Manchester Victoria station

Last updated
Manchester Victoria National Rail logo.svg Metrolink generic.png
Manchester Victoria station 19-10-2009 12-11-47kopie.jpg
Station frontage of Manchester Victoria, constructed in 1909
Location
Place Manchester city centre
Local authority City of Manchester
Coordinates 53°29′14″N2°14′33″W / 53.4872°N 2.2424°W / 53.4872; -2.2424 Coordinates: 53°29′14″N2°14′33″W / 53.4872°N 2.2424°W / 53.4872; -2.2424
Grid reference SJ839989
Operations
Station codeMCV
Managed by Northern
Number of platforms6
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Increase2.svg 7.241 million
2014/15Increase2.svg 7.282 million
2015/16Increase2.svg 7.630 million
2016/17Increase2.svg 8.226 million
2017/18Decrease2.svg 8.202 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Greater Manchester
ZoneCity (D)
History
1844Opened
1902Extended
1993–96Northern portion reconstructed
2014–15Renovated
Listed status
Listed featureVictoria Station including concourse to rear with restaurant and booking hall
Listing grade Grade II listed
Entry number1254725 [1]
Added to list20 June 1988
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Manchester Victoria from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Manchester Victoria station in Manchester, England is a combined mainline railway station and Metrolink tram stop. Situated to the north of the city centre on Hunts Bank, close to Manchester Cathedral, it adjoins Manchester Arena which was constructed on part of the former station site in the 1990s. Opened in 1844 and part of the Manchester station group, Victoria is Manchester's busiest railway station after Piccadilly and Oxford Road and the busiest station managed by Northern after Oxford Road.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. With a population of 545,500 (2017) it is the sixth largest city in the United Kingdom. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

Manchester Metrolink light rail and tram system in Greater Manchester, England

Metrolink is a tram/light rail system in Greater Manchester, England. The network has 93 stops along 62 miles (100 km) of standard-gauge track, making it the most extensive light rail system in the United Kingdom. Metrolink is owned by Transport for Greater Manchester (TfGM) and operated and maintained under contract by a Keolis/Amey consortium. In 2018/19, 43.7 million passenger journeys were made on the system.

Manchester city centre central business district of the City of Manchester, England

Manchester city centre is the central business district of Manchester, England, within the boundaries of Trinity Way, Great Ancoats Street and Whitworth Street. The City Centre ward had a population of 17,861 at the 2011 census.

Contents

The station hosts local and regional services to destinations in Northern England, such as Blackburn, Rochdale, Bradford, Leeds, Newcastle, Huddersfield, Halifax, Wigan, Southport, Blackpool and Liverpool using the original Liverpool to Manchester line. Most trains calling at Victoria are operated by Northern. TransPennine Express services call at the station from Liverpool to Newcastle /Scarborough and services towards Manchester Airport (via Ordsall Chord) from Middlesbrough/Newcastle.

Northern England Place in England

Northern England, also known as the North of England or simply the North, is the northern part of England, considered as a single cultural area. It extends from the Scottish border in the north to near the River Trent in the south, although precise definitions of its southern extent vary. Northern England approximately comprises three statistical regions: the North East, North West and Yorkshire and the Humber. These have a combined population of around 14.9 million as of the 2011 Census and an area of 37,331 km2. Northern England contains much of England's national parkland but also has large areas of urbanisation, including the conurbations of Greater Manchester, Merseyside, Teesside, Tyneside, Wearside, and South and West Yorkshire.

Blackburn railway station grade II listed train station in Blackburn, United kingdom

Blackburn railway station is a railway station that serves the town of Blackburn in Lancashire, England. It is 12 miles (19 km) east of Preston and is managed and served by Northern.

Rochdale railway station Transport hub in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England

Rochdale railway station is a multi-modal transport hub in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England. It consists of a Northern-operated heavy rail station on the Caldervale Line, and an adjoining light rail stop on Metrolink's Oldham and Rochdale Line. The original heavy-rail element of the station was opened by the Manchester and Leeds Railway in 1839 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the south of Rochdale town centre. The Metrolink element opened in February 2013. Further changes to the station are planned as part of the Northern Hub rail-enhancement scheme.

