Thomas de Brantingham

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Thomas de Brantingham
Bishop of Exeter

Seal of Thomas de Brantingham.JPG

Seal of Thomas de Brantingham as Bishop of Exeter
Appointed 5 March 1370
Term ended 23 December 1394
Predecessor John Grandisson
Successor Edmund Stafford
Other posts Lord Treasurer
Keeper of the Wardrobe
Orders
Consecration 12 May 1370
Personal details
Died 23 December 1394
Buried Nave of Exeter Cathedral
Nationality English
Coat of arms Arms of Thomas de Brantyngham.gif
Thomas de Brantingham
Lord Treasurer
In office
27 June 1369 27 March 1371
Monarch Edward III
Preceded by John Barnet
Succeeded by Richard Scrope
In office
19 July 1377 1 February 1381
Monarch Richard II
Preceded by Henry Wakefield
Succeeded by Robert Hales
In office
4 May 1389 20 August 1389
Monarch Richard II
Preceded by John Gilbert
Succeeded by John Gilbert

Thomas de Brantingham (died 1394) was an English clergyman who served as Lord Treasurer to Edward III and on two occasions to Richard II, and as bishop of Exeter from 1370 until his death. De Brantingham was a member of the Brantingham family of North East England.

Lord High Treasurer English government position

The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government position since the Acts of Union of 1707. A holder of the post would be the third-highest-ranked Great Officer of State, below the Lord High Steward and the Lord High Chancellor.

Edward III of England 14th-century King of England and Duke of Aquitaine

Edward III was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II. Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His long reign of 50 years was the second longest in medieval England and saw vital developments in legislation and government, in particular the evolution of the English parliament, as well as the ravages of the Black Death.

Richard II of England 14th-century King of England and Duke of Aquitaine

Richard II, also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399. Richard, a son of Edward the Black Prince, was born in Bordeaux during the reign of his grandfather, Edward III. His father was Prince of Aquitaine. Richard was the younger brother of Edward of Angoulême, upon whose death Richard, at three years of age, became second in line to the throne after his father. Upon the death of Richard's father prior to the death of Edward III, Richard, by primogeniture, became the heir apparent to the throne. With Edward III's death the following year, Richard succeeded to the throne at the age of ten.

Contents

Edward III obtained preferment for him in the church, and from 1361 to 1368 he was employed in France in responsible positions. At an early stage in de Brantingham's career, de Brantingham served as Keeper of the Wardrobe. [1] He was closely associated with William of Wykeham, and while the latter was in power as chancellor, [2] Brantingham was Lord Treasurer to Edward III (from 1369 to 1371), and on two later occasions to Richard II (from 1377 to 1381; and in 1389), [1] [3] being appointed Bishop of Exeter on 5 March 1370 and consecrated as such on 12 May 1370. [4] De Brantingham died in December 1394, probably on the 23rd, [4] and was buried in the nave of Exeter cathedral. [5]

Wardrobe (government) department of the kings household in medieval England

The King's Wardrobe, together with the Chamber, made up the personal part of medieval English government known as the King's household. Originally the room where the king's clothes, armour, and treasure were stored, the term was expanded to describe both its contents and the department of clerks who ran it. Early in the reign of Henry III the Wardrobe emerged out of the fragmentation of the Curia Regis to become the chief administrative and accounting department of the Household. The Wardrobe received regular block grants from the Exchequer for much of its history; in addition, however, the wardrobe treasure of gold and jewels enabled the king to make secret and rapid payments to fund his diplomatic and military operations, and for a time, in the 13th-14th centuries, it eclipsed the Exchequer as the chief spending department of central government.

William of Wykeham 14th-century Bishop of Winchester and Chancellor of England

William of Wykeham was Bishop of Winchester and Chancellor of England. He founded New College, Oxford, and New College School in 1379, and founded Winchester College in 1382. He was also the clerk of works when much of Windsor Castle was built.

Bishop of Exeter Diocesan bishop in the Church of England

The Bishop of Exeter is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Exeter in the Province of Canterbury. The current incumbent, since 30 April 2014, is Robert Atwell. The incumbent signs his name as his Christian name or forename followed by Exon., abbreviated from the Latin Episcopus Exoniensis.

Administrator

By 1349 he had been appointed as clerk of the exchequer. In 1359 he was cofferer responsible for finance during the French military campaign and from 1361 to 1368 he was Treasurer of Calais. On 27 June 1369 he was appointed treasurer of the realm, but as the war in France deteriorated, he, along with fellow clerics William of Wykeham, the Chancellor and Peter Lacy, Keeper of the Privy Seal, was forced by public opinion to resign. However, in 1370 he had been consecrated as Bishop of Exeter.

