Liverpool Walton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°26′49″N2°58′01″W / 53.447°N 2.967°W / 53.447; -2.967

Contents

Liverpool, Walton
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
LiverpoolWalton2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Liverpool, Walton in Merseyside
EnglandMerseyside.svg
Location of Merseyside within England
County Merseyside
Electorate 61,974 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Fazakerley, Orrell Park, Walton
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Dan Carden (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created from Liverpool

Liverpool, Walton is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Dan Carden of the Labour Party. [n 2] Carden won the highest percentage share of the vote in June 2017 of 650 constituencies, 85.7%. [2] It is the safest Labour seat in the United Kingdom, and the safest seat in the country having been won by 84% of the vote in the most recent election in 2019.

Boundaries

Liverpool Walton in Lancashire, boundaries used 1974-83 LiverpoolWalton1974Constituency.svg
Liverpool Walton in Lancashire, boundaries used 1974-83

1918–1950: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Fazakerley, Walton, and Warbreck.

1950–1955: As above plus the civil parish of Aintree in the Rural District of West Lancashire.

1955–1983: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of County, Fazakerley, Pirrie, and Warbreck.

1983–2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Anfield, Breckfield, County, Fazakerley, Melrose, and Warbreck.

2010–present: The City of Liverpool wards of Anfield, Clubmoor, County, Everton, Fazakerley, and Warbreck.

The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool and covers the north-centre of the city thereby taking in Walton, Clubmoor, Orrell Park, Anfield, Everton and Fazakerley. The grounds of Liverpool F.C. (Anfield) and Everton F.C. (Goodison Park), the city's two major football clubs, are in the constituency.

History

Created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Liverpool Walton has been held by the Labour Party since the 1964 general election, and is the party's safest seat by size of majority. In 2010 and 2015, it had the largest Labour majority in the country by percentage terms. [3] Labour won over 70% of the vote at every general election in the Walton constituency since 1992, although for many years; it was looked on as a reasonably safe Conservative seat. Until 1964, Labour had only gained Walton once, at their landslide victory after the Second World War ended in 1945. Like other seats in Merseyside, the Conservative Party's share of the vote declined rapidly during the 1980s, and Conservative candidates failed to poll in second place from 1997 until 2017. From 1964 until his death in 1991, the seat was held by the notable left-winger Eric Heffer; the subsequent by-election was won by Peter Kilfoyle, who held the seat until 2010. Steve Rotheram won the seat in 2010 after Kilfoyle stood down.

At both the 2010 and 2015 general elections, Liverpool Walton saw the highest share of the vote for a winning candidate in the country, and in the latter election, the 81.3% of the vote won by Rotheram was the highest of any candidate in an election in the UK since 1997. [4]

In 2015, Liverpool Walton was the only constituency in England where the Conservative candidate (Norsheen Bhatti) lost their deposit.

In the 2016 referendum on EU membership, the constituency is estimated to have voted by a 7.6% majority in favour of leaving the EU in contrast to Rotheram, who supported remaining in the EU. The Leave percentage vote was 53.8%. [5] [6] However, an analysis of YouGov polling by Focaldata suggested support for Remain had risen from 46.2% to 60.5% in August 2018. [7]

Rotheram stood down as an MP at the 2017 general election due to his election as Mayor of the Liverpool City Region and was succeeded as the Labour candidate by Dan Carden, who won the seat with the highest vote share for any Labour candidate nationally, at 85.7% – the strongest result in the seat's history. [8]

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [9] Party
1885 John George Gibson Conservative
1888 by-election Miles Walker Mattinson Conservative
1892 James Henry Stock Conservative
1906 F. E. Smith Conservative
1918 Harry Chilcott Conservative
1929 Reginald Purbrick Conservative
1945 James Haworth Labour
1950 Kenneth Thompson Conservative
1964 Eric Heffer Labour
1991 by-election Peter Kilfoyle Labour
2010 Steve Rotheram Labour
2017 Dan Carden Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Liverpool Walton [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Dan Carden 34,538 84.7 -1.0
Conservative Alex Phillips4,0189.9+1.3
Green Ted Grant8142.0+0.8
Liberal Democrats David Newman7561.9+0.4
Liberal Billy Lake6601.6N/A
Majority30,52074.8-2.3
Turnout 40,78665.1-2.2
Labour hold Swing -1.1

This was the largest Labour vote share at the 2019 general election. [11] This was also the largest majority in the country in percentage terms, although the numeral majority was slightly less than safe Conservative constituencies such as Rayleigh and Wickford and South Holland and The Deepings.

