Bishop of Bristol
|Residence||Bishop's House, Winterbourne|
|Established||1542 (and 1897)|
The Bishop of Bristol heads the Church of England Diocese of Bristol in the Province of Canterbury, in England.
The present diocese covers parts of the counties of Somerset and Gloucestershire together with a small area of Wiltshire. The see is in the City of Bristol where the seat is located at Bristol Cathedral. The bishop's residence is a house in Winterbourne, Gloucestershire, north of Bristol.
The bishop is Vivienne Faull (previously Dean of York),since the confirmation of her election on 25 June 2018. She was consecrated at St Paul's Cathedral on 3 July 2018 and enthroned in her Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, Bristol on 20 October 2018.
In 1133, Robert Fitzharding began to build "the abbeye at Bristowe, that of Saint Austin is" (i.e. an Augustinian monastery).The abbey church, destined to serve hereafter as a cathedral, was of different dates: the old Norman nave built by Fitzharding seems to have stood till the suppression, but the chancel, which still exists, was early 14th century and the transepts late 15th. The building was worthy to serve as a cathedral. Yet at first Bristol does not seem to have been thought of as a bishopric, for it is not included in the list of projected sees now among the Cottonian MSS in the British Museum.
A suffragan See of Bristol was erected by the Suffragan Bishops Act 1534 and filled by Henry Holbeach, who assisted Hugh Latimer and John Bell, Bishops of Worcester in the Diocese of Worcester while Bristol was still within that diocese. Holbeach was to be the only bishop suffragan before the diocesan See was erected.
The abbey church of the Augustinian Canons was plundered at the time of the suppression of the house in 1539, during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The church itself was already in process of demolition, when the king's order came to block the devastation. The surviving church's dedication was changed from St Augustine to the Holy Trinity.
It was then decided to establish a diocese of Bristol. This was one of the six that Henry VIII, acting as head of the Church, established by Act of Parliament in 1542 out of the spoils of the suppressed monasteries; the others were Oxford, Westminster, Gloucester, Peterborough, and Chester. Of the six, only Westminster was short-lived (lasting 10 years) – the other five exist today.
It may well be that the fact of the city's then being one of the leading towns in England and the chief seaport explains why it was selected as one of the new sees. Moreover, like the others, it possessed an important religious house, the buildings of which might serve the new purposes. It has also been suggested that the choice of Bristol owed something at least to Thomas Cranmer, who visited Bristol shortly before his election as Archbishop of Canterbury, and busied himself in ecclesiastical affairs there.
The first bishop appointed by the King was Paul Bush, formerly master of Edington Priory in Wiltshire, an Augustinian canon known as both a scholar and a poet. He nevertheless went along with the new ways to the point of marrying, his chosen wife being one Edith Ashley. On this account proceedings were undertaken against him in Queen Mary's reign. In 1554 a commission passed on him a sentence of deprivation, though by this time he had already voluntarily resigned.
During the vacancy, Pope Paul IV empowered Cardinal Pole to re-found the See of Bristol. The next bishop was John Holyman, a former Benedictine monk with a reputation for learning and sanctity who had been a friend of the martyred Abbot of Reading, Hugh Cook Faringdon. As Bishop of Bristol, Holyman was well appreciated. Though he took part in the trial of John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester, and served also on a commission to try Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer, in general he took no active part in the proceedings on the score of heresy. He died in the summer or autumn of 1558 and was buried in Hanborough, Oxfordshire, the living of which he held from 1534 to 1558—even after his consecration. He was thus spared the upheaval that began with the accession of Elizabeth I the following November.
No bishop was appointed in Bristol for several years, and then Holyman in 1562 was succeeded by Richard Cheyney (1562–1579), who, though suspect under the new regime on account of his clear Roman leanings (as a young man he was a friend of Edmund Campion), could not be counted a Roman Catholic.
The diocese was formed by taking the county and archdeaconry of Dorset from Salisbury, and several parishes from the dioceses of Gloucester and Worcester, together with three churches in Bristol which had belonged to Bath and Wells.
In 1836 the see was united with that of Gloucester, whilst the Dorset territory was reunited with the diocese of Salisbury. In 1897, Bristol was again separated from Gloucester. The new diocese consisted of the southern part of Gloucestershire and the northern part of Wiltshire, including the town of Swindon. Thus the diocese consists of the strip of territory either side of the Great Western railway uniting Swindon and Bristol. The first bishop appointed was George Forrest Browne, Bishop of Bristol from 1897 to 1914.
