Liverpool City Council

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Coordinates: 53°24′25.9″N2°59′30″W / 53.407194°N 2.99167°W / 53.407194; -2.99167

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Contents

Liverpool City Council
Coat of arms of Liverpool City Council.png
Liverpool City Council Logo.svg
Type
Type
Leadership
Lord Mayor of Liverpool
Cllr Christine Banks, Labour
since 23 May 2018
Mayor of Liverpool
Cllr Joe Anderson, Labour
since 4 May 2012
Chief executive
Tony Reeves
since 13 July 2018
Structure
SeatsElected mayor
90 councillors
Liverpool Council Chamber September 2018.svg
Political groups
Administration
     Labour (72)
Other Parties
     Liberal Democrats (10)
     Green (4)
     Liberal (3)
     Independent (1)
Joint committees
Liverpool City Region Combined Authority
Length of term
4 years
Elections
Last election
2 May 2019
Next election
7 May 2020
Meeting place
Town Hall Liverpool council chamber.jpg
Liverpool Town Hall
Dale Street
Liverpool
L2 2DH
Website
liverpool.gov.uk

Liverpool City Council is the governing body for the city of Liverpool in Merseyside, England. It consists of 90 councillors, three for each of the city's 30 wards.

Liverpool City and metropolitan borough in England

Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500. Its metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the UK, with a population of 2.24 million in 2011. The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region.

Merseyside County of England

Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1.38 million. It encompasses the metropolitan area centred on both banks of the lower reaches of the Mersey Estuary and comprises five metropolitan boroughs: Knowsley, St Helens, Sefton, Wirral, and the city of Liverpool. Merseyside, which was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, takes its name from the River Mersey.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

The council is currently controlled by the Labour Party and is led by Mayor Joe Anderson. It is a constituent council of Liverpool City Region Combined Authority. [1]

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists. The party's platform emphasises greater state intervention, social justice and strengthening workers' rights.

Joe Anderson (politician) English politician

Joseph Anderson, is a British Labour Party politician who is the first directly elected mayor of Liverpool, having been elected with 57% of the vote on 3 May 2012. He won a second term in May 2016 with 52.6% of the vote. He was previously leader of the Liverpool City Council from the 2010 Council election until the 2012 Mayoral election. He is the first Labour Leader of the Council since 1998, the same year he was first elected as a Councillor. He was also on the board of directors at Liverpool Vision, an Urban Regeneration Company within the city. He represents Liverpool City Council as a member of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.

Liverpool City Region Combined Authority

The Liverpool City Region Combined Authority (LCRCA) is the combined authority of the Liverpool City Region. The Liverpool City Region includes the City of Liverpool local authority area plus the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral and the Borough of Halton in North West England. It was established on 1 April 2014 by statutory instrument under the provisions of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009. Membership of the combined authority is made up of the leaders of the six principal membership authorities and the local enterprise partnership.

History

Domain

Liverpool has been a town since 1207, when it was granted its first charter by King John. It has had a town corporation (the Corporation of Liverpool) since before the 19th century, and this was one of the corporations reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. The corporation created a police force in 1836.

Municipal Corporations Act 1835 United Kingdom legislation

The Municipal Corporations Act 1835, sometimes known as the Municipal Reform Act, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in the incorporated boroughs of England and Wales. The legislation was part of the reform programme of the Whigs and followed the Reform Act 1832, which had abolished most of the rotten boroughs for parliamentary purposes.

Liverpool was granted city status in 1880. When local government was reformed in 1888 under the Local Government Act 1888 it was one of the cities to become a county borough, and thus independent of Lancashire. This situation persisted until 1974 with the Local Government Act 1972, when due to urban expansion and the accretion of a large metropolitan area, the city was made a metropolitan district of the metropolitan county of Merseyside. This saw the old corporation nomenclature abolished and the council reconstituted as Liverpool City Council.

City status in the United Kingdom Honorary status granted by royal charter to settlements in the United Kingdom

City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities: as of 2014, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland. The holding of city status gives a settlement no special rights. This appellation carries its own prestige and competition for the status is hard-fought.

Local Government Act 1888 United Kingdom legislation

The Local Government Act 1888 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which established county councils and county borough councils in England and Wales. It came into effect on 1 April 1889, except for the County of London, which came into existence on 21 March at the request of the London County Council.

County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control. They were abolished by the Local Government Act 1972 in England and Wales, but continue in use for lieutenancy and shrievalty in Northern Ireland. In the Republic of Ireland they remain in existence but have been renamed cities under the provisions of the Local Government Act 2001. The Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 re-introduced the term for certain "principal areas" in Wales. Scotland did not have county boroughs but instead counties of cities. These were abolished on 16 May 1975. All four Scottish cities of the time—Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, and Glasgow—were included in this category. There was an additional category of large burgh in the Scottish system, which were responsible for all services apart from police, education and fire.

