|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||Divided between Yorkshire and the Humber & North East|
|Established by||Local Government Act 1972|
|Preceded by||North Riding of Yorkshire|
|Time zone||UTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)|
|Members of Parliament||List of MPs|
|Police|| North Yorkshire Police |
|Lord Lieutenant||Johanna Ropner|
|High Sheriff||David Kerfoot (2020–21) |
|Area||8,608 km2 (3,324 sq mi)|
|• Ranked||1st of 48|
|Population (mid-2019 est.)||1,158,816|
|• Ranked||14th of 48|
|Density||134/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|County council||North Yorkshire County Council (part)|
|Area||8,053 km2 (3,109 sq mi)|
|• Ranked||1st of 26|
|• Ranked||20th of 26|
|Density||77/km2 (200/sq mi)|
Districts of North Yorkshire
|Districts|| County districts:|
North Yorkshire is the largest non-metropolitan county and lieutenancy area in England,covering an area of 8,654 square kilometres (3,341 sq mi). Around 40% of the county is covered by national parks,including most of the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors. It is one of four counties in England to hold the name Yorkshire;the three other counties are the East Riding of Yorkshire,South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire.
From 1974 (via Local Government Act 1972) to 1996,it was wholly within the Yorkshire and the Humber region. Since 1996,parts of the North East England region joined the county non-administratively. York also moved into being a non-administrative part of the county in 1996.
The Middlesbrough built-up area (at 174,700) is the most populous settlement while the York built-up area is second with 152,841,although neither form part of the administrative county,not governed by North Yorkshire County Council. Mid-2016 estimates by the ONS recorded a 602,300 population in the county council area. The most populous settlement in the administrative county (and third in the overall ceremonial county) is Harrogate (at 75,070);followed by Scarborough (at 61,749). Northallerton,the administrative county town,was recorded with a 16,832 population.
North Yorkshire was formed on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972,and covers most of the lands of the historic North Riding,as well as the northern parts of the West Riding as well as northern and eastern East Riding and the former county borough of York.
York became a unitary authority independent of county authority on 1 April 1996.Middlesbrough,Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton borough south of the River Tees also became part of the county;these were part of Cleveland (county) for twenty two years from 1974 to 1996,and previously in the North Riding before that.
The geology of North Yorkshire is closely reflected in its landscape. Within the county are the North York Moors and most of the Yorkshire Dales;two of eleven areas of countryside within England and Wales to be officially designated as national parks. Between the North York Moors in the east and the Pennine Hills in the west lie the Vales of Mowbray and York. The Tees Lowlands lie to the north of the North York Moors and the Vale of Pickering lies to the south. Its eastern border is the North sea coast. The highest point is Whernside,on the Cumbrian border,at 736 metres (2,415 ft).
The two major rivers in the county are the River Swale and the River Ure. The Swale and the Ure form the River Ouse which flows through York and into the Humber Estuary. The River Tees forms part of the border between North Yorkshire and County Durham and flows from upper Teesdale through Stockton-on-Tees and Middlesbrough and to the coast. The River Wharfe forms much of the southern border and also flows into the Ouse within the county.
North Yorkshire contains a small section of green belt in the south of the county,just north of Ilkley and Otley along the North and West Yorkshire borders. It extends to the east to cover small communities such as Huby,Kirkby Overblow,and Follifoot before covering the gap between the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough,helping to keep those towns separate.
The belt meets with the Yorkshire Dales National Park at its southernmost extent,and also forms a border with the Nidderdale AONB. It extends into the western area of Selby district,reaching as far as Tadcaster and Balne. The belt was first drawn up from the 1950s.
The city of York has an independent surrounding belt area affording protections to several outlying settlements such as Haxby and Dunnington,and it too extends into the surrounding districts.
