Workington (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°38′35″N3°32′56″W / 54.643°N 3.549°W / 54.643; -3.549

Contents

Workington
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Workington2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Workington in Cumbria
EnglandCumbria.svg
Location of Cumbria within England
County Cumbria
Electorate 59,361 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Workington, Maryport, Cockermouth, Silloth, Aspatria
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Mark Jenkinson (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created from Cockermouth and Eskdale

Workington is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Mark Jenkinson, a Conservative. [n 2]

Boundaries

The constituency covers much of the north-west of Cumbria, corresponding largely to the Allerdale borough, except for the areas around Wigton and Keswick. As well as Workington itself, the constituency contains the towns of Cockermouth, Maryport, Aspatria and Silloth.

Boundary review

1918–1950: The Municipal Borough of Workington, the Urban Districts of Arlecdon and Frizington, Aspatria, Harrington, and Maryport, and parts of the Rural Districts of Cockermouth, Whitehaven, and Wigton.

1950–1983: The Municipal Borough of Workington, the Urban Districts of Cockermouth, Keswick, and Maryport, and the Rural District of Cockermouth.

1983–1997: The District of Allerdale wards of All Saints, Binsey, Broughton, Castle, Clifton, Crummock, Dalton, Dearham, Derwent Valley, Ellen, Ellenborough, Ewanrigg, Flimby, Harrington, Keswick, Moorclose, Netherhall, Northside, St Bridget's, St John's, St Michael's, Salterbeck, Seaton Moor, Stainburn, and Westfield.

1997–2010: All the wards of the District of Allerdale except the Marsh, Wampool, Warnell and Wigton wards.

2010–present: The Borough of Allerdale wards of All Saints, Aspatria, Boltons, Broughton St Bridget's, Christchurch, Clifton, Ellen, Ellenborough, Ewanrigg, Flimby, Harrington, Holme, Marsh, Moorclose, Moss Bay, Netherhall, St John's, St Michael's, Seaton, Silloth, Solway, Stainburn, Wampool, Waver, and Wharrels.

History

The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918, which also abolished the seat of Cockermouth. Workington has traditionally supported the Labour Party, although a by-election in 1976 (forced by the elevation of Fred Peart to the House of Lords) was won by Richard Page of the Conservative Party. However, the constituency reverted to type at the 1979 general election when it was regained by Labour, which it held until the 2019 general election, when Mark Jenkinson won the seat for Conservatives for the first time in forty years. [2]

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [3] Party
1918 Thomas Cape Labour
1945 Fred Peart Labour
1976 by-election Richard Page Conservative
1979 Dale Campbell-Savours Labour
2001 Tony Cunningham Labour
2015 Sue Hayman Labour
2019 Mark Jenkinson Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Workington [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Mark Jenkinson 20,488 49.3 +7.6
Labour Sue Hayman 16,31239.2−11.9
Brexit Party David Walker1,7494.2New
Liberal Democrats Neil Hughes 1,5253.7+1.0
Independent Nicky Cockburn8422.0New
Green Jill Perry5961.4New
Independent Roy Ivinson870.2−0.5
Majority4,17610.1N/A
Turnout 41,59967.8−1.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +9.7
General election 2017: Workington [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Sue Hayman 21,317 51.1 +8.8
Conservative Clark Vasey17,39241.7+11.6
UKIP George Kemp1,5563.7−15.9
Liberal Democrats Phill Roberts1,1332.7−1.7
Independent Roy Ivinson2780.7+0.2
Majority3,9259.4−2.8
Turnout 41,67669.2+3.6
Labour hold Swing −1.4
General election 2015: Workington [6] [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Sue Hayman 16,282 42.3 −3.2
Conservative Rozila Kana11,59630.1−3.8
UKIP Mark Jenkinson 7,53819.6+17.4
Liberal Democrats Phill Roberts1,7084.4−11.1
Green Jill Perry1,1493.0New
Independent Roy Ivinson1900.5New
Majority4,68612.2+0.5
Turnout 38,46365.6-0.3
Labour hold Swing
General election 2010: Workington [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Cunningham 17,865 45.5 −6.5
Conservative Judith Pattinson13,29033.9+4.8
Liberal Democrats Stan Collins5,31813.5−0.9
BNP Martin Wingfield 1,4963.8New
UKIP Steve Lee8762.2−1.2
English Democrat Rob Logan4141.1New
Majority4,57511.7-11.3
Turnout 39,25965.9+3.4
Labour hold Swing −5.7

