Bishop of Bath and Wells

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Bishop of Bath and Wells
Bishopric
anglican
Diocese of Bath and Wells arms.svg
Arms of the Bishop of Bath and Wells: Azure, a saltire per saltire quarterly quartered or and argent [1]
Incumbent:
Michael Beasley
Location
Ecclesiastical province Canterbury
Residence Bishop's Palace, Wells
Information
First holder Athelm
Established909
Diocese Bath and Wells
Cathedral Wells Cathedral
Website
www.bathandwells.org.uk

The Bishop of Bath and Wells heads the Church of England Diocese of Bath and Wells in the Province of Canterbury in England.

Contents

The present diocese covers the overwhelmingly greater part of the (ceremonial) county of Somerset and a small area of Dorset. The Episcopal seat is located in the Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew in the city of Wells in Somerset.

The bishop is one of two (the other is the Bishop of Durham) who escort the sovereign at the coronation.

The Bishop's residence is The Palace, Wells. In late 2013 the Church Commissioners announced that they were purchasing the Old Rectory, a Grade II-listed building in Croscombe for the Bishop's residence. [2] However this decision was widely opposed, [3] including by the Diocese, [4] [5] and in May 2014 was overturned by a committee of the Archbishops' Council. [6] [7]

History

Somerset originally came under the authority of the Bishop of Sherborne, but Wells became the seat of its own Bishop of Wells from 909. King William Rufus granted Bath to a royal physician, John of Tours, Bishop of Wells and Abbot of Bath, who was permitted to move his episcopal seat for Somerset from Wells to Bath in 1090, thereby becoming the first Bishop of Bath. He planned and began a much larger church as his cathedral, to which was attached a priory, with the bishop's palace beside it.

In 1197 Bishop Savaric FitzGeldewin officially moved his seat to Glastonbury Abbey with the approval of Pope Celestine III. However, the monks there would not accept their new Bishop of Glastonbury and the title of Bishop of Bath and Glastonbury was used until the Glastonbury claim was abandoned in 1219. His successor, Jocelin of Wells, then returned to Bath, again under the title, Bishop of Bath. The official episcopal title became Bishop of Bath and Wells under a Papal ruling of 3 January 1245.

By the 15th century Bath Abbey was badly dilapidated. Oliver King, Bishop of Bath and Wells, decided in 1500 to rebuild it on a smaller scale. The new abbey-church was completed just a few years before Bath Priory was dissolved in 1539. Then Henry VIII considered this new church redundant, and it was offered to the people of Bath to form their parish church; but they did not buy it, and it was stripped of its glass and lead. [8] The last bishop in communion with Rome was deprived in 1559 but the succession of bishops has continued to the present day.

The diocese and the episcopate are today part of the Anglican Communion.

