Manchester Arena

Last updated

Manchester Arena
Manchester Arena exterior, (3) May19.jpg
Exterior of the arena, seen from the north
Former namesNYNEX Arena (1995–98)
Manchester Evening News Arena (1998–2011)
Manchester Arena (2011–13; 2015–present)
Phones 4u Arena (2013–15)
AddressVictoria Station
Manchester
M3 1AR [1]
Location Manchester, England
Coordinates 53°29′17″N2°14′38″W / 53.48806°N 2.24389°W / 53.48806; -2.24389 Coordinates: 53°29′17″N2°14′38″W / 53.48806°N 2.24389°W / 53.48806; -2.24389
Public transit Metrolink generic.png National Rail logo.svg Manchester Victoria
Owner Mansford
Operator SMG Europe
Capacity 21,000
Construction
Broke groundMarch 1993 (1993-03)
Opened15 July 1995 (1995-07-15)
Closed22 May 2017 [nb 1]
Reopened9 September 2017 [2]
Construction cost £52 million
(£107 million in 2020 pounds [3] )
ArchitectDLA Design, Austin-Smith:Lord and Ellerbe Becket
Structural engineer Arup Group Limited
Tenants
Manchester Giants (BBL) (1995–2001)
Manchester Storm (BISL, BJL) (1995–2002)
Manchester Phoenix (EIHL) (2003–04)
Website
Venue Website

The Manchester Arena is an indoor arena in Manchester, England, immediately north of the city centre and partly above Manchester Victoria station in air rights space.

Contents

The arena has the highest seating capacity of any indoor venue in the United Kingdom, and second largest in the Europe with a capacity of 21,000 and is one of the world's busiest indoor arenas, hosting music and sporting events such as boxing and swimming. [4] The arena was a key part of Manchester's bids to host the Olympic Games in 1996 and 2000 and was eventually used for the 2002 Commonwealth Games.

The arena was temporarily closed following a terror attack by a suicide bomber on 22 May 2017, in which a suicide bomber killed 22 people and injured 500 more at the end of an Ariana Grande concert during her Dangerous Woman Tour. Shows that were scheduled to be at the arena were either moved to alternative venues, or cancelled completely. The arena was reopened on 9 September with a special benefit concert headlined by Manchester-born singer Noel Gallagher.

Arena design

Steps leading to southern entrance from Hunts Bank MEN Arena, Manchester (7263927380).jpg
Steps leading to southern entrance from Hunts Bank

First proposed during the regeneration of Manchester city centre during the 1980s, the structure was designed by DLA Ellerbe Beckett, Ove Arup & Partners, and Austin-Smith:Lord. The arena is sited in air rights space over the Manchester Victoria railway station and was constructed without disrupting use of the station. The original plans included a glass tower which was not built. It originally hosted a seven-screen multiplex cinema, a multi-purpose arena and multi-storey parking. The former multiplex cinema, which opened in 1996, closed after just four years and is now a call centre. Following the bombing, the foyer underwent renovation.

A large truss measuring 105 metres (344 ft) spans the roof. Reinforced concrete is used to increase sound insulation. The upper parts of the building are clad in purple-grey with green glass. [5] The arena was opened on 15 July 1995. [6]

The arena was one of the first indoor venues in Europe to be built following layout of 360-degree seating, [7] and is the only arena in the UK to have this feature (London's The O2, formerly the Millennium Dome, also has 360-degree seating, but only on its lower tier, whereas Manchester's arena features it on both tiers). Other European indoor venues built to the same concept include the Lanxess Arena (Cologne, Germany), Arena Zagreb (Zagreb, Croatia), Spaladium Arena (Split, Croatia), Kombank Arena (Belgrade, Serbia), O2 Arena (Prague, Czech Republic), and the Barclaycard Arena (Hamburg, Germany).

