Last updated

Borough of Calderdale
Mytholmroyd (26951020410).jpg
View over Mytholmroyd in the Upper Calder Valley
Industria Arte Prudentia
(Latin: Industry, skill and foresight)
Calderdale UK locator map.svg
Calderdale shown within West Yorkshire
Sovereign state Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Constituent country Flag of England.svg  England
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Admin. HQ Halifax
Established 1 April 1974
  Type Metropolitan Borough
  Body Calderdale Council
   Leadership Leader & Cabinet
   Mayor Councillor Dot Foster (Labour) [1]
  Leader of CouncilCllr Tim Swift (Labour) [2]
   Chief Executive Robin Tuddenham [3]
   MPs Craig Whittaker (C) (Calder Valley),
Holly Lynch (L)
  Total363.9 km2 (140.5 sq mi)
 (2020 estimate)
  Total211,439 (Ranked 91st)
  Density581/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
  • 86.1% White
  • 10.5% Asian
  • 0.7% Black
  • 1.9% Mixed
  • 0.8% Other
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areas HD, HX, OL
Dialling Codes 01422 (central core)
01484 (Brighouse/Rastrick)
01706 (Todmorden area)
01274 (Shelf area)
ONS code 00CY (ONS)
E08000033 (GSS)

Calderdale is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England, whose population in 2020 was 211,439. [5] It takes its name from the River Calder, and dale, a word for valley. The name Calderdale usually refers to the borough through which the upper river flows, while the actual landform is known as the Calder Valley. Several small valleys contain tributaries of the River Calder.


Calderdale covers part of the South Pennines, and the Calder Valley is the southernmost of the Yorkshire Dales, though it is not part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The borough was formed in 1974 by the merger of six local government districts, from east to west Brighouse, Elland, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Hebden Bridge and Todmorden. Mytholmroyd, together with Hebden Bridge, forms Hebden Royd.

Halifax is the commercial, cultural and administrative centre of the borough. Calderdale is served by Calderdale Council, which is headquartered in Halifax, with some functions based in Todmorden.


The Roman settlement of Cambodunum was probably located within Calderdale.[ citation needed ] A Roman fort has been excavated in Slack, which is in the neighbouring borough of Kirklees, but its identity is not yet certain.[ citation needed ]

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the then county borough of Halifax, the boroughs of Brighouse, Todmorden and the urban districts of Elland, Hebden Royd, Ripponden, Sowerby Bridge, part of Queensbury and Shelf urban district and Hepton Rural District. [6]

In 2022, Yorkshire Water built an emergency water pipeline from Calderdale to Ponden Reservoir in Haworth as Yorkshire experienced its driest period on record. [7]

Coat of arms

The Coat of arms of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council was granted to the new council just a few months after the borough was formed in 1974. The Paschal lamb is the emblem of John the Baptist, the patron saint of wool workers. It was shown on the former arms of Halifax. The green and blue wavy line of the shield symbolises the River Calder and Calder Valley. The white rose is for Yorkshire. The crest shows a rose bush with nine white flowers representing the nine former authorities that now comprise the Calderdale district. The bush is shown growing out of a mural crown, a common feature in municipal arms. The lion supporters are taken from the arms of Halifax and also for England. A lion also featured on the shield of the arms of Brighouse. The black crescents, also from the arms of Brighouse, are featured on the arms of the Brighouse family. The blue wave around each lion's collar is from the arms of Todmorden and represents the Calder again. The motto, Industria arte prundentia, is Latin for 'Industry, skill, and foresight'. The formal description, or blazon, of the arms is: [8]

For the arms: Vert a Paschal Lamb proper supporting over the shoulder a Cross Staff Or flying therefrom a forked Pennon of St. George between in chief a Bar wavy Argent charged with a Barruret wavy Azure and in base a Rose Argent barbed and seeded proper; and for the crest: On a Wreath Argent and Vert out of a Mural Crown a Rose Tree of nine branches proper each terminating in a Rose Argent barbed and seeded proper; and for the supporters: On either side a Lion Or gorged with a collar wavy Azure and holding aloft in the interior forepaw a Crescent Sable; Motto: INDUSTRIA ARTE PRUDENTIA.


