John Sandale

Last updated
John Sandale
Bishop of Winchester
Elected26 July 1316
Term ended2 November 1319
Predecessor Henry Woodlock
Successor Rigaud of Assier
Orders
Consecration31 October 1316
Personal details
Died2 November 1319
DenominationCatholic

John Sandale (or Sandall) was a Gascon medieval Lord High Treasurer, Lord Chancellor and Bishop of Winchester.

Bishop of Winchester Diocesan bishop in the Church of England

The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England. The bishop's seat (cathedra) is at Winchester Cathedral in Hampshire.

Sandale inherited the manor of Wheatley within Long Sandale, Yorkshire and was granted Free warren in 1301. He also held the manor of Great Coates, Lincolnshire and was granted free warren there in 1313. [1]

Yorkshire Historic county of Northern England

Yorkshire, formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom. Due to its great size in comparison to other English counties, functions have been undertaken over time by its subdivisions, which have also been subject to periodic reform. Throughout these changes, Yorkshire has continued to be recognised as a geographical territory and cultural region. The name is familiar and well understood across the United Kingdom and is in common use in the media and the military, and also features in the titles of current areas of civil administration such as North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and East Riding of Yorkshire.

A free warren—often simply warren—is a type of franchise or privilege conveyed by a sovereign in medieval England to an English subject, promising to hold them harmless for killing game of certain species within a stipulated area, usually a wood or small forest. The sovereign involved might be either the monarch or a marcher lord.

Great Coates farm village in the United Kingdom

Great Coates is a village and civil parish in North East Lincolnshire, England. It is to the north-west and adjoins the Grimsby urban area, and is served by Great Coates railway station.

Sandale was a canon of Lincoln and St. Paul's and provost of Wells before being appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1307 on the accession of Edward II. He was dismissed the following year for political reasons.

Canon (priest) Ecclesiastical position

A canon is a member of certain bodies subject to an ecclesiastical rule.

Lincoln Cathedral Church in Lincolnshire, England

Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln Minster, or the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln and sometimes St Mary's Cathedral, in Lincoln, England, is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Lincoln. Construction commenced in 1072 and continued in several phases throughout the medieval period. Like many of the medieval cathedrals of England it was built in the Gothic style.

St Pauls Cathedral Church in London

St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits on Ludgate Hill at the highest point of the City of London and is a Grade I listed building. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604. The present cathedral, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction, completed in Wren's lifetime, was part of a major rebuilding programme in the City after the Great Fire of London. The cathedral building largely destroyed in the Great Fire, now often referred to as Old St Paul's Cathedral, was a central focus for medieval and early modern London, including Paul's walk and St. Paul's Churchyard being the site of St. Paul's Cross.

Sandale served as Warden of the Mint from 1298 to 1305, [2] as Lord High Treasurer from 1310 to 1311 and as acting treasurer from 1312 to 1314. [3] He later became Lord Chancellor on 26 September 1314, holding the office until 11 June 1318. [4]

Warden of the Mint

Warden of the Mint was a high-ranking position at the Royal Mint in England from 1216–1829. The warden was responsible for a variety of minting procedures and acted as the immediate representative of the current monarch inside the mint. The role of warden changed greatly through history with the original task being the receiving, assay and payment for bullion, while later evolving into more of an administerial role.

Lord High Treasurer English government position

The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government position since the Acts of Union of 1707. A holder of the post would be the third-highest-ranked Great Officer of State, below the Lord High Steward and the Lord High Chancellor.

Lord Chancellor senior and important functionary in the government of the United Kingdom

The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking even the Prime Minister. The Lord Chancellor is outranked only by the Lord High Steward, another Great Officer of State, who is appointed only for the day of coronations. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister. Prior to the Union there were separate Lord Chancellors for England and Wales, for Scotland and for Ireland.

A pluralist, Sandale was at one time chancellor of St Patrick's, Dublin, treasurer of Lichfield, and dean of St Paul's with prebends in Dublin, Beverley, Wells, Lincoln, London, York, and Glasgow, as well as ten rectories from Chalk in Kent to Dunbar in Scotland. [1] He was elected to the see of Winchester 26 July 1316 and consecrated on 31 October 1316. [5] And he was master of the hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower in 1315. [6]

St Katharines by the Tower

St Katharine's by the Tower—full name Royal Hospital and Collegiate Church of St. Katharine by the Tower—was a medieval church and hospital next to the Tower of London. The establishment was founded in 1147 and the buildings demolished in 1825 to build St Katharine Docks, which takes its name from it. It was re-established elsewhere in London and 123 years later returned once more to the East End. The church was a Royal Peculiar and the precinct around it was an extra-parochial area, eventually becoming a civil parish which was dissolved in 1895. The Royal Peculiar survives to the present day as the Royal Foundation of St Katharine.

Sandale was again appointed Lord High Treasurer in November 1318 until his death. [3] He died on 2 November 1319 [5] and was buried in St Mary Overie.

Citations

  1. 1 2 "Sandale, John (c.1274–1319)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24611.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. Craig, John. The Mint: A History of the London Mint from A.D. 287 to 1948. Google Books. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  3. 1 2 Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 104
  4. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 86
  5. 1 2 Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 277
  6. Dugdale Monasticon Anglicanum p. 695

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
Walter Reynolds
Lord Chancellor
1314–1318
Succeeded by
John Hotham
Lord High Treasurer
1310–1311
Succeeded by
Walter Norwich
Preceded by
Walter Norwich
Lord High Treasurer
1312–1314
Preceded by
John Walwayn
Lord High Treasurer
1318–1319
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Henry Woodlock
Bishop of Winchester
1316–1319
Succeeded by
Rigaud of Assier