Manchester Victoria is a major interchange for the Metrolink light rail system. Several former railway lines into the station have been converted to tram operation. The line to Bury was converted in the early 1990s in the first phase of Metrolink construction and the line through Oldham to Rochdale was converted during 2009–2014. Trams switch to on-street running when they emerge from Victoria Station and continue southwards through the city centre to Piccadilly or Deansgate-Castlefield.

Light rail typically an urban form of public transport using steel-tracked fixed guideways

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), tram or fast tram is a form of urban rail transit using rolling stock similar to a tram, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

Tram Vehicle used for tramway traffic

A tram is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets; some include segments of segregated right-of-way. The lines or networks operated by tramcars are called tramways. Historically the term electric street railways was also used in the United States. In the United States, the term tram has sometimes been used for rubber-tired trackless trains, which are unrelated to other kinds of trams.

Bury Line line of the Manchester Metrolink

The Bury Line is a tram line of the Manchester Metrolink running from Manchester city centre to Bury in Greater Manchester. Originally a railway line, it was, along with the Altrincham Line, converted into a tram line during 1991–92, as part of the first phase of the Metrolink system.

In 2009, Victoria was voted the worst category B interchange station in the United Kingdom. [2] The station underwent a two-year £44 million modernisation programme which was completed in August 2015. [3] [4] Renovation entailed electrification of lines through the station, renewed Metrolink stop with an additional platform, restoration of listed features, upgraded retail units, and a new roof. [5] [6] The Ordsall Chord directly linking Victoria to Oxford Road and Piccadilly was completed in December 2017. In the Northern Hub proposals, Victoria will become the rail hub for TransPennine Express and Northern Connect services by the end of 2020 with passenger numbers expected to rise to 12 million as a result. [7]

The 2,520 railway stations on the National Rail network in Great Britain are classified into six categories by the Department for Transport. The scheme was devised in 1996 and there was a review in 2009 when 106 stations changed categories. The categorisation scheme is owned by Network Rail, the site landlord of most of the stations.

Ordsall Chord

Ordsall Chord is a short railway line in Ordsall, Salford, England, which links Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Oxford Road to Manchester Victoria, increasing capacity and reducing journey times into and through Manchester. It allows trains to run from Leeds, Newcastle and Middlesbrough direct to Manchester Airport and stations on the main line to London Euston.

Northern Hub

The Northern Hub is a rail programme in Northern England to improve and increase train services and reduce journey times between its major cities and towns by electrifying lines and removing a major rail bottleneck in Manchester. It is predicted to stimulate economic growth in the region. The project has several elements but the prime objective is to eradicate the bottleneck in Manchester and allow trains to travel through the city at speed without stopping. The project was announced as the Manchester Hub in 2009. The project's steering partnership involves Network Rail, Deutsche Bahn, First TransPennine Express, Northern Rail, East Midlands Trains, CrossCountry, Freightliner, the Department for Transport, Transport for Greater Manchester and Merseytravel.

History

Railway Clearing House map of central Manchester railways in 1910 Manchester RJD 47.JPG
Railway Clearing House map of central Manchester railways in 1910
Part of the original 1844 station building, photographed in 1989, originally it had a single storey, the second storey was added in the 1860s. Manchester Victoria's original building 1989 - geograph.org.uk - 820318.jpg
Part of the original 1844 station building, photographed in 1989, originally it had a single storey, the second storey was added in the 1860s.

