gladstone IV
Portrait of Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Marjoribanks
2nd Baron Tweedmouth
PC

(1849–1909)
10 March
1894
21 June
1895
Liberal Rosebery
Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg The Right Honourable
Richard Assheton Cross
1st Viscount Cross
GCB PC FRS DL

(1823–1914)
29 June
1895
12 November
1900
Conservative Salisbury
(III & IV)

( Con.Lib.U. )
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KG PC FRS

(1830–1903)
12 November
1900
July
1902
Conservative
Edward VII
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1901–1910)
Gws balfour 02.jpg The Right Honourable
Arthur Balfour
FRS DL

MP for Manchester East
(1848–1930)
14 July
1902
October
1903
Conservative Balfour
( Con.Lib.U. )
James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury.jpg The Most Honourable
James Gascoyne-Cecil
4th Marquess of Salisbury
CB PC

(1861–1947)
17 October
1903
December
1905
Conservative
George Robinson 1st Marquess of Ripon.jpg The Most Honourable
George Robinson
1st Marquess of Ripon
KG GCSI CIE VD PC

(1827–1909)
10 December
1905
October
1908
Liberal Campbell-Bannerman
Asquith
(IIII)
Portrait of Robert Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Crewe-Milnes
1st Marquess of Crewe
KG PC FSA
[nb 24]
(1858–1945)
9 October
1908
October
1911
Liberal
George V
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1910–1936)
1stMarquessOfLincolnshire.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Wynn-Carington
1st Earl Carrington
KG GCMG PC

(1843–1928)
23 October
1911
February
1912
Liberal
Portrait of Robert Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Crewe-Milnes
1st Marquess of Crewe
KG PC FSA

(1858–1945)
13 February
1912
May
1915
Liberal
George Curzon2.jpg The Right Honourable
George Curzon
1st Earl Curzon of Kedleston
GCSI GCIE PC

(1859–1925)
25 May
1915
December
1916
Conservative Asquith Coalition
( Lib.Con.Lab. )
Crawford27.JPG The Right Honourable
David Lindsay
27th Earl of Crawford
PC

(1871–1940)
15 December
1916
January
1919
Conservative Lloyd George
(I & II)

( Lib.Con.Lab. )
Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg The Right Honourable
Bonar Law

MP for Glasgow Central
(1858–1923)
10 January
1919
March
1921
Conservative
Austen Chamberlain nobel.jpg The Right Honourable
Austen Chamberlain

MP for Birmingham West
(1863–1937)
23 March
1921
October
1922
Conservative
VacantOctober
1922
May
1923
Law
Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood cph.3b29913.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Cecil
1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood
PC KC
[nb 28]
(1864–1958)
28 May
1923
January
1924
Conservative Baldwin I
The Right Honourable
J. R. Clynes

MP for Manchester Platting
(1869–1949)
22 January
1924
November
1924
  • Deputy Leader of the House of Commons
Labour MacDonald I
James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury.jpg The Most Honourable
James Gascoyne-Cecil
4th Marquess of Salisbury
KG GCVO CB PC DL

(1861–1947)
6 November
1924
June
1929
Conservative Baldwin II
James Henry Thomas circa 1920.jpg The Right Honourable
Jimmy Thomas

MP for Derby
(1874–1949)
7 June
1929
June
1930
Labour MacDonald II
Vernon Hartshorn.jpg The Right Honourable
Vernon Hartshorn

MP for Ogmore
(1872–1931)
5 June
1930
March
1931
Labour
The Right Honourable
Tom Johnston

MP for West Stirlingshire
(1881–1965)
24 March
1931
August
1931
Labour
Earl Peel cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Peel
1st Earl Peel
GBE TD PC

(1867–1937)
August
1931
November
1931
Conservative National I
( N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib. )
Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden.jpg The Right Honourable
Philip Snowden
1st Viscount Snowden
PC

