West Midlands (county)

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Economy

West Midlands
Birmingham Skyline from Edgbaston Cricket Ground (cropped, edited).jpg
Godiva statue Broadgate Oct 2011.jpg
Dudley Castle - panoramio - Tanya Dedyukhina (2).jpg
West Midlands UK locator map 2010.svg
West Midlands within England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region West Midlands
Established1 April 1974
Established by Local Government Act 1972
Time zone UTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of Parliament List of MPs
Police West Midlands Police
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant John Crabtree, OBE
High Sheriff Wade Lyn, CBE [1] (2020–21)
Area902 km2 (348 sq mi)
  Ranked 42nd of 48
Population (2021)2,916,458
  Ranked 2nd of 48
Density3,235/km2 (8,380/sq mi)
Ethnicity
  • 61.4% White
  • 22.9% Asian
  • 8.1% Black
  • 4.2% Mixed
  • 3.5% Other
[2]
In Central Birmingham
Car manufacturers
The leaping jaguar mascot outside the car company's head office south of Coventry Jaguar sign 19o06.jpg
The leaping jaguar mascot outside the car company's head office south of Coventry
Nearest Birmingham
Cadbury in Birmingham Cadbury Factory, Bournville - geograph.org.uk - 1266844.jpg
Cadbury in Birmingham
Outskirts of County
Near other main towns

The Forensic Science Service, Linpac, Lafarge Cement UK and IMI plc are on the Birmingham Business Park in Bickenhill. The National Exhibition Centre (NEC) is just north. ZF Lemförder UK's site at Bickenhill makes axle modules for Land Rover. Newey and Eyre, Britain's largest electrical wholesaler, is at Sheldon. Neopost UK is off the A452. Goodrich UK is in Shirley. TRW Conekt have a main automotive engineering research centre at The Green Business Park in Shirley Heath. The Mormons (Latter Day Saints) have their European HQ in Solihull.

Carillion head office in Wolverhampton Former Staffordshire Building Society Offices.jpg
Carillion head office in Wolverhampton

The UK's VAT Registration Service, for Value Added Tax is at HMRC in Wolverhampton. Flint Ink UK in the east of the town centre, was the largest ink supplier in the British Empire, before being bought in 1998.

Turner Powertrain Systems is the world market leader for transmissions for backhoe loaders, mini excavators telescopic handlers, and site dumpers is further south, near Dunstall Hill. Tata Steel (former site of British Steel Seamless Tubes until 1995) have their Wednesfield Steelpark (built in 1999) on the Walsall boundary.

Essar Steel UK in west Dudley, is the largest independent steel toll processor in the UK.

Hadley Group near the Soho Foundry is the largest cold roll forming manufacturer in the UK. Caparo Precision Tubes in Oldbury, is the UK's largest producer of electric resistance welded (ERW) steel tubes, and Wellman Group make boilers to the west. Metsec, east of Oldbury, is one of the UK's largest cold roll-forming companies. The AA have a main office in Rounds Green, west of Oldbury. 2 Sisters Food Group, Britain's largest processor of chicken, is based in the West Midlands.[ citation needed ]

The national headquarters of One Stop is in Brownhills, at Clayhanger. Poundland is in Willenhall. Wedge Group, based in Willenhall, is the largest hot dip galvanising company in the UK. Assa Abloy UK (and Yale UK, former Yale & Towne), is also in Willenhall, as the town is known for manufacture of locks. A.F. Blakemore, supplies most of the SPAR shops in the UK. [ citation needed ]

Places of interest

Key
AP Icon.svg Abbey/Priory/Cathedral
UKAL icon.svg Accessible open space
Themepark uk icon.png Amusement/Theme Park
CL icon.svg Castle
Country parks.svg Country Park
EH icon.svg English Heritage
Forestry Commission
HR icon.svg Heritage railway
HH icon.svg Historic House
AP Icon.svg Places of Worship
Museum icon.svg
Museum icon (red).svg
Museum (free/not free)
NTE icon.svg National Trust
Drama-icon.svg Theatre
Zoo icon.jpg Zoo

Education

The West Midlands contains ten universities, seven of which are located in Birmingham:

Both of Coventry University and the University of Warwick are located in Coventry whilst University of Wolverhampton is located in Wolverhampton with campuses in Telford and Walsall.

Each of the local authorities has at least one further education college for students aged over 16, and since September 1992 all of the local authorities have operated traditional 5–7 infant, 7–11 junior, and 11-16/18 secondary schools for students in compulsory education. This followed the demise of 5–8 first, 8–12 middle and 12-16/18 secondary schools in the Sutton Coldfield area. [57]

For 18 years before September 1990, Dudley had operated 5–8 first, 8–12 middle, and 12-16/18 secondary schools before then, while Halesowen (September 1972 until July 1982) and Aldridge-Brownhills (September 1972 until July 1986) had both operated 5–9 first, 9–13 middle and 13-16/18 secondary schools.

