Sandwell

Last updated
Borough of Sandwell
Warley - Sandwell Council House.jpg
Sandwell Council House in Oldbury, West Midlands
Coat of arms of Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council.png
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Unity and Progress
Sandwell UK locator map.svg
Sandwell shown within the West Midlands and England
Coordinates: 52°30′19″N2°1′2″W / 52.50528°N 2.01722°W / 52.50528; -2.01722 Coordinates: 52°30′19″N2°1′2″W / 52.50528°N 2.01722°W / 52.50528; -2.01722
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region West Midlands
Metropolitan county West Midlands
Historic County Staffordshire and Worcestershire
Status Metropolitan borough
Incorporated1 April 1974
Admin HQ Oldbury
Government
  TypeMetropolitan district council
  Body Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council
  LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Labour)
   Mayor Cllr. Barbara Price [1]
   MPs Rt. Hon. John Spellar (L)
Shaun Bailey (C)
Nicola Richards (C)
James Morris (C)
Area
  Total33 sq mi (86 km2)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total328,450 (Ranked 31st)
  Density9,720/sq mi (3,752/km2)
  Ethnicity
69.9% White
19.2% Asian
5.9% Black
3.3% Mixed Race
0.3% Arab
1.3% Other [2]
Time zone UTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode
B, DY, WS
Area code(s) 0121, 01384
ISO 3166 code GB-SAW
ONS code 00CS (ONS)
E08000028 (GSS)
OS grid reference SO9954890217
NUTS 3UKG37
Website www.sandwell.gov.uk

Sandwell is a metropolitan borough of the West Midlands county in England. The borough is named after the Sandwell Priory, and spans a densely populated part of the West Midlands conurbation. According to Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council, the borough comprises the six amalgamated towns of Oldbury, Rowley Regis, Smethwick, Tipton, Wednesbury, and West Bromwich, [3] although these places consist of numerous smaller settlements and localities. Sandwell's Strategic Town Centre is designated as West Bromwich, the largest town in the borough, while Sandwell Council House (the headquarters of the local authority) is situated in Oldbury. In 2019 Sandwell was ranked 12th most deprived of England's 317 boroughs. [4]

Contents


Bordering Sandwell is the City of Birmingham to the east, the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley to the south and west, the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall to the north, and the City of Wolverhampton to the north-west. Spanning the borough are the parliamentary constituencies of West Bromwich West, West Bromwich East, Warley, and part of Halesowen and Rowley Regis, which crosses into the Dudley borough.

At the 2011 census, the borough had a population of 309,000 and an area of 86 square kilometres (33 sq mi). [5]

History and culture

Street nameplate on Rutland Road in Smethwick in April 2007, showing painted out "County Borough" lettering. RutlandRoadSignSmethwick.jpg
Street nameplate on Rutland Road in Smethwick in April 2007, showing painted out "County Borough" lettering.

The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell was formed on 1 April 1974 as an amalgamation of the county boroughs of Warley (ceremonially within Worcestershire) and West Bromwich (ceremonially within Staffordshire), under the Local Government Act 1972. Warley had been formed in 1966 by a merger of the county borough of Smethwick with the municipal boroughs of Rowley Regis and Oldbury; [6] at the same time, West Bromwich had absorbed the boroughs of Tipton and Wednesbury. [7]

For its first 12 years of existence, Sandwell had a two-tier system of local government; Sandwell Council shared power with the West Midlands County Council. In 1986 the county council was abolished, and Sandwell effectively became a unitary authority. The borough is divided into 24 Wards and is represented by 72 ward councillors on the borough council.

The borough was named after Sandwell Priory, the ruins of which are located in Sandwell Valley. The local council has considered changing its name in the past over confusion outside the West Midlands as to the whereabouts of the borough, and in June 2002 a survey of borough residents was carried out. Sixty-five percent of those surveyed favoured retaining the name Sandwell. [8]

Landmarks and attractions in Sandwell include Wednesbury Museum and Art Gallery, Bishop Asbury Cottage, West Bromwich Manor House, Oak House, West Bromwich, and Sandwell Valley Country Park. It is also the home of West Bromwich Albion F.C..

Sandwell used to be a popular hotspot for car cruising. In 2015 a High Court order was introduced to ban car cruising in the area. An extension has been secured to run until at least 2021. [9]

Politics

As of 2019, all Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council's councillors are members of the Labour Party. [10] Since the council election in 2018, the political composition of the council has been as follows: [11]

PartyCouncillors
Labour Party 59
Conservative Party 9
Independents 3

From the borough's creation in 1974 until 2010, all Members of Parliament (MPs) within its boundaries were Labour. However, in the 2010 general election, Conservative party candidate James Morris was elected to the Halesowen and Rowley Regis seat which incorporates the Sandwell communities of Rowley Regis, Blackheath and Cradley Heath, and the neighbouring area of Halesowen which is situated within Dudley's borders. This was the very first time any part of Sandwell had elected a Conservative MP – or indeed an MP from any party other than Labour. [12] In the December 2019 general election, however, Conservative candidates Nicola Richards and Shaun Bailey were elected to represent West Bromwich East and West Bromwich West respectively. This was the first time since the borough's creation that West Bromwich has returned any Conservative MPs to Parliament, and the first time that a constituency fully within the boundaries of Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council has been represented by a Tory MP. The election of both Richards and Bailey has been marked as a significant milestone in the political history of the borough and marked the end to decades of control by Labour MPs.[ citation needed ]

