Bishop of Winchester
Acting: Debbie Sellin, Bishop of Southampton
Archbishop's Commissary: Richard Frith
|Established||634 (at Dorchester)|
660 (translated to Winchester)
|Cathedral|| Winchester Cathedral (since 660)|
The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England. The bishop's seat ( cathedra ) is at Winchester Cathedral in Hampshire. The Bishop of Winchester has always held ex officio (except during the period of the Commonwealth until the Restoration of the Monarchy) the office of Prelate of the Most Noble Order of the Garter since its foundation in 1348,and Bishops of Winchester often held the positions of Lord Treasurer and Lord Chancellor ex officio . During the Middle Ages, it was one of the wealthiest English sees, and its bishops have included a number of politically prominent Englishmen, notably the 9th century Saint Swithun and medieval magnates including William of Wykeham and Henry of Blois.
The Bishop of Winchester is appointed by the Crown, and is one of five Church of England bishops who sit ex officio among the 26 Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords, regardless of their length of service.
The Diocese of Winchester is one of the oldest and most important in England. Originally it was the episcopal see of the kingdom of Wessex or the West Saxons, with its cathedra at Dorchester Cathedral near Oxford under Saints Birinus and Agilbert. The cathedral at Dorchester was founded in AD 634 by Birinius, a Roman missionary. The see was transferred to Winchester in AD 660.
Winchester was divided in AD 909, with Wiltshire and Berkshire transferring to the new See of Ramsbury. Nevertheless, the domains of the Bishop of Winchester ran from the south coast to the south bank of the River Thames at Southwark, where the bishop had one of his palaces, making it one of the largest as well as one of the richest sees in the land. In more modern times, the former extent of the Diocese of Winchester was reduced by the formation of a new diocese of Southwark in south London, [ verification needed ] been transferred to and incorporated within another diocese.a new diocese of Guildford in Surrey and a new diocese of Portsmouth in Hampshire. The most recent loss of territory was in 2014 when the Channel Islands were removed from the diocese of Winchester after a dispute with Bishop Tim Dakin led to a breakdown in relations. However, this arrangement is expressed to be an interim one and will not necessarily become permanent. The Channel Islands remain part of the Diocese of Winchester effectively under a scheme of episcopal delegation. The Bishop of Winchester delegated his episcopal authority in relation to the Channel Islands to the Archbishop of Canterbury who in turn placed the Channel Islands under the pastoral supervision of the Bishop of Dover. The Channel Islands have not
Traditionally, in the general order of precedence before 1533, the Bishop of Winchester was given precedence over all other diocesan bishops - that is, the first English bishop in rank behind the archbishops of Canterbury and York. But in 1533, Henry VIII of England raised the rank of the Bishop of London and the Bishop of Durham, relegating Winchester to third (but still above other remaining diocesan bishops).[ citation needed ] The order of precedence was implicitly recognised by the Bishoprics Act 1878.
The Report of the Commissioners appointed by his Majesty to inquire into the Ecclesiastical Revenues of England and Wales (1835) found the Winchester see was the third wealthiest in England, after Canterbury and London, with an annual net income of £11,151.
The official residence of the Bishop of Winchester is Wolvesey Palace in Winchester. Other historic homes of the bishops included Farnham Castle, Bishop's Waltham Palace and a town residence at Winchester Palace in Southwark, Surrey (now London). The bishop is the visitor to five Oxford colleges, namely Magdalen College, New College, St John's College, Trinity College, and Corpus Christi College.
The most recent bishop of Winchester, Tim Dakin, was enthroned on 21 April 2012, having been elected on 14 October 2011. He was consecrated as a bishop at St Paul's Cathedral, London, on 25 January 2012. On 20 May 2021, it was reported that Dakin had "stepped back" as diocesan bishop for six weeks, in light of the threat of a diocesan synod motion of no confidence in his leadership. David Williams, Bishop of Basingstoke, also "stepped back" and Debbie Sellin, Bishop of Southampton, served as acting diocesan bishop.Dakin's leave was later extended to the end of August 2021. He retired on 6 February 2022. A new bishop is to be appointed; Debbie Sellin continues as acting diocesan bishop during the vacancy, with retired bishop Richard Frith serving as the Archbishop's Episcopal Commissary in the diocese.