Origins

The Manchester and Leeds Railway (M&LR) was founded in 1836 and the company began building its line between Manchester and Leeds in 1837. Originally its line terminated at Manchester Oldham Road which opened on 3 July 1839. The company realised it would be advantageous to join its line to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) creating a through route from Liverpool to Yorkshire with a joint station serving the centre of Manchester. [8] In 1839 Samuel Brooks, vice-chairman of the M&LR, bought land at Hunt's Bank close to the cathedral and presented it to the company for the new station. The site was on the north bank of the River Irk, between the workhouse to the north which had opened in 1793 and Walker's Croft Cemetery to the south. After several years of negotiations between the companies, work started in 1842. The M&LR built an extension from Miles Platting to the station which opened on 1 January 1844. On this date, the Oldham Road terminus was closed to passenger services and became a goods station. The new station had a 852 ft (260 m) long single platform which handled M&LR trains to Leeds and elsewhere at its eastern end. The L&MR extended its line from Ordsall to Victoria and its trains operated from the western end from 4 May 1844, on which date its Liverpool Road station terminus became a goods station. [9] [10]

The Manchester and Leeds Railway was a railway company in the United Kingdom which opened in 1839, connecting Manchester with Leeds via the North Midland Railway which it joined at Normanton.

Leeds City in England

Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England. Leeds has one of the most diverse economies of all the UK's main employment centres and has seen the fastest rate of private-sector jobs growth of any UK city. It also has the highest ratio of private to public sector jobs of all the UK's Core Cities, with 77% of its workforce working in the private sector. Leeds has the third-largest jobs total by local authority area, with 480,000 in employment and self-employment at the beginning of 2015. Leeds is ranked as a gamma world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Leeds is the cultural, financial and commercial heart of the West Yorkshire Urban Area. Leeds is served by four universities, and has the fourth largest student population in the country and the country's fourth largest urban economy.

Manchester Oldham Road was a railway station built on the Manchester and Leeds Railway (M&LR) in Miles Platting, Greater Manchester. Built in 1839 and opened on 3 July, it was the Manchester terminus for the railway.

The station was named Victoria in 1843. Its long, single-storey building designed by George Stephenson and completed by John Brogden was approached by a wooden footbridge over the River Irk before the river was culverted. [11] [12] Most of the original 1844 station buildings are standing including part of the original façade on Hunt's Bank. [13]

George Stephenson English civil engineer and mechanical engineer

George Stephenson was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer. Renowned as the "Father of Railways", Stephenson was considered by the Victorians a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement. Self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praised his achievements. His chosen rail gauge, sometimes called 'Stephenson gauge', was the basis for the 4 feet 8 12 inches (1,435 mm) standard gauge used by most of the world's railways.

John Brogden (industrialist) cleansing, building and railway contractor, railway promoter, a miner of coal and iron and an iron smelter

John Brogden was a cleansing, building and railway contractor, railway promoter, a miner of coal and iron and an iron smelter. He was brought up on a farm near Clitheroe, Lancashire. As a young man he migrated to a rapidly growing Manchester and applied his farmer's knowledge of horses as a cleansing contractor. He worked in partnership with Joseph Whitworth to use the latter's patent cleansing machines. He also started the same business in Westminster. He seems to have extended his contracting work to building, for in 1838 he obtained contracts with the Manchester and Leeds Railway Company to build their Manchester station and the viaduct from there to Miles Platting. Other railway contracts followed.

Culvert Structure that allows the passage of water or organisms under an obstruction

A culvert is a structure that allows water to flow under a road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction from one side to the other side. Typically embedded so as to be surrounded by soil, a culvert may be made from a pipe, reinforced concrete or other material. In the United Kingdom, the word can also be used for a longer artificially buried watercourse.

The L&MR became part of the Grand Junction Railway in 1845, which in turn amalgamated with other railways to create the London and North Western Railway (LNWR) in 1846, and the M&LR amalgamated with other railways to create the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) the following year. The headquarters of the L&YR were based alongside Victoria. [14]

Platforms 11 (left) and 12 (right), looking west towards Manchester Exchange in 1964 Manchester Victoria & Exchange Stations geograph-2169556-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Platforms 11 (left) and 12 (right), looking west towards Manchester Exchange in 1964

Expansion

By the mid-1840s six railway companies operated from the station connecting Manchester to London, Glasgow, Liverpool, Leeds and Sheffield. Victoria Station dominated the Long Millgate area and was one of the biggest passenger stations in Britain.