In 1835 Liverpool expanded into the village of Everton and then the township of Kirkdale in the 1860s. In 1895 Wavertree, Walton and parts of Toxteth and West Derby were incorporated into the city. Fazakerley (1904) and Gateacre (1913) followed, then the rest of West Derby known as West Derby Rural in 1928 and finally Speke in 1932.

Everton, Liverpool district in Liverpool, in Merseyside, England

Everton is a district in Liverpool, in Merseyside, England, in the Liverpool City Council ward of Everton. Historically in Lancashire, at the 2001 Census the population was recorded as 7,398, increasing to 14,782 at the 2011 Census.

Wavertree District of Liverpool

Wavertree is an area of Liverpool, on Merseyside, England, and is a Liverpool City Council ward. The population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 14,772. Historically in Lancashire, it is bordered by a number of districts to the south and east of Liverpool city centre from Toxteth, Edge Hill, Fairfield, Old Swan, Childwall and Mossley Hill.

Toxteth district of Liverpool, Merseyside, England

Toxteth is an inner-city area of Liverpool. Toxteth is located to the south of Liverpool city centre, bordered by Aigburth, Canning, Dingle, and Edge Hill.

In 1986 the council of Merseyside was abolished and its functions devolved to its districts, but the county still legally exists. Liverpool has never been a district council under Lancashire County Council.

Liberal followed by Militant-dominated Labour

In the late 1970s the City was run by the Liberal Party under Sir Trevor Jones. As part of their plans, a cost-cutting exercise was drawn up, to reduce the council's costs by 25%. In 1979 the Conservative Party won the General Election. The new government intended to cut council spending but Liverpool City Council successfully negotiated an exception from this, on the grounds that they were already following government policy and cutting 25%.

During the 1980s, the Trotskyist Militant group gained control of Liverpool's Labour Party and the council, and attempted to challenge the national government on several issues including refusing to set a budget in 1985. The council then adopted a 'deficit budget' in which spending exceeded income, causing a financial crisis. The leadership of the Labour Party was drawn into the controversy, culminating with Neil Kinnock's speech to the Party Conference in 1985, denouncing Liverpool City Council without explicitly naming it. Derek Hatton, councillor for Netherley ward and Deputy Leader of the Council, shouted "lies" at the platform, and Eric Heffer, MP for Liverpool Walton constituency, left the conference platform. [2]

The Labour Party ultimately succeeded in expelling members of Militant, and Hatton himself was expelled from the Labour Party in June 1986. [3]

1990–2010

2010–present

Liverpool Direct

The Chief Executive, Ged Fitzgerald, was arrested in May 2017 on suspicion of conspiracy to pervert the course of justice and witness intimidation related to investigations into One Connect, an organisation he helped to set up when he worked for Lancashire County Council which is similar to Liverpool Direct, a partnership between the council and BT Group. [7] Mr Fitzgerald resigned from his role in May 2018.

In August 2018 a case file of evidence gathered on Mr Fitzgerald and two other ex-council executives was handed to the Crown Prosecution Service.

Lord Mayor

The Lord Mayor of Liverpool is the first citizen and chosen representative of the city, acting as a focal point for the community as well as promoting the city. The Lord Mayor's main responsibilities includes meeting delegates from twinned cities, chairing council meetings and representing the city. The Lord Mayor of Liverpool is always a serving councillor, elected by the full council at its Annual General Meeting held each May, and serve for a term of one year: the current Lord Mayor is Councillor Christine Banks.

For list of past Lord Mayors of the city see Lord Mayors of Liverpool.

Council Wards

Liverpool is split into 30 separate wards for elections. These are the wards since the 2004 local elections. [8]

  1. Allerton & Hunts Cross
  2. Anfield
  3. Belle Vale
  4. Central
  5. Childwall
  6. Church
  7. Clubmoor
  8. County
  9. Cressington
  10. Croxteth
  11. Everton
  12. Fazakerley
  13. Greenbank
  14. Kensington & Fairfield
  15. Kirkdale
  1. Knotty Ash
  2. Mossley Hill
  3. Norris Green
  4. Old Swan
  5. Picton
  6. Princes Park
  7. Riverside
  8. Speke-Garston
  9. St Michaels
  10. Tuebrook & Stoneycroft
  11. Warbreck
  12. Wavertree
  13. West Derby
  14. Woolton
  15. Yew Tree

Between 1953–1973 the wards of Liverpool City Council were Abercromby, Aighburth, Allerton, Anfield, Arundel, Breckfield, Broadgreen, Central, Childwall, Church, Clubmoor, County, Croxteth, Dingle, Dovecot, Everton, Fairfield, Fazakerley, Gillmoss, Granby, Kensington, Low Hill, Melrose, Netherfield, Old Swan, Picton, Pirrie, Princess Park, St Domingo, St James, St Mary's, St Michaels, Smithdown, Speke, Sandhills, Tuebrook, Vauxhall, Warbreck, Westminster, Woolton. Each ward returned 3 councillors and was represented by an Alderman, bringing to the total number of representatives on the City Council to 120.

