Location of North Yorkshire within England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region|| Yorkshire and the Humber |
North East (part)
|Time zone||UTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)|
|Members of Parliament|
North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan county (or shire county) and the largest ceremonial county in England by area. The ONS estimated that the population of the Shire was 602,300 in mid-2016, excluding unitary authorities.
Created by the Local Government Act 1972, 8,654 square kilometres (3,341 sq mi), making it the largest county in England. The majority of the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors lie within North Yorkshire's boundaries, and around 40% of the county is covered by National Parks.it covers an area of
Within the ceremonial county, the most populous is Middlesbrough built-up area (at 174,700), York built-up area (at 152,841) is second. The largest settlement in the administrative county is Harrogate (at 73,576), the second largest is Scarborough (at 61,749) and Northallerton has a population of 16,832.
The area under the control of the county council, or shire county, is divided into a number of local government districts: Craven, Hambleton, Harrogate, Richmondshire, Ryedale, Scarborough and Selby.
The Department for Communities and Local Government considered reorganising North Yorkshire County Council's administrative structure by abolishing the seven district councils and the county council to create a North Yorkshire unitary authority. The changes were planned to be implemented no later than 1 April 2009.This was rejected on 25 July 2007 so the County Council and District Council structure remained. In 2020 the government announced another structural review with the intention of implementing unitary local governance across all of North Yorkshire with an overarching elected executive mayor.
The ceremonial county boroughs of City of York, Middlesbrough and Redcar and Cleveland are counted for various functions, such as the Lord Lieutenant of North Yorkshire, but do not come under county council control. Uniquely in England, Stockton-on-Tees is split between North Yorkshire and County Durham for this purpose. Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton-on-Tees boroughs are in the North East England region for other purposes, such as statistics.
The geology of North Yorkshire is closely reflected in its landscape. Within the county are the North York Moors and most of the Yorkshire Dales; two of eleven areas of countryside within England and Wales to be officially designated as national parks. Between the North York Moors in the east and the Pennine Hills in the west lie the Vales of Mowbray and York. The Tees Lowlands lie to the north of the North York Moors and the Vale of Pickering lies to the south. Its eastern border is the North sea coast. The highest point is Whernside, on the Cumbrian border, at 736 metres (2,415 ft).
The two major rivers in the county are the River Swale and the River Ure. The Swale and the Ure form the River Ouse which flows through York and into the Humber Estuary. The River Tees forms part of the border between North Yorkshire and County Durham and flows from upper Teesdale through Stockton-on-Tees and Middlesbrough and to the coast.
North Yorkshire contains a small section of green belt in the south of the county, just north of Ilkley and Otley along the North and West Yorkshire borders. It extends to the east to cover small communities such as Huby, Kirkby Overblow, and Follifoot before covering the gap between the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough, helping to keep those towns separate.
The belt meets with the Yorkshire Dales National Park at its southernmost extent, and also forms a border with the Nidderdale AONB. It extends into the western area of Selby district, reaching as far as Tadcaster and Balne. The belt was first drawn up from the 1950s.
The city of York has an independent surrounding belt area affording protections to several outlying settlements such as Haxby and Dunnington, and it too extends into the surrounding districts.
North Yorkshire was formed on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, and covers most of the lands of the historic North Riding, as well as the northern half of the West Riding, the northern and eastern fringes of the East Riding of Yorkshire and the former county borough of York.
York became a unitary authority independent of North Yorkshire on 1 April 1996,and at the same time Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and areas of Stockton-on-Tees south of the river became part of North Yorkshire for ceremonial purposes, having been part of Cleveland from 1974 to 1996.
The non-metropolitan county of North Yorkshire is administered by North Yorkshire County Council, a cabinet-style council.The full council of 72 elects a council leader, who in turn appoints up to 9 more councillors to form the executive cabinet. The cabinet is responsible for making decisions in the non-metropolitan county. The county council have their offices in County Hall in Northallerton.
Certain areas within the ceremonial county are administered independently of the county council and have their own unitary authority councils: the City of York Council, Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council, Middlesbrough Borough Council, and Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council (which is only partly in the ceremonial county, the other part being in County Durham).
The county is affluent and has above average UK house prices. Unemployment is below average for the UK and claimants of Job Seekers Allowance is also very low compared to the rest of the UK at 2.7%.