List of bishops

Pre-Reformation bishops

Bishops of Wells
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
c.909c.923–925 Athelm Formerly a monk at Glastonbury Abbey. Consecrated circa 909. Translated to Canterbury between 923 and September 925.
c.923–925c.926–928 Wulfhelm Consecrated between circa 923 and 925. Translated to Canterbury between January 926 and 928.
c.926–928937 or 938 Alphege Consecrated between January 926 and 928. Died in office. Also recorded as Ælfheah.
937 or 938956 Wulfhelm II Consecrated in 937 or 938. Died in office.
956973 Byrhthelm Formerly a monk at Glastonbury Abbey. Consecrated in 956. Translated to Canterbury in 959, but deposed and translated back to Wells in the same year. Died in office on 15 May 973.
973 or 974975 Cyneweard Formerly Abbot of Milton. Consecrated in 973 or 974. Died in office on 28 June 975.
c.975–979996 Sigar Formerly Abbot of Glastonbury (c.970–975). Consecrated between 975 and 979. Died in office on 28 June 996.
996998 or 999 Ælfwine Consecrated in 996 or 997. Died in office on 29 August in 998 or 999.
998 or 9991013 Lyfing Formerly Abbot of Chertsey Abbey. Consecrated in 998 or 999. Translated to Canterbury in 1013.
c.1013–18c.1021–24 Aethelwine Consecrated between 1013 and 1018. Expelled circa 1021/1023 and 1024 in favour of Brihtwine.
c.1021–24unknown Brihtwine Expelled.
unknownunknown Aethelwine (again)Restored but expelled a second time.
unknownbefore 1024 Brihtwine (again)Restored. Died in office before 1024.
before 10241033 Merewith Consecrated before 1024. Died in office on 11 or 12 April 1033.
10331060 Dudoc Consecrated on 11 June 1033. Died in office on 18 January 1060.
10611088 Gisa Previously chaplain to King Edward the Confessor. Elected bishop after 18 January 1060 and consecrated on 15 April 1061. Died in office in 1088. Also recorded as Giso.
10881090 John of Tours Consecrated Bishop of Wells in July 1088. Became Bishop of Bath when he moved the see from Wells to Bath in 1090.
Bishops of Bath
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
10901122 John of Tours Moved the see from Wells to Bath in 1090. Died in office between 29 and 30 December 1122. Also recorded as John de Villula.
11231135 Godfrey Formerly chaplain to Queen Consort Adeliza. Nominated on 25 March and consecrated on 26 August 1135. Died in office on 16 August 1135.
11361166 Robert Previously a monk at Lewes Priory. Consecrated on 22 March and received possession of the temporalities circa 22 March 1136. Died in office on 31 August 1166.
11661174See vacant
11741191 Reginald fitz Jocelin Previously Archdeacon of Wiltshire. Elected bishop in late April 1173 and consecrated on 23 June 1174. He became Archbishop-elect of Canterbury on 27 November 1191, but before appeals against his election were heard, he died on 26 December 1191.
11921197 Savaric FitzGeldewin Formerly Archdeacon of Northampton (1175–1192). Elected bishop by the monks of Bath Abbey between 27 November and 26 December 1191 and consecrated on 20 September 1192. Also became Abbot of Glastonbury in 1193. He moved the Episcopal seat from Bath to Glastonbury in 1197.
Bishops of Bath and Glastonbury
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
11971205 Savaric FitzGeldewin After moving the Episcopal seat from Bath to Glastonbury in 1197, he was styled Bishop of Bath and Glastonbury. Died in office on 8 August 1205.
12061219 Jocelin of Wells Previously Canon of Wells. Elected bishop on 3 February and consecrated on 28 May 1206. He was styled Bishop of Bath and Glastonbury until 1219, thereafter Bishop of Bath.
Bishops of Bath
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
12191242 Jocelin of Wells Previously styled Bishop of Bath and Glastonbury until 1219, thereafter Bishop of Bath. Died in office on 19 November 1242.
12421244See vacant
12441245 Roger of Salisbury [9] Formerly Precentor of Salisbury (1227–1244). Elected bishop by the monks of Bath Abbey on 6 February 1243 and consecrated on 11 September 1244. Became Bishop of Bath and Wells on 3 January 1245.
Bishops of Bath and Wells
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
12451247 Roger of Salisbury [9] Following a papal ruling, the episcopal title changed to Bishop of Bath and Wells on 3 January 1245. Died in office on 21 December 1247.