North Yorkshire has a temperate oceanic climate,like most of the UK. However,there are large climate variations within the county. The upper Pennines border on a Subarctic climate,whereas the Vale of Mowbray has an almost Semi-arid climate. Overall,with the county being situated in the east,it receives below-average rainfall for the UK,but the upper Dales of the Pennines are one of the wettest parts of England,where in contrast the driest parts of the Vale of Mowbray are some of the driest areas in the UK. Summer temperatures are above average,at 22 °C,but highs can regularly reach up to 28 °C,with over 30 °C reached in heat waves. Winter temperatures are below average,with average lows of 1 °C. Snow and Fog can be expected depending on location,with the North York Moors and Pennines having snow lying for an average of between 45 and 75 days per year. Sunshine is most plentiful on the coast,receiving an average of 1650 hours a year,and reduces further west in the county,with the Pennines only receiving 1250 hours a year.
|Climate data for North Yorkshire|
|Record high °C (°F)||15|
|Average high °C (°F)||6|
|Average low °C (°F)||1|
|Record low °C (°F)||−14|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||40|
|#||Local authority||2011 census|
|4||Redcar and Cleveland||135,177|
|8|| Stockton-on-Tees |
By April 2023,the non-metropolitan county is set be reorganised into a unitary authority,the district and county councils are to merge with pre-existing unitary authorities un-altered.
North Yorkshire County Council area is a non-metropolitan county in a cabinet-style council.72 councillors elect a council leader,who in turn appoints up to 9 councillors to form an executive cabinet. Offices for the county are in County Hall,Northallerton.
The county is divided into the local government districts of Craven,Hambleton,Harrogate,Richmondshire,Ryedale,Scarborough and Selby.
Parts of the county are administered independently of the county council,having their own unitary authorities:the City of York Council,Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council,Middlesbrough Council and Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council. The latter three are part of the Tees Valley Combined Authority. Uniquely for England,the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees is split between North Yorkshire and County Durham.
In large areas of North Yorkshire,agriculture is the primary source of employment;some 85% of the county is considered to be "rural or super sparse".
Other sectors in 2019 included some manufacturing,the provision of accommodation and meals (primarily for tourists) which accounted for 19 per cent of all jobs and food manufacturing which employed 11 per cent of workers;a few people are involved in forestry and fishing in 2019. The average weekly earnings in 2018 were £531. Some 15% of workers declared themselves as self-employed. One report in late 2020 stated that "North Yorkshire has a relatively healthy and diverse economy which largely mirrors the national picture in terms of productivity and jobs.
Mineral extraction and power generation are also sectors of the economy as is high technology.
Tourism is a significant contributor to the economy. A study of visitors between 2013 and 2015 indicated that the Borough of Scarborough,including Filey,Whitby and parts of the North York Moors National Park,received 1.4m trips per year on average. million and supporting 10,900 full-time equivalent jobs.A 2016 report by the National Park however,provides more impressive numbers:the park area gets 7.93 million visitors annually,generating £647
The Yorkshire Dales have also attracted many visitors. In 2016,there were 3.8 million visits to the National Park including 0.48 million who stayed at least one night. The parks service estimates that this contributed £252 million to the economy and provided 3,583 full-time equivalent jobs. The wider Yorkshire Dales area received 9.7 million visitors who contributed £644 million to the economy. The North York Moors and Yorkshire Dales are among England's best known destinations.
The North Yorkshire County Council operates many small tourist information offices in rural areas.Nature or eco-tourism has become an important factor. In addition to hiking,some areas attract tourists with wildlife,although the latter aspect has yet to be fully developed. Another agency promoting tourism to the region is the Herriot Country Tourism Group which covers the North York Moors and Yorkshire Dales as well as communities such as Thirsk,Northallerton,Easingwold,Great Ayton &Bedale.
