Bishop of Chichester

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Bishop of Chichester
Bishopric
anglican
Arms displayed by Richard Poore, Bishop of Chichester, at the signing of Magna Charta.png
Arms of the Bishop of Chichester: Azure, Our Blessed Lord in judgement seated on His throne His right hand upraised or His left hand holding an open book proper and out of His mouth a two-edged sword point to the sinister gules [1] )
Incumbent:
Martin Warner
Location
Ecclesiastical province Canterbury
ResidenceThe Palace, Chichester
Information
First holder Wilfrid (as Bishop of Selsey)
Stigand (as Bishop of Chichester)
Established681 (founded at Selsey)
1075 (translated to Chichester)
Diocese Chichester
Cathedral Chichester Cathedral (since 1075)
Selsey Abbey (681–1075)

The Bishop of Chichester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chichester in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers the counties of East and West Sussex. The see is based in the City of Chichester where the bishop's seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity. On 3 May 2012 the appointment was announced of Martin Warner, Bishop of Whitby, as the next Bishop of Chichester. [2] His enthronement took place on 25 November 2012 in Chichester Cathedral.

Contents

The bishop's residence is The Palace, Chichester. Since 2015, Warner has also fulfilled the diocesan-wide role of alternative episcopal oversight, following the decision by Mark Sowerby, then Bishop of Horsham, to recognise the orders of priests and bishops who are women.

Between 1984 and 2013, the Bishop of Chichester, in addition to being the diocesan bishop, also had specific oversight of the Chichester Episcopal Area (the then Archdeaconry of Chichester), which covered the coastal region of West Sussex along with Brighton and Hove.

Earliest history at Selsey

The episcopal see at Selsey was founded by Saint Wilfrid, formerly Bishop of the Northumbrians, for the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Sussex in the late 7th century. He was granted land by Æthelwealh of Sussex to build a cathedral at Selsey. However, shortly afterwards Cædwalla of Wessex conquered the Kingdom of Sussex, but he confirmed the grant to Wilfrid. The bishop's seat was located at Selsey Abbey. Nine years after the Norman conquest, in 1075, the Council of London enacted that episcopal sees should be removed to cities or larger towns. Accordingly, the see at Selsey was removed to Chichester. Some sources claim that Stigand, the last Bishop of Selsey, continued to use the title Bishop of Selsey until 1082, before adopting the new title Bishop of Chichester, indicating that the transfer took several years to complete. [3]

England diocese map pre-925.svg
850—925
England diocese map post 950.svg
950—1035
The dioceses of Anglo-Saxon England 850—1035