Background

The arena during sponsorship by Manchester Evening News MEN Arena, Manchester.JPG
The arena during sponsorship by Manchester Evening News
Phones 4u Arena logo used from 2013 to 2015 Phones4u Arena.png
Phones 4u Arena logo used from 2013 to 2015

The arena was constructed as part of the city's unsuccessful bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics. [8] Construction cost £52 million of which £35.5m was provided by government grants and £2.5m from the European Regional Development Fund. Although built as an American style sports arena it has been more successful hosting large music events. [9]

The arena opened in July 1995, sponsored by NYNEX CableComms as NYNEX Arena. In July 1998 it was renamed the Manchester Evening News Arena, or just the MEN Arena, when it was sponsored by the Manchester Evening News newspaper. In December 2011, the paper ended its thirteen-year sponsorship, and the arena was renamed Manchester Arena in January 2012. [10] In July 2013 the arena was renamed Phones 4u Arena after the mobile phone company Phones 4u, [11] but this deal ended in January 2015 after Phones 4u went out of business, renaming the arena back to Manchester Arena. [12]

On the opening night, 15,000 spectators watched Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean perform; the crowd was a record for an ice event. [13] Attendance records were set in 1997 when 17,425 people watched Manchester Storm play Sheffield Steelers, a record for an ice hockey match in Europe at that time. When 14,151 people watched Manchester Giants play London Leopards, it set a British record for attendance at a basketball match. [13]

The venue attracts over a million customers each year for concerts and family shows, making it one of the world's busiest indoor arenas, and was named "International Venue Of The Year" in 2002 in the 'Pollstar' awards, and was nominated in the same category in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009. The arena was named "Busiest Arena Venue In The World", based on ticket sales for concerts in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007 ahead of other indoor arenas including the Madison Square Garden and Wembley Arena. The arena was the 'World's Busiest Arena' from 2001 until 2007 based on ticket sales for concerts, attracting five and a half million customers. It was voted 'Europe's Favourite Arena' at the TPi Awards in 2008 by the touring companies that bring the shows to the venue.

On the evening of 27 May 1999, a reception was held at the arena to celebrate Manchester United's European Cup triumph in Barcelona 24 hours earlier, following the victorious side's parade around Manchester at the end of the season in which they became the first (and to date only) English team to win the treble of the league title, FA Cup and European Cup in the same season. [14]

In 2008, the arena was world's third busiest arena behind London's The O2 Arena and New York's Madison Square Garden. In 2009, it was the world's second busiest arena behind London's The O2 and ahead of Antwerp's Sportpaleis and Madison Square Garden. Although second to London's The O2, Manchester's arena had its busiest year with over 1,500,000 people attending concerts and family shows. The arena hosts over 250 events annually including comedy, live music and tours, sporting events, and occasionally musicals. [15]

Events

Music

Arena during a concert Manchester Arena concert, November 2012.jpg
Arena during a concert

As one of the largest venues in the UK, the arena has hosted music concerts since opening in 1995.

As of 2019, British pop group Take That, who were formed in Manchester, hold the record for the most performances, with 46. During the five-concert Manchester leg of their 2019 tour, the arena was temporarily renamed after the band to honour their 30-year career. [16] Irish pop group Westlife previously held the record with 33 performances. [17]

Spice Girls performed 4 sold-out shows during their Spiceworld Tour in April 1998, 4 sold-out shows in December 1999 on the Christmas in Spiceworld Tour, and 3 sold-out shows in January 2008 on The Return of the Spice Girls World Tour.

Led Zeppelin legends Jimmy Page and Robert Plant performed a sell out concert at the arena on 3 November 1998 as part of their Walking into Clarksdale tour.

On 26 March 2000, English boy band Five performed at this venue as part of their Invincible Tour. The show was also filmed for a concert special called Five Live that was released on DVD and VHS later that same year. [18]

Janet Jackson performed here on 31 May 1998 as part of her The Velvet Rope Tour. Jackson was scheduled to perform during her All for You Tour on 5 December 2001, but the show was cancelled with the rest of her European tour because of possible terrorist threats. [19] Her 2016 Unbreakable World Tour was also cancelled, this time because of scheduling conflicts.

Britney Spears performed at the arena for the first time for two sold-out shows on 13 and 14 October 2000 during her Oops!...I Did It Again Tour. She has returned for additional sold-out shows on 1 May 2004 during Onyx Hotel Tour, 17 June 2009 during her Circus Tour, in 2011 for the Femme Fatale Tour, and on 18 August 2018 as part of her Piece of Me Tour.

U2 performed at the arena on 11 and 12 August 2001, for their Elevation Tour. The band came back in 2018 during their Experience + Innocence Tour for two shows on 19 and 20 October.