The historic towns of York and Harrogate are the top tourist destinations in the geographic area. million visitors annually;they contribute £564 million to the economy and support over 19,000 jobs. In the 2017 CondéNast Traveller survey of readers,York rated 12th among The 15 Best Cities in the UK for visitors. In a 2020 CondéNast Traveller report,York rated as the sixth best among ten "urban destinations [in the UK] that scored the highest marks when it comes to ... nightlife,restaurants and friendliness".York attracts millions of visitors,some of whom may be enticed to continue northward to other areas of North Yorkshire. A 2014 report,based on 2012 data, stated that York alone receives 6.9
During February 2020 to January 2021,the average property in North Yorkshire county sold for £240,000,up by £8100 over the previous 12 months. By comparison,the average for England and Wales was £314,000.In certain communities of North Yorkshire,however,house prices were higher than average for the county,as of early 2021:Harrogate (average value:£376,195),Knaresborough (£375,625),Tadcaster (£314,278),Leyburn (£309,165) and Ripon (£299,998),for example.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added for North Yorkshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British pounds sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
Unemployment in the county was traditionally low in recent years,but the lockdowns and travel restrictions necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on the economy during much of 2020 and into 2021.The UK government said in early February 2021 that it was planning "unprecedented levels of support to help businesses [in the UK] survive the crisis". A report published on 1 March 2021 stated that the unemployment rate in North Yorkshire had "risen to the highest level in nearly 5 years - with under 25s often bearing the worst of job losses".
York experienced high unemployment during lockdown periods. One analysis (by the York and North Yorkshire Local Enterprise Partnership) predicted in August 2020 that "as many as 13,835 jobs in York will be lost in the scenario considered most likely,taking the city's unemployment rate to 14.5%". Some critics claimed that part of the problem was caused by "over-reliance on the booming tourism industry at the expense of a long-term economic plan".A report in mid June 2020 stated that unemployment had risen 114 per cent over the previous year because of restrictions imposed as a result of the pandemic.
Tourism in the county was expected to increase after the restrictions imposed due the pandemic are relaxed. One reason for the expected increase is the airing of All Creatures Great and Small ,a TV series about the vet James Herriot,based on a successful series of books;it was largely filmed within the Yorkshire Dales National Park.The show aired in the UK in September 2020 and in the US in early 2021. One source stated that visits to Yorkshire websites had increased significantly by late September 2020.
North Yorkshire LEA has a mostly comprehensive education system with 42 state schools secondary (not including sixth form colleges) and 12 independent schools.
Settlements in italics lie within one of four unitary authorities.
|Local authority||Defined as|
|2||York||152,841||City of York||City|
|5||Redcar||37,073||Redcar and Cleveland||Town|
|7||Ingleby Barwick||20,378||Stockton-on-Tees (south)||Town|
|8||Saltburn, Marske and New Marske||19,134||Redcar and Cleveland||Civil Parish|
|9||Guisborough||17,777||Redcar and Cleveland||Town|
|15||Skelton and Brotton||12,848||Redcar and Cleveland||Civil Parish|
|17||Haxby||8,428||City of York||Town|
|20||Loftus||7,988||Redcar and Cleveland||Town|
They are also multiple smaller settlements of North Yorkshire, italics denote a place in one of the unitary authorities apart from settlements of Middlesbrough:
|Accessible open space|
|Places of Worship|
| ||Museum (free/not free)|
Places of interest in italics lie are in the non-administrative county.
The county is served by BBC North East and Cumbria, and for more southerly parts of the county BBC Yorkshire. Yorkshire Television and Tyne Tees Television are also received in most areas of the county, Settle and the Western part of the Craven area is served by BBC North West and Granada Television. BBC Tees is broadcast to northern parts of the county, whilst BBC Radio York is broadcast more widely. BBC Radio Leeds broadcasts to southern parts of the county.
The East Coast Main Line (ECML) bisects the county stopping at Northallerton, Thirsk and York. Passenger services on the ECML within the county are operated by London North Eastern Railway, TransPennine Express and Grand Central. TransPennine Express run services on the York to Scarborough Line and the Northallerton–Eaglescliffe Line (for Middlesbrough) that both branch off the ECML.
Northern operates the remaining lines in the county, including commuter services on the Harrogate Line, Airedale Line and York & Selby Lines, of which the former two are covered by the Metro ticketing area. Remaining branch lines operated by Northern include the Yorkshire Coast Line from Scarborough to Hull, the Hull to York Line via Selby, the Tees Valley Line from Darlington to Saltburn and the Esk Valley Line from Middlesbrough to Whitby. Last but certainly not least, the Settle-Carlisle Line runs through the west of the county, with services again operated by Northern.