(1864–1937)
5 November
1931
September
1932
National Labour National II
( N.Lab.Con.Lib.N.Lib.)
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JP FRS

MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
29 September
1932
December
1933
Conservative
Anthony Eden (retouched).jpg The Right Honourable
Anthony Eden
MC

MP for Warwick and Leamington
(1897–1977)
31 December
1933
June
1935
Conservative
Charles (Charlie) Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry.jpg The Most Honourable
Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart
7th Marquess of Londonderry
KG MVO PC PC (Ire)

(1878–1949)
7 June
1935
November
1935
Conservative National III
( Con.N.Lab.Lib.N. )
1st Earl of Halifax 1947.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Wood
3rd Viscount Halifax
PC

(1881–1959)
22 November
1935
May
1937
Conservative
Edward VIII
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936)
George VI
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936–1952)
Lord De La warr.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbrand Sackville
9th Earl De La Warr
PC

(1900–1976)
28 May
1937
October
1938
National Labour National IV
( Con.N.Lab.Lib.N. )
John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley 1947.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir John Anderson
GCB GCSI GCIE PC PC (Ire)

MP for Combined Scottish Universities
(1882–1958)
31 October
1938
September
1939
Independent
(National)
Sir Samuel Hoare GGBain.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Samuel Hoare
Bt GCSI GBE CMG JP

MP for Chelsea
(1880–1959)
3 September
1939
April
1940
Conservative Chamberlain War
( Con.N.Lab.Lib.N. )
Kingsley Wood cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Kingsley Wood

MP for Woolwich West
(1881–1943)
3 April
1940
May
1940
Conservative
Clement Attlee.jpg The Right Honourable
Clement Attlee

MP for Limehouse
(1883–1967)
11 May
1940
February
1942
  • Deputy Leader of the House of Commons
Labour Churchill War
(All parties)
Stafford Cripps 1947.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Stafford Cripps

MP for Bristol East
(1889–1952)
19 February
1942
November
1942
Labour
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil 1947.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
Viscount Cranborne

(1893–1972)
22 November
1942
September
1943
Conservative
Lord Beaverbrook 1947b.jpg The Right Honourable
Max Aitken
1st Baron Beaverbrook
PC

(1879–1964)
24 September
1943
July
1945
Conservative
Churchill Caretaker
( Con.N.Lib. )
The Right Honourable
Arthur Greenwood
CH

MP for Wakefield
(1880–1954)
27 July
1945
17 April
1947
Labour Attlee
(I & II)
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Philip Inman
1st Baron Inman
PC

(1892–1979)
17 April
1947
7 October
1947
Labour
Christopher Addison, 1st Viscount Addison.jpg The Right Honourable
Christopher Addison
1st Viscount Addison
KG PC FRCS

(1869–1951)
7 October
1947
9 March
1951
Labour
Ernest Bevin MP.jpg The Right Honourable
Ernest Bevin

MP for Woolwich East
(1881–1951)
9 March
1951
14 April
1951
Labour
The Right Honourable
Richard Stokes
MC

MP for Ipswich
(1897–1957)
26 April
1951
October
1951
Labour
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil 1947.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
5th Marquess of Salisbury
KG PC

(1893–1972)
28 October
1951
7 May
1952
Conservative Churchill III
Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952–present)
Harrycrookshank.jpg The Right Honourable
Harry Crookshank

MP for Gainsborough
(1893–1961)
7 May
1952
20 December
1955
Conservative
Eden
Rab Butler.png The Right Honourable
R. A. Butler
CH

MP for Saffron Walden
(1902–1982)
20 December
1955
October
1959
Conservative
Macmillan
(I & II)
Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham Allan Warren.jpg The Right Honourable
Quintin Hogg
2nd Viscount Hailsham
PC QC

(1907–2001)
14 October
1959
July
1960
  • Minister of Science
Conservative
Heathdod.JPG The Right Honourable
Edward Heath
MBE

MP for Bexley
(1916–2005)
27 July
1960
October
1963
Conservative
Selwyn Lloyd cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Selwyn Lloyd
CH CBE QC

MP for Wirral
(1904–1978)
20 October
1963
October
1964
Conservative Douglas-Home
Lord Longford 4 Allan Warren.jpg The Right Honourable
Frank Pakenham
7th Earl of Longford
PC

(1905–2001)
18 October
1964
December
1965
Labour Wilson
(I & II)
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Sir Frank Soskice
QC

MP for Newport
(1902–1979)
23 December
1965
April
1966
Labour
Lord Longford 4 Allan Warren.jpg The Right Honourable
Frank Pakenham
7th Earl of Longford
PC

(1905–2001)
6 April
1966
January
1968
Labour
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Edward Shackleton
Baron Shackleton
OBE PC

(1911–1994)
16 January
1968
April
1968
Labour
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Fred Peart

MP for Workington
(1914–1988)
6 April
October
1968
Labour
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Edward Shackleton
Baron Shackleton
OBE PC

(1911–1994)
18 October
1968
June
1970
Labour
George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe.jpg The Right Honourable
George Jellicoe
2nd Earl Jellicoe
DSO MC PC

(1918–2007)
20 June
1970
June
1973
Conservative Heath
No image.svg The Right Honourable
David Hennessy
3rd Baron Windlesham
PC

(1932–2010)
5 June
1973
March
1974
Conservative
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Malcolm Shepherd
2nd Baron Shepherd
PC

(1918–2001)
7 March
1974
September
1976
Labour Wilson
(III & IV)
Callaghan
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Fred Peart
Baron Peart
PC

(1914–1988)
10 September
1976
May
1979
Labour
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Sir Ian Gilmour
Bt

MP for Chesham and Amersham
(1926–2007)
5 May
1979
September
1981
Conservative Thatcher I
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Humphrey Atkins

MP for Spelthorne
(1922–1996)
14 September
1981
April
1982
Conservative
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Janet Young
Baroness Young
PC

(1926–2002)
6 April
1982
June
1983
Conservative
No image.svg The Right Honourable
John Biffen

MP for North Shropshire
(1930–2007)
11 June
1983
June
1987
Conservative Thatcher II
No image.svg The Right Honourable
John Wakeham

MP for South Colchester and Maldon
(born 1932)
13 June
1987
10 January
1988
Conservative Thatcher III
No image.svg The Right Honourable
John Ganzoni
2nd Baron Belstead
PC

(1932–2005)
10 January
1988
28 November
1990
Conservative
No image.svg The Right Honourable
David Waddington
Baron Waddington
PC QC

(1929–2017)
28 November
1990
11 April
1992
Conservative Major I
No image.svg The Right Honourable
John Wakeham
Baron Wakeham
PC

(born 1932)
11 April
1992
20 July
1994
Conservative
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil 2013.JPG The Right Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
Viscount Cranborne
DL

(born 1946)
20 July
1994
2 May
1997
Conservative
 
Major II
 
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Ivor Richard
Baron Richard
PC

(1932–2018)
2 May
1997
27 July
1998
Labour Blair
(I–III)
Official portrait of Baroness Jay of Paddington crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Margaret Jay
Baroness Jay of Paddington
PC

(born 1939)
27 July
1998
8 June
2001
Labour
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Gareth Williams
Baron Williams of Mostyn
PC QC

(1941–2003)
8 June
2001
13 June
2003
Labour
Official portrait of Lord Hain crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Peter Hain

MP for Neath
(born 1950)
13 June
2003
6 May
2005
Labour
Geoff Hoon Headshot.jpg The Right Honourable
Geoff Hoon

MP for Ashfield
(born 1953)
6 May
2005
5 May
2006
Labour
Jack Straw 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Jack Straw

MP for Blackburn
(born 1946)
5 May
2006
27 June
2007
Labour
Official portrait of Ms Harriet Harman crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Harriet Harman
QC