As well as the six towns, there are numerous settlements including:


Two selective schools in Calderdale jointly administer an 11+ admissions exam: The Crossley Heath School, in Savile Park and North Halifax Grammar School in Illingworth.

Both schools achieve excellent GCSE and A-level results, achieving a large proportion of A* to C grades at GCSE level. In 2005 the Crossley Heath School was the highest ranking co-educational school in the north of England.[ citation needed ]

Calderdale College is a local further education college on Francis Street, in Halifax. In December 2006 it was announced that Calderdale College, in partnership with Leeds Metropolitan University, would open a new higher education institution in January 2007 called University Centre Calderdale. [9]

Local government

Halifax Town Hall Town Hall, Halifax - - 1542645.jpg
Halifax Town Hall
Northgate House in Halifax was the council's headquarters until sale in 2013 Northgate House from Beacon Hill Road - - 1215778.jpg
Northgate House in Halifax was the council's headquarters until sale in 2013
Welcome sign in Calderdale UK Calderdale.jpg
Welcome sign in Calderdale

The borough is divided into 17 wards and each is represented on Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council by three councillors. Each councillor is normally elected on a first past the post basis for a four-year period which is staggered with the other councillors of that ward so that only one councillor per ward is up for election at any one time. Exceptions to this include by-elections and ward boundary changes.

The wards are: Brighouse; Calder; Elland; Greetland and Stainland; Hipperholme and Lightcliffe; Illingworth and Mixenden; Luddendenfoot; Northowram and Shelf; Ovenden; Park; Rastrick; Ryburn; Skircoat; Sowerby Bridge; Todmorden; Town; and Warley. [10]

Mayors of Calderdale


The largest ethnic group within Calderdale at the 2011 census was White British at 86.7%, down from 90.8% in 2001. [13] The next largest ethnic group are Pakistanis, comprising 6.8% of the population (4.9% in 2001). [13]

In 2011, Christians comprised 60.6% of the borough's population. This was followed by those of no religion (30.2%) and Muslims (7.8%). [14]

In 2019, those who were not born in the UK formed 8% of Calderdale's population. [15]

Public services, transport and facilities


Calderdale is part of the Calderdale Primary Care Trust, South West Yorkshire NHS Foundation Trust and Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust. The borough has two hospitals and one hospice. The main hospital (part of Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust) is the Calderdale Royal Hospital, located on the main route to Huddersfield in Salterhebble. It has specialist departments: Calderdale's A&E department and the Calderdale Birth Centre. [16] The hospital was built and opened in 2001 on the site of the original Halifax General Hospital. After the new hospital opened, the Royal Halifax Infirmary closed and all services were transferred, as were services from Northowram Hospital. NHS Ambulance services are provided by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service from stations in Halifax, Brighouse and Todmorden. Overgate Hospice provides specialist palliative care for adults in Calderdale. Elland Hospital, Calderdale's only private hospital, is located by the Calderdale Way. Formerly BUPA Elland Independent Hospital, it is now owned and operated by Classic Hospitals.


Calderdale is served by West Yorkshire Police; whose Calderdale Division headquarters is at Halifax police station. Other police stations are located in Todmorden [17] and at Brighouse, which reopened in 2009. [18]

Fire and rescue

West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue covers Calderdale and it has five fire stations in the borough. These are located at Rastrick (Since 2015), King Cross (Halifax Fire Station), Mytholmroyd, Illingworth, and Todmorden. [19]


Calderdale Libraries provides services through 22 local library branches, including a central library in Halifax, and also offer a home library service and digital library service. [20] In 2014, construction began on a new central library and archive building in Halifax, adjacent to the Piece Hall and the Square Chapel. [21] [22] [23] The new Central Library and Archive officially opened in September 2017. [24]

Sports in Calderdale


There are three current swimming pools in Calderdale. These are located in Todmorden, Brighouse and Sowerby Bridge. Halifax is currently in the phase of getting a new swimming pool after the old pool shut in 2021.