Victoria underwent several phases of expansion as traffic grew. In 1865, four bay platforms were built on the eastern side on land reclaimed from the cemetery, and another was built on the western side, a second through platform was built at the northern side, and the station's facilities were expanded by the construction of a new east wing of the station building. [15] Two decades later, the L&YR purchased the workhouse north of the station and its site was used to build another bay and five through platforms which came into use in 1884. [16] That same year, the LNWR opened its own station, Manchester Exchange immediately to the west on the opposite side of the River Irwell, and vacated Victoria. [17]

The station's bay platforms 6-10 in 1968, only the two on the right still exist. Manchester Victoria, 1968 - geograph.org.uk - 1610488.jpg
The station's bay platforms 6-10 in 1968, only the two on the right still exist.
Overlooking the station concourse in 2012 before re-development in 2014. Manchester Victoria station 19-10-2009 12-20-16.JPG
Overlooking the station concourse in 2012 before re-development in 2014.

Victoria reached its maximum extent of 17 platforms in 1904 when the station was enlarged with extra bay platforms to the south. The present station façade, designed by William Dawes, was built in 1909. [18] The cast-iron train sheds behind the façade were 700 yards (640 m) long.

Because the station handled large amounts of parcel and newspaper traffic, an overhead parcels carrier system was constructed in 1895. It consisted of an electrically powered trolley suspended from an overhead track operated by an airborne attendant. A large basket could be raised and lowered from the trolley to distribute parcels and newspapers across the station. The system operated until 1940. [19] [20]

The L&YR merged with the LNWR on 1 January 1922. A year later, the merged company became the largest constituent of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS). From 16 April 1929, Victoria and Exchange station were linked by the westward extension of platform 11 over the Irwell bridge, known as platform "11 Middle", which joined to Exchange's platform 3 to create Europe's longest platform at 2,238 feet (682 m). Crossovers enabled it to accommodate three trains arriving and departing independently. [21] [22] Exchange Station closed in 1969 and its services were transferred to Victoria. [23] The Exchange Station site opposite the cathedral was for many years used as a car park, until redevelopment of the site began in 2015. [24]

The station suffered bomb damage during the Manchester Blitz in World War II. On 23 December 1940, several bombs hit the station destroying the parcels office, and a large part of the roof over platforms 12 to 16. The parcels office was rebuilt, but the damaged parts of the roof were taken down and not replaced. [25] The station came into the ownership of British Railways in 1948.

Proposals to build an underground station, Victoria Low Level as part of the Picc-Vic tunnel project emerged in the early-1970s. [26] The scheme proposed creating a direct rail link between Victoria and Manchester Piccadilly via a tunnel and creating several underground stations in Manchester city centre. Platforms 1–4 at Victoria were taken out of use in 1973 in anticipation of the tunnel coming to the surface in that part of the station. [27]

The tunnel project was cancelled in the late 1970s because of high costs, and in the 1980s transport planners turned to light rail as a lower-cost option. As a result, the stations were linked by the Manchester Metrolink system which opened in 1992. A street-level tramway was built across the city centre linking the stations and two converted rail lines to Altrincham and Bury. [28] The tram stop at Victoria replaced the former Bury Line platforms and the tram line was extended into the streets through a new entrance in the side of the station. [29]

Downsizing

The station in 1988. Showing the former tracks, platforms and trainshed, which were removed to make way for the Manchester Arena Manchester Victoria - east end 1988 - geograph.org.uk - 820064.jpg
The station in 1988. Showing the former tracks, platforms and trainshed, which were removed to make way for the Manchester Arena

In the 1980s and 90s, British Rail adopted a policy of concentrating Manchester services into Manchester Piccadilly. In 1989, the Windsor Link chord in Salford opened, enabling many of Victoria's services from the north to be diverted to Piccadilly and in the same year, trans-Pennine services were also transferred. [30] [31] Victoria was reduced to six platforms, and part was sold for development. Between 1992 and 1994, the Manchester Arena was built over the northern part of the station site. Three of the five through tracks between platforms 11 and 12 were removed, along with platforms 12-17. The station was reduced to four through tracks and four through platforms, three of which were built to replace the removed platforms 12-14. They are covered by the Arena which was joined to the station by means of a raft above them. The Arena is accessed via stairs on Hunts Bank and from the station concourse. Following reconstruction, the platforms were renumbered; platforms 1 and 2 are bay platforms facing east (formerly platforms 9 and 10), and the through platforms are 3 to 6 (platform 3 was formerly platform 11). The through platforms are used by mid-distance services. [23] [32]

