Episcopal see

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The seat or cathedra of the Bishop of Rome in the Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran Roma-san giovanni03.jpg
The seat or cathedra of the Bishop of Rome in the Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran

An episcopal see is, in the usual meaning of the phrase, the area of a bishop's ecclesiastical jurisdiction. [1] [2]

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Phrases concerning actions occurring within or outside an episcopal see are indicative of the geographical significance of the term, making it synonymous with diocese . [3] [4] [5] [6]

The word see is derived from Latin sedes, which in its original or proper sense denotes the seat or chair that, in the case of a bishop, is the earliest symbol of the bishop's authority. [7] This symbolic chair is also known as the bishop's cathedra . The church in which it is placed is for that reason called the bishop's cathedral, from Latin ecclesia cathedralis, meaning the church of the cathedra. The word throne is also used, especially in the Eastern Orthodox Church, both for the chair and for the area of ecclesiastical jurisdiction. [8]

The term "see" is also used of the town where the cathedral or the bishop's residence is located. [7]

Catholic Church

Within Catholicism, each diocese is considered to be a see unto itself with a certain allegiance to the See of Rome. The idea of a see as a sovereign entity is somewhat complicated due to the existence of the 23 Particular Churches of the Catholic Church. The Western Church and its Eastern Catholic counterparts all reserve some level of autonomy, yet each also is subdivided into smaller sees (dioceses and archdioceses). The episcopal see of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, is known as "the Holy See" [9] or "the Apostolic See", [10] claiming Papal supremacy.

Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church views all bishops as sacramentally equal, and in principle holding equal authority, each over his own see. Certain bishops may be granted additional administrative duties over wider regions (as in the idea of the Pentarchy), but these powers are limited and never extend over the entire Church. Thus, the Eastern Orthodox oppose the idea of papal supremacy or any similar supremacy by any one bishop.

United Methodist Church

The United Methodist Church is divided into Annual Conferences, each one of which is presided over by a resident bishop, who is bishop of a named Episcopal Area, or See city. This is usually the Annual Conference's largest, or sometimes most centrally located, city. Annual Conferences are the regional bodies which are the fundamental basic bodies of which the United Methodist Global Connection is composed. Annual Conferences are responsible for many matters, including the approval, election and ordination of clergy, who then become members of the Annual Conference in which they are elected and ordained and - with some exceptions - serve within the bounds of for the tenure of their ministries.

United Methodist Bishops are elected in larger regional conclaves every four years which are known as Jurisdictional Conferences. These super-regional Jurisdictional Conferences comprise an equal number of lay and clergy delegates from each Annual Conference, each delegation determined by the size of the Annual Conference, within the Jurisdiction, and new bishops are elected and consecrated from among the clergy of the Jurisdiction's Annual Conferences. These bishops who are elected for life, are then sent to lead the various Annual Conferences of the Jurisdiction. Episcopal candidates are usually - although not always - the first clergy delegate elected from a particular Annual Conference. Each bishop is assigned to and leads for four year terms an Episcopal area, or see, of each Annual Conference. An Episcopal area can also comprise more than one Annual Conference when two smaller Annual Conferences agree to share a bishop. [11]

See also

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Episcopal polity Hierarchical form of church governance

An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance in which the chief local authorities are called bishops. It is the structure used by many of the major Christian Churches and denominations, such as the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East, Anglican, and Lutheran churches or denominations, and other churches founded independently from these lineages.

Holy orders Sacraments in some Christian churches

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Diocese Christian district or see under the supervision of a bishop

In church governance, a diocese or bishopric is the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop.

Synod Council of a church, convened to resolve issues of doctrine or administration

A synod is a council of a church, usually convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. The word synod comes from the Greek: σύνοδος [ˈsinoðos] meaning "assembly" or "meeting" and is analogous with the Latin word concilium meaning "council". Originally, synods were meetings of bishops, and the word is still used in that sense in Catholicism, Oriental Orthodoxy and Eastern Orthodoxy. In modern usage, the word often refers to the governing body of a particular church, whether its members are meeting or not. It is also sometimes used to refer to a church that is governed by a synod.

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References

  1. "Dictionary : EPISCOPAL SEE". www.catholicculture.org. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  2. "CHURCH OF ENGLAND—EPISCOPAL SEE OF GIBRALTAR.—QUESTION. (Hansard, 12 August 1876)". api.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  3. "Houses of Benedictine monks: Priory of Little Malvern | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  4. The Church of England, Together in Mission and Ministry (Church House Publishing 1993 ISBN   978-0-71515750-3), p. 103
  5. "Ordinance of William I Separating the Spiritual and Temporal Courts". avalon.law.yale.edu. 1998-12-29. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  6. Saint Augustine, Sermons on the Liturgical Seasons (CUA Press 2010 ISBN   978-0-81321138-1), p. ix
  7. 1 2 Cross, F. L.; Livingstone, E. A., eds. (2009). "see". The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 revised ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780192802903.
  8. For instance, Communiqué of the Ecumenical Patriarchate
  9. "Definition of HOLY SEE". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  10. "Definition of APOSTOLIC SEE". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  11. The United Methodist Book of Discipline, 2018 (special session)