Bishop of Rochester
|Cathedral||Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary, Rochester|
The Bishop of Rochester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Rochester in the Province of Canterbury.
The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury.
The Diocese of Rochester is a Church of England diocese in the English county of Kent and the Province of Canterbury. The cathedral church of the diocese is Rochester Cathedral in the former city of Rochester. The bishop's Latin episcopal signature is: "(firstname) Roffen", Roffensis being the genitive case of the Latin name of the see.
The Province of Canterbury, or less formally the Southern Province, is one of two ecclesiastical provinces which constitute the Church of England. The other is the Province of York. It consists of 30 dioceses, covering roughly two-thirds of England, parts of Wales, and the Channel Islands, with the remainder comprising continental Europe.
The town of Rochester has the bishop's seat, at the Cathedral Church of Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary, which was founded as a cathedral in 604. During the late 17th and 18th centuries it was customary for the Bishop of Rochester to also be appointed Dean of Westminster: the practice ended in 1802. The diocese covers two London boroughs and West Kent which includes Medway and Maidstone.
Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England. It is at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London.
Rochester Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary, is an English church of Norman architecture in Rochester, Kent.
The Dean of Westminster is the head of the chapter at Westminster Abbey. Due to the Abbey's status as a Royal Peculiar, the dean answers directly to the British monarch. Initially, the office was a successor to that of abbot of Westminster, and was for the first 10 years cathedral dean for the Diocese of Westminster. The current dean is John Hall.
The bishop's residence is Bishopscourt, Rochester. His Latin episcopal signature is: "(firstname) Roffen",Roffensis being the genitive case of the Latin name of the see. The office was created in AD 604 at the founding of the diocese in the Kingdom of Kent under King Æthelberht.
The Kingdom of the Kentish, today referred to as the Kingdom of Kent, was an early medieval kingdom in what is now South East England. It existed from either the fifth or the sixth century CE until it was fully absorbed into the Kingdom of England in the tenth century.
Æthelberht was King of Kent from about 589 until his death. The eighth-century monk Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, lists him as the third king to hold imperium over other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. In the late ninth century Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, he is referred to as a bretwalda, or "Britain-ruler". He was the first English king to convert to Christianity.
The Diocese of Rochester was historically the oldest and smallest of all the suffragan sees of Canterbury. Founded by St Augustine, who in 604 consecrated St Justus as its first bishop. (After two more Roman bishops, all subsequent bishops until 1066, beginning with Ithamar, were drawn from the Christianised inhabitants of Kent.) The diocesan territory consisted roughly of the western part of Kent, separated from the rest of the county by the River Medway, though the diocesan boundaries did not follow the river very closely. The restricted territory of the diocese meant that it needed only one archdeacon to supervise all 97 parishes.
Augustine of Canterbury was a Benedictine monk who became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 597. He is considered the "Apostle to the English" and a founder of the English Church.
Justus was the fourth Archbishop of Canterbury. He was sent from Italy to England by Pope Gregory the Great, on a mission to Christianize the Anglo-Saxons from their native paganism, probably arriving with the second group of missionaries despatched in 601. Justus became the first Bishop of Rochester in 604, and attended a church council in Paris in 614.
Ithamar was the first bishop in England to be Saxon-born rather than consecrated by the Irish or from among Augustine's Roman missionaries. He was also the first Saxon bishop of Rochester.
From the foundation of the see the Archbishop of Canterbury had enjoyed the privilege of nominating the bishop, but Archbishop Theobald transferred the right to the Benedictine monks of the cathedral, who exercised it for the first time in 1148.
