Bishop of Winchester
Arms of the Bishop of Winchester
|Established||634 (at Dorchester)|
660 (translated to Winchester)
|Cathedral|| Winchester Cathedral (since 660)|
The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England. The bishop's seat ( cathedra ) is at Winchester Cathedral in Hampshire. During the Middle Ages, it was one of the wealthiest English sees, and its bishops have included a number of politically prominent Englishmen, notably the 9th century Saint Swithun and medieval magnates including William of Wykeham and Henry of Blois.
The Bishop of Winchester is appointed by the Crown, and is one of five Church of England bishops who sit ex officio among the 26 Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords, regardless of their length of service.
The Diocese of Winchester is one of the oldest and most important in England. Originally it was the episcopal see of the kingdom of Wessex or the West Saxons, with its cathedra at Dorchester Cathedral under Saints Birinus and Agilbert. The cathedral at Dorchester was founded in AD 634 by Birinius, a Roman missionary. The see was transferred to Winchester in AD 660.
Winchester was divided in AD 909, with Wiltshire and Berkshire transferring to the new See of Ramsbury. Nevertheless, the domains of the Bishop of Winchester ran from the south coast to the south bank of the River Thames at Southwark, where the bishop had one of his palaces, making it one of the largest as well as one of the richest sees in the land. In more modern times, the former extent of the Diocese of Winchester was reduced by the formation of a new diocese of Southwark in south London, a new diocese of Guildford in Surrey and a new diocese of Portsmouth in Hampshire. The most recent loss of territory was in 2014 when the Channel Islands were removed from the diocese of Winchester after a dispute with Bishop Tim Dakin led to a breakdown in relations. However, this arrangement is expressed to be an interim one and will not necessarily become permanent. The Channel Islands remain part of the Diocese of Winchester effectively under a scheme of episcopal delegation. The Bishop of Winchester delegated his episcopal authority in relation to the Channel Islands to the Archbishop of Canterbury who in turn placed the Channel Islands under the pastoral supervision of the Bishop of Dover. The Channel Islands have not[ verification needed ] been transferred to and incorporated within another diocese.
Traditionally, in the general order of precedence before 1533, the Bishop of Winchester was given precedence over all other diocesan bishops - that is, the first English bishop in rank behind the archbishops of Canterbury and York. But in 1533, Henry VIII of England raised the rank of the Bishop of London and the Bishop of Durham, relegating Winchester to third (but still above other remaining diocesan bishops). The Bishop of Winchester has almost always (that is, except during the period of the Commonwealth until the Restoration of the Monarchy) held the office of Prelate of the Order of the Garter since its foundation in 1348.
The Report of the Commissioners appointed by his Majesty to inquire into the Ecclesiastical Revenues of England and Wales (1835) found the Winchester see was the third wealthiest in England, after Canterbury and London, with an annual net income of £11,151.
The official residence of the Bishop of Winchester is Wolvesey Palace in Winchester. Other historic homes of the bishops included Farnham Castle, Bishop’s Waltham Palace and a town residence at Winchester Palace in Southwark, Surrey (now London). The bishop is the visitor to five Oxford colleges, including New College and St John's College.
The current Bishop of Winchester, Tim Dakin, was enthroned on 21 April 2012, having been elected on 14 October 2011. He was consecrated as a bishop at St Paul's Cathedral, London, on 25 January 2012.