The county suffered badly under the Beeching cuts of the 1960s. Places such as Richmond, Ripon, Tadcaster, Helmsley, Pickering and the Wensleydale communities lost their passenger services. Notable lines closed were the Scarborough and Whitby Railway, Malton and Driffield Railway and the secondary main line between Northallerton and Harrogate via Ripon. Heritage railways within North Yorkshire include: the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, between Pickering and Grosmont, which opened in 1973; the Derwent Valley Light Railway near York; and the Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway. The Wensleydale Railway, which started operating in 2003, runs services between Leeming Bar and Redmire along a former freight-only line. The medium-term aim is to operate into Northallerton station on the ECML, once an agreement can be reached with Network Rail. In the longer term, the aim is to reinstate the full line west via Hawes to Garsdale on the Settle-Carlisle line.
York railway station is the largest station in the county, with 11 platforms and is a major tourist attraction in its own right. The station is immediately adjacent to the National Railway Museum.
The main road through the county is the north–south A1(M), which has gradually been upgraded in sections to motorway status since the early 1990s. The only other motorways within the county are the short A66(M) near Darlington and a small stretch of the M62 motorway close to Eggborough.The other nationally maintained trunk routes are the A168/A19, A64, A66 and A174.
Coach and bus
Long-distance coach services are operated by National Express and Megabus. Local bus service operators include Arriva Yorkshire, Harrogate Bus Company, Scarborough & District (East Yorkshire Motor Services), Yorkshire Coastliner, First York and the local Dales & District.
There are no major airports in the county itself, but nearby airports include Teesside International (Darlington), Newcastle, Doncaster Sheffield and Leeds Bradford.
Yorkshire County Cricket Club play a number of fixtures at North Marine Road, Scarborough. The ball game Rock-It-Ball was developed in the county.
North Yorkshire has multiple association football clubs:
Middlesbrough are currently the highest-ranked team in the county as they play in the EFL Championship. In the past, they have won the EFL Cup and reached the UEFA Cup final. Harrogate Town play in the EFL League Two. York City play in the National League North and finished 2nd on points-per-game during the 2019–20 season, but they lost their play-off semi-final to Altrincham. Whitby Town have reached the FA Cup first round seven times and have played the likes of Hull City, Wigan Athletic and Plymouth Argyle; they currently play in the Northern Premier League Premier Division, along with nearby Scarborough Athletic, a phoenix club of Scarborough.
|National League 2 North||Harrogate||Rudding Lane||Harrogate|
|Wharfedale||The Avenue||2,000||Threshfield, Craven|
|North Premier||York||Clifton Park||York, North Yorkshire|
|North 1 East||Malton & Norton||The Gannock||Malton|
|Scarborough||Silver Royd||4,500 (425 seats)||Scalby, Scarborough|
|Yorkshire 1||Selby||Sandhill Lane||Selby|
|Durham & Northumberland 1||Acklam||Talbot Park||Acklam, Middlesbrough|
|Middlesbrough||Acklam Park||5,000 (159 seats)||Acklam, Middlesbrough|
The leading rugby union teams in the county include Wharfedale RUFC, Harrogate RUFC, but teams also include Middlesbrough RUFC and Acklam RUFC who play their league games in Durham/Northumberland 1. York City Knights, previously known as York F.C., are a rugby league team who play in the Rugby League Championships.
North Yorkshire has multiple racecourses at: Catterick Bridge, Redcar, Ripon, Thirsk and York. It also has one motor racing circuit, Croft Circuit; the circuit holds meetings of the British Touring Car Championship, British Superbike and Pickup Truck Racing race series and one Motorcycle Racing Circuit at Oliver's Mount, Scarborough.