Renovation and Electrification

Completed new roof at Victoria in October 2015 Manchester Victoria roof view.JPG
Completed new roof at Victoria in October 2015
Station concourse following completion of the new roof. Manchester Victoria station concourse.JPG
Station concourse following completion of the new roof.

In 2009 Victoria was identified as the worst category B interchange station because of its dilapidated fabric and environment. The Transport Secretary, Lord Adonis, announced that, with nine others, it would receive a share of £50 million for a refurbishment programme. [33] Victoria's £5m share of the 'Better Stations' Network Rail funding for improvements was cancelled in the June 2010 budget cuts, [34] but replacement funding was arranged. [35] On 16 February 2010 Network Rail announced its intention to refurbish the station as part of the Northern Hub improvement proposals turning it into an interchange for local and regional services throughout north-west England.[ citation needed ] In August 2010, Network Rail announced the work would go ahead, despite the withdrawal of the £5 million funding. [36] Station improvements included an ETFE roof, restoration of its walls, exterior canopy and period features, new platforms for additional services, improved access to the Manchester Arena and improved retail and dining facilities. [37]

Work to refurbish the station began in April 2013. [38] The old roof was dismantled in autumn 2013. [39] Installation of the £17 million roof began in May 2014 and final roof beam was lifted into position on 13 October 2014. Installation of the ETFE sheeting was completed in spring 2015, and the station upgrade was completed in August 2015, [4] with the official reopening that October. [40]

The Ordsall Chord was finished in 2017 and links Victoria to Piccadilly. [41] It is anticipated that, after re-routing services, passenger numbers would increase to 12 million by 2019, compared with 6.6 million in 2011/12. [42] The chord allows trains to run directly between Piccadilly and Victoria, shortening journey times on TransPennine Express routes between Manchester Airport and Newcastle, Middlesbrough, Hull and Scarborough. An express service from Liverpool Lime Street to Newcastle via Victoria is operated by TransPennine Express. Reinstatement of the south and west curve at Todmorden on the Caldervale Line facilitated a direct service between Victoria and Burnley Manchester Road Station for the first time in almost fifty years.

As part of Network Rail's electrification strategy, overhead electric wires have been erected from Victoria to Piccadilly, Liverpool, Preston via Bolton, and Blackpool, allowing more services to be operated by electric traction.

Layout

Manchester Victoria has six railway platforms and the Metrolink stop has four (four platform faces on three tracks). Two railway platforms are bays numbered 1 & 2 for terminating trains arriving from the east, and four are through platforms numbered 3-6 at the northern side of the station. The Metrolink platforms are parallel to, and south of the bay platforms. Only the bay and Metrolink platforms are under the new roof, the through platforms 4, 5 and 6 are mostly covered by Manchester Arena.

Layout map of Manchester Victoria Manchester Victoria plan.png
Layout map of Manchester Victoria

Architecture and features

The original M&LR single-storey offices facing Hunt's Bank Approach were built in the Italianate style in sandstone ashlar with slate roofs in 1844. They were later enlarged and given a second storey. William Dawes built the station's larger extension for the L&YR in 1909. It is at right-angles to the north end of the old station giving the enlarged station an L-shaped plan. Facing Victoria Station Approach, its façade is in the Edwardian neo-Baroque style, four storeys high and 31 bays to the rounded corner at the south-east end. The ground floor windows have rounded heads and those on the floors above are square. The ornate glass and iron canopy along the façade displays the names of destinations that the station served in Art Nouveau lettering. [1] The canopy was damaged by the Provisional IRA's 1996 bomb and was restored four years later. [43]