Sports Facilities,

Sports Facilities include North Bridge Leisure Centre (Halifax, Currently Closed), Sowerby Bridge Swimming Pool, Brighouse Leisure Centre and Pool, Todmorden Swimming Pool, The Shay Stadium (Halifax Towns Football Pitch) and Spring Hall (Halifax, Track and field).


Railway stations,

Brighouse, Halifax, Hebden Bridge, Mythomroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Todmorden, Walsden and the currently funded Elland station in planning.

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Calderdale.


Military units

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brighouse</span> Town in West Yorkshire, England

Brighouse is a town within the metropolitan borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. Historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is situated on the River Calder, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Halifax. It is served by Junction 25 of the M62 motorway and Brighouse railway station on the Caldervale Line and Huddersfield Line. In the town centre is a mooring basin on the Calder and Hebble Navigation. The United Kingdom Census 2001 gave the Brighouse / Rastrick subdivision of the West Yorkshire Urban Area a population of 32,360. The Brighouse ward of Calderdale Council gave a population of 11,195 at the 2011 Census. Brighouse has a HD6 postcode.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mytholmroyd</span> Village in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England

Mytholmroyd is a large village in the Upper Calder Valley in West Yorkshire, England, 2 miles (3 km) east of Hebden Bridge. It lies 10 miles (16 km) east of Burnley and 7 miles (11 km) west of Halifax. The village, which has a population of approximately 4,000 is in the Luddendenfoot Ward of Calderdale Council and forms part of the Hebden Royd parish.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hebden Bridge</span> Town in West Yorkshire, England

Hebden Bridge is a market town in the Upper Calder Valley in West Yorkshire, England. It is 8 miles (13 km) west of Halifax and 14 miles (21 km) north-east of Rochdale, at the confluence of the River Calder and the Hebden Water. The town is the largest settlement in the civil parish of Hebden Royd.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rastrick</span> Village in West Yorkshire, England

Rastrick is a village in the county of West Yorkshire, England, between Halifax, 5 miles (8 km) north-east and Huddersfield, 4 miles (7 km) south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Todmorden</span> Market town and civil parish in West Yorkshire, England

Todmorden is a market town and civil parish in the Upper Calder Valley in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England. It is 17 miles north-east of Manchester, 8 miles (13 km) south-east of Burnley and 9 miles (14 km) west of Halifax. In 2011 it had a population of 15,481.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Calder Valley line</span> Railway line in England

The Calder Valley line is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool. It is the slower of the two main rail routes between Leeds and Manchester, and the northernmost of the three main trans-Pennine routes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Calder Valley (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Calder Valley is a constituency in West Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Craig Whittaker, a Conservative.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hebden Royd</span> Town and Civil Parish in West Yorkshire, England

Hebden Royd is a town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 9,092, rising to 9,558 at the 2011 census. It includes Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd and Cragg Vale. The parish was an urban district before 1974, created in 1937 by the merger of Hebden Bridge and Mytholmroyd urban districts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Luddendenfoot</span> Human settlement in England

Luddendenfoot or Luddenden Foot is a community in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England. The population of Luddendenfoot is 2,547, with the wider Calderdale Ward at the 2011 Census as 10,653. It lies along the Upper Calder Valley below the village of Luddenden, between Sowerby Bridge and Mytholmroyd

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sowerby (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885–1983

Sowerby was a county constituency centred on the village of Sowerby in Calderdale, West Yorkshire. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Upper Calder Valley</span> Valley in West Yorkshire, England

The Upper Calder Valley lies in West Yorkshire, in northern England, and covers the towns of Todmorden, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Luddendenfoot, and Sowerby Bridge, as well as a number of smaller settlements such as Portsmouth, Cornholme, Walsden, and Eastwood. The valley is the upper valley of the River Calder. Major tributaries of the Upper Calder include the Walsden Water, which flows through the large village of Walsden to join the Calder at Todmorden; the Hebden Water, which flows through Hebden Dale to join the Calder at Hebden Bridge; Cragg Brook, which flows through Cragg Vale to join the Calder at Mytholmroyd, and the largest, the River Ryburn, which joins the Calder at Sowerby Bridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eastwood, West Yorkshire</span> Human settlement in England

