Bishop of London

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Bishop of London
Bishopric
anglican
Diocese of London arms.svg
Arms of the Bishop of London: Gules, two swords in saltire points uppermost argent hilts and pommels or [1]
Incumbent:
Sarah Mullally
Location
Ecclesiastical province Canterbury
ResidenceThe Old Deanery, Dean's Court, City of London
Information
First holderThean
Established4th century, but current establishment from 604
Diocese London
Cathedral St Paul's Cathedral

The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.

Contents

The diocese covers 458 km2 (177 sq mi) of 17 boroughs of Greater London north of the River Thames (historically the City of London and the County of Middlesex) and a small part of the County of Surrey (the district of Spelthorne, historically part of Middlesex). The see is in the City of London where the seat is St Paul's Cathedral which was founded as a cathedral in 604 and was rebuilt from 1675 following the Great Fire of London (1666).

Third in seniority in the Church of England after the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, the bishop is one of five senior bishops who sit as of right as one of the 26 Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords (for the remaining diocesan bishops of lesser rank, seats are attained upon vacancy, determined by chronological seniority). [2] The other four senior bishops are the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Archbishop of York, the Bishop of Durham and the Bishop of Winchester.

The bishop's residence is The Old Deanery, Dean's Court, City of London. Previously, for over 1000 years, Fulham Palace was the residence and from the 18th century the bishop had chambers at London House next to the Bishop's Chapel in Aldersgate Street. [3] [ citation needed ]

The current (133rd) Bishop of London is Sarah Mullally. She was confirmed on 8 March 2018 after acting in post immediately after her canonical election on 25 January 2018. [4] [5] The diocesan bishop of London has had direct episcopal oversight in the Two Cities area (the City of London and the City of Westminster) since the institution of the London area scheme in 1979. [6]

History

A certificate of ordination (with seal) given at Westminster by Richard Terrick, Bishop of London, 24 February 1770. The arms on the seal are blazoned: Per pale: 1. Gules, two swords in saltire points uppermost argent hilts and pommels or (for the office of the Bishop of London), and 2. ___ (the personal arms of Richard Terrick?), surmounted by a bishop's mitre above an escallop. Church of England Ordination 1790.jpg
A certificate of ordination (with seal) given at Westminster by Richard Terrick, Bishop of London, 24 February 1770. The arms on the seal are blazoned: Per pale: 1. Gules, two swords in saltire points uppermost argent hilts and pommels or (for the office of the Bishop of London), and 2. ___ (the personal arms of Richard Terrick?), surmounted by a bishop's mitre above an escallop.

According to a 12th-century list, which may be recorded by Jocelyne of Furness, there had been 14 "archbishops" of London, claiming London's Christian community was founded in the 2nd century under the legendary King Lucius and his missionary saints Fagan, Deruvian, Elvanus, and Medwin. [7] None of that is considered credible by modern historians but, although the surviving text is problematic, either Bishop Restitutus or Adelphius at the 314 Council of Arles seems to have come from Londinium. [10] However, according to later sources, there had been 16 Romano-British "bishops" of London. [11] [12]

The location of Londinium's original cathedral is uncertain. [12] The present structure of St Peter upon Cornhill was designed by Christopher Wren following the Great Fire in 1666 but it stands upon the highest point in the area of old Londinium and medieval legends tied it to the city's earliest Christian community. In 1995, however, a large and ornate 4th-century church was discovered on Tower Hill, which seems to have mimicked St Ambrose's cathedral in the imperial capital at Milan on a still-larger scale. This possible cathedral was built between 350 and 400 out of stone taken from other buildings, including its veneer of black marble. It was burnt down in the early 5th century. [13] [14]