|Bishops of Bristol|
|1542||1554||Paul Bush||Provincial of the Bonshommes; being married, resigned upon the accession of Queen Mary.|
|1554||December 1558||John Holyman||Monk of Reading; died in office.|
|1558||1562||Vacant for three years.|
|1562||1579||Richard Cheyney||Previously Canon at Westminster; with dispensation simultaneously held the separate diocesan see of Gloucester; died in office.|
|1579||1581||Vacant for two years.|
|1581||1589||John Bullingham||Previously Canon of Worcester and Prebendary of Lincoln; with dispensation simultaneously held the separate diocesan see of Gloucester and prebendary of Hereford; died in office.|
|1589||1593||Richard Fletcher||Previously Dean of Peterborough; translated to Worcester then London.|
|1593||1603||Vacant for 10 years.|
|1603||1617||John Thornborough||Translated from Limerick; translated to Worcester.|
|1617||1619||Nicholas Felton||Also Prebendary of St Paul's; translated to Ely.|
|1619||1622||Rowland Searchfield||Died in office.|
|1623||1632||Robert Wright||Translated to Lichfield & Coventry.|
|1633||1636||George Coke||Previously Canon at St Paul's; translated to Hereford.|
|1637||1641||Robert Skinner||Translated to Oxford then Worcester.|
|1642||1644||Thomas Westfield||Also Archdeacon of St Albans since 1631; died in office.|
|1644||1646||Thomas Howell||Deprived of the see when the English episcopacy was abolished by Parliament on 9 October 1646; died 1650.|
|1646||1660||The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate.|
|1661||1671||Gilbert Ironside (I)||Previously Prebendary of York; died in office.|
|1672||1679||Guy Carleton||Previously Dean of Carlisle; translated to Chichester.|
|1679||1684||William Gulston||Prebendary of Chichester, 1666–1681; died in office.|
|1684||1685||John Lake||Translated from Sodor & Man; translated to Chichester.|
|1685||1689||Sir Jonathan Trelawny, Bt.||Translated to Exeter and then Winchester.|
|1689||1691||Gilbert Ironside (II)||Previously Vice-Chancellor at Oxford University; translated to Hereford.|
|1691||1710||John Hall||Also Master of Pembroke College, Oxford since 1664 and Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity at Oxford since 1676; died in office.|
|1710||1714||John Robinson||Also Dean of Windsor, 1709–1713 and Lord Privy Seal, 1711–1713; translated to London.|
|1714||1719||George Smalridge||Also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford since 1713; died in office.|
|1719||1724||Hugh Boulter||Previously Archdeacon of Surrey; also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; translated to Armagh.|
|1724||1732||William Bradshaw||Also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; died in office.|
|1733||1734||Charles Cecil||Translated to Bangor.|
|1735||1737||Thomas Secker||Previously Canon at Durham; translated to Oxford then Canterbury.|
|1737||1738||Thomas Gooch||Previously Archdeacon of Essex; translated to Norwich then Ely.|
|1738||1750||Joseph Butler||Previously Prebendary of Rochester; translated to Durham.|
|1750||1755||John Conybeare||Also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford since 1733; died in office.|
|1756||1758||John Hume||Translated to Oxford then Salisbury.|
|1758||1761||Philip Yonge||Also Prebendary at St Paul's since 1754; translated to Norwich.|
|1761||1782||Thomas Newton||Previously Prebendary of Westminster; also Canon of St Paul's; also Dean of St Paul's from 1768; died in office.|
|1782||1783||Lewis Bagot||Also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford since 1777; translated to Norwich then St Asaph.|
|1783||1792||Christopher Wilson||Died in office.|
|1792||1794||Spencer Madan||Translated to Peterborough.|
|1794||1797||Reginald Courtenay||Previously Prebendary at Rochester; translated to Exeter.|
|1797||1802||Folliott Cornewall||Previously Dean of Canterbury; translated to Hereford then Worcester.|
|1802||1807||George Pelham||Translated to Exeter then Lincoln.|
|1807||1808||John Luxmoore||Dean of Gloucester since 1800; translated to Hereford then St Asaph.|
|1808||1820||William Lort Mansel||Also Master of Trinity College, Cambridge since 1798; died in office.|
|1820||1827||John Kaye||Also Master of Christ's College, Cambridge, 1814–1830; translated to Lincoln.|
|1827||1834||Robert Gray||Died in office.|
|1834||1836||Joseph Allen||Previously Prebendary at Westminster; translated to Ely.|
|Bishops of Gloucester and Bristol|
Merged as a single see and diocese, 1836–1897
|See Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol|
|Bishops of Bristol|
|1897||1914||George Forrest Browne||Translated from Stepney.|
|1914||1933||George Nickson||Translated from Jarrow.|
|1933||1946||Clifford Woodward||Translated to Gloucester.|
|1946||1958||Frederick Cockin||Previously Canon at St Paul's.|
|1958||1975||Oliver Tomkins||Previously Canon at Lincoln.|
|1975||1985||John Tinsley||Previously Professor of Theology at Leeds; consecrated in 1975, but elected and confirmed in 1975.|
|1985||2002||Barry Rogerson||Translated from Wolverhampton; Ordained the first women priests in the Church of England, 14 March 1994.|
|2003||2017||Mike Hill||Translated from Buckingham; retired 30 September 2017.|
|2018||incumbent||Vivienne Faull||Previously Dean of York; confirmed 25 June 2018; consecrated at St Paul's Cathedral, 3 July 2018; enthroned in her Cathedral Church 20 October 2018|
Among those who have served as assistant bishops in the diocese were:
Gloucester Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity, in Gloucester, England, stands in the north of the city near the River Severn. It originated in 678 or 679 with the foundation of an abbey dedicated to Saint Peter.