Agriculture is an important industry, as are mineral extraction and power generation. The county also has prosperous high technology, service and tourism sectors. million and supporting 10,900 full-time equivalent jobs.Tourism is certainly a significant contributor to the economy. A study of visitors between 2013 and 2015 indicated that the Borough of Scarborough, including Filey, Whitby and parts of the North York Moors National Park, received 1.4m trips per year on average. A 2016 report by the National Park however, provides more impressive numbers: the park area gets 7.93 million visitors annually, generating £647
In 2016, there were 3.8 million visits to the Yorkshire Dales National Park including 0.48 million who stayed at least one night. The parks service estimates that this contributed £252 million to the economy and provided 3,583 full-time equivalent jobs. The wider Yorkshire Dales area received 9.7 million visitors who contributed £644 million to the economy. The North York Moors and Yorkshire Dales are among England’s best known destinations.
The North Yorkshire County Council operates many small tourist information offices in rural areas.Nature or eco-tourism has become an important factor. In addition to hiking, some areas attract tourists with wildlife, although the latter aspect has yet to be fully developed.
The historic towns of York and Harrogate are the top tourist destinations in the geographic area. million visitors annually; they contribute £564 million to the economy and support over 19,000 jobs. In the 2017 Condé Nast Traveller survey of readers, York rated 12th among The 15 Best Cities in the UK for visitors.York attracts millions of visitors, some of whom may be enticed to continue northward to other areas of North Yorkshire. A 2014 report, based on 2012 data, stated that York alone receives 6.9
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added for North Yorkshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
North Yorkshire LEA has a mostly comprehensive education system with 42 state schools secondary (not including sixth form colleges) and 12 independent schools.
North Yorkshire has a temperate oceanic climate, like most of the UK. However, there are large climate variations within the county. The upper Pennines border on a Subarctic climate, whereas the Vale of Mowbray has an almost Semi-arid climate. Overall, with the county being situated in the east, it receives below-average rainfall for the UK, but the upper Dales of the Pennines are one of the wettest parts of England, where in contrast the driest parts of the Vale of Mowbray are some of the driest areas in the UK. Summer temperatures are above average, at 22 °C, but highs can regularly reach up to 28 °C, with over 30 °C reached in heat waves. Winter temperatures are below average, with average lows of 1 °C. Snow and Fog can be expected depending on location, with the North York Moors and Pennines having snow lying for an average of between 45 and 75 days per year. Sunshine is most plentiful on the coast, receiving an average of 1650 hours a year, and reduces further west in the county, with the Pennines only receiving 1250 hours a year.
|Climate data for North Yorkshire|
|Record high °C (°F)||15|
|Average high °C (°F)||6|
|Average low °C (°F)||1|
|Record low °C (°F)||−14|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||40|
Settlements in italics lie only within the ceremonial county, not the administrative county.
|1||Middlesbrough||174,700||Middlesbrough||Town||Refers to the settlement based on the Built up area subdivision at the 2011 census. This includes areas outside Middlesbrough Council.|
|2||York||152,841||City of York||City||Refers to the urban settlement based on the built-up area subdivision of York, which excludes any outlying areas within the city of York Council area. The City of York borough covers a wider area than York itself, encompassing surrounding towns and villages.|
|3||Harrogate||73,576||Harrogate||Spa Town||Unparished, but the built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to the town's boundaries, with no outlying areas.|
|4||Scarborough||38,715 (approximate)||Scarborough||Town||Town is unparished. There was no population count measuring Scarborough independently at the 2011 census. The built-up area is the closest, but also includes the outlying parishes of Eastfield, Osgodby, Cayton, Newby and Scalby, and part of Seamer. Subtracting the populations of all these parishes from the built-up area count of 61,749, comes to 38,715.|
|5||Redcar||37,073||Redcar and Cleveland||Town||Unparished, but the built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to the town's boundaries, with no outlying areas.|
|6||Thornaby-on-Tees||24,741||Stockton-on-Tees (south)||Town||Unitary Authority. The built-up area subdivision accurately corresponds to the town's boundaries, with no outlying areas.|
|7||Ingleby Barwick||20,378||Stockton-on-Tees (south)||Civil Parish|
|8||Saltburn, Marske and New Marske||19,134||Redcar and Cleveland||Civil Parish|
|9||Guisborough||17,777||Redcar and Cleveland||Civil Parish|
|15||Skelton and Brotton||12,848||Redcar and Cleveland||Civil Parish|
|16||Northallerton||10,655||Hambleton||Civil Parish||County town|
|17||Haxby||8,428||City of York||Civil Parish|
|19||Yarm-on-Tees||8,384||Stockton-on-Tees (south)||Civil Parish|
|20||Loftus||7,988||Redcar and Cleveland||Civil Parish|
Settlements in italics lie only within the ceremonial county, not the administrative county.
|Accessible open space|
|Museum (free/not free)|
Places of interest in italics lie only within the ceremonial county, not the administrative county..