Following the establishment of the archdiocese of Canterbury by the Gregorian mission, its leader St Augustine consecrated Mellitus as the first bishop to the Saxon kingdom of Essex. (The first bishop of Rochester was also consecrated the same year.) Bede records that Augustine's patron, King Æthelberht of Kent, built a cathedral for his nephew King Sæberht of Essex as part of this mission. This cathedral was constructed in "London" and dedicated to St Paul. [15] Although it's not clear whether Lundenwic or Lundenburh was intended, it is generally assumed the church was located in the same place occupied by the present St Paul's Cathedral atop Ludgate Hill in London. Renaissance rumours [16] that the cathedral had been erected over a Roman temple of the goddess Diana are no longer credited: during his rebuilding of the cathedral following the Great Fire of 1666, Christopher Wren reported discovering no trace of such a structure. [17]

Because the bishop's diocese includes the royal palaces and the seat of government at Westminster, he has been regarded as the "King's bishop" and has historically had considerable influence with members of the Royal Family and leading politicians of the day. Since 1748 it has been customary to appoint the Bishop of London to the post of Dean of Her Majesty’s Chapels Royal, [18] which has the amusing effect of putting under the bishop's jurisdiction, as dean, several chapels (at the Tower of London and St. James's Palace, among others) which are geographically in the Diocese of London but, as royal peculiars, are specifically outside the bishop's jurisdiction as bishop.

The Bishop of London originally had responsibility for the church in the British colonies in North America, although after the American Revolution of 1776, all that remained under his jurisdiction were the islands of the British West Indies. The diocese was further reduced in 1846, when the counties of Essex and Hertfordshire were ceded to the Diocese of Rochester.[ citation needed ]

The Report of the Commissioners appointed by his Majesty to inquire into the Ecclesiastical Revenues of England and Wales (1835), noted the annual net income for the London see was £13,929. [19]

List of bishops

Romano-British

The dates and names of these early bishops are very uncertain.

Romano-British Bishops or Archbishops of London – traditional list
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
186 or unknown193 [11] or unknownTheanAlso recorded as Theanus. [11] [12] [20] Credited with foundation of St Peter upon Cornhill. [11]
unknown Elvanus Also recorded as Eluanus. [12] [20] A figure from the 12th-century King Lucius legends first attested in the Book of Llandaff; along with St Medwin, said to have been Lucius's messenger to Pope Eleutherius
unknownCadarAlso recorded as Cadwr and Cadoc. [11]
unknownObinus
unknownConanAlso recorded as Conanus. [12] [20]
unknownPalludiusAlso recorded as Palladius, "bishop of Britain". [11]
unknownStephanAlso recorded as Stephanus. [11] [12] [20]
unknownIltutaAlso recorded as Iltutus. [11] [12] [20] Conflated with 5th-century St Illtud. [11]
unknownDedwinAlso recorded as Theodwin [11] and Theodwinus. [12] [20]
unknownThedredAlso recorded as Theodredus. [12] [20]
unknownHilaryAlso recorded as Hilarius. [11] [12] [20]
fl. 314 Restitutus Not included in Jocelyn's list, but one of three British bishops recorded attending the 314 Council of Arles. The text is corrupt, but either Restitutus or Adelphius seem to have come from London. [10] None are listed as a metropolitan.
unknownGuidelinusAlso recorded as Guitelinus, [11] [12] [20] mentioned in Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain . [21]
fl.c.430Fastidius [11] [12] [20] Not included in Jocelyn's list; described as "bishop of the Britons" by Gennadius, who credits him with a work on Christian living (De Vita Christiana) and another on pious widowhood (De Virginitate); [22] surviving texts by these names [23] do not match Gennadius's description and seem rather Pelagian, [24] although Gildas apparently quoted them approvingly. [25]
unknown453 [11] or unknownVodinus [11] [20] Also recorded as Wodinus, [12] said to have been martyred by the Saxons
unknownc.586 [11] or unknownTheanus(II.)Also recorded as Theonus. [11] [12] [20] Fled into Wales.
According to one source, the last bishop's episcopate ended in 586. [11] But according to another, a century and a half had elapsed between the flight of the last British bishop and the coming of the first Post-Augustinian bishop. [12]
Source(s): [7] [12] [20]