Many local authorities still have sixth form facilities in secondary schools, though sixth form facilities had been axed by most secondary schools in Dudley since the early 1990s (and in Halesowen in 1982) as the local authorities changed direction towards further education colleges.

All secondary state education in Dudley and Sandwell is mixed comprehensive, although there are a small number of single sex and grammar schools existing in parts of Birmingham, Solihull, Wolverhampton and Walsall.

In August 2009, Matthew Boulton College and Sutton Coldfield College merged to become Birmingham Metropolitan College, one of the largest further and higher education institutions in the country. Plans are afoot for the construction of a new campus in the Perry Barr area of Birmingham.

Media

Television

The area is served by BBC West Midlands and ITV Central which both broadcast from Birmingham, the local based-television station TalkBirmingham also covers the area. Television signals are received from the Sutton Coldfield TV transmitter. [58]

Radio

BBC Local

In terms of BBC Local Radio, the area is served by BBC Radio WM and BBC CWR covering Coventry.

Commercial

Commercial radio stations include Free Radio, Capital Midlands, Capital Mid-Counties, Heart West Midlands, Smooth West Midlands, Greatest Hits Radio Birmingham & The West Midlands, and Greatest Hits Radio Black Country & Shropshire.

Community

Community radio stations include:

Sport

The West Midlands is home to numerous sports teams. In rugby union, the West Midlands is home to various clubs including Wasps RFC, Birmingham Barbarians, Sutton Coldfield RFC, Moseley Rugby Football Club, Birmingham & Solihull RFC, and Coventry RFC.

In rugby league, the Midlands Hurricanes are the only team from the county playing in the professional ranks, currently in the third tier League 1.

In association football, there are six Premier League and Football League teams in the county of which two, Aston Villa, and Wolverhampton Wanderers, play in the Premier League. The following clubs are often referred to as the West Midlands "Big Six":

ClubLeagueCity/townStadiumCapacity
Aston Villa Premier LeagueBirmingham Villa Park 42,788
Wolverhampton Wanderers Premier LeagueWolverhampton Molineux 31,700
Birmingham City ChampionshipBirmingham St Andrew's 30,079
West Bromwich Albion ChampionshipWest Bromwich The Hawthorns 26,500
Coventry City ChampionshipCoventry Coventry Building Society Arena 32,609
Walsall League TwoWalsall Bescot Stadium 11,300

The West Midlands is also home to Warwickshire County Cricket Club, who are based at Edgbaston Cricket Ground, which also hosts Test matches and One Day Internationals. The Birmingham Panthers basketball team replaced the Birmingham Bullets and are currently based at a facility provided by the University of Wolverhampton in Walsall.

The West Midlands has its own Quidditch team, West Midlands Revolution (after its part in the Industrial Revolution), which won the Quidditch Premier League in 2017. [59]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Black Country</span> Area of the West Midlands, England

The Black Country is an area of England's Midlands. It is mainly urban, covering most of the Dudley, Sandwell and Walsall Metropolitan Boroughs, with the City of Wolverhampton sometimes included. The towns of Dudley and Tipton are generally considered to be the centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Bromwich</span> Town in West Midlands, England

West Bromwich is a market town in the borough of Sandwell, West Midlands, England. Historically part of Staffordshire, it is 7 miles northwest of Birmingham. West Bromwich is part of the area known as the Black Country, in terms of geography, culture and dialect. West Bromwich had a population of 103,112 in the 2021 Census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Smethwick</span> Town in West Midlands, England

Smethwick is an industrial town in Sandwell, West Midlands, England. It lies 4 miles (6 km) west of Birmingham city centre. Historically it was in Staffordshire and then Worcestershire before being placed into then West Midlands county.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sandwell</span> Metropolitan borough in England

Sandwell is a metropolitan borough of the West Midlands county in England. The borough is named after the Sandwell Priory, and spans a densely populated part of the West Midlands conurbation. Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council defines the borough as the six amalgamated towns of Oldbury, Rowley Regis, Smethwick, Tipton, Wednesbury and West Bromwich. Rowley Regis includes the towns of Blackheath and Cradley Heath.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oldbury, West Midlands</span> Town in West Midlands, England

Oldbury is a market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, West Midlands, England. It is the administrative centre of the borough. At the 2011 census, the town had a population of 13,606, while the 2017 population of the wider built-up area was estimated at 25,488. Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council, which defines Oldbury Town as consisting of the wards of Bristnall, Langley, Oldbury, and Old Warley, gave the population as 50,641 in 2011.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Midlands (region)</span> Region of England