The county is served by BBC North East and Cumbria, and for more southerly parts of the county BBC Yorkshire. Yorkshire Television and Tyne Tees Television are also received in most areas of the county, Settle and the Western part of the Craven area is served by BBC North West and Granada Television. BBC Tees is broadcast to northern parts of the county, whilst BBC Radio York is broadcast more widely. BBC Radio Leeds broadcasts to southern parts of the county.
The main road through the county is the north–south A1(M), which has gradually been upgraded in sections to motorway status since the early 1990s. The only other motorways within the county are the short A66(M) near Darlington and a small stretch of the M62 motorway close to Eggborough.The other nationally maintained trunk routes are the A168/A19, A64, A66 and A174.
The East Coast Main Line (ECML) bisects the county stopping at Northallerton, Thirsk and York. Passenger services on the ECML within the county are operated by London North Eastern Railway, TransPennine Express and Grand Central. TransPennine Express run services on the York to Scarborough Line and the Northallerton–Eaglescliffe Line (for Middlesbrough) that both branch off the ECML.
Northern operate the remaining lines in the county, including commuter services on the Harrogate Line, Airedale Line and York & Selby Lines, of which the former two are covered by the Metro ticketing area. Remaining branch lines operated by Northern include the Yorkshire Coast Line from Scarborough to Hull, the Hull to York Line via Selby, the Tees Valley Line from Darlington to Saltburn and the Esk Valley Line from Middlesbrough to Whitby. Last but certainly not least, the Settle-Carlisle Line runs through the west of the county, with services again operated by Northern.
The county suffered badly under the Beeching cuts of the 1960s. Places such as Richmond, Ripon, Tadcaster, Helmsley, Pickering and the Wensleydale communities lost their passenger services. Notable lines closed were the Scarborough and Whitby Railway, Malton and Driffield Railway and the secondary main line between Northallerton and Harrogate via Ripon.
Heritage railways within North Yorkshire include: the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, between Pickering and Grosmont, which opened in 1973; the Derwent Valley Light Railway near York; and the Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway. The Wensleydale Railway, which started operating in 2003, runs services between Leeming Bar and Redmire along a former freight-only line. The medium-term aim is to operate into Northallerton station on the ECML, once an agreement can be reached with Network Rail. In the longer term, the aim is to reinstate the full line west via Hawes to Garsdale on the Settle-Carlisle line.
York railway station is the largest station in the county, with 11 platforms and is a major tourist attraction in its own right. The station is immediately adjacent to the National Railway Museum.
Long-distance coach services are operated by National Express and Megabus. Local bus service operators include Arriva Yorkshire, Harrogate Bus Company, Scarborough & District (East Yorkshire Motor Services), Yorkshire Coastliner, First York and the local Dales & District.
There are no major airports in the county itself, but nearby airports include Durham Tees Valley, Newcastle, Robin Hood Doncaster Sheffield and Leeds Bradford.
North Yorkshire is home to several football clubs. Middlesbrough play in the Championship. Harrogate Town play in the EFL League Two. York City who play in the National League North and finished 11th during the 2017-18 National League season. Whitby Town FC have reached the FA Cup first round seven times and have played the likes of Hull City, Wigan and Plymouth Argyle; they currently play in the Evo-Stik Premier League. Other lower league clubs include Marske United, Harrogate Railway Athletic, Northallerton Town, Pickering Town, Scarborough Athletic, Selby Town and Tadcaster Albion.
Rugby union teams in the county include Middlesbrough RUFC, who play their league games in Durham/Northumberland 1. York City Knights, previously known as York F.C., are a rugby league team who play in the Rugby League Championships.
North Yorkshire is home to many racecourses; these include Catterick Bridge, Redcar, Ripon, Thirsk and York. It also has one motor racing circuit, Croft Circuit; the circuit holds meetings of the British Touring Car Championship, British Superbike and Pickup Truck Racing race series and one Motorcycle Racing Circuit at Oliver's Mount, Scarborough.
Yorkshire County Cricket Club play a number of fixtures at North Marine Road, Scarborough.
The ball game Rock-It-Ball was developed in the county.