|Bishops of Dorchester|
|634||c. 650||Birinus||Sent from Rome by the pope, founded missionary diocese; Saint Birinius|
|c. 650||c. 660||Agilbert||Resigned.|
|Bishops of Winchester|
|660||663||Wine||also had his See at Dorchester|
|betw. 759–778||betw. 759–778||Æthelheard|
|betw. 759–778||betw. 781–785||Ecgbald|
|betw. 781–785||betw. 781–785||Dudd|
|betw. 781–785||betw. 801–803||Cyneberht|
|betw. 801–803||betw. 805–814||Ealhmund|
|before 825||836||Herefrith||Never attests without Wigthegn.|
|838 or 839||betw. 844–853||Helmstan|
|852 or 853||betw. 862–865||Swithun||Canonized. Patron saint of Winchester.|
|betw. 862–867||betw. 871–877||Ealhferth|
|betw. 871–877||878 or 879||Tunbeorht|
|878 or 879||908||Denewulf|
|909||932 or 933||Frithestan||Canonized|
|934 or 935||951||Ælfheah (I)|
|951||959||Ælfsige (I)||Translated to Canterbury|
|960||963||Beorhthelm||Possibly translated from Selsey|
|984||1006||Ælfheah (II)||Translated to Canterbury. Canonized.|
|1047||1070||Stigand||Translated from Elmham. Held Winchester with Canterbury 1052–1070.|
|Footnote(s): and Source(s):|
|1129||1171||Henry of Blois|
|1173||1188||Richard of Ilchester|
|1189||1204||Godfrey de Luci|
|1205||(Richard Poore)||Election quashed|
|1205||1238||Peter des Roches|
|1238||1239||(Ralph Neville)||Election quashed|
|1240||1250||William de Raley||Translated from Norwich|
|1250||1260||Aymer de Valence|
|1261||1262||(Andrew of London)||Election quashed|
|1261||1262||(William de Taunton)||Election quashed|
|1268||1280||Nicholas of Ely|
|1280||(Robert Burnell)||Election quashed June 1280.|
|1280||1282||(Richard de la More)||Never consecrated, resigned June 1282.|
|1282||1304||John of Pontoise|
|1319||1323||Rigaud of Assier|
|1323||1333||John de Stratford||Translated to Canterbury|
|1333||1345||Adam Orleton||Translated from Worcester|
|1366||1404||William of Wykeham|
|1404||1447||Cardinal Henry Beaufort||Translated from Lincoln; Appointed Cardinal by Pope Martin V; The Bishop of Winchester in Shakespeare's First Part of Henry the Sixth |
|1487||1492||Peter Courtenay||Translated from Exeter|
|1493||1501||Thomas Langton||Translated from Salisbury|
|1501||1528||Richard Foxe||Translated from Durham|
|1529||1530||Cardinal Thomas Wolsey||Archbishop of York. Held in commendam the see of Winchester.|
|1531||1551||Stephen Gardiner (1st tenure)|
|1551||1553||John Ponet||Translated from Rochester|
|1553||1555||Stephen Gardiner (2nd tenure)|
|1556||1559||John White||Translated from Lincoln|
|1584||1594||Translated from Lincoln|
|1594||1595||Translated from Lincoln|
|1597||1616||Translated from Worcester|
|1616||1618||Translated from Bath and Wells|
|1618||1626||Translated from Ely|
|1627||1632||Translated from Durham, later translated to York|
|1632||1646||Translated from Bath and Wells. Deprived 1646, and died 1647.|
|1646||1660||The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate .|
|1660||1662||Translated from Salisbury|
|1662||1684||Translated from Worcester|
|1684||1706||Translated from Bath and Wells|
|1707||1721||Translated from Exeter|
|1721||1723||Translated from Norwich|
|1723||1734||Translated from Salisbury|
|1734||1761||Translated from Salisbury|
|1761||1781||Translated from Salisbury|
|1781||1820||Translated from Worcester|
|1820||1827||Translated from Lincoln|
|1827||1869||Translated from Llandaff|
|1869||1873||Translated from Oxford|
|1873||1891||Translated from Ely|
|1891||1895||Translated from Rochester|
|1895||1903||Translated from Rochester, later translated to Canterbury|
|1903||1911||Translated from Exeter|
|1911||1923||Translated from Southwark|
|1923||1932||Translated from Peterborough|
|1932||1942||Translated from Southwark, later translated to York|
|1942||1952||Translated from Coventry|
|1952||1961||Translated from Durham|
|1961||1975||Translated from Chelmsford|
|1985||1995||Translated from Wakefield|
|1995||2011||Translated from Stafford|
Among those who have served as assistant bishops of the diocese are:
Thomas Langton was chaplain to King Edward IV, before becoming successively Bishop of St David's, Bishop of Salisbury, Bishop of Winchester, and Archbishop-elect of Canterbury.
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Seffrid II was an English cleric who served as a medieval Bishop of Chichester.
Ralph Walpole was a medieval Bishop of Norwich and Bishop of Ely.
Thomas Peverel was a medieval prelate who was successively bishop of Ossory, Llandaff, and Worcester.
James Blakedon O.P., D.Th. was a medieval prelate who served as Bishop of Achonry from 1442 to 1453, then Bishop of Bangor from 1453 to 1464.
James Bowstead (1801–1843) was an Anglican clergyman who served in the Church of England as the Bishop of Sodor and Man (1838–1840) and Bishop of Lichfield (1840–1843).
Charles Booth, D.C.L. was a sixteenth-century clergyman who served as the Bishop of Hereford from 1516 to 1535.