List of bishops

Bishops of Selsey
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
 ? 681 ? 685Saint Wilfrid Founder of the see; status as bishop of this see disputed; previously ejected from York; later Bishop of Leicester then of Hexham.
c. 685c. 706See absorbed by Winchester diocese, after Wessex conquered Sussex under Cædwalla.
 ? betw. 706–716betw. 716–731 Eadberht Also recorded as Eadbeorht, Eadbertus; previously Abbot of Selsey Abbey; often deemed first bishop of this see; died in office.
betw. 716–731betw. 716–731 Eolla Died in office.
betw. 716–731733See vacant
733betw. 747–765 Sigeferth Also recorded as Sigelmus, Sigfridus, Sigga, Siggca, Sicgga ; died in office.
betw. 747–765betw. 772–780 Aluberht Also recorded as Ealabeorht, Alubrithus, Alubertus; died in office.
betw. 747–765betw. 772–780 Oswald Also recorded as Osweald, Osa; died in office.
betw. 772–780betw. 781–787 Gislhere Also recorded as Giselherus; died in office.
betw. 781–787betw. 786–789 Tota Died in office.
betw. 787–789betw. 805–811 Wihthun Died in office.
betw. 805–811betw. 816–824 Æthelwulf Also recorded as Ethelulphus; died in office.
betw. 816–824betw. 839–845 Cynered Also recorded as Coenred, Coenredus; died in office.
betw. 839–845aft. 860 Guthheard Also recorded as Guthard, Guðheard; left office.
aft. 860bef. 900See possibly vacant
bef. 900c. 909, or betw. 909–925 Wighelm Died in office.
c. 909, or betw. 909–925930 or 931 Beornheah Also recorded as Beornegus; died in office; in Heylyn is placed between Ethelulphus and Coenredus. [4]
930 or 931betw. 940–943 Wulfhun Omitted in Heylyn; [4] died in office.
betw. 940–943betw. 953–956 Ælfred Also recorded as Alfredus; died in office.
betw. 953–956betw. 956–963 Brihthelm Sometimes identified with Beorhthelm of Winchester; either died in office or translated to Winchester.
betw. 956–963979 or 980 Eadhelm Died in office.
980988 Æthelgar Translated to Canterbury.
betw. 988–990betw. 1007–1009 Ordbriht Died in office.
betw. 1007–10111031 or 1032 Ælfmær Died in office.
1032 or 10331038 Æthelric (I)Died in office.
10391047 Grimketel Also recorded as Grimcytel (also Grimkell in Scandinavian sources); listed as Bishop of Elmham for 1043 as well; died in office.
10471057 Heca Died in office.
10581070 Æthelric (II)Also recorded as Ethelric; deposed and imprisoned by William the Conqueror.
1070c.1075 Stigand See moved to Chichester by decree of the Council of London (1075), Stigand was the last Bishop of Selsey and first Bishop of Chichester.
Pre-Reformation Bishops of Chichester
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
c.10751087Stigand of SelseyHitherto Bishop of Selsey; died in office.
10881088 Godfrey Some sources cite William as bishop. [5] Godfrey; died in office.
10911123 Ralph de Luffa Radulphus; died in office.
11251145 Seffrid (I)Seffridus Pelochin; also Abbot of Glastonbury; deprived.
11471169 Hilary Date of consecration sometimes given as 1133; previously unsuccessfully nominated for York; died in office.
11691173See vacant
11731180 John of Greenford John de Greenford; previously Dean of Chichester; died in office.
11801204 Seffrid (II)Seffridus; died in office.
12041207 Simon of Wells Simon Sutwell, Simon FitzRobert, Simon de Camera; died in office.
12091214 Nicholas de Aquila Gilbert de l'Aigle; Dean of Chichester; election quashed.
12151217 Richard Poore Previously Dean of Salisbury; translated to Salisbury then Durham.
12171222 Ranulf of Wareham Ralph de Warham; previously Prior of Norwich; died in office.
12241244 Ralph Neville Also Lord Chancellor; elected to Canterbury but rejected by Pope Innocent IV; also unsuccessfully elected to Winchester; died in office.
1244 Robert Passelewe Archdeacon of Lewes; Henry III's favoured candidate; election declared void by Pope Innocent IV.
12441253Saint Richard Richard de Wych; Archbishop Boniface's favoured candidate; election confirmed by Pope Innocent IV; died in office.
12531262 John Climping John of Arundel; previously Chancellor of Chichester; died in office.
12621287 Stephen Bersted Stephen of Pagham; died in office.
12881305 Gilbert of St Leonard Gilbert de Sancto Leofardo; previously Treasurer of Chichester; died in office.
13051337 John Langton Also Lord Chancellor; previous election to Ely quashed; died in office.
13371362 Robert de Stratford Previously Archdeacon of Canterbury; also Lord Chancellor and Chancellor of Oxford; died in office.
13621368 William Lenn William Lullimore; previously Dean of Chichester; translated to Worcester.
13691385 William Reade Previously Archdeacon of Rochester; died in office.
13861389 Thomas Rushhook Thomas Rushocke; translated from Llandaff; exiled to Breifne.
13901395 Richard Mitford Previously unsuccessfully elected to St David's; also Lord Treasurer of Ireland; translated to Salisbury.
13951396 Robert Waldby Translated from Dublin; translated to York.
13961415 Robert Reed Translated from Carlisle; died in office.
1417 Stephen Patrington Translated from St David's; died immediately after appointment.
14181420 Henry Ware Previously official to the Archbishop of Canterbury; died in office.
14211421 John Kemp Translated from Rochester; translated to London.
14211426 Thomas Polton Thomas Pulton; translated from Hereford; translated to Worcester.
14261429 John Rickingale Chancellor of York; died in office.
1429 Thomas Brunce Thomas Brouns; election quashed; later Bishop of Rochester then of Norwich.