12481264 William of Bitton I Formerly Archdeacon of Wells (1238–1248). Elected bishop before 24 February and consecrated on 14 June 1248. Died in office on 3 April 1264.
12651266 Walter Giffard Elected bishop on 22 May 1264 and consecrated on 4 January 1265. Also Lord Chancellor (1265–1266). Translated to York on 15 October 1266.
12671274 William of Bitton II Formerly Archdeacon of Wells (c.1263–1267). Elected bishop on 10 February and consecrated after 17 April 1267. Died in office on 4 December 1274.
12751292 Robert Burnell Formerly Archdeacon of York (1270–1275). Elected bishop on 23 January and consecrated on 1275. Became Archbishop-elect of Canterbury (1278–1279) and Bishop-elect of Winchester (1280). Also Lord Chancellor (1274–1292). Died in office on 25 October 1292.
12931302 William of March Formerly Dean of St. Martin's-le-Grand and Lord Treasurer. Elected bishop on 28 January and consecrated on 17 May 1293. Died in office before 19 June 1302.
13021308 Walter Haselshaw Formerly Dean of Wells (1295–1302). Elected bishop on 7 August and consecrated on 4 November 1302. Died in office on 11 December 1308.
13091329 John Droxford John Drokensford; formerly Keeper of the wardrobe and acting Lord Treasurer. Elected bishop on 5 February and consecrated on 9 November 1309. Died in office on 9 May 1329
13291363 Ralph of Shrewsbury Elected on 2 June and consecrated on 3 September 1329. Died in office on 14 August 1363.
13631366 John Barnet Translated from Worcester. Appointed on 24 December (or about 28 November) 1363 and received the temporalities on 6 April 1364. Translated to Ely on 15 December 1366.
13671386 John Harewell Previously Chancellor of Gascony and chaplain to the Black Prince. Appointed bishop on 14 December 1366 and consecrated on 7 March 1367. Died in office between 29 June and 14 July 1386.
13861388 Walter Skirlaw Translated from Coventry & Lichfield. Appointed on 18 August and received the temporalities on 3 November 1386. Translated to Durham on 3 April 1388.
13881400 Ralph Ergham Translated from Salisbury. Appointed on 3 April and received the temporalities on 13 September 1388. Died in office on 10 April 1400.
14001401(Richard Clifford)Appointed on 12 May 1400, but, before consecration, translated to Worcester on 19 August 1401.
14011407 Henry Bowet Formerly Canon of Wells. Appointed bishop on 19 August 1401 and consecrated on 20 November 1401. Translated to York on 7 October 1407.
14071424 Nicholas Bubwith Translated from Salisbury. Appointed on 7 October and received the temporalities on 2 December 1407. Died in office on 27 October 1424.
14241443 John Stafford Formerly Dean of Wells (1423–1424). Elected bishop between 14 November and 19 December 1424. Consecrated on 27 May 1425. Also Lord Treasurer (1422–1426) and Lord Chancellor (1432–1450). Translated to Canterbury on 13 May 1443.
14431465 Thomas Beckington Formerly Archdeacon of Buckingham (1424–1443). Appointed bishop on 24 July and consecrated on 13 October 1443. Also the Keeper of the Privy Seal (1443–1444). Died in office on 14 January 1465.
14651491 Robert Stillington Formerly Archdeacon of Taunton (1450–1465). Appointed bishop on 30 October 1465 and consecrated on 16 March 1466. Also intermittently Lord Chancellor between 1460 and 1473. Died in office before 15 May 1491.
14921494 Richard Foxe from NPG.jpg Richard Foxe Translated from Exeter. Appointed on 8 February and received the temporalities on 4 May 1492. Translated to Durham on 30 July 1494.
14951503 Oliver King Translated from Exeter. Appointed on 6 November 1495 and received the temporalities on 6 January 1496. Died in office before 1503.
15041518Cardinal Adriano Castellesi Translated from Hereford. Appointed on 2 August and received possession of the temporalities on 13 October 1504. Deprived of the see by Pope Leo X on 5 July 1518.
15181523 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey.jpg Cardinal Thomas Wolsey Archbishop of York (1514–1530) and Lord Chancellor (1515–1529). Appointed in commendam the see of Bath and Wells on 27 July 1518, but exchanged it to the see of Durham on 26 March 1523.
Sources: [10] [11] [12]