Post-Augustinian

Post-Augustinian Bishops of London
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
604c.617Saint Mellitus Expelled circa 617. Translated to Canterbury in 619.
619653 See vacant
c.653664Saint Cedd Became bishop possibly circa 653. Died in office, possibly on 26 October 664.
664666See vacant
666c.672 Wine Also recorded as Wini. Translated from Winchester. Died in office, possibly before 672.
c.672675See vacant
c.675693Saint Earconwald Also recorded as Erconwald and Eorcenwald. Formerly Abbot of Chertsey Abbey. Became bishop circa 675. Died in office.
693betw. 705 & 716 Waldhere Also recorded as Wealdheri. Consecrated in 693 and died sometime between 705 and 716.
betw. 705 & 716745 Ingwald Also recorded as Ingweald.
745betw. 766 & 772 Ecgwulf Also recorded as Eggwulf.
betw. 766 & 772betw. 772 & 781 Wigheah Also recorded as Sighaeh.
betw. 772 & 782betw. 787 & 789 Eadberht Also recorded as Eadbert and Eadbeorht.
betw. 787 & 789betw. 789 & 793 Eadgar Also recorded as Edgar
betw. 789 & 793betw. 793 & 796 Coenwealh Also recorded as Cenwealh
betw. 793 & 796betw. 796 & 798 Eadbald Also recorded as Eadbeald.
betw. 796 & 798801 Heathoberht Also recorded as Heathubeorht.
betw. 801 & 803betw. 805 & 811 Osmund Also recorded as Oswynus.
betw. 805 & 811betw. 816 & 824 Æthelnoth Also recorded as Æthilnoth.
betw. 816 & 824betw. 845 & 860 Ceolberht Also recorded as Coelbeorht.
betw. 845 & 860betw. 867 & 896 Deorwulf
betw. 867 & 896betw. 867 & 896 Swithwulf
betw. 867 & 896897 Heahstan Also recorded as Eadstanus
betw. 897 & 900betw. 909 & 926 Wulfsige
betw. 909 & 926betw. 909 & 926 Æthelweard
betw. 909 & 926betw. 909 & 926 Leofstan Also recorded as Ealhstan and Elstanus.
betw. 909 & 926betw. 951 & 953 Theodred
betw. 951 & 953betw. 957 & 959 Brihthelm Also recorded as Beorhthelm.
betw. 957 & 959959 Dunstan Translated from Worcester. Translated to Canterbury. After his death he was canonised as Saint Dunstan.
betw. 959 & 964995 or 996 Ælfstan
9961002 Wulfstan Translated to the sees of York and Worcester in 1002.
betw. 1002 & 1004betw. 1015 & 1018 Ælfhun
1014c.1035 Ælfwig Consecrated on 16 February 1014 and acceded to the bishopric sometime between 1015 and 1018. Died in office circa 1035.
10351044 Ælfweard Died in office on 25 or 27 July 1044.
10441051 Robert of Jumièges Previously Abbot of Jumièges Abbey. Appointed bishop in August 1044. Translated to Canterbury in 1051.
early 1051Sept. 1051( Spearhafoc )Previously Abbot of Abingdon. Appointed in early 1051, but never consecrated. Expelled in September 1051, fleeing with gold, gems and other valuable items from the diocesan stores.
Source(s): [26] [27]