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Workington [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Cunningham 19,554 50.5 −5.0
Conservative Judith Pattinson11,65930.1+0.5
Liberal Democrats Kate Clarkson5,81515.0+2.5
UKIP Mark Richardson1,3283.4New
Legalise Cannabis John Peacock3811.0−1.5
Majority7,89520.4-5.5
Turnout 38,73764.7+1.3
Labour hold Swing -2.8
General election 2001: Workington [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Cunningham 23,209 55.5 −8.7
Conservative Timothy Stoddart12,35929.6+5.2
Liberal Democrats Ian Francis5,21412.5+4.5
Legalise Cannabis John Peacock1,0402.5New
Majority10,85025.9-13.9
Turnout 41,82263.4-11.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Workington [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 31,717 64.2 +10.0
Conservative Robert Blunden12,06124.4−12.0
Liberal Democrats Philip Roberts3,9678.0+0.6
Referendum George Donnan1,4122.9New
Independent Chris Austin2170.4New
Majority19,65639.8+17.5
Turnout 49,37475.1-6.9
Labour hold Swing +11.0
General election 1992: Workington [12] [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 26,719 56.9 +4.5
Conservative Stuart E. Sexton16,27034.7−2.4
Liberal Democrats Christine A. Neale3,0286.5New
Monster Raving Loony David Langstaff7551.6New
Natural Law Nicola M. Escott1830.4New
Majority10,44922.2+6.9
Turnout 46,95581.5+0.9
Labour hold Swing +3.5

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Workington [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 24,019 52.4 +0.4
Conservative Anne McIntosh 17,00037.1+1.0
Liberal Greville Badger4,85310.6−1.2
Majority7,01915.3−0.7
Turnout 45,87280.6+1.0
Labour hold Swing
General election 1983: Workington [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 23,239 52.0 −1.2
Conservative M. Smith16,11136.1−4.6
Liberal N. Blackshaw5,31111.8+5.8
Majority7,12815.9+3.4
Turnout 44,66179.6-5.2
Labour hold Swing +1.7

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Workington
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 24,523 53.2 −2.2
Conservative Richard Page 18,76740.7+8.4
Liberal N. Blackshaw2,8196.1−5.7
Majority5,75612.5−11.2
Turnout 46,10983.8+8.0
Labour hold Swing
1976 Workington by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Richard Page 19,396 48.2 +15.9
Labour Dale Campbell-Savours 18,33145.6−10.4
Liberal Bernard Wates2,4806.2−5.6
Majority1,0652.6N/A
Turnout 40,207
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +13.2
General election October 1974: Workington
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 22,539 56.0 −3.7
Conservative Richard Page 12,98832.3−8.1
Liberal J. Burns4,72811.8New
Majority9,55123.7+4.4
Turnout 40,25575.8-0.6
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Workington
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 24,000 60.0 −2.0
Conservative Richard Page 16,23040.3+2.0
Majority7,77019.3−4.1
Turnout 40,23076.4-1.0
Labour hold Swing
General election 1970: Workington [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 24,975 61.7 −1.6
Conservative Michael Fernley Turner-Bridger15,53238.3+1.6
Majority9,44323.4−3.2
Turnout 40,50777.4-3.0
Labour hold Swing -1.6

