Bishop of Lincoln

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Bishop of Lincoln
Bishopric
anglican
Arms displayed by Hugh de Wells, Bishop of Lincoln, at the signing of Magna Charta.png
Arms of the Bishop of Lincoln: Gules, two lions passant guardant or on a chief azure the Virgin ducally crowned sitting on a throne issuant from the chief on her dexter arm the infant Jesus and in her sinister hand a sceptre all or [1]
Incumbent:
vacant
acting bishop: Stephen Conway, Bishop of Ely
Location
Ecclesiastical province Canterbury
Residence Bishop's Palace, Lincoln (medieval &19th century 1948)
Buckden Palace (12th century 1841)
Riseholme Hall (1843–1888)
Bishop's House, Lincoln (1948–2011)
5-bed house (since 2011)
Information
First holder Cuthwine of Leicester
Remigius de Fécamp (first Bishop of Lincoln)
Diocese Lincoln
Cathedral Leicester (7th–9th centuries)
Dorchester Abbey (9th–11th c.)
Lincoln Cathedral (since 1072)
Website
lincoln.anglican.org

The Bishop of Lincoln is the ordinary (diocesan bishop) of the Church of England Diocese of Lincoln in the Province of Canterbury.

Contents

The present diocese covers the county of Lincolnshire and the unitary authority areas of North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire. The bishop's seat ( cathedra ) is located in the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the city of Lincoln. The cathedral was originally a minster church founded around 653 and refounded as a cathedral in 1072. Until the 1530s the bishops were in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church.

The historic medieval Bishop's Palace lies immediately to the south of the cathedral in Palace Yard; managed by English Heritage, it is open to visitors. [2] A later residence (first used by Bishop Edward King in 1885) [3] on the same site was converted from office accommodation to reopen in 2009 as a 16-bedroom conference centre and wedding venue. [4] It is now known as Edward King House and provides offices for the bishops, archdeacons and diocesan staff. A 14-bedroom house (Bishop's House) on Eastgate was the official residence in use from 1948 until 2011, when the bishop's office staff and home were separated, allowing the incoming bishop, Christopher Lowson, to live in a modern five-bedroom house. [5] A further residence of the mediaeval Bishops of Lincoln was Banbury Castle, built in 1135 by Alexander of Lincoln, Bishop of Lincoln and retained by the see until 1547.

History

England diocese map pre-925.svg
850–925
England diocese map post 950.svg
950–1035
The dioceses of Anglo-Saxon England 850–1035

The Anglo-Saxon dioceses of Lindsey and Leicester were established when the large Diocese of Mercia was divided in the late 7th century into the bishoprics of Lichfield and Leicester (for Mercia itself), Worcester (for the Hwicce), Hereford (for the Magonsæte) and Lindsey (for the Lindisfaras). The historic Bishop of Dorchester was a prelate who administered the Diocese of Dorchester in the Anglo-Saxon period. The bishop's seat, or cathedra, was at the cathedral in Dorchester-on-Thames in Oxfordshire.

In the 660s the seat at Dorchester-on-Thames was abandoned, but briefly in the late 670s it was once more a bishop's seat under Ætla, under Mercian control. [6] The town of Dorchester again became the seat of a bishop in around 875, when the Mercian Bishop of Leicester transferred his seat there. The diocese merged with that of Lindsey in 971; the bishop's seat was moved to Lincoln in 1072 and thus the Mercian Bishops of Dorchester were succeeded by the Bishops of Lincoln.

The first bishops of Leicester were originally prelates who administered an Anglo-Saxon diocese between the 7th and 9th centuries. The bishopric fell victim to the invasion by the Danes and the episcopal see was transferred to Dorchester-on-Thames in Oxfordshire. [7] [8] [9]

The dioceses of Lindsey and Leicester continued until the Danish Viking invasions and establishment of the Danelaw in the 9th century. The see of Leicester was transferred to Dorchester, now in Oxfordshire, sometime between 869 and 888. After an interruption, the see of Lindsey was resumed until it was united with the bishopric of Dorchester in the early 11th century. The diocese was the largest in England, extending from the River Thames to the Humber Estuary.

In 1072, Remigius de Fécamp moved the see of Dorchester to Lincoln, but the bishops of Lincoln retained significant landholdings within Oxfordshire. Because of this historic link, for a long time Banbury remained a "peculiar" of the Bishop of Lincoln.