The town of Calais, France, was in English hands from 1347 to 1558. During this historical period the task of the Treasurer, in conjunction with the Captain of Calais, was keeping the defences in order, supplying victuals and paying the garrison. The Treasurer was responsible for raising revenue from the Company of the Staple of Calais, which was required to contribute towards the expenses of defence.

Peter Lacy was a medieval English Keeper of the Privy Seal.

Bishop of Exeter

While serving as bishop of Exeter, de Brantingham was petitioned by parishioners of "St. Tenion" (which, it has been suggested, may refer to Tinney Hall near Lewannick, Cornwall) [6] in the peculiar jurisdiction of St German's, concerning a suit carried on by them for eighteen years against the Prior and Convent of St. German's about permission for them to have their own chaplain. [6] The petitioners sought de Brantingham's intervention to settle the dispute, [6] although his decision is now lost.

Lewannick civil parish and village in Cornwall, England

Lewannick is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated approximately five miles (8 km) southwest of Launceston. The civil parish had a population of 973 at the 2011 census.

A Royal Peculiar is a Church of England parish or church exempt from the jurisdiction of the diocese and the archdiocese in which it lies and subject to the direct jurisdiction of the monarch.

St Germans, Cornwall village and civil parish in Cornwall, England

St Germans is a village and civil parish in east Cornwall, England. It stands on the River Tiddy, just upstream of where that river joins the River Lynher; the water way from St Germans to the Hamoaze is also known as St Germans River.

Personal life

A record of de Brantingham's death, dated 13 December 1394, notes that the bishop was to be buried in the nave of Exeter Cathedral and lists, among the beneficiaries of his will, Richard Brantingham and his wife, Joan (presumably de Brantingham's son and daughter-in-law). [5] Nor did De Brantingham forget the village of Brantingham, which had given its name to his family, bequeathing to the church of Brantingham a pair of vestments or one shilling. [5] De Brantingham also left a book of decretals to each of Merton Hall and Stapledon Hall. De Brantingham's association with Stapledon Hall (now Exeter College, Oxford) pre-dated his death to his contribution of 20 pounds to the building of its library. [5] [7] As proof of his position in society, de Brantingham also remembered in (or had as a witness to) his will William Hankeford, later Chief Justice of the King's Bench. [5]

Nave main body of a church

The nave is the central part of a church, stretching from the main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel. When a church contains side aisles, as in a basilica-type building, the strict definition of the term 'nave' is restricted to the central aisle. In a broader, more colloquial sense, the nave includes all areas available for the lay worshippers, including the side-aisles and transepts. Either way, the nave is distinct from the area reserved for the choir and clergy.

Exeter Cathedral Church in Devon, United Kingdom

Exeter Cathedral, properly known as the Cathedral Church of Saint Peter in Exeter, is an Anglican cathedral, and the seat of the Bishop of Exeter, in the city of Exeter, Devon, in South West England. The present building was complete by about 1400, and has several notable features, including an early set of misericords, an astronomical clock and the longest uninterrupted vaulted ceiling in England.

Brantingham village in the United Kingdom

Brantingham is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated about 2 miles (3 km) north of Brough, and 12 miles (19 km) west of Hull. It lies to the north of the A63 road. According to the 2011 UK Census, Brantingham parish had a population of 370, a decrease from the 2001 UK census figure of 410.

Richard Brantingham is recorded in the survey of Thomas Hatfield, Bishop of Durham, completed in 1382, [8] as a "suiter" or lawyer, holding a half a burgage for life in Auckland and paying six pence for any omission, and one penny at the four terms. [9] Bishop Hatfield granted a forest office to the valet of his kitchen, Walter Brantingham, presumably a relation. [10]

Thomas Hatfield was Bishop of Durham from 1345 to 1381.

Bishop of Durham Diocesan bishop in the Church of England

The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York. The diocese is one of the oldest in England and its bishop is a member of the House of Lords. Paul Butler has been the Bishop of Durham since his election was confirmed at York Minster on 20 January 2014. The previous bishop was Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury. The bishop is one of two who escort the sovereign at the coronation.

Burgage

Burgage is a medieval land term used in Great Britain and Ireland, well established by the 13th century.

Citations

  1. 1 2 Steel: 419
  2. Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Brantingham, Thomas de". Encyclopædia Britannica . 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 431.
  3. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 105
  4. 1 2 Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 246
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Surtees: 248
  6. 1 2 3 Yonge, Record 107/915
  7. Savage: 150
  8. Greenwell: vii
  9. Greenwell: 165
  10. Holford and Stringer: 100

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
John Barnet
Lord Treasurer
1369–1371
Succeeded by
Richard Scrope
Preceded by
Henry Wakefield
Lord Treasurer
1377–1381
Succeeded by
Robert Hales
Preceded by
John Gilbert
Lord Treasurer
1389
Succeeded by
John Gilbert
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John Grandisson
Bishop of Exeter
1370–1394
Succeeded by
Edmund Stafford