14301438 Simon Sydenham Simon Sidenham; died in office.
14381445 Richard Praty Richard Pratty; also Chancellor of Oxford.
14461450 Adam Moleyns Adam Molins; previously Dean of Salisbury; also Lord Privy Seal; died in office.
14501459 Reginald Pecock Reginald Peacock; translated from St Asaph; deprived for heresy.
14591477 John Arundel Previously Archdeacon of Richmond.
14781503 Edward Story Translated from Carlisle.
15031506 Richard FitzJames Translated from Rochester; translated to London.
15081536 Robert Sherborne Robert Sherburne; translated from St David's; resigned shortly before his death.
Bishops of Chichester during the Reformation
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
15361543 Richard Sampson Previously Dean of Lichfield; also Dean of St Paul's; translated to Lichfield & Coventry.
15431551 George Day Provost of King's College, Cambridge; deprived by Edward VI.
15521553 John Scory Translated from Rochester; deprived by Mary I; later Bishop of Hereford.
15531556George Day(restored)Restored by Mary I; died in office.
15571558 John Christopherson Previously Dean of Norwich; died in office.
Post-Reformation Bishops of Chichester
FromUntilIncumbentNotes
15591568 No image.svg William Barlow Marian exile; had resigned Bath and Wells (being married); died in office.
15701582 No image.svg Richard Curteys Richard Curtis; died in office.
15821586See vacant
15861596 Bp Thomas Bickley.jpg Thomas Bickley Previously Warden of Merton College, Oxford.
15961605 No image.svg Anthony Watson Previously Lord High Almoner; also Dean of Bristol 1590–1598; died in office.
16051609 Lancelot Andrewes Pembroke.jpg Lancelot Andrewes Previously Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge; translated to Ely then Winchester.
16091619 Harsnett crop.png Samuel Harsnett Previously Archdeacon of Essex; translated to Norwich then York.
16191628 GeorgeCarleton.jpg George Carleton Translated from Llandaff; died in office.
16281638 No image.svg Richard Montagu Previously Archdeacon of Hereford; translated to Norwich.
16381641 BrianDuppa.jpg Brian Duppa Previously Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; translated to Salisbury.
16421646 Dr Henry King, Bp of Chichester.jpg Henry King Previously Dean of Rochester; deprived of the see when the English episcopy was abolished by Parliament on 9 October 1646.
16461660The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate. [6] [7]
16601669 Dr Henry King, Bp of Chichester.jpg Henry King(restored)Reinstated on the restoration of the episcopacy; died in office.
16701675 Bp Peter Gunning.jpg Peter Gunning Previously Master of St John's College, Cambridge; also Regius Professor of Divinity 1661–1674; translated to Ely.
16751678 No image.svg Ralph Brideoake Previously Dean of Salisbury; died in office.
16791685 No image.svg Guy Carleton Translated from Bristol; died in office.
16851689 BishopJohnLake.jpg John Lake Translated from Bristol; deprived as a non-juror.
16891691 Bp Simon Patrick.jpg Simon Patrick Previously Dean of Peterborough; translated to Ely.
16911696 Bp Robert Grove.jpg Robert Grove Previously Archdeacon of Middlesex; died in office.
16961709 John Williams, Bp Chichester.jpg John Williams Died in office.
17091722 No image.svg Thomas Manningham Previously Dean of Windsor; died in office.
17221724 No image.svg Thomas Bowers Also Archdeacon of Canterbury since 1721.
17241731 Bp Edward Waddington.jpg Edward Waddington Died in office.
17311740 No image.svg Francis Hare Translated from St Asaph.
17401754 Bp Matthias Mawson.jpg Matthias Mawson Translated from Llandaff; translated to Ely.
17541797 Portrait of right revd. Sir Wm. Ashburnham (4672390).jpg Sir William Ashburnham, Bt. Previously Dean of Chichester.
17981824 John Buckner by Samuel William Reynolds, after James Northcote.jpg John Buckner Sometime Rector of St Giles, London; died in office.
18241831 Robert James Carr.jpg Robert Carr Previously Dean of Hereford; translated to Worcester.
18311836 Edward Maltby.jpg Edward Maltby Translated to Durham.
18361840 Williamotter.jpg William Otter Previously Principal of King's College, London; died in office.
18401842 Bp Philip Shuttleworth.jpg Philip Shuttleworth Previously Warden of New College, Oxford; died in office.
18421870 Bp Ashurst Gilbert.jpg Ashurst Gilbert Previously Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford; died in office.
18701895 Bp Richard Durnford.jpg Richard Durnford Previously Archdeacon of Manchester; died in office.
18961907 ERWilberforce.JPG Ernest Wilberforce Translated from Newcastle; died in office.
19081919 No image.svg Charles Ridgeway Previously Dean of Carlisle.
19191929 Winfrid O Burrows, Bp Truro.jpg Winfrid Burrows Translated from Truro; died in office.
19291958 George Bell 1931 cropped.jpg George Bell Previously Dean of Canterbury; died in office.
19581974 No image.svg Roger Wilson Translated from Wakefield; retired.
19742001 No image.svg Eric Kemp Previously Dean of Worcester; retired and became "Bishop Emeritus of Chichester".
20012012 2012 National Pilgrimage to Walsingham (7344939512) (John Hind cropped) (cropped).jpg John Hind Translated from Europe; retired.
2012incumbent 2012 National Pilgrimage to Walsingham (7344882604) (cropped).jpg Martin Warner Translated from Whitby.
Source(s): [3] [4] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14]