Until the 1530s the bishops were in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church. During the English Reformation they changed their allegiance back and forth between the crown and the papacy. Under Henry VIII and Edward VI, the bishops conformed to the Church of England, but under Mary I they adhered to the Roman Catholic Church. Since the English Reformation, the bishops and diocese of Lincoln have been part of the reformed Church of England, and the Anglican Communion.

The dioceses of Oxford and Peterborough were created in 1541, out of parts of the Diocese of Lincoln. The county of Leicestershire was transferred from Lincoln to Peterborough in 1837.

List of bishops of Lincoln

Pre-Reformation bishops

Bishops of Leicester
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
679c.691 Cuthwine
692705 Wilfrid Translated from York; later transferred to Hexham
709c.716/727 Headda also Bishop of Lichfield
c.716/727737 Aldwine also Bishop of Lichfield
737764 Torhthelm
764c.781/785 Eadbeorht
c.781/785c.801/803 Unwona
c.801/803c.814/816 Wernbeorht
c.814/816839 or 840 Hræthhun
839 or 840c.840/844 Ealdred
c.840/844c.869/888 Ceolred
In the late 9th century, the episcopal see of Leicester was moved to Dorchester.
Source(s): [7] [8] [9] [10]
Bishops of Dorchester
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
betw. 869 x 888betw. 893 x 896 Harlardus Also recorded as Alhheard; Eahlheard.
betw. 893 x 900betw. 903 x 909 Wigmund or Wilferth
c. 909betw. 909 x 925 Coenwulf Also recorded as Kenulphus
betw. 909 x 925betw. 934 x 945 Wynsige
betw. 934 x 945betw. 949 x 950 Æthelwold
949 or 950971 Oscytel Also Archbishop of York (956–971).
971betw. 971 x 975 Leofwine Bishop of Lindsey; united the sees of Dorchester and of Lindsey in 971, bishops of the united diocese known as Bishop of Dorchester
betw. 971 x 975betw. 975 x 979 Alnothus Also recorded as Alfnoth
betw. 975 x 97923 April 1002 Æscwig Also recorded as Œswy; Ascwinus.
1002betw. 1007 x 1009 Ælfhelm Also recorded as Alfhelmus.
betw. 1007 x 100918 October 1016 Eadnoth (I.)Also recorded as Eadnothus. Abbot of Ramsey; killed at the battle of Assandun.
10168 December 1034 Æthelric Also recorded as Eadhericus; Brihtmær.
103418/19 September 1049 Eadnoth (II.)Also recorded as Eadnothus. Bishop of Dorchester, Leicester, and Lindey.
104914 September 1052 Ulfus Normanus Also recorded as Ulf. Royal priest; suspended at the Council of Vercelli 1050; expelled
10531067 Wulfwig Also recorded as Wulfinus. Royal priest.
10671072 Remigius de Fécamp Also recorded as Remigius de Feschamp. Moved the see to Lincoln
Source(s): [11] [10] [12]
Pre-Reformation Bishops of Lincoln [13] [14] [15]
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
10721092 Remigius de Fécamp Formerly Almoner of Fécamp, Normandy; consecrated Bishop of Dorchester (possibly in 1067); transferred the see from Dorchester to Lincoln in 1072; died in office 8 May 1092; also known as Remigius de Feschamp
10931123 Robert Bloet Formerly Lord Chancellor 1092–1093; nominated bishop in March 1093 and consecrated before 22 February 1094; died in office 10 January 1123; also known as Robert Bluet
11231148 Alexander Formerly Archdeacon of Salisbury; nominated bishop in April and consecrated 22 July 1123; died in office 20 February 1148
11481166 Robert de Chesney Elected bishop 13 December and consecrated 19 December 1148; died in office 27 December 1166; also known as Robert de Cheney alias Querceto
11681173See vacant
11731182 Geoffrey Plantagenet Elected bishop circa May 1173 and confirmed before July 1175; resigned without being consecrated 6 January 1182; later became Archbishop of York in 1189
11831184 Walter de Coutances Formerly Archdeacon of Oxford; elected bishop 8 May and consecrated 3 July 1183; translated to Rouen in the summer of 1184; also known as Walter de Coutances, Walter of Coutances, or Walter of Rouen
11841186See vacant
11861200 Hugh of Avalon Formerly Prior of Witham Charterhouse; elected bishop 25 May and consecrated 21 September 1186; installed at Lincoln Cathedral 29 September 1181; died in office 16 November 1200; canonised in 1220; also known as Saint Hugh of Lincoln
12001203See vacant
12031206 William de Blois Formerly Prebendary of Lincoln; elected bishop before 6 July and consecrated 24 August 1203; died in office 10 May 1206
12061209See vacant