The North Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions (ridings) of the English county of Yorkshire, alongside the East and West ridings. From the Restoration it was used as a lieutenancy area, having been part of the Yorkshire lieutenancy previously. The three ridings were treated as three counties for many purposes, such as having separate quarter sessions. An administrative county was created with a county council in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888 on the historic boundaries. In 1974 both the administrative county and the Lieutenancy of the North Riding of Yorkshire were abolished, being succeeded in most of the riding by the new non-metropolitan county of North Yorkshire.
The borough of Redcar and Cleveland is a unitary authority area in the North East of England within the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire. The main settlements are Redcar, Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, and small towns such as Brotton, Eston, Skelton and Loftus. It had a resident population of 135,200 in 2011.
Selby District is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. The local authority, Selby District Council, is based in the town of Selby and provides services to an area which includes Tadcaster and a host of villages. The Local Authority had a population of 83,449 at the 2011 Census. It is the southernmost district of North Yorkshire, and it borders the City of York, a unitary authority, the districts of the City of Leeds and the City of Wakefield, in West Yorkshire, the town of Doncaster, in South Yorkshire, the ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire, and the Borough of Harrogate.
The Borough of Harrogate is a local government district and borough of North Yorkshire, England. Its population at the census of 2011 was 157,869. Its council is based in the town of Harrogate, but it also includes surrounding towns and villages. Including the cathedral city of Ripon and almost all of the Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The most populous district of North Yorkshire, it is the county's fourth largest district, as well the seventh largest non-metropolitan district in England. The district is part of the Leeds City Region. It borders seven other areas; the Craven, Richmondshire, Hambleton and Selby districts in North Yorkshire, the York unitary authority, and the Districts of Leeds and Bradford in West Yorkshire.
The Tees Valley is a city region in the North East of England around the lower reaches of the River Tees. The region is not a geographical valley.
Masham is a small market town and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It had a population of 1,205 at the 2011 census.
Aislaby is a village and civil parish in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated near the town of Whitby on the northern slopes of Eskdale just off the A171.
Romanby is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England. Romanby is situated just south-west of Northallerton, and at the 2001 UK census had a population of 6,051, increasing to 6,177 at the 2011 Census.
Coatham is a place in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England and is now a district of Redcar.
Copt Hewick is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. The village lies about two miles east of Ripon. It had a population of 180 in 2004 according to the North Yorkshire County Council, increasing to 253 at the 2011 census.
Melmerby is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England, that lies 3.7 miles (6 km) north of Ripon and 0.6 miles (1 km) west of the A1(M) motorway. The population was 386 in the 2011 census.
North Stainley is a village in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Ripon. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is the closest settlement to the theme park Lightwater Valley which is 0.62 miles (1 km) to the south.
Wath is a village and civil parish 3.7 miles (6 km) north of Ripon in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. The population of the parish was estimated at 210 in 2015.
East Harlsey is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England. It is about 1 mile (2 km) west of Ingleby Arncliffe and the A19 and 6 miles (10 km) north-east of Northallerton. The population of the village as measured at the 2011 census was 281.
Potto is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is 5 miles south-west of Stokesley and near the main A172 road. Potto has a pub, a church and a haulage company.
Sharow is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It is about 1 mile (1.6 km) north-east of Ripon. The name Sharow derives from the Old English of 'Scearu' and 'Hōh' which translates as boundary hill-spur or a share/division of a sharply projecting piece of land. In the 2001 Census, the village was registered as having a population of 546, which had risen slightly to 556 at the 2011 Census. In 2015, North Yorkshire County Council estimated the population to have dropped to 540.
Gilberdyke is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 20 miles (32 km) south-east of York and 19 miles (31 km) west of Hull. Gilberdyke lies near to Howden which is 5 miles (8 km) away. It lies on the B1230 road, 1 mile (2 km) south of the M62 motorway.
The county of North Yorkshire is divided into 11 districts. The districts of North Yorkshire are Selby, Borough of Harrogate, Craven, Richmondshire, Hambleton, Ryedale, the Borough of Scarborough, the City of York, Redcar and Cleveland, Middlesbrough, and Stockton-on-Tees.
Great Broughton is a village in the Great and Little Broughton civil parish of the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire in northern England.
The county of North Yorkshire is divided into 11 districts. The districts of North Yorkshire are Selby, Borough of Harrogate, Craven, Richmondshire, Hambleton, Ryedale, the Borough of Scarborough, the City of York, Redcar and Cleveland, Middlesbrough, and parts are in the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees administered from County Durham.
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