Eastwood is a place within the civil parish of Todmorden and Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. It lies 8 miles (12.9 km) west from Halifax, roughly equidistant from Todmorden's town centre, which is 2 miles (3.2 km) to the southwest, and Hebden Bridge, which is 2 miles to the northeast, along the course of the River Calder. Eastwood falls within the Calder ward of Calderdale council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Halifax bus station</span> Bus station serving Halifax, West Yorkshire, England

Halifax bus station serves the town of Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. The bus station is owned and managed by West Yorkshire Metro. The bus station was opened in 1989 and is made of up 4 large islands with 20 stands in total. The bus station is situated in the Halifax Town Centre and could be accessed from Northgate and Wade Street. Several services, such as the majority of services to Illingworth and Mixenden do not serve the bus station and use stops in the town centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Municipal Borough of Brighouse</span>

The Municipal Borough of Brighouse was a local government district in the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1873 to 1974 around the town of Brighouse, covering Clifton, Hipperholme, Hove Edge, Lightcliffe, Rastrick and Southowram.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Calder, West Yorkshire</span> River in West Yorkshire, England

The River Calder is a river in West Yorkshire, in Northern England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2016 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election</span> 2016 local election in England, UK

The 2016 Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2016 to elect members of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections. One councillor was elected in each ward for a four-year term so the councillors elected in 2016 last stood for election in 2012. Each ward is represented by three councillors, the election of which is staggered, so only one third of the councillors was elected in this election. Before the election there was no overall control with a minority Labour administration. After the election there was still no overall control so the minority Labour administration continued.

The first elections to the newly created Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council were held on 10 May 1973, with the entirety of the 51 seat council — three seats for each of the 17 wards — up for vote. The Local Government Act 1972 stipulated that the elected members were to shadow and eventually take over from the predecessor corporation on 1 April 1974. The order in which the councillors were elected dictated their term serving, with third-place candidates serving two years and up for re-election in 1975, second-placed three years expiring in 1976 and 1st-placed five years until 1978.


  1. "The Mayoralty". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. Council, Calderdale Metropolitan Borough (28 November 2003). "Introduction: Search for your councillor: Calderdale Council". Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  3. "Robin Tuddenham to take over as new Calderdale Council chief executive". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  4. "Calderdale Demographics | Age, Ethnicity, Religion, Wellbeing". Varbes. Retrieved 10 February 2023.
  5. "Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  6. Youngs, Frederic A Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 797. ISBN   0-86193-127-0.
  7. "Yorkshire Water hosepipe ban lifted after three months". BBC News. 6 December 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2023.
  8. "Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - Yorkshire". Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  9. "University Centre Calderdale". Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  10. "Ward profiles 2010". Calderdale Council. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  11. Greenwood, John (27 May 2021). "Meet the new Mayor of Calderdale Chris Pillai". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  12. Greenwood, John (12 May 2022). "New Mayor of Calderdale prepares to take up office". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  13. 1 2 "Calderdale demographic information".
  14. "Calderdale demographic information".
  15. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. "Overview – Calderdale Royal Hospital – NHS Choices". Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  17. "Welcome to the Calderdale Neighbourhood Policing Homepage". Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
  18. "Brighouse station back in action". Telegraph & Argus . 29 July 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  19. "Stations". Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
  20. "Libraries". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  21. "Central Library and Archive incorporating steeple and ruins of Square Road Church (Amended Plans) | Former Square Road Church Burial Grounds Square Road Halifax Calderdale" (13/00671/LAA). Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  22. "Tour new central library and archive". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  23. "Take extra care while work underway". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  24. "Our new Central Library opens – the next chapter!". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  25. "Freedom honour for Paralympian". BBC News. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  26. Shaw, Martin (8 November 2019). "Gentleman Jack writer Sally Wainwright set to be given the Freedom of Calderdale". Huddersfield Examiner. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  27. "Writer Sally Wainwright given freedom of Calderdale". BBC News. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  28. "Regimental Freedom Scrolls". The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) – Regimental Association. Retrieved 18 November 2019.

Coordinates: 53°43′N1°58′W / 53.72°N 1.97°W / 53.72; -1.97