12091235 Hugh of Wells Formerly Archdeacon of Wells; elected bishop before 14 April and consecrated 20 December 1209; in exile until 1213 due to Pope Innocent III's interdict against King John's England; died in office 7 February 1235; also known as Hugh Troteman
12351253 Robert Grosseteste Formerly Archdeacon of Leicester; elected bishop 25 March and consecrated 17 June 1235; died before 9 October 1253; also known as Robert Grosthead or Robert Grouthed
12541258 Henry of Lexington Formerly Dean of Lincoln; elected bishop 21 or 30 December 1253 and consecrated 17 May 1254; died in office 8 August 1258
12581279 Richard of Gravesend Formerly Dean of Lincoln; elected bishop 21 or 23 September and consecrated 3 November 1258; died in office 18 December 1279; also known as Richard de Gravesend
12801299 Oliver Sutton Formerly Dean of Lincoln; elected bishop 6 February and consecrated 19 May 1280; died in office 13 November 1299
13001320 John Dalderby Formerly Chancellor of Lincoln; elected bishop 15 January and consecrated 12 June 1300; died in office 12 January 1320; also known as John Aldberry or John d'Aldreby
1320( Anthony Bek )Elected bishop 3 February 1320, but was quashed later in the same year; became Bishop of Norwich in 1337
13201340 Henry Burghersh Appointed 27 May and consecrated 20 July 1320; also was Lord Treasurer 1327–1328 and Lord Chancellor 1328–1330; died before 27 December 1340
13411347 Thomas Bek Elected bishop before 1 March 1341 and consecrated 7 July 1342; died in office 2 February 1347; also known as Thomas le Bec
13471363 John Gynwell Formerly Archdeacon of Northampton; appointed bishop and consecrated 23 September 1342; died in office 5 August 1362; also known as John Gyndell, John Gyndwelle or John Sinwell
13631398 John Bokyngham Formerly Keeper of the Privy Seal 1360–1363; elected bishop sometime between 20 August and 4 October 1362; appointed 5 April and consecrated 25 June 1363; resigned sometime between March and July 1398; died 10 March 1399; also known as John Buckingham
13981404 Henry Beaufort Chancellor of the University of Oxford and Dean of Wells; appointed 27 February and consecrated 14 July 1398; also was Lord Chancellor; translated to Winchester 19 November 1404 where later created a Cardinal in 1426. [16]
14041419 Philip Repyngdon Formerly Abbot of Leicester and Chancellor of the University of Oxford; appointed bishop 19 November 1404 and consecrated 29 March 1405; created a Cardinal 19 September 1408 but revoked in 1409; resigned 21 November 1419; died 1424; also known as Philip de Repingdon. [17]
14201431 Richard Fleming Formerly a Canon of Lincoln; appointed 20 November 1419 and consecrated 28 April 1420; he was appointed archbishop of York 14 February 1424, but resigned the appointment 20 July 1425; continued as bishop of Lincoln until died 25 January 1431; also known as Richard Fleyming
14311436 William Grey Translated from London; appointed 30 April 1431; died in office sometime between 10 and 18 February 1436; also known as William Gray
14371450 William Alnwick Translated from Norwich; appointed 19 September 1437; died in office 5 December 1449; also known as William Alnewick
1450 Marmaduke Lumley Translated from Carlisle; appointed 28 January 1450; died in office 1 December 1450
14501452See vacant
14521472 John Chadworth Formerly Provost of King's College, Cambridge; elected bishop before 11 February 1451 and consecrated 18 June 1452; died 23 June 1471; also known as John Chedworth
14721480 Archbishop Thomas Rotherham.jpg Thomas Rotherham Translated from Rochester; appointed 8 January 1472; also was Keeper of the Privy Seal and Lord Chancellor; translated to York 7 July 1480; also known as Thomas de Rotherham, or Thomas Scot
14801494 John Russell Translated from Rochester; appointed 7 July 1480; died in office 30 December 1494
14951514 Portrait of William Smith founder of Brasenose College Oxford by John Faber the Elder.jpg William Smyth Translated from Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield; appointed 6 November 1495; died in office 2 January 1514
15141515 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey.jpg Thomas Wolsey Formerly Dean of Lincoln 1509–1514 and York 1513–1514; appointed bishop of Lincoln 6 February and consecrated 26 March 1514; translated to archbishopric of York 15 September 1514
15141521 William Atwater Appointed 15 September and consecrated 12 November 1514; died in office 4 February 1521