Guisborough is a market town and civil parish in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, England. It lies north of the North York Moors National Park. Roseberry Topping, midway between the town and Great Ayton, is a landmark in the national park. At the 2011 census, the civil parish with outlying Upleatham, Dunsdale and Newton under Roseberry had a population of 17,777, of which 16,979 were in the town's built-up area. It was governed by an urban district and rural district in the North Riding of Yorkshire.
Eston is an area and former township in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, England. It forms part of the Teesside built-up area's Middlesbrough sub-division.
The North Riding of Yorkshire is a subdivision of Yorkshire, England, alongside York, the East Riding and West Riding. The riding's highest point is at Mickle Fell with 2,585 ft (788 metres).
Redcar and Cleveland is a unitary authority and borough in North Yorkshire, England. Its main settlements are Redcar, Brotton, Guisborough, the Greater Eston part of Middlesbrough, Loftus, Saltburn and Skelton. The borough had a resident population of 135,200 in 2011.
The Borough of Harrogate is a local government district and borough of North Yorkshire, England. Its population at the census of 2011 was 157,869. Its council is based in the town of Harrogate, but it also includes surrounding towns and villages. This includes the cathedral city of Ripon and almost all of the Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Tees Valley is a combined authority area in the north of England around the River Tees. The combined authority was established in 2016, after public consultation in 2015. The area is not a geographical valley.
Teesville is an area in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, England. It forms part of the Teesside built-up area's Middlesbrough sub-division.
Easington is a village in the Loftus civil parish and is part of the North York Moors National Park. It is in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, England. The village is situated on the A174 road, 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Loftus, 8 miles (13 km) east of Guisborough and 10 miles (16 km) north-west of Whitby
Copt Hewick is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. The village lies about two miles east of Ripon. It had a population of 180 in 2004 according to the North Yorkshire County Council, increasing to 253 at the 2011 census.
Grangetown is an area in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, England. It forms part of the Teesside built-up area's Middlesbrough sub-division. The area is 3 miles (4.8 km) east of central Middlesbrough and 4 miles (6.4 km) from south west of central Redcar.
North Stainley is a village in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Ripon. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is the closest settlement to the theme park Lightwater Valley which is 0.62 miles (1 km) to the south.
Wath is a village and civil parish 3.7 miles (6 km) north of Ripon in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. The population of the parish was estimated at 210 in 2015.
Greater Eston is an unparished area in the Borough of Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, England. The name is used by the borough's council to describe the centres of Eston, Grangetown, Normanby, Ormesby, South Bank and Teesville.
Potto is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is 5 miles south-west of Stokesley and near the main A172 road. Potto has a pub, a church and a haulage company.
Sharow is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It is about 1 mile (1.6 km) north-east of Ripon. The name Sharow derives from the Old English of 'Scearu' and 'Hōh' which translates as boundary hill-spur or a share/division of a sharply projecting piece of land. In the 2001 Census, the village was registered as having a population of 546, which had risen slightly to 556 at the 2011 Census. In 2015, North Yorkshire County Council estimated the population to have dropped to 540.
Lockwood is a civil parish in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland with ceremonial association with North Yorkshire, England. The population of Lockwood ward in the Redcar and Cleveland Unitary authority taken at the 2011 census was 2,022.
The county of North Yorkshire is divided into 11 districts. The districts of North Yorkshire are Selby, Harrogate, Craven, Richmondshire, Hambleton, Ryedale, Scarborough, Redcar and Cleveland, Middlesbrough, part of Stockton-on-Tees and City of York.
Great Broughton is a village in the Great and Little Broughton civil parish of the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire in northern England.
The county of North Yorkshire is divided into 11 districts. The districts of North Yorkshire are Selby, Harrogate, Craven, Richmondshire, Hambleton, Ryedale, the Scarborough, the City of York, Redcar and Cleveland, Middlesbrough, and parts are in Stockton-on-Tees administered from County Durham.
The Borough of Middlesbrough is a borough and unitary authority in North Yorkshire, Northern England, based on the town of Middlesbrough. The borough had a population of 140,980, in the mid-2019 est.
|Look up North Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for North Yorkshire .|