The West Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of International Territorial Level for statistical purposes. It covers the western half of the area traditionally known as the Midlands. The region consists of the counties of Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. The region has seven cities; Birmingham, Coventry, Hereford, Lichfield, Stoke-on-Trent, Wolverhampton and Worcester.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Midlands conurbation</span> Conurbation in England

The West Midlands conurbation is the large conurbation in the West Midlands region of England. The area consists of two cities and numerous towns: to the east, the city of Birmingham, along with adjacent towns of Solihull and Sutton Coldfield; and to the west, the city of Wolverhampton and the area called the Black Country, containing the towns of Dudley, Walsall, West Bromwich, Oldbury, Willenhall, Bilston, Darlaston, Tipton, Smethwick, Wednesbury, Rowley Regis, Stourbridge and Halesowen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Blackheath, West Midlands</span> Human settlement in England

Blackheath is a town in the Sandwell Metropolitan Borough, in the county of West Midlands, England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Government of Birmingham</span>

Birmingham, a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, is the second-largest city in the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transport for West Midlands</span>

Transport for West Midlands (TfWM) is the public body responsible for co-ordinating transport services in the West Midlands metropolitan county in England. It is an executive body of the West Midlands Combined Authority (WMCA), with bus franchising and highway management powers similar to Transport for London. TfWM's policies and strategy are set by the Transport Delivery Committee of the WMCA.

The West Midlands region straddles the historic borders between the counties of Warwickshire, Staffordshire in the north, and Worcestershire in the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Civil parishes in the West Midlands (county)</span> Subnational entity

A civil parish is a subnational entity, forming the lowest unit of local government in England. There are 21 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of West Midlands, most of the county being unparished; Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall and Wolverhampton are completely unparished. At the 2001 census, there were 89,621 people living in the parishes, accounting for 3.5 per cent of the county's population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Express West Midlands</span> British bus operator in the West Midlands, England

National Express West Midlands (NXWM), also operating under the West Midlands Bus brand identity, is an English bus operator in the West Midlands, a subsidiary of Mobico Group. It is the largest bus operator in the region and one of the single largest in Britain.

Healthcare in the West Midlands was, until July 2022, the responsibility of five integrated care groups: Birmingham and Solihull, Sandwell and West Birmingham, Dudley, Wolverhampton, and Walsall.

The Black Country Local Enterprise Partnership was a local enterprise partnership (LEP) established in 2012, which sought to help with economic growth and plans around the Black Country, in West Midlands County, England. The partnership officially closed services at the end of 2023 with operations moving over to the West Midlands Combined Authority.

References

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  19. Intelligence and Enforcement Directorate, The Insolvency Service, 18 The Priory Queensway, Birmingham
  20. HMRC Stamp Duty Taxes, City Centre House, Birmingham
  21. Tricorn House, 51–53 Hagley Rd, Birmingham – specifically near Five Ways.
  22. SRA, The Cube, Birmingham part of the Mailbox.
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  25. The latter at Cannon House
  26. 1 2 Solihull
  27. Head office, B4110 at Stoke Aldermoor
  28. Jaguar Land Rover, Whitley, Coventry
  29. Wharf Street, Aston, Birmingham
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  31. Kiepe Electric, Aston Science Park, Birmingham
  32. Goodyear, 2920 Trident Court, Solihull Parkway, Birmingham Business Park, Birmingham
  33. 40 Fort Pkwy, Birmingham
  34. RoSPA, 28 Calthorpe Rd, Birmingham – specifically in Calthorpe Fields in north Edgbaston, next to St George's School
  35. Office/depot at the A47/A4040 junction next to the River Tame at Ward End near M6, and next to the former LDV factory.
  36. Genting Group, Star City near Washwood Heath.
  37. Goodrich Engine Controls, Hall Green, Birmingham
  38. in Kings Norton
  39. Kitts Green (towards Solihull), next to the River Cole.
  40. at Longbridge.
  41. Maypoint Business Park, next to the railway on the opposite side of the A38
  42. Midpoint Park, south of A38
  43. Sutton Coldfield
  44. Birmingham
  45. National Highways, Quinton, Birmingham.
  46. Ishida, Woodgate Business Park
  47. Severn Trent, 2 St John Street, Coventry
  48. Westwood Business Park in Westwood Heath
  49. Bladon Jets, Pinley
  50. Axeon UK, Coventry
  51. Edgwick and Great Heath
  52. Wayside Business Park, Longford, Coventry
  53. Whitmore Park, Coventry
  54. 1 2 At Walsgrave Triangle
  55. Middlemarch Business Park, Baginton next to Coventry Airport
  56. Prologis Park, Coventry
  57. Sutton Coldfield
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  59. "West Midlands Revolution". The Quidditch Premier League. Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019.

West Midlands (county) at Curlie

52°30′N1°50′W / 52.500°N 1.833°W / 52.500; -1.833