Bishops during the Reformation

Bishops of Lincoln during the Reformation [15] [18] [19]
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
15211547 John Longland Formerly Dean of Salisbury 1514–1521; appointed bishop 20 March and consecrated 5 May 1521; died in office 7 May 1547
15471551 Henry Holbeach Translated from Rochester; nominated 1 August and confirmed 20 August 1547; died in office 6 August 1551
15521554 John Taylor Nominated 18 June and consecrated 26 June 1552; deprived of the see 15 March 1554; died in December 1554
15541556 John White Nominated before 1 April 1554 and consecrated on that date; translated to Winchester 6 July 1556
15571559 Thomas Watson Nominated 7 December 1556; appointed 24 May and consecrated 15 August 1557; deprived of the see 26 June 1559; died in September 1584

Post-Reformation bishops

Post-Reformation Bishops of Lincoln [19] [20]
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
15601571 Nicholas Bullingham Nominated 25 November 1559 and consecrated 21 January 1560; translated to Worcester 26 January 1571
15711584 Thomas Cooper Nominated 15 January and consecrated 24 February 1571; translated to Winchester 23 March 1584
15841595 William Wickham Nominated 28 October and consecrated 6 December 1584; translated to Winchester 22 February 1595
15951608 Bp William Chaderton.jpg William Chaderton Translated from Chester; nominated before 28 March and confirmed 24 May 1595; died in office 11 April 1608
16081613 William Barlow Translated from Rochester; elected bishop of Lincoln 21 May and confirmed 27 June 1608; died in office 7 September 1613
16141617 Richard Neile portrait.jpg Richard Neile Translated from Lichfield; elected bishop of Lincoln 17 January and confirmed 18 February 1614; translated to Durham 9 October 1617
16171621 George Mountaigne DD.jpg George Montaigne Elected bishop 21 October and consecrated 14 December 1617; translated to London 20 July 1621; also known as George Mountain
16211641 Abp John Williams by Gilbert Jackson.jpg John Williams Elected bishop 3 August and consecrated 11 November 1621; also was Lord Keeper 1621–1625 (the last cleric to hold the position); translated to York in December 1641
16411646 Thomas Winniffe Nominated 17 December 1641 and consecrated 6 February 1642; deprived of the see when the English episcopacy was abolished by Parliament on 9 October 1646; after November 1646, he retired to Lambourne; died 19 September 1654
16461660The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate. [21] [22]
16601663 Robert Sanderson by John Riley.jpg Robert Sanderson Nominated 3 October and consecrated 28 October 1660; died in office 29 January 1663
16631667 Bp Benjamin Laney.png Benjamin Lany Translated from Peterborough; nominated 20 February and consecrated 2 April 1663; translated to Ely 12 June 1667
16671675 William Fuller Translated from Limerick, Ardfert and Aghadoe; nominated 5 September and confirmed 27 September 1667; died in office 22 April 1675
16751691 Thomas Barlow, librarian.jpg Thomas Barlow Nominated 1 May and consecrated 27 June 1675; died in office 8 October 1691
16911695 Thomas Tenison by Robert White.jpg Thomas Tenison Nominated 27 October 1691 and consecrated 10 January 1692; translated to Canterbury 16 January 1695
16951705 James Gardiner by Mary Beale.jpg James Gardiner Nominated 18 January and consecrated 10 March 1695; died in office 1 March 1705
17051716 AbpWilliamWake.jpg William Wake Nominated 16 July and consecrated 21 October 1705; translated to Canterbury 16 January 1716
17161723 Edmund Gibson portrait.jpg Edmund Gibson Nominated 17 December 1715 and consecrated 12 February 716; translated to London 4 May 1723
17231743 Richard Reynolds Translated from Bangor; nominated 16 May and confirmed 10 June 1723; died in office 15 January 1744