Heritage features in the concourse were restored during the 2013-15 renovation, they include the café with its glass dome and mosaic lettering which was originally the first class dining room, the adjacent bookstall, and the original 1909 wood-panelled booking hall. In the entrance is a large, white glazed tiled map showing the former network of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. [1] [44]

Underneath the map is a bronze World War I war memorial with effigies of Saint George and Saint Michael at each end which was installed in 1923. [44] [45] At the south end of the concourse is the 'soldier's gate' which opened to the former fish docks from where thousands of soldiers departed for World War I and where a bronze plaque was erected to commemorate them. The gateway was restored in 2015 and a steel screen inserted featuring a map of World War I Commonwealth grave cemeteries in Northern France and Belgium. [46]

The station received Grade II listed building status in 1988. [1]

National Rail services

Tiled Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway map Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway map at Victoria Station.jpg
Tiled Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway map
TransPennine Express train at platform 4. 185138 at Manchester Victoria (2).jpg
TransPennine Express train at platform 4.
Northern Class 158 unit at bay platform 1. 158752 at Manchester Victoria.jpg
Northern Class 158 unit at bay platform 1.

Manchester Victoria is served by two train operating companies, Northern and TransPennine Express. It is occasionally used by CrossCountry services during engineering works. The Chat Moss route to Liverpool is operated by TransPennine Express Class 185s DMUs and Northern Class 319 EMUs (peak time & early morning only). The Ribble Valley Line to Blackburn and Clitheroe is operated by Class 156, Class 150 with Class 153 strengthening services at peak times . Leeds Calder Valley services are usually operated by Class 158 Sprinter DMUs.

Since the May 2018 timetable change, all express services on the North TransPennine route call at the station. These services are run by TransPennine Express. Westbound, two trains an hour run express to Liverpool Lime Street (one calling at Lea Green and the other calling at Newton-le-Willows). The other pair of services run westbound to Manchester Airport via the Ordsall Chord and Manchester Piccadilly. Eastbound, there are 4 trains per hour running via Huddersfield, Leeds and York. After York, two trains an hour run to Newcastle, one to Middlesbrough and the other to Scarborough.

Also since the May 2018 timetable change, services along the Calder Valley line have been significantly sped up. Stations between Rochdale and Manchester are now served by Blackburn services. This means that Calder Valley services now run non-stop between Rochdale and Manchester. As a result, there are now 6 trains an hour to Rochdale.

Service summary

Westbound services

Eastbound services

Preceding station National Rail logo.svg National Rail Following station
Manchester Oxford Road   TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
  Huddersfield
Newton-le-Willows   
Lea Green   
Terminus  Northern
Calder Valley line
  Moston
   Rochdale
Terminus  Northern
Huddersfield line
  Ashton-under-Lyne
Salford Central   Northern
Ribble Valley line
 Terminus
Terminus   Moston
Salford Central   Northern
Manchester to Preston Line
 Terminus
  Northern
Manchester to Southport Line
 
  Northern
Kirkby branch line
 
Eccles   Northern
Liverpool to Manchester Line
 Terminus
 Future services 
Warrington Bank Quay   Northern Connect
Chester - Leeds
  Rochdale
Liverpool Lime Street   Northern Connect
Liverpool Lime Street - Leeds
  Rochdale
Manchester Piccadilly   Northern Connect
Manchester Airport - Bradford Interchange
  Rochdale
  Historical Railways  
Terminus L&YR
L&YR
London and North Western Railway
Manchester-Liverpool Line
Terminus

Victoria tram stop

Victoria
Metrolink
Manchester Victoria Metrolink platforms.JPG
Victoria tram stop in October 2015
Metrolink route map.svg
Red pog.svg
Victoria
Location of Victoria in Greater Manchester
Location
Place Manchester city centre
Local authority City of Manchester
Coordinates 53°29′15″N2°14′30″W / 53.4874°N 2.2418°W / 53.4874; -2.2418
Grid reference SJ840990
Platforms4
Fare zone information
Metrolink Zone1
Present statusIn operation
History
Conversion to Metrolink operation6 April 1992

Manchester Victoria is an interchange with the city's Metrolink light rail system. The stop is at the northern edge of the system's Zone 1 and the start of the Bury and Oldham and Rochdale Lines.

A tram entering Victoria from the city-centre streets. Tram entering Manchester Victoria.JPG
A tram entering Victoria from the city-centre streets.

The tram platforms opened on 6 April 1992 for services to Bury which replaced the long-established heavy rail service. The tram platforms were built on the site of the former railway platforms 5 to 8, the terminus of the Bury line. The line was extended into the city-centre streets via a sharp curve south from the platform ends and out through a new entrance in the wall at the side of the station; [29] [47] The system operates on some British Rail lines that have been converted to light rail operation and on-street tram tracks. In October 2009 the Oldham Loop Line was closed for conversion to a Metrolink line. It was completed in March 2014 after reopening in stages to Rochdale town centre. [48] [49]

The 1992 Metrolink platforms consisted of an island platform containing platforms B and C, and a side platform for Bury bound trams lettered A, which was later taken out of use due to leaks in the station roof. [47]

The Metrolink platforms at Victoria closed on 21 February 2014 and were rebuilt in a different configuration to allow for increased services. [50] The rebuilt stop reopened on 18 February 2015. The new configuration has two island platforms serving three tracks, with platform faces lettered A, B, C and D; the outer platforms A and D are for through trams, south and northbound respectively, and the centre platforms B & C, which both serve the same track, accommodate terminating services. [51] [52] [53] The stop is one of the most used on the Metrolink network. [54]

As of 2017, Metrolink services run through Victoria to Altrincham, Bury, East Didsbury, Manchester Airport, Oldham and Rochdale and Piccadilly. Services mostly run every six to twelve minutes on all routes. [55] [56]

Preceding station  Manchester metrolink logo.PNG Manchester Metrolink  Following station
Manchester Airport – Victoria LineTerminus
towards  Altrincham
Altrincham – Bury Line
towards  Bury
towards  Piccadilly
Bury – Piccadilly Line
towards  East Didsbury
East Didsbury – Shaw and Crompton Line
towards  East Didsbury
East Didsbury – Rochdale Town Centre Line

Accidents and incidents

See also

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Styal Line

The Styal Line is a suburban commuter railway line in the United Kingdom which runs through south Manchester and north-east Cheshire. It commences at Slade Lane Junction, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of Manchester Piccadilly, and runs 19 kilometres (12 mi) south to Wilmslow.

First TransPennine Express former train operating company

First TransPennine Express was a British train operating company jointly owned by FirstGroup and Keolis which operated the TransPennine Express franchise. First TransPennine Express ran regular Express regional railway services between the major cities of Northern England as well as Scotland.

Chester railway station railway station in Newtown in the city of Chester, England

Chester railway station in Newtown, north-east of Chester city centre, England, is operated by Transport for Wales. Services from Merseyrail, Northern and Virgin Trains use the station. From 1875 to 1969 the station was known as Chester General to distinguish it from Chester Northgate. The station's Italianate frontage was designed by the architect Francis Thompson.

Altrincham Interchange Transport Hub in Altrincham, Greater Manchester

Altrincham Interchange is a transport hub in Altrincham, Greater Manchester, England. It consists of a bus station on Stamford Road, a Northern-operated heavy rail station on the Mid-Cheshire Line, and a light rail stop which forms the terminus of Manchester Metrolink's Altrincham line. The original heavy rail element of the station was opened by the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway as Altrincham and Bowdon railway station in April 1881, changing to Altrincham railway station in May 1974. The Metrolink element opened in June 1992. The Interchange underwent a complete redevelopment, at a cost of £19 million, starting in mid-July 2013. The new bus station opened officially on 7 December 2014.

Manchester–Southport line railway line in the north-west of England

The Manchester–Southport line is a railway line in the north-west of England, operated by Northern. It was originally built as the Manchester and Southport Railway. The section between Wigan and Salford is also known locally as the Atherton Line.

Huyton railway station railway station

Huyton railway station serves Huyton in Merseyside, England. The station is an interchange between the Liverpool-Wigan Line and the northern route of the Liverpool-Manchester Line which diverge soon after the station. It is one of the busier stations on the lines and close to the shopping centre and bus station.