|Pre-Conquest Bishops of Rochester|
|604||624||Justus||Translated to Canterbury.|
|624||624 or 625||Romanus||Drowned in the Mediterranean Sea off Italy|
|624 or 625||633||Seat vacant|
|633||644||Paulinus||Translated from York.|
|bet. 655–664||c. 664||Damianus|
|possibly 669||676||Putta||Resigned. Translated to Hereford.|
|possibly 678||bet. 699–716||Gebmund|
|bet. 765–772||bet. 781–785||Diora|
|bet. 781–785||803 or 804||Waermund (I)|
|bet. 845–868||bet. 845–868||Badenoth|
|bet. 845–868||bet. 845–868||Waermund (II)|
|bet. 845–868||bet. 868–880||Cuthwulf|
|bet. 868–880||bet. 893–896||Swithwulf|
|bet. 893–900||bet. 909–926||Ceolmund|
|bet. 909–926||933 or 934||Cyneferth|
|933 or 934||bet. 946–964||Burgric|
|bet. 946–949||bet. 955–964||Beorhtsige|
|bet. ? – 964||994 or 995||Ælfstan|
|994 or 995||bet. c. 1013 – ?||Godwine (I)|
|bet. c. 1013 – ?||bet. 1046–1058||Godwine (II)|
|Bishops of Rochester (Conquest to Reformation)|
|1076||1077||Arnost||Died in office.|
|1077||1108||Gundulf||Builder of Rochester Castle, the White Tower and Father of the Corps of Royal Engineers. Died in office.|
|1108||1114||Ralph d'Escures||Translated to Canterbury.|
|1114||1124||Ernulf||Died in office.|
|1125||1137||John||Died in office.|
|1139||1142||John II||Died in office.|
|1142||1148||Ascelin||Died in office.|
|1148||1182||Walter||Died in office.|
|1182||1184||Waleran||Died in office.|
|1185||1214||Gilbert Glanvill||Died in office.|
|1215||1226||Benedict of Sausetun||Also recorded as Benedict of Sawston. Died in office.|
|1227||1235||Henry Sandford||Died in office.|
|1235||1250||Richard Wendene||Died in office.|
|1251||1274||Lawrence of St Martin||Died in office.|
|1274||1277||Walter de Merton||Formerly Archdeacon of Bath and Lord Chancellor. Died in office.|
|1278||1283||John Bradfield||Died in office.|
|1283||John Kirkby (bishop-elect)||Elected, but resigned without consecration. Later became Bishop of Ely.|
|1283||1291||Thomas Ingoldsthorpe||Died in office.|
|1292||1317||Thomas Wouldham||Died in office.|
|1353||1360||John Sheppey||Died in office.|
|1362||1364||William Whittlesey||Translated to Worcester.|
|1364||1372||Thomas Trilleck||Died in office.|
|1373||1389||Thomas Brinton||Died in office.|
|1389||1400||William Bottlesham||Also recorded as William Bottisham and Botklisham. Translated from Llandaff. Died in office.|
|1400||1404||John Bottlesham||Died in office.|
|1404||1418||Richard Young||Translated from Bangor. Died in office.|
|1419||1421||John Kemp||Translated to Chichester.|
|1421||1434||John Langdon||Died in office.|
|1435||1436||Thomas Brunce||Translated to Norwich.|
|1437||1444||William Wells||Died in office.|
|1444||1467||John Low||Translated from St Asaph. Died in office.|
|1468||1472||Thomas Rotherham||Also recorded as Thomas Scott. Translated to Lincoln.|
|1472||1476||John Alcock||Translated to Worcester.|
|1476||1480||John Russell||Translated to Lincoln.|
|1480||1492||Edmund Audley||Translated to Hereford.|
|1493||1496||Thomas Savage||Translated to London.|
|1497||1503||Richard FitzJames||Translated to Chichester.|
|Bishops of Rochester during the Reformation|
|1504||1535||John Fisher||Cardinal, martyr and saint. Executed.|
|1535||1539||John Hilsey||Also recorded as John Hildesleigh. Died in office.|
|1540||1544||Nicholas Heath||Translated to Worcester.|
|1544||1547||Henry Holbeach||Translated from Bristol. Afterwards translated to Lincoln.|
|1547||1550||Nicholas Ridley||Translated to London. Martyr. Executed.|
|1550||1551||John Ponet||Also recorded as John Poynet. Translated to Winchester.|
|1551||1552||John Scory||Translated to Chichester.|
|1554||1558||Maurice Griffith||Also recorded Maurice Griffin. Died in office.|
|Post-Reformation Bishops of Rochester|
|1559||Edmund Allen (bishop-elect)||Elected, but died before consecration.|
|1560||1571||Also recorded as Edmund Guest. Translated to Salisbury.|
|1572||1575||Translated to Norwich.|
|1576||1577||Translated to Salisbury.|
|1578||1605||Died in office.|
|1605||1608||Translated to Lincoln.|
|1608||1610||Translated to Lichfield and Coventry.|
|1611||1628||Translated to Ely.|
|1628||1629||Translated to Bath and Wells.|
|1630||1637||Died in office.|
|1638||1646||Deprived when the English episcopate was abolished by Parliament.|
|1646||1660||The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate.|
|1660||1666||Reinstated on the restoration of the episcopate. Died in office.|