General election 2017: Liverpool Walton [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Dan Carden 36,175 85.7 +4.4
Conservative Laura Evans3,6248.6+3.9
Independent Terry May1,2372.9N/A
Liberal Democrats Kris Brown6381.5-0.8
Green Colm Feeley5231.2-1.2
Majority32,55177.1+4.8
Turnout 42,19767.3+6.2
Labour hold Swing +0.3
General election 2015: Liverpool Walton [13] [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Steve Rotheram 31,222 81.3 +9.3
UKIP Steven Flatman3,4459.0+6.4
Conservative Norsheen Bhatti1,8024.7-1.8
Green Jonathan Clatworthy9562.5New
Liberal Democrats Patrick Moloney8992.3−11.9
Independent Alexander Karran560.1New
The Pluralist PartyJonathan Bishop230.1N/A
Majority27,77772.3+14.6
Turnout 38,40361.1+6.3
Labour hold Swing +1.5
General election 2010: Liverpool Walton [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Steve Rotheram 24,709 72.0 +0.2
Liberal Democrats Patrick Moloney4,89114.2−2.7
Conservative Adam Marsden2,2416.5+0.6
BNP Peter Stafford1,1043.2N/A
UKIP Joseph Nugent8982.6−0.7
Christian Peoples Alliance John Manwell2970.9N/A
TUSC Darren Ireland1950.6N/A
Majority19,81857.7
Turnout 34,33554.8+8.1
Labour hold Swing +1.5

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Liverpool Walton [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 20,322 72.8 −5.0
Liberal Democrats Kiron Reid4,36515.6+1.0
Conservative Sharon Buckle1,6555.9−0.2
UKIP Joseph Moran1,1084.0+2.4
Liberal Daniel J. Wood4801.7N/A
Majority15,95757.2-6.0
Turnout 27,93045.0+2.0
Labour hold Swing −3.0
General election 2001: Liverpool Walton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 22,143 77.8 −0.6
Liberal Democrats Kiron Reid4,14714.6+3.5
Conservative Stephen Horgan1,7266.1−0.2
UKIP Paul Forrest4421.6N/A
Majority17,99663.2-4.0
Turnout 28,45843.0-16.5
Labour hold Swing −2.1

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Liverpool Walton [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 31,516 78.4 +6.0
Liberal Democrats Richard J. Roberts4,47811.1−0.9
Conservative Mark K. Kotecha2,5516.3−6.2
Referendum Charles Grundy6201.5N/A
Socialist Alternative Lesley Mahmood 4441.1N/A
Liberal Hazel L. Williams3520.91.1
ProLife Alliance Veronica P. Mearns2460.6N/A
Majority27,03867.2+8.3
Turnout 40,20759.5-7.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 1992: Liverpool Walton [19] [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 34,214 72.4 +8.0
Conservative Berkeley Greenwood5,91512.51.9
Liberal Democrats Joseph Lang5,67212.0−9.2
Liberal Tom Newall9632.0N/A
Protestant ReformationDavid J.E. Carson3930.8N/A
Natural Law Dianne Raiano980.2N/A
Majority28,29959.9+16.7
Turnout 47,25567.46.2
Labour hold Swing +4.9
1991 Liverpool Walton by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Peter Kilfoyle 21,317 53.1 −11.3
Liberal Democrats Paul Clark14,45736.0+14.8
Walton Real Labour Lesley Mahmood 2,6136.5N/A
Conservative Berkeley Greenwood1,1552.9−11.5
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 5461.4N/A
Independent George Lee-Delisle630.1N/A
Majority6,86017.126.1
Turnout 40,15156.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Liverpool Walton [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Eric Heffer 34,661 64.4 +11.7
Liberal Paul Clark11,40821.20.2
Conservative Iain Mays7,73814.410.8
Majority23,25343.2+15.6
Turnout 53,80773.6+4.0
Labour hold Swing +6.0
General election 1983: Liverpool Walton [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Eric Heffer 26,980 52.7
Conservative Alan Maddox12,86525.1
Liberal David M.B. Croft10,97021.4
BNP Donald J.M. McKechnie3430.7N/A
Majority14,11527.6
Turnout 51,15869.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Eric Heffer 20,231 55.22
Conservative R. Gould12,67334.59
Liberal N. Cardwell3,4799.50
National Front W.F. Haire2540.69
Majority7,55820.63
Turnout 72.83
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Eric Heffer 20,568 57.95
Conservative R. Gould10,70630.16
Liberal J. Watton4,22111.89
Majority9,86227.78
Turnout 68.30
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Eric Heffer 20,057 53.65
Conservative R.W. Rollins11,84131.67
Liberal J. Watton4,84212.95
National Front C. Gibbon6471.73
Majority8,21621.98
Turnout 72.69
Labour hold Swing
General election 1970: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Eric Heffer 20,530 56.01
Conservative Joseph Norton16,12443.99
Majority4,40612.02
Turnout 67.99
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Eric Heffer 20,950 57.29
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 15,61742.71
Majority5,33314.58
Turnout 71.18
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Eric Heffer 21,452 53.63
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 18,54646.37
Majority2,9067.27
Turnout 75.62
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Liverpool Walton [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 24,288 54.53
Labour George McCartney20,25445.47
Majority4,0349.06
Turnout 77.72
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 23,851 53.19
Labour Joseph Cleary 20,98946.81
Majority2,8626.38
Turnout 75.33
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 28,014 53.59
Labour Ian Isidore Levin24,26246.41
Majority3,7527.18
Turnout 81.05
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Kenneth Thompson 26,250 49.40
Labour James Haworth 21,98341.37
Liberal Ewart Heywood4,9019.22
Majority4,2678.03
Turnout 83.07
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour James Haworth 18,385 43.61
Conservative Reginald Purbrick 15,74937.35
Liberal Elizabeth Ruth Webster8,02819.04
Majority2,6366.25
Turnout 69.55
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Reginald Purbrick 22,623 61.64
Labour Frederick Lees McGhee14,07938.36
Majority8,54423.28
Turnout 64.24
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Liverpool Walton
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Reginald Purbrick 31,135 73.57
Labour F. A. P. Rowe 11,18326.43
Majority19,95247.15
Turnout 77.50
Conservative hold Swing