MP for Camberwell and Peckham
(born 1950)
28 June
2007
1 May
2010
Labour Brown
Official portrait of Lord Young of Cookham crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir George Young
Bt

MP for North West Hampshire
(born 1941)
12 May
2010
4 September
2012
Conservative Cameron–Clegg
( Con.L.D. )
Official portrait of Lord Lansley crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Andrew Lansley
CBE

MP for South Cambridgeshire
(born 1956)
4 September
2012
14 July
2014
Conservative
Official portrait of Baroness Stowell of Beeston crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Tina Stowell
Baroness Stowell of Beeston
MBE PC

(born 1967)
15 July
2014
14 July
2016
Conservative
 
Cameron II
 
Official portrait of Baroness Evans of Bowes Park crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Natalie Evans
Baroness Evans of Bowes Park
PC

(born 1975)
14 July
2016
Incumbent Conservative May I
May II
Johnson I
Johnson II
Notes
  1. Archdeacon of Sarum until 1426; Bishop of Norwich from 1426
  2. Archdeacon of Oxford 1434–1442; Bishop of St David's from 1442
  3. Dean of Salisbury until 1446; Bishop of Chichester from 1446
  4. Dean of St Paul's until 1457
  5. Archdeacon of Taunton until 1465; Bishop of Bath and Wells from 1466
  6. Bishop of Rochester from 1468
  7. Bishop of Rochester until 1472; Bishop of Lincoln from 1472
  8. Bishop of Rochester 1476–1480; Bishop of Lincoln from 1480
  9. Bishop of Exeter until 1492; Bishop of Bath and Wells 1492–1494; Bishop of Durham 1494–1501; Bishop of Winchester from 1501
  10. Concurrently held the offices of Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1533, Secretary of State from 1534, and Lord Great Chamberlain in 1540
  11. Baron Russell from 1539, created Earl of Bedford in 1551
  12. Concurrently held the office of Secretary of State
  13. Appointed in the controversial Oxford Parliament, Bourchier is sometimes regarded as holding the office for life. However, during the Interregnum Bourchier was identified as a Delinquent by Parliamentarians and use of the Privy Seal ended. Until the Restoration of Charles II the Great Seal was the primary seal of government, for which the custody held in commission.
  14. Marquess of Normanby from 1694; created Duke of Buckingham and Normanby in 1703
  15. Earl of Wharton from 1706; created Marquesses of Wharton in 1715
  16. Baron Gower from 1709; created Earl Gower in 1746
  17. The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.
  18. Earl Gower from 1754; created Marquess of Stafford in 1786
  19. Served as President of the Board of Control from September 1828
  20. Served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster October 1840 – June 1841
  21. Served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from May 1894
  22. Served as President of the Board of Trade from March 1905
  23. Served as Leader of the House of Lords from April 1908
  24. Earl of Crewe from 1895; created Marquess of Crewe July 1911
  25. Served as Secretary of State for the Colonies until November 1910
  26. Served as Secretary of State for India November 1910 – March 1911; and from May 1911
  27. Served as President of the Air Board from May 1916
  28. MP for Hitchin until 1923; created Viscount Cecil of Chelwood December 1923
  29. Served as Leader of the House of Lords from April 1925
  30. Served as Paymaster General July 1946 – March 1947
  31. Served as Paymaster General July 1948 – April 1949
  32. Served as Minister of Materials from July 1951
  33. Served as Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations from March 1952
  34. Served as Secretary of State for the Home Department from January 1957

Other countries

See also

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References

  1. "Ministerial and other Salaries Act 1975". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  2. Beckett, Francis (1997). Clem Attlee: A Biography. London: Richard Cohen. p. 285. ISBN   9781860661013.
  3. Sayers, Jane. "The English Royal Chancery" (PDF). Retrieved 3 January 2012.