|Bishops of Dorchester|
|634||c. 650||Birinus||Sent from Rome by the pope, founded missionary diocese; Saint Birinius|
|c. 650||c. 660||Agilbert||Resigned.|
|Bishops of Winchester|
|660||663||Wine||also had his See at Dorchester|
|betw. 759–778||betw. 759–778||Æthelheard|
|betw. 759–778||betw. 781–785||Ecgbald|
|betw. 781–785||betw. 781–785||Dudd|
|betw. 781–785||betw. 801–803||Cyneberht|
|betw. 801–803||betw. 805–814||Ealhmund|
|before 825||836||Herefrith||Never attests without Wigthegn.|
|838 or 839||betw. 844–853||Helmstan|
|852 or 853||betw. 862–865||Swithun||Canonized. Patron saint of Winchester.|
|betw. 862–867||betw. 871–877||Ealhferth|
|betw. 871–877||878 or 879||Tunbeorht|
|878 or 879||908||Denewulf|
|909||932 or 933||Frithestan||Canonized|
|934 or 935||951||Ælfheah (I)|
|951||959||Ælfsige (I)||Translated to Canterbury|
|960||963||Beorhthelm||Possibly translated from Selsey|
|984||1006||Ælfheah (II)||Translated to Canterbury. Canonized.|
|1047||1070||Stigand||Translated from Elmham. Held Winchester with Canterbury 1052–1070.|
|Footnote(s): and Source(s):|
|1129||1171||Henry of Blois|
|1173||1188||Richard of Ilchester|
|1189||1204||Godfrey de Luci|
|1205||(Richard Poore)||Election quashed|
|1205||1238||Peter des Roches|
|1238||1239||(Ralph Neville)||Election quashed|
|1240||1250||William de Raley||Translated from Norwich|
|1250||1260||Aymer de Valence|
|1261||1262||(Andrew of London)||Election quashed|
|1261||1262||(William de Taunton)||Election quashed|
|1268||1280||Nicholas of Ely|
|1280||(Robert Burnell)||Election quashed June 1280.|
|1280||1282||(Richard de la More)||Never consecrated, resigned June 1282.|
|1282||1304||John of Pontoise|
|1319||1323||Rigaud of Assier|
|1323||1333||John de Stratford||Translated to Canterbury|
|1333||1345||Adam Orleton||Translated from Worcester|
|1366||1404||William of Wykeham|
|1404||1447||Cardinal Henry Beaufort||Translated from Lincoln; Appointed Cardinal by Pope Martin V; The Bishop of Winchester in Shakespeare's First Part of Henry the Sixth |
|1487||1492||Peter Courtenay||Translated from Exeter|
|1493||1501||Thomas Langton||Translated from Salisbury|
|1501||1528||Richard Foxe||Translated from Durham|
|1529||1530||Cardinal Thomas Wolsey||Archbishop of York. Held in commendam the see of Winchester.|
|1531||1551||Stephen Gardiner (1st tenure)|
|1551||1553||John Ponet||Translated from Rochester|
|1553||1555||Stephen Gardiner (2nd tenure)|
|1556||1559||John White||Translated from Lincoln|
|1584||1594||Thomas Cooper||Translated from Lincoln|
|1594||1595||William Wickham||Translated from Lincoln|
|1597||1616||Thomas Bilson||Translated from Worcester|
|1616||1618||James Montague||Translated from Bath and Wells|
|1618||1626||Lancelot Andrewes||Translated from Ely|
|1627||1632||Richard Neile||Translated from Durham, later translated to York|
|1632||1646||Walter Curle||Translated from Bath and Wells. Deprived 1646, and died 1647.|
|1646||1660||The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate .|
|1660||1662||Brian Duppa||Translated from Salisbury|
|1662||1684||George Morley||Translated from Worcester|
|1684||1706||Peter Mews||Translated from Bath and Wells|
|1707||1721||Sir Jonathan Trelawny||Translated from Exeter|
|1721||1723||Charles Trimnell||Translated from Norwich|
|1723||1734||Richard Willis||Translated from Salisbury|
|1734||1761||Benjamin Hoadly||Translated from Salisbury|
|1761||1781||John Thomas||Translated from Salisbury|
|1781||1820||Brownlow North||Translated from Worcester|
|1820||1827||Sir George Pretyman Tomline, Bt.||Translated from Lincoln|
|1827||1869||Charles Sumner||Translated from Llandaff|
|1869||1873||Samuel Wilberforce||Translated from Oxford|
|1873||1891||Harold Browne||Translated from Ely|
|1891||1895||Anthony Thorold||Translated from Rochester|
|1895||1903||Randall Davidson||Translated from Rochester, later translated to Canterbury|
|1903||1911||Herbert Edward Ryle||Translated from Exeter|
|1911||1923||Edward Talbot||Translated from Southwark|
|1923||1932||Theodore Woods||Translated from Peterborough|
|1932||1942||Cyril Garbett||Translated from Southwark, later translated to York|
|1942||1952||Mervyn Haigh||Translated from Coventry|
|1952||1961||Alwyn Williams||Translated from Durham|
|1961||1975||Falkner Allison||Translated from Chelmsford|
|1985||1995||Colin James||Translated from Wakefield|
|1995||2011||Michael Scott-Joynt||Translated from Stafford|
|2022|| Debbie Sellin , Bishop of Southampton (acting)|
Richard Frith , Archbishop's Episcopal Commissary