Bishops during the Reformation

Bishops of Bath and Wells during the Reformation
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
15231541 John Clerk Formerly Master of the Rolls (1522–1523) and Dean of Windsor (1519–1523). Appointed bishop on 26 March and consecrated on 6 December 1523. Accepted royal supremacy in 1534. Died in office on 31 January 1541.
15411547 William Knight Formerly Secretary of State to Henry VIII (1526–1528) and Prebendary of St Paul's (1517–1541). Nominated bishop on 9 April and consecrated on 29 May 1541. Died in office on 29 September 1547.
15481553 William Barlow Translated from St David's. Nominated on 3 February 1548. Resigned before 4 October 1553. Later became Bishop of Chichester in 1559.
15541559 Gilbert Bourne Formerly Prebendary of St Paul's and Lord President of Wales and the Marches. Nominated bishop on 13 March and consecrated on 1 April 1554. Deprived between 18 October 1559 and 11 January 1560. Died on 10 September 1569.
Sources: [12] [13] [14]

Post-Reformation bishops

Post-Reformation Bishops of Bath and Wells
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
15601581 No image.svg Gilbert Berkeley Nominated on 11 January and consecrated on 24 March 1560. Died in office on 2 November 1581.
15811584See vacant
15841590 Bp Thomas Godwin.jpg Thomas Godwin Formerly Dean of Canterbury (1567–1584). Nominated bishop on 25 July and consecrated on 13 September 1584. Died in office on 19 November 1590.
15901592See vacant
15931608 Portrait of John Still, Bishop of Bath and Wells (dated 1760-1809) by Sylvester Harding.jpg John Still Formerly Master of Trinity College, Cambridge (1577–1593). Nominated bishop on 13 January and consecrated on 11 February 1593. Died in office on 26 February 1608.
16081616 Bp James Montagu, c1608-16.jpg James Montague Formerly Dean of Worcester (1604–1608). Nominated bishop on 21 March and consecrated on 17 April 1608. Translated to Winchester on 4 October 1616.
16161626 Arthur Lake by Richard Greenbury.jpg Arthur Lake Formerly Dean of Worcester (1608–1616). Elected on 17 October and consecrated on 8 December 1616. Died in office on 4 May 1626.
16261628 William Laud.jpg William Laud Translated from St David's. Nominated bishop of Bath & Wells on 20 June and confirmed on 18 September 1626. Translated to London on 15 July 1628.
16281629 No image.svg Leonard Mawe Nominated on 14 July and consecrated on 7 September 1628. Also Master of Trinity College, Cambridge (1625–1628). Died in office on 2 September 1629
16291632 Bp Walter Curll.jpg Walter Curle Translated from Rochester. Elected on 29 October and confirmed on 4 December 1629. Translated to Winchester on 16 November 1632.
16321646 Bp William Piers.jpg William Piers Translated from Peterborough. Nominated on 19 November and confirmed on 13 December 1632. Deprived of the see when the English episcopy was abolished by Parliament on 9 October 1646.
16461660The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate . [15] [16]
16601670 Bp William Piers.jpg William Piers (restored)Returned when the see was restored in 1660. Died in office on 30 April 1670.
16701672 Bp Robert Creighton.jpg Robert Creighton Formerly Dean of Wells (1660–1670). Nominated on 2 May and consecrated on 19 June 1670. Died in office on 20 November 1672.
16731684 Peter Mews c Dahl.jpg Peter Mews Formerly Dean of Rochester (1670–1673). Nominated on 23 November 1672 and consecrated 6 February 1673. Translated to Winchester on 22 November 1684.
16851690 Thomas Ken by F. Scheffer.jpg Thomas Ken Formerly Canon of Winchester (1669–1685). Nominated on 24 November 1684 and consecrated on 25 January 1685. Deprived of the see on 1 February 1690 for not taking the oaths to the sovereigns. Died on 19 March 1711.
16911703 Bp Richard Kidder.jpg Richard Kidder Formerly Dean of Peterborough (1689–1691). Nominated on 11 June and consecrated on 30 August 1691. Died in office on 26 November 1703.