Post-Conquest

Post-Conquest Bishops of London
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
10511075 William the Norman Consecrated in 1051. Died in office in 1075.
10751085 Hugh d'Orevalle Also recorded as Hugh D'Orival, Hugh de Orwell, and Hugh de Aurea Valle. Elected after 29 August 1075. Died in office on 12 January 1085.
10851107 Maurice Formerly Archdeacon of Le Mans and Lord Chancellor. Nominated or elected on 25 December 1085 and consecrated in 1086, possibly on 5 April. Died in office on 26 September 1107.
11081127 Richard de Beaumis I Elected on 24 May and consecrated on 26 July 1108. Died in office on 16 January 1127. His nephew, Richard de Beaumis II, was Bishop of London 1152–1162.
11271134 Gilbert Universalis Also known as Gilbert the Universal. Formerly a canon of Lyons. Elected circa December 1127 and consecrated on 22 January 1128. Died in office on 9 August 1134.
11341136See vacant
11361138( Anselm of St Saba )Nephew of Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury. Benedictine monk, abbot of San Saba and Bury St Edmunds (1121–1148), and papal legate to England. Elected bishop c.22 March 1136 and enthroned in 1137. However, his election was quashed by Pope Innocent II in 1138.
11381141See vacant
11411150 Robert de Sigello Formerly a monk of Reading Abbey. Nominated by Empress Matilda in July 1141 and consecrated before April 1142 (probably in July 1141). Died in office on 28 or 29 September 1150.
11501152See vacant
11521162 Richard de Beaumis II Formerly Archdeacon of Middlesex. Consecrated bishop on 28 September 1152. Died in office on 4 May 1162. His uncle, Richard de Beaumis I, was Bishop of London 1108–1127.
11631187 Gilbert Foliot Translated from Hereford to London on 6 March, confirmed by Pope Alexander III on 19 March, and enthroned on 28 April 1163. Died in office on 18 February 1187
11871189See vacant
11891198 Richard FitzNeal Also known as Richard FitzNigel. Lord High Treasurer (c.1158–1196) and Dean of Lincoln (1183–1189). Nominated bishop on 15 September and consecrated on 31 December 1189. Died in office on 10 September 1198.
11981221 William of Sainte-Mère-Eglise Also known as William de St Mariæ Ecclesiâ. Formerly a Prebendary of St Paul's, London. Elected after 7 December 1198 and consecrated on 23 May 1199. Resigned on 25 or 26 January 1221. Died on 24 or 27 March 1224.
12211228 Eustace of Fauconberg Formerly a Prebendary of St Paul's, London. Elected on 26 February, received the temporalities on 23 March, and consecrated 25 April 1221. Also Lord High Treasurer (1217–1228). Died in office sometime between 24 and 31 October 1228.
12281241 Roger Niger Formerly Archdeacon of Colchester (1218–1229). [28] Elected in 1228, received the temporalities on 27 April 1229, and consecrated on 10 June 1229. Died on office on 29 September 1241. After his death he was revered as a saint, although there is no formal record of his canonisation.
12411259 Fulk Basset Formerly Dean of York (1239–1241). Elected circa December 1241, received the temporalities on 16 March 1244, and consecrated on 9 October 1244. Died in office on 21 May 1259.
12591262 Henry Wingham Also known as Henry of Wingham. Formerly a Prebendary of St Paul's, London, Dean (Dean of St Martin's le Grand, and Lord Chancellor. Elected before 29 June 1259, received the temporalities on 11 July 1159, and consecrated on 15 February 1260. Died in office on 13 July 1262.
Aug. 1262Sept. 1262( Richard Talbot )Formerly Dean of St Paul's, London. Elected on 18 August 1262, but died unconsecrated on 28 September 1262.
12621272 Henry of Sandwich Formerly a Prebendary of St Paul's, London. Elected on 13 November 1262, received the temporalities on 15 January 1263, and consecrated on 27 May 1263. Died in office on 15 September 1272.
12731280 John Chishull Formerly Lord High Treasurer, Lord Chancellor and Dean of St Paul's, London. Elected on 7 December 1273, received the temporalities on 15 March 1274, and consecrated on 29 April 1274. Died in office on 7 February 1280.
Feb. 1280Apr. 1280( Fulke Lovell ) Archdeacon of Colchester (c.1263–1285) [28] and Prebendary of St Paul's, London. [29] [30] Elected Bishop of London after 18 February, but was never consecrated. Resigned before 8 April 1280.
12801303 Richard Gravesend Formerly a Prebendary of St Paul's, London. Elected before 7 May, received the temporalities on 17 May, and consecrated on 11 August 1280. Died in office on 9 December 1303.
13041313 Ralph Baldock Also known as Ralph de Baldoc. Formerly Dean of St Paul's, London (1294–1306). Elected on 24 February 1304, received the temporalities on 1 June 1304, and consecrated on 30 January 1306. Died in office on 24 July 1313.
13131316 Gilbert Segrave Formerly Precentor of St Paul's, London (c.1306–1316). [31] Elected on 17 August, received the temporalities on 28 September, and consecrated on 25 November 1313. Died in office on 18 December 1316.
13171318 Richard Newport Formerly Dean of St Paul's, London (1316–1317). Elected on 27 January, received the temporalities on 31 March, and consecrated on 15 May 1317. Died in office on 24 August 1318.
13181338 Stephen Gravesend Formerly a Prebendary of St Paul's, London. [32] Elected on 1 September 1318, received the temporalities on 6 November 1318, and consecrated on 14 January 1319. Died in office on 8 April 1338.