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Workington [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 24,981 63.3 +1.2
Conservative Michael Fernley Turner-Bridger14,47536.7-1.2
Majority10,50626.6+2.4
Turnout 39,45680.4=3.1
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Workington [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 25,522 62.1 +2.0
Conservative Harold Denman15,56537.9-1.9
Majority9,95724.2+3.8
Turnout 41,08783.48-2.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Workington [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 25,537 60.18
Conservative T Martin Brannan16,89439.82
Majority8,64320.36
Turnout 42,43185.89
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Workington [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 25,110 59.4 -0.6
Conservative T Martin Brannan17,18240.6+0.6
Majority7,98218.8-1.2
Turnout 42,29286.14-1.39
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Workington [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 25,893 60.02 +2.41
Conservative Helen Fox17,24939.98+7.83
Majority8,64420.04-5.42
Turnout 43,14287.53-1.91
Labour hold Swing -5.42
General election 1950: Workington
PartyCandidateVotes%
Labour Fred Peart 25,104 57.61
Conservative Helen Fox14,00932.15
Liberal David Cedric Gwynne Sibley4,46010.24
Majority11,09525.46
Turnout 43,57389.44
Labour hold

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Workington
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Fred Peart 24,876 72.5 N/A
Conservative G.C. White9,43827.5New
Majority15,43845.0N/A
Turnout 34,31480.7N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Workington
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Cape Unopposed
Labour hold Swing
General election 1931: Workington
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Cape 18,469 54.91 -10.3
Conservative Christopher Lowther 15,16545.09+10.3
Majority3,3049.82-20.6
Turnout 33,63485.91-10.3
Labour hold Swing -10.3

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Workington [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Cape 20,591 65.2 +9.6
Unionist John Mellor 10,99534.89.6
Majority9,59630.4+19.2
Turnout 31,58681.23.2
Registered electors 38,915
Labour hold Swing +9.6
General election 1924: Workington [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Cape 15,353 55.6 0.9
Unionist E. Davies12,24344.4+0.9
Majority3,11011.21.8
Turnout 27,59684.4+0.9
Registered electors 32,690
Labour hold Swing 0.9
General election 1923: Workington [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Cape 15,296 56.5 +1.8
Unionist Lancelot Evelyn Gaunt11,78143.51.8
Majority3,51513.0+3.6
Turnout 27,07783.50.2
Registered electors 32,425
Labour hold Swing +1.8
General election 1922: Workington [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Thomas Cape 14,546 54.7 +3.2
Unionist Lancelot Evelyn Gaunt12,06445.3+16.0
Majority2,4829.412.8
Turnout 26,61083.7+13.0
Registered electors 31,789
Labour hold Swing 6.4

Election in the 1910s

General election 1918: Workington [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Labour Thomas Cape 10,441 51.5
Unionist D.J. Mason5,94629.3
Liberal Robert Strother Stewart *2,96814.6
Independent R. Millican9434.6
Majority4,49522.2
Turnout 20,29870.7
Registered electors 28,691
Labour win (new seat)

* Stewart was endorsed by the Coalition Government but repudiated it.

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

Related Research Articles

Workington Coastal town in Cumbria, England

Workington is a coastal town and civil parish at the mouth of the River Derwent on the west coast of Cumbria, England, historically in Cumberland. At the 2011 census it had a population of 25,207.

Cumberland Historic county of England

Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974. It is bordered by the historic counties of Northumberland to the northeast, County Durham to the east, Westmorland to the southeast, Lancashire to the south, and the Scottish counties of Dumfriesshire and Roxburghshire to the north. It formed an administrative county from 1889 to 1974 and now forms part of Cumbria.

Aspatria Human settlement in England

Aspatria is a civil parish in the non-metropolitan district of Allerdale, and is currently embraced in the Parliamentary constituency of Workington, Cumbria, England. Historically within Cumberland the town rests on the north side of the Ellen Valley, overlooking a panoramic view of the countryside, with Skiddaw to the South and the Solway Firth to the North. Its developments are aligned approximately east-west along the A596 Carlisle to Workington road and these extend to approximately 2 miles (3 km) in length. It lies about 8 miles (12 km) northeast of Maryport, a similar distance to the Southwest of Wigton, about 9 miles (14 km) north of Cockermouth and 5 miles (8 km) from the coast and Allonby. It comprises the townships of Aspatria and Brayton, Hayton and Mealo, and Oughterside and Allerby, the united area being 8,345 acres (3,377 ha); while the township takes up an area of 1,600 acres (647 ha). In earlier days a Roman road leading from "Old Carlisle" to Ellenborough passed through the hamlet.