17441761 John Thomas (bishop of Salisbury).jpg John Thomas Formerly Bishop-elect of St Asaph; nominated 20 January and consecrated 1 April 1744; translated to Salisbury 25 November 1761
17611779 John Green Nominated 28 November and consecrated 28 December 1761; died in office 25 April 1779
17791787 Thomas Thurlow British Museum.jpg Thomas Thurlow Nominated 5 May and consecrated 30 May 1779; translated to Durham 19 February 1787
17871820 SirGeorgePretymanTomline.jpg George Pretyman
(later Pretyman Tomline)
Nominated 19 February and consecrated 11 March 1787; changed his surname to Pretyman Tomline in June 1803; translated to Winchester 18 August 1820
18201827 Bp George Pelham.jpg The Hon George Pelham Translated from Exeter; nominated 18 August and confirmed 16 October 1820; died in office 7 February 1827
18271853 John Kaye by Richard Rothwell.jpg John Kaye Translated from Bristol; nominated 12 February and confirmed 1 March 1827; died in office 19 February 1853
18531869 Bp John Jackson.jpg John Jackson Nominated 18 March and consecrated 5 May 1853; translated to London 11 January 1869
18691885 Bp Christopher Wordsworth by SA Walker.jpg Christopher Wordsworth Nominated 9 February and consecrated 24 February 1869; resigned in February 1885; died 20 March 1885
18851910 Bp Edward King by SA Walker.jpg Edward King Nominated 5 March and consecrated 25 April 1885; died in office 8 March 1910
19101919 Edward Hicks Nominated 28 April and consecrated 24 June 1910; died in office 14 August 1919
19191932 William Swayne Nominated 26 November 1919 and consecrated 6 January 1920; resigned 14 November 1932; died 30 June 1941
19331942 Nugent Hicks Translated from Gibraltar; nominated 12 December 1932 and confirmed 15 February 1933; died in office 10 February 1942
19421946 Aylmer Skelton Translated from Bedford; nominated 27 July and confirmed 27 August 1942; resigned 1 May 1946; died 30 August 1959
19461947 Leslie Owen Translated from Maidstone; nominated 12 June and confirmed 17 July 1946; died in office 2 March 1947
19471956 Maurice Harland Translated from Croydon; nominated 22 May and confirmed 11 July 1947; translated to Durham 7 July 1956
19561974 Kenneth Riches Translated from Dorchester; nominated 24 August and confirmed 26 September 1956; resigned 30 September 1974; died 15 May 1999. [23]
19741986 Simon Phipps Translated from Horsham; nominated 7 October 1974 and confirmed 2 January 1975; retired in 1986; died 29 January 2001. [24] [25]
19872002 Robert Hardy Translated from Maidstone; nominated and confirmed in 1987; retired in 2002; died 9 April 2021.
2001/22011 John Saxbee Translated from Ludlow; nominated 4 September 2001, [26] election confirmed late December 2001/early January 2002 [27] and installed at Lincoln Cathedral 23 March 2002; retired 2011 [28]
20112021 Official portrait of The Lord Bishop of Lincoln crop 2.jpg Christopher Lowson former national Director of Ministry; enthroned 15 November 2011; [5] suspended 16 May 2019 [29]  1 February 2021; [30] retired 31 December 2021 [31]
20192021 David Court, Bishop of Grimsby Acting bishop during Lowson's suspension [29]
2022Acting Stephen Conway, Bishop of Ely Half-time Acting Bishop of Lincoln. [32]

Assistant bishops

Among those who have served as assistant bishops of the diocese have been:

Honorary assistant bishops, serving after their retirements, have included:

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  13. Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 255–256. ISBN   0-521-56350-X.
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  28. Lincoln Diocese — Bishop signs off Archived 18 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  29. 1 2 "Bishop of Lincoln Christopher Lowson suspended from office". BBC News. 16 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  30. "Bishop of Lincoln can return to duty after 20-month safeguarding investigation".
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Sources