13381339 Richard de Wentworth Also known as Richard Bintworth. Formerly a Prebendary of St Paul's, London and Lord Privy Seal (1337–1338). Elected on 4 May, received the temporalities on 24 May, and consecrated on 12 July 1338. Also Lord Chancellor (1338–1339). Died in office on 8 December 1339.
13401354 Ralph Stratford Formerly Treasurer of Salisbury (1336–1340). [33] Elected on 26 January, received the temporalities on 13 February, and consecrated on 12 March 1340. Died in office on 17 April 1354.
13541361 Michael Northburgh Formerly a Prebendary of Lichfield (1342–1354). Elected on 22 April 1354, appointed on 7 May 1354, received the temporalities on 23 June 1354, and consecrated on 12 July 1355. Died in office on 9 September 1361.
13611375 Simon Sudbury Also called Simon Theobald of Sudbury and Simon of Sudbury. Formerly Chancellor of Salisbury (c.1353–1361). Appointed on 22 October 1361, consecrated on 20 March 1362, and received the temporalities on 15 May 1362. Translated to Canterbury on 4 May 1375.
13751381 William Courtenay Translated from Hereford. Appointed on 12 September and received the temporalities on 2 December 1375. Also Lord Chancellor (August–December 1381). Translated to Canterbury on 9 September 1381.
13811404 Robert Braybrooke Formerly Dean of Salisbury (1379–1381). Appointed on 9 September and received the temporalities on 27 December 1381. Consecrated on 5 January 1382. Also Lord Chancellor (1382–1383). Died in office on 28 August 1404.
c.Oct. 1404c.Dec. 1404( Thomas Langley ) Keeper of the Privy Seal (1401–1405) and Dean of York (1401–1406). Elected bishop circa October 1404, but his installation was refused by Pope Innocent VII. Afterwards became Lord Chancellor (1405–07 and 1417–24) and Bishop of Durham (1406–1437).
14041406 Roger Walden Previously Archbishop of Canterbury (1398–1399). Appointed on 10 December 1404 and received the temporalities on 28 July 1405. Died in office on 6 January 1406.
14061407 Nicholas Bubwith Also known as Nicholas de Bubbewyth. Formerly Master of the Rolls (1402–1405) and Keeper of the Privy Seal (1405–1406). Appointed on 14 May, consecrated on 26 September, and received the temporalities on 27 September 1406. Also Lord Treasurer (1407–1408). Translated to Salisbury on 22 June 1407.
14071421 Richard Clifford Translated from Worcester. Appointed on 22 June and received the temporalities on 20 October 1407. Died in office on 20 August 1421.
elected 1421( Thomas Polton ) Bishop of Hereford (1420–1421). Elected Bishop of London in 1421, but was set aside and instead translated to the bishopric of Chichester on 17 November 1421.
14211425 John Kemp Translated from Chichester. Appointed on 17 November 1421 and received the temporalities on 20 June 1422. Translated to York on 20 July 1425.
14251431 William Grey Formerly Dean of York (1420–1425). Appointed on 20 July 1425, elected on 8 April, received the temporalities on 6 May, and consecrated on 26 May 1426. Translated to Lincoln on 30 April 1431.
14311436 Robert FitzHugh Formerly Archdeacon of Northampton (1419–1431) and Chancellor of Cambridge University (1424–1426). Appointed on 20 April, received the temporalities on 4 August, and consecrated on 16 September 1431. Died in office on 15 January 1436.
14361448 Robert Gilbert Formerly Dean of York (1426–1436). Elected bishop on 23 February, appointed on 21 May, received the temporalities on 15 September, and consecrated on 28 October 1436. Died in office before 27 July 1448.
14481489 Thomas Kempe Formerly Archdeacon of Middlesex and Chancellor of York. Appointed on 21 August 1448, received the temporalities on 6 February 1450, and consecrated on 8 February 1450. Died in office on 28 March 1489.
14891496 Richard Hill Formerly Archdeacon of Lewes and Dean of King's Chapel. Appointed on 21 August, received the temporalities on 6 November, and consecrated on 15 November 1489. Died in office on 20 February 1496.
14961501 Thomas Savage Translated from Rochester. Appointed on 3 August and received the temporalities on 2 December 1496. Translated to York before 12 August 1501.
15011503 William Warham Formerly a Prebendary of St Paul's, London. Appointed on 20 October 1501, consecrated on 25 September 1502, received the temporalities on 1 October 1502. Also Keeper of the Great Seal (1502–1504). Translated to Canterbury on 29 November 1503.
15041505 William Barons Formerly Master of the Rolls (1502–1504). Elected bishop before 2 August 1504 and appointed on that date. Received the temporalities on 13 November and consecrated on 26 November 1504. Died in office on 10 October 1505.
15061522 Richard FitzJames Translated from Chichester. Nominated on 24 March, appointed on 5 June, and received the temporalities on 1 August 1506. Died in office before 17 January 1522.
15221530 Cuthbert Tunstall Formerly Dean of Salisbury (1521–1522) and Master of the Rolls (1516–1522). Nominated in January and appointed on 16 May 1522 (again on 10 September 1522). Received the temporalities on 7 October and consecrated on 19 October 1522. Translated to Durham on 21 February 1530.
Source(s): [27] [34] [35] [36]