Kylie Minogue previously held the record for the most performances at the arena Kylie Minogue Cropped Sliver Spoon Awards 2012.jpg
Kylie Minogue previously held the record for the most performances at the arena

In 2002, Kylie Minogue performed on six days in May as part of her KylieFever2002 tour. She performed part of her Showgirl Tour on five days in April 2005. In 2007, she performed on seven days in January as the final part of her Homecoming Tour. In 2008, she performed on six days in July as part of her X world tour. Minogue performed on four days in April 2011 as part of her Aphrodite World Tour. Minogue performed again at the arena on 26 September 2014. The performance marked the 30th time Minogue has performed at the arena. [20] It is a record for Minogue as the venue she has played to most in the world; she has played to 400,000 fans in total in the Manchester Arena. [21]

Madonna performed twice on her Re-Invention World Tour in Summer 2004, returning in 2009, on the second leg of the Sticky & Sweet Tour. Two shows were planned but one was cancelled due to unknown reasons. Madonna was late on stage in 2015 on the Rebel Heart Tour due to problems with the screen visuals resulting in a shortened set.

Pop/R&B singer Whitney Houston would hold her last concerts ever here, June 16 & 17, 2010 on her Nothing But Love World Tour. [22] [23] [24] [25] Houston died February 11, 2012 at age 48.

In July 2010, the arena celebrated its 15th birthday with a multi-artist gig, presented by Real Radio (North West). [26]

Gorillaz performed at the arena on 12 November 2010 during their Escape to Plastic Beach Tour, and came back on 1 December 2017, as part of their Humanz Tour.

American entertainer Beyoncé performed three sold-out shows at the arena as part of her The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour on 7, 8 and 9 May 2013. She returned on 25 and 26 February 2014 for two more sold-out shows. Both shows became the fastest concert to sell out the entire arena. This was the fifth tour Beyoncé has performed at the arena, following concerts for her Dangerously in Love Tour (2003), Destiny Fulfilled...and Lovin' It (2005), The Beyoncé Experience (2007) and the I Am... World Tour (2009).

Take That has performed at the Arena a record 38 times Take That & The Pet Shop Boys, Manchester 12 June 2011 4.jpg
Take That has performed at the Arena a record 38 times

In 2014, Katy Perry performed twice at the venue, on 20 and 24 May as part of her third concert tour, Prismatic World Tour.

Olly Murs performed at the arena on 17 and 18 March 2017, as part of the first leg for his new UK tour, Spring & Summer Tour 2017.

Ariana Grande performed at the arena on 22 May 2017 as part of the Dangerous Woman Tour. After this, a suicide bombing took place at the foyer of the arena. (see below)

The arena was reopened by Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds and a cohort of local stars such as The Courteeners, Blossoms, Rick Astley and comedian Peter Kay as part of the "We Are Manchester" event on 9 September 2017.

Metallica performed at the arena on 28 October 2017 in front of 19,423 people, as a part of their WorldWired Tour.

On 29 November 2017, Phil Collins performed one night here with his Not Dead Yet Tour.

On 10 December 2017, Mariah Carey brought her All I Want for Christmas Is You, A Night of Joy and Festivity show here.

On 16 December 2017, Liam Gallagher performed here as part of his UK tour to celebrate the release of his debut album As You Were.

On 10 February 2018, Kendrick Lamar performed the 3rd date of the European leg of The Damn Tour. This was his first time performing in Manchester since 2013.

On 22 June 2018, Katy Perry performed the 90th show of her fourth concert tour Witness: The Tour.

South Korean girl group Blackpink will perform their first UK arena concert on 21 May 2019 as part of the Blackpink World Tour (In Your Area) schedule here.

Six time Grammy award-winning artist Christina Aguilera will be performing here during her 14 date The X Tour on 12 November 2019.

Billie Eilish will perform here with her Where Do We Go? World Tour in 21 and 22 July 2020.

On April 15 and 16, 2021 the Canadian singer Celine Dion will perform there during her Courage World Tour, this will be the first shows of Dion since more than ten years. During the Celine Dion Live 2017 Celine planned to perform two concerts here, but they were reprogrammed to Leeds for the attack in May 2017.