|1666||1683||Translated to York.|
|1683||1684||Translated to Ely.|
|1684||1713||Died in office.|
|1723||1731||Translated from Carlisle.|
|1731||1756||Translated from Gloucester. Died in office.|
|1756||1774||Translated from Bangor. Died in office.|
|1774||1793||Died in office.|
|1793||1802||Translated from St David's. Afterwards translated to St Asaph.|
|1802||1808||Translated to Ely.|
|1809||1827||Died in office.|
|1827||Translated to Carlisle.|
|1827||1860||Translated from Sodor and Man. Died in office.|
|1860||1867||Died in office.|
|1867||1877||Translated to St Albans.|
|1877||1891||Translated to Winchester.|
|1891||1895||Translated to Winchester.|
|1895||1905||Translated to Southwark.|
|1905||1930||Translated from Adelaide. Retired.|
|1930||1939||Translated from Hereford. Retired.|
|1988||1994||Translated to Durham|
|2010||incumbent||Translated from Lynn|
Among those who called Assistant Bishop of Rochester, or coadjutor bishop, were:
A coadjutor bishop is a bishop in the Catholic, Anglican, and (historically) Eastern Orthodox churches whose main role is to assist the diocesan bishop in the administration of the diocese. The coadjutor is a bishop himself, although he is also appointed as vicar general. The coadjutor bishop is, however, given authority beyond that ordinarily given to the vicar general, making him co-head of the diocese in all but ceremonial precedence. In modern times, the coadjutor automatically succeeds the diocesan bishop upon the latter's retirement, removal, or death.
The Bishop of Norwich is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Norwich in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers most of the county of Norfolk and part of Suffolk. The Bishop-elect of Norwich is Graham Usher.
The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.
William de Wickwane was Archbishop of York, between the years 1279 and 1285.
John of Sittingbourne was Archbishop of Canterbury-elect in 1232.
The Archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury. The archbishop is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of York and the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York, which covers the northern regions of England as well as the Isle of Man. The Archbishop of York is an ex officio member of the House of Lords and is styled Primate of England.
The Bishop of Worcester is the head of the Church of England Diocese of Worcester in the Province of Canterbury, England.
The Bishop of Hereford is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Hereford in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England. The bishop's seat (cathedra) is at Winchester Cathedral in Hampshire.
The Bishop of Ely is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Ely in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese roughly covers the county of Cambridgeshire, together with a section of north-west Norfolk and has its episcopal see in the City of Ely, Cambridgeshire, where the seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity. The current bishop is Stephen Conway, who signs +Stephen Elien:. The diocesan bishops resided at the Bishop's Palace, Ely until 1941; they now reside in Bishop's House, the former cathedral deanery. Conway became Bishop of Ely in 2010, translated from the Diocese of Salisbury where he was Bishop suffragan of Ramsbury.
The Dean of York is the member of the clergy who is responsible for the running of the York Minster cathedral. As well as being the head of the cathedral church of the diocese and the metropolitical church of the province, the Dean of York holds preeminence as the Vicar of the Northern Province.
William Langton was a medieval English priest and nephew of Archbishop Walter de Gray. William was selected but never consecrated as Archbishop of York and Bishop of Carlisle.
William of Bitton was a medieval Bishop of Bath and Wells.
John Climping was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.
Gilbert de St Leonard was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.
Ralph Walpole was a medieval Bishop of Norwich and Bishop of Ely.
Richard of Gravesend was a medieval Bishop of Lincoln.
John Dalderby was a medieval Bishop of Lincoln.
John Salmon was a medieval Bishop of Norwich.
Thomas Trilleck was a medieval Bishop of Rochester.
Charles Booth, D.C.L. was a sixteenth-century clergyman who served as the Bishop of Hereford from 1516 to 1535.