During the Reformation

Bishops of London during the Reformation
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
15301539 No image.svg John Stokesley Formerly Archdeacon of Dorset (1523–1530). Appointed on 28 March, received the temporalities on 14 July, and consecrated on 27 November 1530. Died in office on 8 September 1539.
15391549 EdmundBonner.jpg Edmund Bonner (1st term)Formerly Archdeacon of Leicester (1535–1539) and Bishop-elect of Hereford (1538–1539). Elected Bishop of London on 20 October 1539 and consecrated on 4 April 1540. Deprived on 1 October 1549.
15501553 Nicholas Ridley from NPG.jpg Nicholas Ridley Translated from Rochester. Nominated on 1 April 1550. Styled Bishop of London and Westminster. [37] Deprived in July 1553 and burned at the stake for heresy on 16 October 1555.
15531559 EdmundBonner.jpg Edmund Bonner (2nd term)Restored on 5 September 1553, but deprived again on 29 May 1559 for refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy. Died in Marshalsea Prison on 6 September 1569.
Source(s): [27] [36] [38] [39]

Post-Reformation

Post-Reformation Bishops of London
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
15591570 Edmund Grindal.jpg Edmund Grindal Nominated on 22 June and consecrated on 21 December 1559. Also Master of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge (1559–1561). Translated to York on 22 May 1570.
15701577 Edwin Sandys from NPG.jpg Edwin Sandys Translated from Worcester. Nominated on 1 June and confirmed on 13 July 1570. Translated to York on 8 March 1577.
15771594 John Aylmer portrait.jpg John Aylmer Formerly Archdeacon of Lincoln (1562–1577). Nominated on 23 February and consecrated on 24 March 1577. Died in office on 5 June 1594.
15941596 No image.svg Richard Fletcher Translated from Worcester. Nominated on 26 December 1594 and confirmed on 10 January 1595. Died in office on 15 June 1596.
15971604 Richard Bancroft from NPG.jpg Richard Bancroft Formerly a canon of Westminster (1592–1597) [40] and Canterbury (1595–1597). [41] Elected on 21 April and consecrated on 8 May 1597. Translated to Canterbury on 10 December 1604.
16041607 BpRichardVaughan painting.jpg Richard Vaughan Translated from Chester. Nominated on 8 December and confirmed on 20 December 1604. Died in office on 30 March 1607.
16071609 Thomas Ravis portrait.jpg Thomas Ravis Translated from Gloucester. Nominated before 14 April and confirmed on 18 May 1607. Died in office on 14 December 1609.
16101611 George Abbot from NPG cropped.jpg George Abbot Translated from Lichfield & Coventry. Nominated on 24 December 1609 and confirmed on 20 January 1610. Translated to Canterbury on 9 April 1611.
16111621 John King by Nicholas Lockey.jpg John King Formerly Dean of Christ Church, Oxford (1605–1611). Nominated on 30 April and consecrated on 8 September 1611. Died in office on 30 March 1621.
16211628 George Mountaigne DD.jpg George Montaigne Translated from Lincoln. Nominated on 26 June and confirmed on 20 July 1621. Translated to Durham after 19 February 1628.
16281633 William Laud.jpg William Laud Translated from Bath & Wells. Nominated on 4 July and confirmed on 15 July 1628. Also Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1630–1641). Translated to Canterbury on 19 September 1633.
16331646 William Juxon from NPG.jpg William Juxon Formerly Bishop-elect of Hereford. Nominated Bishop of London on 23 October and consecrated on 27 October 1633. Also Lord Treasurer (1636–1641). Deprived of the see when the English episcopacy was abolished by Parliament on 9 October 1646. Following the Restoration of the monarchy, Juxon was translated to Canterbury on 20 September 1660.
16461660The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate. [42] [43]
16601663 Gilbert Sheldon by Sir Peter Lely.jpg Gilbert Sheldon Previously a canon of Gloucester (1633–1658). [44] Nominated on 21 September and consecrated on 28 October 1660. Translated to Canterbury on 31 August 1663.