Wards

The Sandwell Borough is divided into 24 electoral wards, with each one represented by 3 councillors on the borough council: [11]

Ward nameAreaPopulation (2011 census)Population density (people per hectare)Ref.
Abbey 211 hectares (0.81 sq mi)11,75255.6 [13]
Blackheath 260 hectares (1.0 sq mi)12,29247.3 [14]
Bristnall 231 hectares (0.89 sq mi)12,15152.5 [15]
Charlemont with Grove Vale 522 hectares (2.02 sq mi)11,96422.9 [16]
Cradley Heath and Old Hill 403 hectares (1.56 sq mi)13,36533.6 [17]
Friar Park 299 hectares (1.15 sq mi)12,62542.3 [18]
Great Barr with Yew Tree 346 hectares (1.34 sq mi)12,59736.4 [19]
Great Bridge 325 hectares (1.25 sq mi)12,96239.9 [20]
Greets Green and Lyng 412 hectares (1.59 sq mi)11,76928.6 [21]
Hateley Heath 309 hectares (1.19 sq mi)14,22746.1 [22]
Langley 290 hectares (1.1 sq mi)12,96944.8 [23]
Newton 276 hectares (1.07 sq mi)11,55841.8 [24]
Oldbury 621 hectares (2.40 sq mi)13,60621.9 [25]
Old Warley 267 hectares (1.03 sq mi)11,91544.6 [26]
Princes End 278 hectares (1.07 sq mi)12,98146.7 [27]
Rowley 407 hectares (1.57 sq mi)11,78429.0 [28]
Smethwick 222 hectares (0.86 sq mi)14,14663.6 [29]
Soho and Victoria 321 hectares (1.24 sq mi)15,04246.9 [30]
St. Pauls 437 hectares (1.69 sq mi)14,22632.6 [31]
Tipton Green 341 hectares (1.32 sq mi)12,83437.6 [32]
Tividale 291 hectares (1.12 sq mi)12,61643.4 [33]
Wednesbury North 352 hectares (1.36 sq mi)12,68236.0 [34]
Wednesbury South 485 hectares (1.87 sq mi)12,51025.8 [35]
West Bromwich Central 652 hectares (2.52 sq mi)13,29020.4 [36]
Sandwell College in West Bromwich Central Campus, Sandwell College, West Bromwich.png
Sandwell College in West Bromwich

Education

Sandwell is home to nearly 100 primary schools, 25 secondary schools, 4 special schools and 1 college.

The sole further education college in the borough, Sandwell College was opened in September 1986 following the merger of Warley College and West Bromwich College. [37] It was originally based in the old Warley College buildings on Pound Road, Oldbury, and the West Bromwich College buildings on West Bromwich High Street, as well as a building in Smethwick town centre, but moved into a new single site campus in West Bromwich town centre in September 2012. [37] In 2004, a debt-ridden Sandwell College was subject to a police investigation. [38]

Localities

Localities in the borough include:

Local places of interest

Twin towns and cities

Sandwell is twinned with: [40]

See also

Related Research Articles

West Midlands (county) County in England

The West Midlands is a metropolitan county and combined authority area in western-central England with a 2018 estimated population of 2,916,458, making it the second most populous county in England after Greater London. It appeared as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972, to cover parts of Staffordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire. The county is a NUTS 2 region within the wider NUTS 1 region of the same name. It embraces seven metropolitan boroughs: the cities of Birmingham, Coventry and Wolverhampton, and the boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull and Walsall.

Oldbury, West Midlands Human settlement in England

Oldbury is an industrialised market town and administrative centre in Sandwell, West Midlands, England. It is a part of the Black Country, and the administrative centre of the borough of Sandwell.

Rowley Regis Human settlement in England

Rowley Regis is a historic parish and former municipal borough in the Black Country region of the West Midlands, England. Considered one of the six 'towns' that comprise the modern-day Sandwell Metropolitan Borough, it encompasses the Sandwell council wards of Blackheath, Cradley Heath & Old Hill, and Rowley. At the 2011 census, the combined population of these wards was 50,257.

Blackheath, West Midlands Human settlement in England

Blackheath is a town and ward in the Rowley Regis area of the Sandwell Metropolitan Borough, in the county of West Midlands, England.

Metropolitan Borough of Dudley Metropolitan borough in England

The Metropolitan Borough of Dudley is a metropolitan borough of West Midlands in England. It was created in 1974 following the Local Government Act 1972, through a merger of the existing Dudley County Borough with the municipal boroughs of Stourbridge and Halesowen. The borough borders Sandwell to the east, the city of Birmingham to the south east, Bromsgrove to the south in Worcestershire, South Staffordshire District to the west, and the city of Wolverhampton to the north.

Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council

Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council was created in 1974 to administer the newly formed Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, in the West Midlands county of England.

County Borough of Warley

Warley was a short-lived county borough and civil parish in the geographical county of Worcestershire, England, forming part of the West Midlands conurbation. It was formed in 1966 by the combination of the existing county borough of Smethwick with the municipal boroughs of Oldbury and Rowley Regis, by recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England. It was abolished just 8 years later in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, with its area passing to the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell.

The West Midlands region straddles the historic borders between the counties of Warwickshire, Staffordshire in the north, and Worcestershire in the south.

Brandhall Human settlement in England

Brandhall is a suburb of Oldbury in the south of Sandwell near the borders with Birmingham and Halesowen in the West Midlands. The development of the area commenced during the 1930s with the construction of several hundred private houses along the Hagley Road and Wolverhampton Road, as well as several side roads leading off the main dual carriageways. However, most of Brandhall was developed in the 1950s and 1960s, when several thousand council houses, flats and bungalows were built by Oldbury Council. Most of the high and medium-rise flats in Brandhall were demolished in the early 2000s and in their place housing associations built new low-rise homes. Brandhall is growing to be a more popular place due to the construction of new facilities, such as a local supermarket and a doctor's surgery.

Cradley Heath Human settlement in England

Cradley Heath is a town in the Rowley Regis area of the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, West Midlands, England. It lies within the Black Country and is situated 2.5 miles (4 km) north of Halesowen, 4 miles (6 km) south of Dudley and 9 miles (14 km) west of central Birmingham. Cradley Heath is often confused with the neighbouring Halesowen district of Cradley, although the two places are separated by the River Stour and have long been in separate local authorities, and until 1966 were in separate counties.

Civil parishes in the West Midlands (county)

A civil parish is a subnational entity, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 21 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of West Midlands, most of the county being unparished; Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall and Wolverhampton are completely unparished. At the 2001 census, there were 89,621 people living in the parishes, accounting for 3.5 per cent of the county's population.

Halesowen and Rowley Regis (UK Parliament constituency)

Halesowen and Rowley Regis is a constituency in the West Midlands represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by James Morris, a Conservative.

Warley, West Midlands

Warley is an area now in the metropolitan borough of Sandwell in the West Midlands of the United Kingdom. The name has been used historically for both a civil parish (1884-1908) and a county borough (1966-1974). The name has been used for a UK Parliament constituency since 1997.

Warley West was a parliamentary constituency in the borough of Sandwell in the West Midlands of England. It was initially centred on the towns of Rowley Regis and Cradley Heath, and from 1983 also incorporated parts of Oldbury.

West Bromwich was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1974. It centred on West Bromwich, in the West Midlands. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

The 2000 Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 4 May 2000 to elect members of Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council in the West Midlands, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party stayed in overall control of the council.

This article details a number of defunct schools that were once located in Sandwell in the West Midlands of England. For details of currently operating schools in Sandwell, please see: List of schools in Sandwell.

Sandwell Community History and Archives Service

Sandwell Community History and Archives Service (CHAS) is the archive service for the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell in the West Midlands of England. The service is based within Smethwick Library. It collects and preserves original archives and published material relating to the history of Sandwell. It is a local authority archive service, run and funded by Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council.

References

  1. "The Mayor's Office". Councillors, Committees, and Meetings. Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  2. "Census 2011 Key Stats". Sandwell Trends. Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  3. "Where is Sandwell?". Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  4. "Deprivation - Sandwell in a West Midlands Context". Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  5. "Sandwell in Brief". Sandwell Trends. Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  6. "Warley CB through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
  7. "West Bromwich MB/CB through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
  8. Sandwell View Point, issue no.10
  9. http://www.sandwell.gov.uk/info/200284/roads_travel_and_parking/3231/car_cruising_ban/
  10. "England council elections". BBC News Online . Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  11. 1 2 "Councillors – Sandwell Council". Sandwell MBC. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  12. "Historic Tory win in Halesowen and Rowley Regis". Halesowen News. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  13. "Abbey (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  14. "Blackheath (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  15. "Bristnall (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  16. "Charlemont with Grove Vale (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  17. "Cradley Heath and Old Hill (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  18. "Friar Park (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  19. "Great Barr with Yew Tree (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  20. "Great Bridge (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  21. "Greets Green and Lyng (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  22. "Hateley Heath (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  23. "Langley (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  24. "Newton (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  25. "Oldbury (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  26. "Old Warley (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  27. "Princes End (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  28. "Rowley (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  29. "Smethwick (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  30. "Soho and Victoria (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  31. "St Pauls (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  32. "Tipton Green (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  33. "Tividale (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  34. "Wednesbury North (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  35. "Wednesbury South (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  36. "West Bromwich Central (Ward) – Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  37. 1 2 "Sandwell College guide". The Telegraph. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  38. Fraud row college to axe 100 jobs
  39. http://www.sandwell.ac.uk/
  40. "Twin town". Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.