former Bishop of Hereford
Among those who have served as assistant bishops of the diocese are:
Thomas Langton was chaplain to King Edward IV, before becoming successively Bishop of St David's, Bishop of Salisbury, Bishop of Winchester, and Archbishop-elect of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Norwich is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Norwich in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers most of the county of Norfolk and part of Suffolk. The bishop of Norwich is Graham Usher.
The Bishop of Llandaff is the ordinary of the Church in Wales Diocese of Llandaff.
The bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury. By custom the Bishop is also Dean of the Chapel Royal since 1723.
The Bishop of Exeter is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Exeter in the Province of Canterbury. Since 30 April 2014 the ordinary has been Robert Atwell.
The Bishop of Bath and Wells heads the Church of England Diocese of Bath and Wells in the Province of Canterbury in England.
Lawrence Booth served as Prince-Bishop of Durham and Lord Chancellor of England, before being appointed Archbishop of York.
The archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the archbishop of Canterbury. The archbishop is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of York and the metropolitan bishop of the province of York, which covers the northern regions of England as well as the Isle of Man.
The Bishop of Worcester is the head of the Church of England Diocese of Worcester in the Province of Canterbury, England.
The Bishop of Chichester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chichester in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers the counties of East and West Sussex. The see is based in the City of Chichester where the bishop's seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity. On 3 May 2012 the appointment was announced of Martin Warner, Bishop of Whitby, as the next Bishop of Chichester. His enthronement took place on 25 November 2012 in Chichester Cathedral.
The Bishop of Rochester is the ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese of Rochester in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Salisbury is the ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese of Salisbury in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers much of the counties of Wiltshire and Dorset. The see is in the City of Salisbury where the bishop's seat is in the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The current bishop is Stephen Lake.
The Bishop of Lincoln is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Lincoln in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Ely is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Ely in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese roughly covers the county of Cambridgeshire, together with a section of north-west Norfolk and has its episcopal see in the City of Ely, Isle of Ely in Cambridgeshire, where the seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity. The current bishop is Stephen Conway, who signs +Stephen Elien:. The diocesan bishops resided at the Bishop's Palace, Ely until 1941; they now reside in Bishop's House, the former cathedral deanery. Conway became Bishop of Ely in 2010, translated from the Diocese of Salisbury where he was Bishop suffragan of Ramsbury.
The Bishop of Gloucester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Gloucester in the Province of Canterbury.
The Archdeacon of Canterbury is a senior office-holder in the Diocese of Canterbury. Like other archdeacons, he or she is an administrator in the diocese at large and is a Canon Residentiary of the cathedral.
Richard Swinefield was a medieval Bishop of Hereford, England. He graduated doctor of divinity before holding a number of ecclesiastical offices, including that of Archdeacon of London. As a bishop, he dedicated considerable efforts to securing the canonisation of Thomas de Cantilupe, his predecessor, for whom he had worked during his lifetime. Active in his diocese, he devoted little time to politics. He was buried in Hereford Cathedral where a memorial to his memory still stands.
The Archdeaconry of Surrey is the ecclesiastical officer in charge of the archdeaconry of Surrey, a subdivision of the Church of England Diocese of Guildford in the Province of Canterbury.
Charles Booth, D.C.L. was a sixteenth-century clergyman who served as the Bishop of Hereford from 1516 to 1535.