16631675 Humphrey Henchman by Sir Peter Lely.jpg Humphrey Henchman Translated from Salisbury. Nominated on 16 June and confirmed on 15 September 1663. Also Lord High Almoner (1662–1675). Died in office on 7 October 1675.
16751713 Henry Compton by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg Henry Compton Translated from Oxford. Nominated on 6 December 1675 and confirmed on 6 February 1676. Died in office on 7 July 1713.
17131723 Bp John Robinson.jpg John Robinson Translated from Bristol. Nominated on 8 August 1713 and confirmed on 13 March 1714. Died in office on 11 April 1723.
17231748 Edmund Gibson portrait.jpg Edmund Gibson Translated from Lincoln. Nominated on 10 April and confirmed on 4 May 1723. Died in office on 4 September 1748.
17481761 Thomas Sherlock portrait.jpg Thomas Sherlock Translated from Salisbury. Nominated on 12 October and confirmed on 1 December 1748. Died in office on 18 July 1761.
17611762 No image.svg Thomas Hayter Translated from Norwich. Nominated on 19 September and confirmed on 24 October 1761. Died in office on 9 January 1762.
17621764 No image.svg Richard Osbaldeston Translated from Carlisle. Nominated on 30 January and confirmed on 18 February 1762. Died in office on 13 May 1764.
17641777 Richard Terrick (1710-1777), Bishop of London, by Nathaniel Dance Holland.jpg Richard Terrick Translated from Peterborough. Nominated on 22 May and confirmed on 6 June 1764. Died in office on 29 March 1777.
17771787 Robert Lowth, after RE Pine.jpg Robert Lowth Translated from Oxford. Nominated on 12 April 1777 and confirmed on 1 May 1778. Died in office on 3 November 1787.
17871809 Beilby porteus engraving.jpg Beilby Porteus Translated from Chester. Nominated on 14 November and confirmed on 7 December 1787. Died in office on 14 May 1809.
18091813 John Randolph Bishop of London 1811 by William Owen.jpg John Randolph Translated from Bangor. Nominated on 25 May and confirmed on 9 August 1809. Died in office on 28 July 1813.
18131828 AbpWilliamHowley.jpg William Howley Nominated on 12 August and confirmed 1 October 1813. Translated to Canterbury on 15 August 1828.
18281856 CJ Blomfield by JS Templeton.jpg Charles James Blomfield Translated from Chester. Nominated on 15 August and confirmed on 23 August 1828. Resigned due to ill-health on 30 September 1856 and died on 5 August 1857.
18561868 Archibald Campbell Tait by Bassano.jpg Archibald Campbell Tait Formerly Dean of Carlisle (1849–1856). Elected bishop on 28 October and consecrated on 23 November 1856. Translated to Canterbury on 30 December 1868.
18691885 Bp John Jackson.jpg John Jackson Translated from Lincoln. Nominated on 11 January and confirmed on 29 January 1869. Died in office on 6 January 1885.
18851896 Frederick Temple by EAF Prynne.jpg Frederick Temple Translated from Exeter. Nominated on 26 February and confirmed on 24 March 1885. Translated to Canterbury on 22 December 1896.
18971901 Mandell Creighton by Sir Hubert von Herkomer.jpg Mandell Creighton Translated from Peterborough. Nominated on 31 December 1896 and confirmed on 15 January 1897. Died in office on 14 January 1901.
19011939 Arthur Winnington-Ingram before 1939.png Arthur Winnington-Ingram Translated from Stepney. Nominated on 16 March and confirmed on 17 April 1901. Resigned on 1 September 1939 and died on 26 May 1946.
19391945 Geoffrey Fisher by RG Eves.jpg Geoffrey Fisher Translated from Chester. Nominated on 14 September and confirmed on 17 October 1939. Translated to Canterbury on 2 February 1945.
19451955 Archbishop John William Charles Wand.tiff William Wand Translated from Bath and Wells. Nominated on 10 July and confirmed on 22 August 1945. Resigned in November 1955 and died on 16 August 1977.
19561961 Bishop-Montgomery-Campbell.jpg Henry Montgomery Campbell

