Gilbert of St Leonard

Last updated
Gilbert of St Leonard
Bishop of Chichester
Sign memorializing Gilbert in Chichester Cathedral
Elected30 January 1288
Term ended12 February 1305
Predecessor Stephen Bersted
Successor John Langton
Other post(s) Treasurer of Chichester
Consecration5 September 1288
Personal details
Died12 February 1305
Amberley, West Sussex
Buried Chichester Cathedral

Gilbert de St Leonard (or Gilbert de St. Leofard; [1] died 1305) was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.



Gilbert was probably a native of France, deriving his name from the college of St Liphard at Meung-sur-Loire near Orléans. He was trained as a canon lawyer and first appears in England in 1254, perhaps having come to England because of the suspension of the University of Paris in 1253. He taught at Oxford University until 1256, when he probably started working for the bishop of Ely. [1] He was a canon of Chichester Cathedral by 28 December 1264. [2] He shared the views of his bishop, Stephen Bersted, in the baronial party that was led by Simon de Montfort. [1] He served the papal legate Ottobon in 1266. [2] In 1268, Walter Giffard, Archbishop of York, was employing him as an official, but in the late 1270s he returned to Chichester, probably before Walter Giffard's death in 1279. [1] By 5 April 1279 he was Treasurer of Chichester. [3] He was elected to the see of Chichester on 30 January 1288, and consecrated on 5 September 1288 [4] at Canterbury. [5]

While he was bishop, Gilbert spent lavishly on expanding his cathedral and on gifts to King Edward I of England. It was Gilbert that baptised Edward's youngest son Edmund in 1301 at Woodstock. [1] He died on 12 February 1305 [4] at Amberley. He was buried in the lady chapel of Chichester Cathedral, where his tomb was destroyed in 1538. [1]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Whittick "St Leofard, Gilbert de" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. 1 2 Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Unidentified Prebends
  3. Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Treasurers
  4. 1 2 Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 239
  5. Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Bishops Archived 8 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine

Related Research Articles

Robert of Ghent or Robert de Gant was Lord Chancellor of England and Dean of York in the 12th century. The younger son of a nobleman, Robert was probably a member of the cathedral chapter of York before his selection as chancellor by King Stephen of England in the mid-1140s. He is not mentioned often in documents from his time as chancellor, but why this is so is unknown. He became dean at York Minster around 1147. Robert was slightly involved in the disputes over who would be Archbishop of York in the late 1140s and 1150s, but it is likely that his chancellorship prevented his deeper involvement in diocesan affairs. He was no longer chancellor after the death of Stephen, but probably continued to hold the office of dean until his death around 1157 or 1158.

John Chishull or John de Chishull was Lord Chancellor of England, Bishop of London, and Lord High Treasurer during the 13th century. He also served as Dean of St Paul's.

Walter Giffard was Lord Chancellor of England and Archbishop of York.

John Langton was a chancellor of England and Bishop of Chichester.

Eustace of Fauconberg was a medieval English Bishop of London from 1221 to 1228 and was also Lord High Treasurer.

William de Wickwane was Archbishop of York, between the years 1279 and 1285.

John Blund was an English scholastic philosopher, known for his work on the nature of the soul, the Tractatus de anima, one of the first works of western philosophy to make use of the recently translated De Anima by Aristotle and especially the Persian philosopher Avicenna's work on the soul, also called De Anima. He taught at Oxford University along with Edmund of Abingdon. David Knowles said that he was "noteworthy for his knowledge of Avicenna and his rejection of the hylomorphism of Avicebron and the plurality of forms.", although the problem of the plurality of forms as understood by later scholastics was not formulated explicitly in Blund's time. Maurice Powicke calls him the "first English Aristotelian."

William of St. Barbara or William of Ste Barbe was a medieval Bishop of Durham.

William Langton was a medieval English priest and nephew of Archbishop Walter de Gray. William was selected but never consecrated as Archbishop of York and Bishop of Carlisle.

Roger of Salisbury was a Bishop of Bath and Wells.

John of Greenford was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.

Seffrid II was an English cleric who served as a medieval Bishop of Chichester.

Simon of Wells was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.

John Climping was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.

William of Louth 13th-century Bishop of Ely

William of Louth, also known as William de Luda was a medieval Bishop of Ely.

Ralph Walpole was a medieval Bishop of Norwich and Bishop of Ely.

Richard Swinefield 13th and 14th-century English Bishop of Hereford

Richard Swinefield was a medieval Bishop of Hereford, England. He graduated doctor of divinity before holding a number of ecclesiastical offices, including that of Archdeacon of London. As a bishop, he dedicated considerable efforts to securing the canonisation of Thomas de Cantilupe, his predecessor, for whom he had worked during his lifetime. Active in his diocese, he devoted little time to politics. He was buried in Hereford Cathedral where a memorial to his memory still stands.

Richard of Gravesend was a medieval Bishop of Lincoln.

Richard de Belmeis was a medieval cleric, administrator and politician. His career culminated in election as Bishop of London in 1152. He was one of the founders of Lilleshall Abbey in Shropshire.

Hamo was a 12th- and 13th-century English cleric. He was the Diocese of York's dean, treasurer, and precentor, as well as the archdeacon of the East Riding. His background is unknown, but he was probably a canon of the cathedral chapter at York Minster by 1171. He claimed to have been treasurer of the chapter by 1189, but did not actually hold the office until 1199. Hamo clashed with his archbishop, Geoffrey several times, and when Geoffrey died, Hamo's fellow canons were forbidden by King John of England from electing Hamo to succeed Geoffrey. Hamo died sometime after 1219, when he was last attested as holding his final office, dean.


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Chichester
Succeeded by