Manchester station group

The Manchester station group is a station group of four railway stations in Manchester city centre, England, consisting of Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Victoria and Deansgate. The station group is printed on national railway tickets as MANCHESTER STNS. For commuters travelling from one of the 91 National Rail stations in Greater Manchester, the four stations are printed as MANCHESTER CTLZ which additionally permits the use of Metrolink tram services in Zone 1.

References

Footnotes
    Citations
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    2. "Is Victoria UK's worst station?". BBC News. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
    3. "Manchester Victoria station's restoration works start". BBC News. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
    4. 1 2 "Manchester Victoria upgrades to be finished this month". www.railtechnologymagazine.com.
    5. "Engineering work at Manchester Victoria stops trains". BBC News. 15 November 2013.
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    7. "Manchester Victoria Station". Arcadis. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
    8. Wray 2004, pp. 1-5.
    9. Ferneyhough 1980 , p. 105
    10. Goode, C.T. (1986). The Railways of Manchester. pp. 19, 30–31. ISBN   0-9508239-8-8.
    11. Marshall, J.D. (1970). The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, volume 1. David and Charles. p. 56. ISBN   0-7153-4352-1.
    12. Wells, Jeffrey (2000). The Eleven Towns Railway. Railway and Canal Historical Society. p. 74.
    13. "Victoria Station". manchesterhistory.net. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
    14. Wray 2004, p. 21.
    15. Wray 2004, pp. 30-33.
    16. Wray 2004, pp. 36-41.
    17. Wray 2004, pp. 59-62.
    18. Wray 2004, pp. 73-91.
    19. Wray 2004, pp. 64-72.
    20. "Parcel carrier, 1912". Science and Society. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
    21. Joyce, J. (1982), Roads and Rails of Manchester 1900-1950, Ian Allan Ltd, p-23 ISBN   0-7110-1174-5
    22. Marshall, John (1970), The Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, volume 2, Newton Abbot: David & Charles, p=67 ISBN   0-7153-4906-6
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    25. Wray 2004, pp. 124-125.
    26. SELNEC Picc-Vic Line, SELNEC PTE, October 1971 publicity brochure
    27. Wray 2004, p. 120.
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    29. 1 2 Wray 2004, p. 128.
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    43. 1 2 Wray 2004, p. 130.
    44. 1 2 "A bright new Victoria station". Rail Engineer. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
    45. Wray 2004, p. 111.
    46. "Manchester Victoria station officially reopens after £44m overhaul". Manchester Evening News . Retrieved 20 May 2017.
    47. 1 2 "Victoria Metrolink stop". TheTrams. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
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    50. "Metrolink: Time to make Victoria posh" (Press release). Transport for Greater Manchester. 6 February 2014. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
    51. "Manchester Victoria Metrolink stop reopens in £44m upgrade". BBC News. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
    52. "Metrolink in the City Centre". Light Rail Transit Association. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
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    58. "Accident at Manchester Victoria on 19th August 1918". railwaysarchive.co.uk. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
    59. Wray 2004, p. 121.
    60. "Ministry of Transport report into the accident" (PDF). railwaysarchive.co.uk. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
    61. Wray 2004, p. 129.
    62. "Victoria: the rebirth of a railway station". Rail Magazine . Retrieved 7 June 2017.
    63. "Injuries after Manchester Victoria Station roof collapse". BBC News. 18 October 2016.
    64. "Hungry seagulls blamed for Manchester Victoria station roof collapse". ITV news. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
    65. "Deaths, injuries after reports of explosion at Ariana Grande concert at Manchester Arena: Police". ABC News. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
    66. Chivers, C.L. (24 May 2017). "Found at the Scene in Manchester: Shrapnel, a Backpack and a Battery". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
    67. "Structural damage to Victoria Station after bomb". ITV News. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
    68. "Manchester attack: Victoria railway station reopens". BBC news. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
    69. "Manchester Victoria station stabbing: Three injured". BBC News. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.

    Bibliography

    Further reading