Translated from Guildford. Nominated on 10 January and confirmed on 25 January 1956. Resigned on 31 July 1961 and died on 26 December 1970.

19611973 Robert Stopford Translated from Peterborough. Nominated on 4 August and confirmed on 25 September 1961. Resigned on 11 June 1973 and died on 13 August 1976.
19731981 No image.svg Gerald Ellison Translated from Chester. Nominated on 18 June and confirmed on 16 July 1973. Resigned on 30 April 1981 and died on 18 October 1992.
19811991 No image.svg Graham Leonard Translated from Truro. Nominated on 28 May and confirmed on 21 July 1981. After his resignation in 1991, he became a Roman Catholic priest in 1994. Died on 6 January 2010.
19911995 No image.svg David Hope Translated from Wakefield. Nominated and confirmed in 1991. Translated to York in 1995.
19952017 Richard Chartres Bishop of London.jpg Richard Chartres Translated from Stepney. Elected in October and confirmed in November 1995. Retired on 28 February 2017. [45]
20172018 Rose-vestment-bishop-willesden (cropped).jpg Pete Broadbent Acting diocesan bishop during vacancy. [46] Bishop of Willesden.
2018incumbent Official portrait of The Lord Bishop of London crop 2.jpg Sarah Mullally Translated from Crediton. Elected 25 January 2018, confirmed 8 March 2018 and installed 12 May 2018. Former Chief Nursing Officer; [5]
Sources: [27] [39] [47]

Assistant bishops

Among those who called Assistant Bishop of London, or coadjutor bishop, were:

Honorary assistant bishops — retired bishops taking on occasional duties voluntarily — have included:

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