Sports

The arena in ice skating configuration Manchester Arena skating.jpg
The arena in ice skating configuration

The arena has been the home of three sports teams: the Manchester Storm and Manchester Phoenix ice hockey teams, and the Manchester Giants basketball team with limited success, as it is no longer used by sports teams but is used for one-off sporting events such as boxing and football masters.

Many boxers have had bouts in the arena, such as Amir Khan, Jermaine Johnson, Ricky Hatton, Joe Calzaghe, Mike Tyson, and David Haye. Hatton, from Manchester, became a regular and favourite at the arena.

World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) have regularly hosted both live events and TV tapings at the Arena, including Mayhem in Manchester in 1998, pay-per-view events such as the UK version of No Mercy in 1999, and Rebellion in 2001 and 2002. Also tapings of both Raw and SmackDown in November 2015, November 2017, November 2018 and November 2019.

The arena hosted mixed martial arts events. UFC 70 on 21 April 2007, and UFC 105 on 14 November 2009 for which it set the European record attendance for the largest UFC event outside the US with 16,000 spectators. The arena also hosted UFC Fight Night: Machida vs. Munoz on 26 October 2013 as well as UFC 204 on 8 October 2016, headlining was a middleweight championship match between Dan Henderson and Michael Bisping. The World Taekwondo Qualification Event for the Beijing Olympic Games was held there on 28–30 September 2007 when 103 countries competed for 24 places at the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008. In April 2008, the arena hosted the FINA Short Course World Swimming Championships, the first time the event has been held in the UK. The arena was transformed with two 25 m swimming pools constructed in 18 days and seating provided for 17,250 spectators. [27]

Monster truck racing events have been staged but the floor space has to be extended and the front section of seating in the lower tier removed. [28]

Since 2008, it has played host to a week of the Premier League Darts.

On 26 February 2011, it played host to BAMMA 5.

In May 2011, the arena hosted a basketball contest between the Atlanta Dream (WNBA) and the Great Britain women's basketball team, billed as "WNBA Live", the first time a WNBA team had played in Europe. In July 2012, the arena hosted an international between Great Britain men's basketball team and the United States men's basketball team in the buildup to the 2012 Summer Olympics.

In early April 2018, the revamped Dancing on Ice tour performed at the venue.

On 13–15 April 2018, Universal's Fast & Furious: LIVE performed at the arena, as part of the tour's second UK leg.

On 25 August 2018, a white collar boxing match between famous YouTube personalities KSI and Logan Paul was held at the arena. The match was livestreamed via pay-per-view on YouTube.

On 15–19 May 2019, the arena hosted the 2019 World Taekwondo Championships. [29]

Comedy

The first stand-up comedy performance was Peter Kay's final performance of his Mum wants a bungalow Tour in July 2003. He worked at the arena when it opened in 1995 and the performance was filmed for DVD release as Peter Kay at the Manchester Arena. [30] In 2005, Lee Evans set a world record for performing to the biggest audience in front of a crowd of 10,108. [31] Peter Kay's The Tour That Doesn't Tour Tour...Now On Tour ran for 20 consecutive nights and 20 nights at the end of the tour – a record for the venue. [32] Alan Carr filmed the DVD for Spexy Beast in Manchester.

Other

On 19 July 2011, (with a final dress rehearsal in front of an audience on 16 July 2011) the arena hosted the world premiere of Batman Live, a touring stage show, including theatrical, circus and stage-magic elements, that focuses on the DC Comics superhero Batman. [33]

The arena also hosts the annual convention of Jehovah's Witnesses. In 2014, this was held on 22–24 August.

The arena also hosted Ant & Dec's Takeaway on Tour: Live on 15–16 August 2014. Over the two days, about more than 120,000 people attended both matinee and evening shows.

2017 bombing

Following the Dangerous Woman Tour concert by American pop singer Ariana Grande on 22 May 2017, a suicide bombing occurred in the arena's foyer area. Greater Manchester Police confirmed that twenty-two adults and children were killed, including the bomber, and 500 were injured. [34] [35]

Reopening

The 'City Room' foyer of the Manchester Arena. Photo taken in 2020 after the completion of the renovation works. City Room .jpg
The 'City Room' foyer of the Manchester Arena. Photo taken in 2020 after the completion of the renovation works.