Sir Thomas Anthony Cunningham is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Workington from 2001 to 2015. Ed Miliband appointed him to replace Mark Lazarowicz as Shadow Minister for International Development. He was removed from the team in the October 2013 reshuffle. In June 2014 Cunningham announced that he would not be standing again at the next election.

Allerdale Borough in England

Allerdale is a non-metropolitan district of Cumbria, England, with borough status. Its council is based in Workington and the borough has a population of 93,492 according to the 2001 census, increasing to 96,422 at the 2011 Census.

Maryport Town in Cumbria, England

Maryport is a town and civil parish in the Allerdale borough of Cumbria, England, historically in Cumberland.

Penrith and The Border (UK Parliament constituency)

Penrith and The Border is a constituency in Cumbria represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Neil Hudson, a Conservative.

Flimby Coastal village in Cumbria, England

Flimby is an English coastal village in the Borough of Allerdale in Cumbria. It was historically in Cumberland. It currently forms part of the civil parish of Maryport and the Flimby ward of Allerdale Council. It is included in the Maryport South county division of Cumbria County Council.

Salterbeck Human settlement in England

Salterbeck is a housing estate on the south side of Workington, Cumbria, England, which was built during the 1930s on farmland for steelworkers and their families relocating to the area. Roughly 70% of the houses are now owned by Impact Housing Association and the remainder are privately owned. Salterbeck is bordered by Westfield and Mossbay to the north and Harrington to the south.

Ireby, Cumbria Human settlement in England

Ireby is a village in Cumbria, England, with a population of around 180. Historically it was in the county of Cumberland, since 1974 it has been in Cumbria.

Mealsgate Human settlement in England

Mealsgate is a village in Cumbria England, historically within Cumberland.

Dearham Village in Cumbria, England

Dearham is a village and civil parish in the Allerdale district of Cumbria, historically part of Cumberland, near the Lake District National Park in England. It lies about 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Maryport and 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Cockermouth.

B5300 road A road on the Cumbrian coast in England.

The B5300 is a B road which runs for approximately twelve miles between the towns of Silloth and Maryport in the Allerdale borough of Cumbria, United Kingdom. From north to south, it passes through the villages of Blitterlees, Beckfoot, Mawbray, Dubmill, and Allonby. It runs through the Solway Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, passes close to the Salta Moss Site of Special Scientific Interest, Milefortlet 21, a Roman archaeological site, the salt pans, a remnant of the Solway plain's medieval saltmaking industry, and the village of Crosscanonby. It is an important route for carrying goods to and from Silloth docks and Maryport harbour. It is also the major road connecting smaller coastal settlements with Maryport and Silloth, from where other roads lead to Workington, Whitehaven, Wigton, and Carlisle. A short section of the road between Dubmill and Mawbray was closed in February 2019 due to coastal erosion, and reopened in June 2019.

Ellenborough, Cumbria Human settlement in England

Ellenborough is a suburb of the town of Maryport, Cumbria, England, historically within Cumberland.

Ewanrigg Human settlement in England

Ewanrigg is a suburb of the town of Maryport, Cumbria, England, historically within Cumberland. Ewanrigg is a residential area and has a post office, a school and a few places of worship.

2011 Allerdale Borough Council election

The 2011 Allerdale Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2011 to elect members of Allerdale Borough Council in Cumbria, England. The whole council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control.

References

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  3. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
  4. "Workington Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  5. "General election 2017: Full list of candidates". ITV News. 12 May 2017.
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  10. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  11. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  12. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  14. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig