Calderdale

Last updated

Borough of Calderdale
Motto(s): 
‘Industria Arte Prudentia’
(Latin: ‘Industry, skill and foresight’)
Calderdale UK locator map.svg
Calderdale shown within West Yorkshire
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Admin. HQ Halifax
Incorporated1974
Granted Unitary Status1986
Government
  Type Metropolitan Borough
  Governing BodyCalderdale Council
   Leadership Leader & Cabinet
   Mayor Councillor Dot Foster (Labour) [1]
  Leader of CouncilCllr Tim Swift (Labour) [2]
   Chief Executive Robin Tuddenham [3]
Area
  Total140.5 sq mi (363.9 km2)
Population
 (2001 Census,
2007 population estimates; Religion statistics 2001)
  Total200,100 (Ranked 85th)
  Density1,400/sq mi (550/km2)
   Ethnicity
91.1% White
6.8% S.Asian
1.0% Mixed Race
   Religion [4]
69.6% Christian
16.4% No Religion
5.3% Muslim
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areas HD, HX, OL
Dialling Codes 01422 (central core)
01484 (Brighouse/Rastrick)
01706 (Todmorden area)
01274 (Shelf area)
ONS code 00CY (ONS)
E08000033 (GSS)
Euro. Parlt. Const. Yorkshire & the Humber
Website www.calderdale.gov.uk

The Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England. It takes its name from the dale of the River Calder, whose upper part flows through the borough. Several small valleys contain tributaries of the River Calder. The population at the 2011 Census was 203,826. [5]

Contents

Calderdale covers part of the South Pennines and is the southern-most of the Yorkshire Dales, though it is not part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The borough was formed by the merger of six former local government districts, spanning, from east to west, the towns of Brighouse, Elland, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Hebden Bridge and Todmorden. Mytholmroyd, together with Hebden Bridge, forms Hebden Royd.

Halifax is the main commercial, cultural and administrative centre of the borough, with numerous high street chain stores, markets, central library, borough council offices, public transport hub, central police station, its own museums service and the further and higher education college, as well as other major local organisations. Calderdale is served by Calderdale Council, Calderdale's admin headquarters is in Halifax, with some council organisations based in Todmorden.

As of May 2019 Calderdale is a Labour majority run council - the first time this has happened in 20 years. The balance of power is 28 Lab, 13 Con, 7 LD, 3 Ind. [6]

History

The Roman settlement of Cambodunum was probably located within Calderdale. A Roman fort has been excavated in Slack, which is in the neighbouring metropolitan borough of Kirklees, but its identity is not yet certain.

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the then county borough of Halifax, the boroughs of Brighouse, Todmorden and the urban districts of Elland, Hebden Royd, Ripponden, Sowerby Bridge, part of Queensbury and Shelf urban district and Hepton Rural District.

Suburbs and villages

As well as the six towns, there are numerous villages and suburbs including:

Education

Two selective schools in Calderdale jointly administer an 11+ admissions exam: The Crossley Heath School, in Savile Park and North Halifax Grammar School in Illingworth.

Both schools achieve excellent GCSE and A-level results, achieving a large proportion of A* to C grades at GCSE level. In 2005 the Crossley Heath School was the highest ranking co-educational school in the north of England.[ citation needed ]

Calderdale College is a local further education college on Francis Street, in Halifax. In December 2006 it was announced that Calderdale College, in partnership with Leeds Metropolitan University, would open a new higher education institution in January 2007 called University Centre Calderdale. [7]

Local government

Northgate House in Halifax was the councils headquarters until it was put up for sale in 2013 Northgate House from Beacon Hill Road - geograph.org.uk - 1215778.jpg
Northgate House in Halifax was the councils headquarters until it was put up for sale in 2013
Signpost in Calderdale UK Calderdale.jpg
Signpost in Calderdale

The borough is divided into 17 wards and each is represented on the borough council by three councillors. Each councillor is normally elected on a first past the post basis for a four-year period which is staggered with the other councillors of that ward so that only one councillor per ward is up for election at any one time. Exceptions to this include by-elections and ward boundary changes.

The wards are:- Brighouse; Calder; Elland; Greetland and Stainland; Hipperholme and Lightcliffe; Illingworth and Mixenden; Luddendenfoot; Northowram and Shelf; Ovenden; Park; Rastrick; Ryburn; Skircoat; Sowerby Bridge; Todmorden; Town; and Warley. [8]

Mayors of Calderdale

Demographics

The largest ethnic group within Calderdale at the 2011 census was White British at 86.7%, down from 90.8% in 2001. [9] The next largest ethnic group are Pakistanis, comprising 6.8% of the population (4.9% in 2001). [9]

In 2011, Christians comprised 60.6% of the borough's population. This was followed by those of no religion (30.2%) and Muslims (7.8%). [10]

In 2019, those who were not born in the UK formed 8% of Calderdale's population. [11]

Public services

Health

Calderdale is part of the Calderdale Primary Care Trust, South West Yorkshire NHS Foundation Trust and Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust. The borough has two hospitals and one hospice. The main hospital (part of Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust) is the Calderdale Royal Hospital, located on the main route to Huddersfield in Salterhebble. It has specialist departments: Calderdale's A&E department and the Calderdale Birth Centre. [12] The hospital was built and opened in 2001 on the site of the original Halifax General Hospital. After the new hospital opened, the Royal Halifax Infirmary closed and all services were transferred, as were services from Northowram Hospital. NHS Ambulance services are provided by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service from stations in Halifax, Brighouse and Todmorden. Overgate Hospice provides specialist palliative care for adults in Calderdale. Elland Hospital, Calderdale's only private hospital, is located by the Calderdale Way. Formerly BUPA Elland Independent Hospital, it is now owned and operated by Classic Hospitals.

Police

Calderdale is served by West Yorkshire Police; their Calderdale Division headquarters is at Halifax police station. [13] Other police stations are located in Todmorden [13] and at Brighouse, which reopened in 2009. [14]

Fire and rescue

West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue covers Calderdale and it has six fire stations in the borough. These are located at Brighouse, Elland, King Cross (Halifax Fire Station), Mytholmroyd, Illingworth, and Todmorden. [15]

Libraries

Calderdale Libraries provides services through 22 local library branches, including a central library in Halifax, and also offer a home library service and digital library service. [16] In 2014, construction began on a new central library and archive building in Halifax, adjacent to the Piece Hall and the Square Chapel. [17] [18] [19] The new Central Library and Archive officially opened in September 2017. [20]

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Calderdale.

Individuals

Military Units

Related Research Articles

Brighouse Town in West Yorkshire, England

Brighouse is a town within the metropolitan borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. Historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is situated on the River Calder, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Halifax. It is served by Junction 25 of the M62 motorway and Brighouse railway station on the Caldervale Line and Huddersfield Line. In the town centre is a mooring basin on the Calder and Hebble Navigation. The United Kingdom Census 2001 gave the Brighouse / Rastrick subdivision of the West Yorkshire Urban Area a population of 32,360. The Brighouse ward of Calderdale Council gave a population of 11,195 at the 2011 Census.

Mytholmroyd Village in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England

Mytholmroyd is a large village in the Upper Calder Valley in West Yorkshire, England, 2 miles (3 km) east of Hebden Bridge. It lies 10 miles (16 km) east of Burnley and 7 miles (11 km) west of Halifax. The village, which has a population of approximately 4,000 is in the Luddendenfoot Ward of Calderdale Council and forms part of the Hebden Royd parish. It is 1 mile (1.6 km) from the centre of Hebden Bridge, and is often known to locals as 'Royd'.

Hebden Bridge Town in West Yorkshire, England

Hebden Bridge is a market town in the Upper Calder Valley in West Yorkshire, England. It is 8 miles (13 km) west of Halifax and 14 miles (21 km) north-east of Rochdale, at the confluence of the River Calder and the Hebden Water. The town is the largest settlement in the civil parish of Hebden Royd.

Rastrick Village in West Yorkshire, England

Rastrick is a village in the county of West Yorkshire, England, between Halifax and Huddersfield. The population of the Calderdale Civil Ward at the 2011 census was 11,351. It is perhaps best known for its association, along with its neighbour Brighouse, with the Brighouse and Rastrick Brass Band. Along with Brighouse, it is part of Calderdale, but shares a Huddersfield postcode and phone number.

Calder Valley line Train line in West Yorkshire, England

The Calder Valley line is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool. It is the slower of the two main rail routes between Leeds and Manchester, and the northernmost of the three main trans-Pennine routes.

Halifax (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Halifax is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Holly Lynch of the Labour Party.

Hebden Royd Civil Parish in West Yorkshire, England

Hebden Royd is a civil parish with a town council in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 9,092, rising to 9,558 at the 2011 census. It includes Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd and Cragg Vale. The parish was an urban district before 1974, created in 1937 by the merger of Hebden Bridge and Mytholmroyd urban districts. The area now shares the HX7 postcode area.

The Halifax and District Association Football League is a football competition based in England. It has a total of three divisions, of which the highest, the Premier Division, sits at level 14 of the English football league system. It is a feeder to the West Yorkshire and Yorkshire Amateur Leagues.

Sowerby (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885-1983

Sowerby was a county constituency centred on the village of Sowerby in Calderdale, West Yorkshire. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Upper Calder Valley

The Upper Calder Valley lies in West Yorkshire, in northern England, and covers the towns of Todmorden, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Luddendenfoot, and Sowerby Bridge, as well as a number of smaller settlements such as Portsmouth, Cornholme, Walsden, and Eastwood. The valley is the upper valley of the River Calder. Major tributaries of the Upper Calder include the Walsden Water, which flows through the large village of Walsden to join the Calder at Todmorden; the Hebden Water, which flows through Hebden Dale to join the Calder at Hebden Bridge; Cragg Brook, which flows through Cragg Vale to join the Calder at Mytholmroyd, and the largest, the River Ryburn, which joins the Calder at Sowerby Bridge.

Yorkshire Tiger Bus operator in West Yorkshire

Yorkshire Tiger is a bus company based in Elland, West Yorkshire. Formed in May 2008 as Centrebus Holdings, in September 2013 it was bought by Arriva and was rebranded Yorkshire Tiger.

Mixenden Human settlement in England

Mixenden is a village in Calderdale, on the outskirts of Halifax in the county of West Yorkshire, England. The name Mixenden derives from the Anglo Saxon 'mixen' and 'den' usually refers to pasture land, usually for pigs.

Halifax bus station

Halifax bus station serves the town of Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. The bus station is owned and managed by Metro (WYPTE). The bus station was opened in 1989 and is made of up 4 large islands with 20 stands in total. The bus station is situated in the Halifax Town Centre and could be accessed from Northgate and Wade Street. Several services, such as the majority of services to Illingworth and Mixenden plus some TJ Walsh services do not serve the bus station and use stops in the town centre.

River Calder, West Yorkshire river in West Yorkshire, England

The River Calder is in West Yorkshire, in Northern England.

2016 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election

The 2016 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2016 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections. One councillor was elected in each ward for a four-year term so the councillors elected in 2016 last stood for election in 2012. Each ward is represented by three councillors, the election of which is staggered, so only one third of the councillors was elected in this election. Before the election there was no overall control with a minority Labour administration. After the election there was still no overall control so the minority Labour administration continued.

The first elections to the newly created Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 10 May 1973, with the entirety of the 51 seat council — three seats for each of the 17 wards — up for vote. The Local Government Act 1972 stipulated that the elected members were to shadow and eventually take over from the predecessor corporation on 1 April 1974. The order in which the councillors were elected dictated their term serving, with third-place candidates serving two years and up for re-election in 1975, second-placed three years expiring in 1976 and 1st-placed five years until 1978.

There are a number of listed buildings in West Yorkshire. The term "listed building", in the United Kingdom, refers to a building or structure designated as being of special architectural, historical, or cultural significance. Details of all the listed buildings are contained in the National Heritage List for England. They are categorised in three grades: Grade I consists of buildings of outstanding architectural or historical interest, Grade II* includes significant buildings of more than local interest and Grade II consists of buildings of special architectural or historical interest. Buildings in England are listed by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport on recommendations provided by English Heritage, which also determines the grading.

References

  1. "The Mayoralty". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. Council, Calderdale Metropolitan Borough (28 November 2003). "Introduction: Search for your councillor: Calderdale Council". calderdale.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  3. "Robin Tuddenham to take over as new Calderdale Council chief executive". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  4. "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  5. "Local Authority population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  6. "Poitical make up CMBC". Calderdale Council Gov. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  7. "University Centre Calderdale". Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  8. "Ward profiles 2010". Calderdale Council. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  9. 1 2 https://www.calderdale.gov.uk/v2/residents/health-and-social-care/joint-strategic-needs-assessment/calderdale-demographic-information#orientation-gr
  10. https://www.calderdale.gov.uk/v2/residents/health-and-social-care/joint-strategic-needs-assessment/calderdale-demographic-information#religion-belief
  11. https://www.migrationyorkshire.org.uk/userfiles/attachments/pages/664/calderdalelmp-summary-oct2019.pdf
  12. Choices, N. H. S. "Overview - Calderdale Royal Hospital - NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  13. 1 2 "Welcome to the Calderdale Neighbourhood Policing Homepage". Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
  14. "Brighouse station back in action". Telegraph and Argus. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  15. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. "Libraries". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  17. "Central Library and Archive incorporating steeple and ruins of Square Road Church (Amended Plans) | Former Square Road Church Burial Grounds Square Road Halifax Calderdale" (13/00671/LAA). portal.calderdale.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  18. "Tour new central library and archive". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  19. "Take extra care while work underway". News Centre - Official news site of Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  20. "Our new Central Library opens – the next chapter!". News Centre - Official news site of Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  21. "Freedom honour for Paralympian". BBC News. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  22. Shaw, Martin (8 November 2019). "Gentleman Jack writer Sally Wainwright set to be given the Freedom of Calderdale". Huddersfield Examiner. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  23. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-leeds-51852220
  24. "Regimental Freedom Scrolls". The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) - Regimental Association. Retrieved 18 November 2019.

Coordinates: 53°43′N1°58′W / 53.72°N 1.97°W / 53.72; -1.97