John Bell was a Bishop of Worcester (1539–1543), who served during the reign of Henry VIII of England.
Bristol Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, is the Church of England cathedral in the city of Bristol, England. Founded in 1140 and consecrated in 1148, it was originally St Augustine's Abbey but after the Dissolution of the Monasteries it became in 1542 the seat of the newly created Bishop of Bristol and the cathedral of the new Diocese of Bristol. It is a Grade I listed building.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Clifton is a Roman Catholic diocese centred at the Cathedral Church of Saints Peter and Paul in Clifton, England.
This article traces the historical development of the dioceses and cathedrals of the Church of England. It is customary in England to name each diocese after the city where its cathedral is located. Occasionally, when the bishop's seat has been moved from one city to another, the diocese may retain both names, for example Bath and Wells. More recently, where a cathedral is in a small or little-known city, the diocesan name has been changed to include the name of a nearby larger city: thus the cathedral in Southwell now serves the diocese of Southwell and Nottingham, and Ripon Cathedral was in Ripon and Leeds from 1999 until 2014. Cathedrals, like other churches, are dedicated to a particular saint or holy object, or Christ himself, but are commonly referred to by the name of the city where they stand. A cathedral is, simply, the church where the bishop has his chair or "cathedra".
The Diocese of Worcester forms part of the Church of England (Anglican) Province of Canterbury in England.
Henry Holbeach was an English clergyman who served as the last Prior and first Dean of Worcester, a suffragan bishop, and diocesan bishop of two Church of England dioceses.
The Diocese of Bristol is an ecclesiastical jurisdiction or diocese of the Church of England in the Province of Canterbury, England. It is based in the city of Bristol and covers South Gloucestershire and parts of north Wiltshire, as far east as Swindon. The diocese is headed by the Bishop of Bristol and the Episcopal seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, commonly known as Bristol Cathedral.
The Diocese of Gloucester is a Church of England diocese based in Gloucester, covering the non-metropolitan county of Gloucestershire. The cathedral is Gloucester Cathedral and the bishop is the Bishop of Gloucester. It is part of the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Gloucester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Gloucester in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Oxford is the diocesan bishop of the Church of England Diocese of Oxford in the Province of Canterbury; his seat is at Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford. The current bishop is Steven Croft, following the confirmation of his election to the See on 6 July 2016.
The Bishop of Ebbsfleet is a suffragan bishop who fulfils the role of a provincial episcopal visitor for the western half of the Province of Canterbury in the Church of England.
Holy Trinity Church is a Church of England parish church in Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, England.
St Mark's Church is an ancient church on the north-east side of College Green, Bristol, England, built c. 1230. Better known to mediaeval and Tudor historians as the Gaunt's Chapel, it has also been known within Bristol since 1722 as the Lord Mayor's Chapel. It is one of only two churches in England privately owned and used for worship by a city corporation. The other is St Lawrence Jewry, London. It stands opposite St Augustine's Abbey, founded by a member of the Berkeley family of nearby Berkeley Castle, from which it was originally separated by the Abbey's burial ground, now called College Green. It was built as the chapel to the adjacent Gaunt's Hospital, now demolished, founded in 1220. Except for the west front, the church has been enclosed by later adjacent buildings, although the tower is still visible. The church contains some fine late gothic features and a collection of continental stained glass. It is designated by Historic England as a grade I listed building.
John Holyman was a Roman Catholic English prelate, Bishop of Bristol (1554–1558).
Lee Stephen Rayfield is the current Bishop of Swindon.
Richard Cheyney was an English churchman, bishop of Gloucester from 1562. Opposed to Calvinism, he was an isolated and embattled bishop of the reign of Elizabeth, though able to keep his see.
Vivienne Frances Faull is a British Anglican bishop and Lord Spiritual. Since 2018, she has served as the Bishop of Bristol. In 1985, she was the first woman to be appointed chaplain to an Oxbridge college. She was later a cathedral dean, and the only female cathedral provost in Church of England history, having served as Provost of Leicester from 2000 to 2002.
St Mary Magdalen Nunnery was a priory of Augustinian canonesses in Kingsdown, Bristol, England. It was founded c. 1173 and dissolved in 1536. St Mary Magdalen is remembered in the name of Maudlin Street; the nunnery was located near to the corner of Maudlin Street and St Michael's Hill, which was later the site of the King David Inn.
Leonard Stanley Priory was a priory in Gloucestershire, England. Over the years following the dissolution most of the buildings of the priory complex have been destroyed.