Election results 1885–1929

Elections in the 1880s

Birrell 1895 Augustine Birrell.jpg
Birrell
General election 1885: Liverpool Walton [24] [25] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John George Gibson 3,492 58.3 N/A
Liberal Augustine Birrell 2,50041.7N/A
Majority99216.6N/A
Turnout 5,99278.0N/A
Registered electors 7,683
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Liverpool Walton [24] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John George Gibson 2,872 63.1 +4.8
Liberal Charles Hamilton Bromby 1,68136.9-4.8
Majority1,19126.2+9.6
Turnout 4,55359.318.7
Registered electors 7,683
Conservative hold Swing +4.8

Gibson was appointed Solicitor-General for Ireland, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 11 Aug 1886: Liverpool Walton [24] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John George Gibson Unopposed
Conservative hold

Gibson resigned after being appointed a Judge of the Queen's Bench Division in the High Court of Justice in Ireland, causing a by-election.

By-election, 3 Feb 1888: Liverpool Walton [24] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Miles Walker Mattinson Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s

Richardson Benjamin Ward Richardson2.jpg
Richardson
General election 1892: Liverpool Walton [24] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Henry Stock 3,707 59.8 3.3
Liberal Benjamin Ward Richardson 2,49340.2+3.3
Majority1,21419.66.6
Turnout 6,20068.9+9.6
Registered electors 9,004
Conservative hold Swing 3.3
General election 1895: Liverpool Walton [24] [25] [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Henry Stock Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Liverpool Walton [24] [25] [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Henry Stock Unopposed
Conservative hold
Smith 1stEarlOfBirkenhead.jpg
Smith
General election 1906: Liverpool Walton [24] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative F. E. Smith 5,862 53.2 N/A
Liberal Edwin George Jellicoe5,15346.8N/A
Majority7096.4N/A
Turnout 11,01574.0N/A
Registered electors 14,889
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Liverpool Walton [24] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative F. E. Smith 6,627 52.6 -0.6
Liberal Francis L'Estrange Joseph 5,51343.8-3.0
Independent Liberal Edwin George Jellicoe4513.6-43.2
Majority1,1148.8
Turnout 80.4+6.4
Conservative hold Swing +1.2
General election December 1910: Liverpool Walton [24] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative F. E. Smith 6,383 55.9
Liberal William Permewan5,03944.1
Majority1,34411.8+3.0
Turnout 72.9
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Liverpool Walton [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Unionist Harry Chilcott 11,45771.4+15.5
Labour Robert Dixon Smith4,58028.6N/A
Majority6,87742.9+31.1
Turnout 16,03755.120.8
Registered electors 29,128
Unionist hold Swing N/A
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Liverpool Walton [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Harry Chilcott Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1923: Liverpool Walton [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Harry Chilcott Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1924: Liverpool Walton [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Harry Chilcott 13,387 55.3 N/A
Labour Tom Gillinder 8,92436.8N/A
Liberal Samuel Skelton1,9107.9N/A
Majority4,46318.5N/A
Turnout 24,22176.9N/A
Registered electors 31,482
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1929: Liverpool Walton [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Reginald Purbrick 16,623 42.7 12.6
Labour F. A. P. Rowe 16,39542.2+5.4
Liberal Glyn Howard Howard-Jones5,85715.1+7.2
Majority2280.518.0
Turnout 38,87576.00.9
Registered electors 51,175
Unionist hold Swing 9.0

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. See Results of the 2017 United Kingdom general election
  3. "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
  4. List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. Hanretty, Chris (29 June 2016). "The EU referendum: how did Westminster constituencies vote?".
  6. BBC Daily Politics, Feb 1 2017
  7. Savage, Michael (11 August 2018). "More than 100 seats that backed Brexit now want to remain in EU". The Observer.
  8. "GE2017 - Constituency results". Britain Elects (Google Docs). Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  9. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
  10. "Liverpool Walton Parliamentary constituency".
  11. http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-8749/CBP-8749.pdf
  12. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. "Liverpool Walton". Liverpool City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  14. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  15. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  20. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  24. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  25. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  26. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  27. Liverpool Daily Post 27 Jun 1914
  28. 1 2 3 4 5 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig

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