Assistant bishops

Among those who were called Assistant Bishop of Chichester, or coadjutor bishop, were:

See also

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Archdeacon of Chichester

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References

  1. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.248, with capitalisation as shown there; here shown apparently incorrectly holding an orb not a book
  2. "10 Downing Street — Queen approves Martin Clive Warner for election as Bishop of Chichester". number10.gov.uk (10 Downing Street). Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  3. 1 2 Dallaway.History of the Western Division of the county of Sussex, Volume 1 p. 25 accessed 18 June 2016
  4. 1 2 3 Heylyn, Peter (1773). A Help to English History. London: Paul Wright. pp. 54–55. Heylyn also cites Headda (686) and Daniel (705) as successors to Wilfrid.
  5. Barlow, Frank (1979). The English Church 1066–1154. London: Longman. p. 66. ISBN   0-582-50236-5.
  6. Plant, David (2002). "Episcopalians". BCW Project. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  7. King, Peter (July 1968). "The Episcopate during the Civil Wars, 1642–1649". The English Historical Review . Oxford University Press. 83 (328): 523–537. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxxiii.cccxxviii.523. JSTOR   564164.
  8. "Historical successions: Chichester (including precussor offices)". Crockford's Clerical Directory. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
  9. Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 221, 238, and 272. ISBN   0-521-56350-X.
  10. Kelly, S. E, ed. (1998). "Charters of Selsey". Anglo-Saxon Charters: Volume 6. Trinity College, Cambridge. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
  11. Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 238–241. ISBN   0-521-56350-X.
  12. Greenway, D. E. (1996). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 5: Chichester. British History Online. pp. 1–6.
  13. Horn, J. M. (1964). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541: Volume 7: Chichester Diocese. British History Online. pp. 1–4.
  14. Horn, J. M. (1971). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857: Volume 2: Chichester Diocese. British History Online. pp. 1–6.
  15. "Southwell, Henry Kemble" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  16. "Saunders, Charles John Godfrey" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  17. "Reeves, (Richard) Ambrose" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  18. "Davis, Nathaniel William Newnham" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  19. "Evans, David Richard John" . Who's Who . ukwhoswho.com. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

Sources