In 1973, the whole council was reconstituted and the number of wards was reduced to 33. Each ward elected three councillors, and the aldermanic system was abolished.

Political makeup

Elections are usually by thirds, in three of every four years. 2004 saw new boundaries and a reduction in the number of councillors from 99 to 90, so all seats were contested.

In March 2007, Labour gained a seat from the Liberal Democrats in a by-election in Speke Garston ward. In the May 2007 council elections, the Liberal Democrats lost 4 seats to Labour, leaving the council make-up as Liberal Democrats 51, Labour 35, Liberals 3 and Greens 1.

Labour then won a second by-election in Warbreck ward in September 2007.

In May 2010, the Labour Party, led by Joe Anderson, gained control of the council for the first time in 12 years. [9] In May 2011, Labour increased their majority on the Council making 11 gains.

At the May 2012 elections, Labour won 27 seats and the Liberal Democrats, Green Party and Liberals 1 each. This made the composition of the Council 72 Labour (after one Councillor became an independent), 9 Liberal Democrat (after a defection to the Labour party), 3 Liberal, 2 green and 2 independents.

In the May 2014 elections, the Labour party won 27 seats, the Green party won 2 seats, and the Liberal party won 1 seat. This made the composition of the Council for 2014/15: 78 Labour, 4 Green, 3 Liberal Democrat, 3 Liberal, and 2 independent.

Year Labour Lib Dems Liberal Green OtherRefs
2018758241
757242
767241
794241
201680424
2015812241 [10]
2014783342 [11]
20127210321 [12]
20116222321 [13]
2010483732 [14]
20083945321 [15]
20073551310 [16]
2006305631 [17]
2004276030 [18]
20033163302 [19]

Leaders

In the 19th and early 20th Century the council was run by the Conservatives, whose policies were responsible for Liverpool leading the way in many areas of social reform, for example the provision of the first council-housing in Europe. Liverpool was one of the last cities in the UK in which the Labour Party gained control, which occurred in 1955. The Conservatives were able to briefly regain control in 1961, until 1963, and again in 1967 until 1972. [20]

The council has switched numerous times between Liberal Democrats control and Labour control since its reconstitution in 1974, with two periods of no overall control. [21]

Leaders and Control

NameYearsControl
Archibald Salvidge 1890–1929 Conservative
Thomas White1929–1938
Alfred Shennan1938–1955
Jack Braddock1955–1961 Labour
Maxwell Entwistle1961–1963 Conservative
Jack Braddock1963–1967 Labour
Harold Macdonald Steward1967–1972 Conservative
Bill Sefton 1972–1973 Labour
Cyril Carr 1974–1975 No Overall Control
Bill Smyth1975–1976
John Hamilton 1976–1978
Eddie Roderick1978 (May–June)
John Hamilton 1978–1979
Trevor Jones 1979–1983
John Hamilton 1983–1987 Labour
Tony Byrne1986–1987
Trevor Jones 1987 (March–May) Liberal
Harry Rimmer1987 (May–October) Labour
Keva Coombes1987–1990
Harry Rimmer1990–1992
1992–1996 No Overall Control
Frank Prendergast1996–1998 Labour
Mike Storey 1998–2005 Liberal Democrats
Warren Bradley 2005–2010
Joe Anderson 2010–2012 Labour

Directly elected Mayors (2012–present)

NamePolitical partyStart of termEnd of term
Joe Anderson Labour 4 May 2012Incumbent

Sites

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References

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  2. James Naughtie "Labour in Bournemouth: Kinnock rounds on left's militants", The Guardian, 2 October 1985
  3. "1986: Labour expels Militant Hatton", BBC On This Day, 12 June
  4. Waddington, Marc (30 January 2009). "Liverpool Council: We'll cut back on big money". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
  5. "Labour sweeps to power in Liverpool after 12 years of Lib Dem rule". Liverpool Echo . Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  6. "Teenage Labour candidate beats ex-Lib Dem Leader". BBC News . 6 May 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  7. "Liverpool council chief executive Ged Fitzgerald arrested". Liverpool Echo. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  8. "Ward profiles". Liverpool City Council. Archived from the original on 1 March 2006.
  9. "Labour win Liverpool Council for first time in 12 years". BBC News . 7 May 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  10. "Political Composition – 2014/2015" . Retrieved 14 September 2015.
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  16. "Liverpool Local elections 2007". bbc.co.uk. BBC . Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  17. "Liverpool Local elections 2006". bbc.co.uk. BBC . Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  18. "Liverpool Local elections 2004". bbc.co.uk. BBC . Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  19. "Liverpool Local elections 2003". bbc.co.uk. BBC . Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  20. Jeffery, David (1 August 2017). "The strange death of Tory Liverpool: Conservative electoral decline in Liverpool, 1945–1996". British Politics. 12 (3): 386–407. doi:10.1057/s41293-016-0032-6. ISSN   1746-918X.
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