Christian philosophy

Last updated

Christian philosophy is a development in philosophy that is characterised by coming from a Christian tradition.


Hellenistic philosophy and early Christian philosophy

Hellenism is the traditional designation for the Greek culture of the Roman Empire in the days of Jesus, Paul, and for centuries after. Classical philosophies of the Greeks had already expired and diluted beyond recognition except for small bands of continuators of the traditions of the Pythagoreans, of Plato, and Aristotle (whose library was lost for centuries). The new philosophies of the Hellenistic world were those of the Cynics, Skeptics, and increasingly the Stoics. Gradually a more integral and rounded tendency emerged within Hellenism, but also in certain respects in opposition at times to it in regard to one philosophical problem or another, or an ensemble of problems. Thinkers most closely associated with Hellenistic Christian philosophies are:

Medieval Christian philosophy

Renaissance and Reformation Christian philosophy

In most cases, these writers reference something in an earlier philosopher, without adding to the ongoing problem-historical shape of Western philosophical knowledge. Between Calvin, and Arminius, born four years before Calvin's death, a Protestant scholasticism took from various loci and authorities of the Western Middle Ages. It begins already with Luther's colleague Philip Melanchthon, who turned from Luther's sola Scriptura to philosophical theology; but Protestant Scholasticism's Reformed variants are diverse. There were no real alternatives until Herman Dooyeweerd and D. H. Th. Vollenhoven in the last century.

Modern Christian philosophy

17th century

18th century

19th and early 20th century

Contemporary philosophy

See also


  1. Grafton 2011, p. 222.
  2. Runia, David T. (1995). Philo and the Church Fathers: A Collection of Papers. Leiden, Germany: E. J. Brill. p. 118. ISBN   90-04-10355-4.
  3. Pope Benedict XVI 2007, pp. 24–27.
  4. Litfin, Bryan M. (2016) [2007]. Getting to Know the Church Fathers: An Evangelical Introduction. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic. p. unpaginated. ISBN   978-1-4934-0478-0.
  5. Olson 1999, p. 99.
  6. Pasternack, Lawrence; Rossi, Philip (27 November 2017). Zalta, Edward N., ed. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. Retrieved 27 November 2017 via Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  7. Byrne, Peter (2007), Kant on God, London: Ashgate, p. 159
  8. Friedrich Nietzsche (trans. Walter Arnold Kaufmann), The Portable Nietzsche, 1976, p. 96
  9. "Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Swiss-born French philosopher". Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  10. "A NEW CRITIQUE OF THEORETICAL THOUGHT : VOLS I & II" (PDF). Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  11. "A NEW CRITIQUE OF THEORETICAL THOUGHT : VOLS III & IV" (PDF). Retrieved 27 November 2017.

Further reading