17041727 Bp George Hooper.jpg George Hooper Translated from St Asaph. Nominated on 23 December 1703 and confirmed on 14 March 1704. Died in office on 6 September 1727.
17271743 Bishop John Wynne.jpg John Wynne Translated from St Asaph. Nominated on 19 September and confirmed on 11 November 1727. Died in office on 15 July 1743.
17431773 Bp Edward Willes.jpg Edward Willes Translated from St David's. Nominated on 13 September and confirmed on 12 December 1743. Died in office on 24 November 1773.
17741802 Som bp 14 large.jpg Charles Moss Translated from St David's. Nominated on 23 April and confirmed on 2 June 1774. Died in office on 13 April 1802.
18021824 Richard Beadon Abbott.jpg Richard Beadon Translated from Gloucester. Nominated on 27 April and confirmed on 2 June 1802. Died in office on 21 April 1824.
18241845 George Henry Law by William Beechey.jpg George Henry Law Translated from Chester. Nominated on 8 May and confirmed on 8 June 1824. Died in office on 22 September 1845.
18451854 Richard Bagot by HW Pickersgill.jpg Richard Bagot Translated from Oxford. Nominated on 15 October and confirmed on 12 November 1845. Died in office on 15 May 1854.
18541869 Bp Lord Auckland.jpg The Lord Auckland Translated from Bishop of Sodor and Man. Nominated on 2 June and confirmed on 1 July 1854. Resigned as bishop on 6 September 1869 and died on 25 April 1870.
18691894 Lord Arthur C Hervey by SA Walker.jpg Lord Arthur Hervey Formerly Archdeacon of Sudbury (1862–1869). Nominated on 11 November and consecrated 21 December 1869. Died in office on 9 June 1894.
18941921 George Kennion.jpg George Kennion Translated from Adelaide in Australia. Nominated on 24 August and confirmed on 17 October 1894. Resigned on 1 August 1921 and died on 19 May 1922.
19211937 No image.svg Basil Wynne Willson Nominated on 6 October and consecrated on 1 November 1921. Resigned on 1 October 1937 and died on 15 October 1946.
19371943 Bp Francis Underhill.jpg Francis Underhill Nominated on 6 October and consecrated on 30 November 1937. Died in office on 24 January 1943.
19431945 Archbishop John William Charles Wand.tiff William Wand Translated from Brisbane. Nominated on 23 September and confirmed on 27 October 1943. Translated to London on 22 August 1945.
19461960 No image.svg Harold Bradfield Nominated on 5 March and consecrated on 1 May 1946. Died in office on 1 May 1960.
19601975 No image.svg Edward Henderson Translated from Tewkesbury. Nominated on 1 July and confirmed 19 July 1960. Resigned on 31 May 1975 and died in 1986.
19751986 No image.svg John Bickersteth Translated from Warrington. Nominated on 15 October and confirmed on 12 December 1975. Also Clerk of the Closet (1979–1989). Retired in 1986.
19861991 Archbishop george carey1.jpg George Carey Formerly Principal of Trinity Theological College, Bristol (1982–1988). Nominated and consecrated bishop in 1986. Translated to Canterbury in 1991.
19912001 No image.svg Jim Thompson Translated from Stepney. Nominated and confirmed in 1991. Retired in 2001 and died in 2003.
20022013 No image.svg Peter Price Translated from Kingston-upon-Thames. Nominated in 2001 and enthroned in 2002. [17] Retired on 30 June 2013.
4 March 2014May 2021 Peter Hancock installation 7 June 2014 (cropped).jpg Peter Hancock Translated from Basingstoke, 4 March 2014. [18] Nominated in December 2013 and installed on 7 June 2014; [19] retired May 2021. [20]


2022onwards No image.svg Michael Beasley Previously Bishop of Hertford. Election confirmed on 29 June 2022.
Sources: [14] [21]

Assistant bishops

Among those who have served as assistant bishops of the diocese are:

Television

Blackadder, BBC historical sitcom, features a fictional bishop played by Ronald Lacey of this title in the second series' fourth episode Money , in which the bishop is portrayed as an obese, blasphemous, self-confessed pervert who eats children. [29] [30] [31]

Monty Python features two skits in which the Bishop of this title is mentioned. [32]

Radio

Absolute Power, BBC radio comedy features such a Bishop.

Literature

Neil Gaiman's 2008 work The Graveyard Book features a character named the Bishop of Bath and Wells – he is one of a trio of ghouls who spirit the main character away. [33] [34]

Ralph of Shrewsbury, Bishop of Bath and Wells, appears as a character in the 1994 fantasy novel The Dragon, The Earl and The Troll, by Gordon Dickson.

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References

  1. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.121
  2. Ovens, Ruth (22 January 2014). "Revealed bishop's new £900k house". Wells Journal . Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  3. "Hundreds sign petition against Bath and Wells bishop move". BBC News. 11 February 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  4. "Bishop attacks Wells palace move as church split opens". Wells Journal. 24 January 2014. Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  5. "Diocese of Bath and Wells 'cannot support' bishop's palace move". BBC News. 25 January 2014.
  6. "Bishop of Bath and Wells to stay in Bishop's Palace home". 2 May 2014.
  7. "Determination of objection to regulation transaction: House of Residence of Bishop of Bath and Wells" (PDF). Archbishops' Council. 1 May 2014.
  8. "Today's Abbey (1499 onwards)". Bath Abbey. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  9. 1 2 NOTE: He is not the more notable Roger of Salisbury who died in 1139.
  10. Greenway, D. E. (2001). "Bishops of Bath and Wells". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, Volume 7: Bath and Wells. British History Online. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  11. Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 222–223, 228–229.
  12. 1 2 Jones, B. (1964). "Bishops of Bath and Wells". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541, Volume 8: Bath and Wells Diocese. British History Online. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  13. Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 229.
  14. 1 2 Horn, J. M.; Bailey, D. S. (1979). "Bishops of Bath and Wells". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857, Volume 5: Bath and Wells Diocese. British History Online. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  15. Plant, David (2002). "Episcopalians". BCW Project. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  16. King, Peter (July 1968). "The Episcopate during the Civil Wars, 1642–1649". The English Historical Review . Oxford University Press. 83 (328): 523–537. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxxiii.cccxxviii.523. JSTOR   564164.
  17. "Bishop of Kingston to be Bishop of Bath & Wells". The Diocese of Southwark. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  18. Diocese of Bath and Wells – Bishop's Synod address (24 March 2014) Archived 27 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine & Welcome to Christ Church Winchester, 9 March 2014 (both accessed 4 April 2014)
  19. "New Bishop of Bath and Wells Peter Hancock installed". BBC News. 7 June 2014.
  20. "Bishop Peter announces retirement as he continues recovery from leukaemia". Diocese of Bath and Wells. 12 March 2021. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  21. Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 229–230.
  22. "The late Bishop Spencer" . Church Times . No. 182. 28 July 1866. p. 242. ISSN   0009-658X . Retrieved 16 March 2020 via UK Press Online archives.
  23. "The late Bishop Chapman" . Church Times . No. 878. 21 November 1879. p. 731. ISSN   0009-658X . Retrieved 26 December 2019 via UK Press Online archives.
  24. "Bromby, Charles Henry (BRMY833CH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  25. "De Salis, Charles Fane" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  26. "Sara, Edmund Willoughby" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  27. "Jackson, Fabian Menteath Elliot" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  28. "Wilson, Douglas John" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  29. "Memorable quotes for "Black-Adder II" Money (1986)". IMDb. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  30. "Black Adder II, Episode 4". Adrian Hilton. Archived from the original on 3 March 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
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