On 14 June 2017, it was confirmed that the arena would remain closed until September, with scheduled concerts either cancelled or moved to other venues. [36] On 9 September 2017, the arena re-opened with a benefit concert featuring Noel Gallagher and other acts associated with the North West. [37] This was broadcast live on BBC Radio Manchester, Key 103 and Radio X. [38]

Technical facts

Panorama of the arena, facing the main stage Manchester Arena panorama.jpg
Panorama of the arena, facing the main stage

Transport

The entrance to the foyer of the arena from Victoria station. Manchester Arena entrance from Victoria station.jpg
The entrance to the foyer of the arena from Victoria station.
Public transport access
Manchester Metrolink Metrolink generic.png Victoria
National Rail National Rail logo.svg

The arena adjoins Manchester Victoria station which is served by Northern, TransPennine Express, and Metrolink.

The arena car park is operated by National Car Parks, and has 958 standard and 65 disabled spaces.

See also

Notes

  1. Temporarily closed for forensic investigation and repair work due to the Manchester Arena bombing. Events scheduled to take place were either cancelled or moved to alternative venues.

Related Research Articles

Utilita Arena Birmingham Sports arena

Utilita Arena Birmingham is an indoor arena and sporting venue in central Birmingham, United Kingdom. It is owned by parent company the NEC Group. When it was opened in 1991, it was the largest indoor arena in the UK. On 16 January 2020, it was announced that the arena will be renamed Utilita Arena Birmingham from 15 April 2020.

Wembley Arena An indoor arena in Wembley, London

Wembley Arena is an indoor arena adjacent to Wembley Stadium in Wembley, London. Used for music, comedy, family entertainment and sport, the 12,500-seat facility is London's second-largest indoor arena after The O2 Arena, and the ninth-largest in the United Kingdom.

Manchester Central Convention Complex Exhibition and conference centre in Manchester, England

Manchester Central Convention Complex is an exhibition and conference centre converted from the former Manchester Central railway station in Manchester, England. The building has a distinctive arched roof with a 64-metre span - the second-largest railway station roof span in the United Kingdom, and was granted Grade II* listed building status in 1963.

Makuhari Messe Japanese convention center in the Mihama-ku of Chiba city

Makuhari Messe (幕張メッセ) is a Japanese convention center outside Tokyo, located in the Mihama-ku ward of Chiba city, in the northwest corner of Chiba prefecture. Designed by Fumihiko Maki, it is accessible by Tokyo's commuter rail system. Makuhari is the name of the area, and Messe is a German language word meaning "trade fair".

O2 Arena (Prague) Multi-purpose arena in Prague, Czechia

O2 Arena (formerly Sazka Arena, stylised as O2 arena) is a multi-purpose arena, in Prague, Czech Republic. It is home to HC Sparta Prague of the Czech Extraliga and is the second-largest ice hockey arena in Europe.

Cardiff International Arena indoor exhibition centre and events arena located in Cardiff, Wales

Cardiff International Arena is an indoor exhibition centre and events arena located in Cardiff, the capital of Wales, and was opened on 10 September 1993 by singer Shirley Bassey. Its current name is due to a five-year sponsorship agreement. It is Cardiff's largest purpose-built exhibition facility. The upstairs of the building is known as the World Trade Centre.

Friends Arena Association football stadium in Solna, Sweden

Friends Arena, also known as Nationalarenan, is a retractable roof multi-purpose stadium in Stockholm, Sweden. Located next to the lake Råstasjön in Solna, just north of the City Centre, it is the biggest stadium in Scandinavia. Since its opening, the venue has served as Sweden's national stadium for men's football, hence its name. The main tenants of the stadium are Sweden's men's national football team and Allsvenskan football club AIK; both relocated from their previous home at the Råsunda Stadium. The venue has a total capacity of 65,000 at concerts and 50,000 seated at football matches, but the stadium can be scaled down to provide for smaller events with approximately 20,000 guests.

Altice Arena architectural structure

Altice Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Lisbon, Portugal. The arena is among the largest indoor arenas in Europe and the largest in Portugal with a capacity of 20,000 people and was built in 1998 for Expo '98.

Velodrom (Berlin) sports arena and velodrome in Berlin, Germany

The Velodrom (velodrome) is an indoor track cycling arena, in the Prenzlauer Berg, locality of Berlin, Germany. Holding up to 12,000 people, it was also Berlin's largest concert venue, until the opening of O2 World in 2008.

Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Centre convention center in Aberdeen City, Scotland, UK

The Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Centre, was a large exhibition and conference complex, in Aberdeen, Scotland. The complex is home to a Holiday Inn and Holiday Inn Express hotel, conference facilities and multi-purpose arena.

Olympic Stadium (Moscow) Indoor arena located in Moscow, Russia

Olympic Stadium is an indoor arena, located in Moscow, Russia. It was built for the 1980 Summer Olympics and, divided into two separated halls, hosted the basketball and boxing events.

Mercedes-Benz Arena (Berlin) venue in Berlin

The Mercedes-Benz Arena is a multipurpose indoor arena in the Friedrichshain neighborhood of Berlin, Germany, which opened in 2008.

The O<sub>2</sub> Arena Multi-purpose indoor arena located in The O2 in London

The O2 Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the centre of The O2 entertainment complex on the Greenwich Peninsula in southeast London. It opened in its present form in 2007. It has the second-highest seating capacity of any indoor venue in the United Kingdom, behind the Manchester Arena, and in 2008 was the world's busiest music arena.

3Arena indoor amphitheater in Dublin, Ireland

The 3Arena (originally The O2) is an indoor amphitheatre located at North Wall Quay in the Dublin Docklands in Dublin, Ireland. The venue opened as The O2 on 16 December 2008. It was built on the site of the former Point Theatre, a smaller music venue which operated from 1988 to 2007, retaining only some of the outer facade. The Point Theatre was branded as "The Point Depot", in recognition of its original role as a railway goods handling station. The venue was re-branded on 4 September 2014 due to the takeover of O2 Ireland by Three Ireland.

First Direct Arena entertainment focused arena in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England

The First Direct Arena is a 13,781 capacity entertainment focused arena located in the Arena Quarter of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is the first in the United Kingdom to have a fan-shaped orientation.

Anti Tour 2012 concert tour by Kylie Minogue

The Anti Tour was the thirteenth concert tour by Australian recording artist Kylie Minogue, as part of the "K25" project. The tour began on 18 March 2012 in Melbourne, Australia at the Palace Theatre and concluded on 3 April 2012 in London, England at the Hammersmith Apollo, consisting of four shows in Australia and three shows in Europe.

Resorts World Arena arena in Solihull near Birmingham, England

The Resorts World Arena is a multipurpose indoor arena located at the National Exhibition Centre (NEC) in Solihull, England. It has a capacity of 15,685 seats. The venue was built as the seventh hall of the NEC complex. After 18 months of construction, the arena opened as the "Birmingham International Arena" in December 1980 with a concert by Queen.

Castlefield Bowl outdoor event area in Manchester

The Castlefield Bowl is an outdoor events pavilion in the inner city conservation area of Castlefield in Manchester in North West England. The arena is often used for food festivals and music gigs.

Kylie Presents Golden concert tour by Kylie Minogue

Kylie Presents Golden was a promotional tour by Australian recording artist Kylie Minogue, in support of her fourteenth studio album, Golden (2018). The tour comprised five shows in Europe and one show in North America.

Summer 2019 (Kylie Minogue tour) 2019 tour with Kylie Minogue

Summer 2019 is a European mini-tour by Australian recording artist Kylie Minogue, in support of her fourth major greatest hits album, Step Back in Time: The Definitive Collection (2019). The tour commenced on 20 June 2019 in Kingston upon Thames, England at the Hampton Court Palace, and ended in 7 March 2020 in São Paulo.

References

  1. http://www.manchester-arena.com/contact/
  2. "Manchester Arena: Noel Gallagher to headline reopening concert". BBC News. 16 August 2017.
  3. UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  4. "Manchester Evening News arena". smg-europe.com. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved on 28 March 2008.
  5. Hartwell 2002 , p. 237
  6. Watson, Janine (25 July 1995). "Arena ready for Wets sell-out". Manchester Evening News.
  7. Taylor, Paul (13 July 2010). "The Arena put Manchester on top of the world". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  8. Parkinson-Bailey, John J. (25 May 2000). Manchester: An Architectural History (Hardcover ed.). Manchester University Press. p. 250. ISBN   0-7190-5606-3 . Retrieved 2 October 2009.
  9. Taylor, Paul (13 July 2010). "The Arena put Manchester on top of the world". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  10. "MEN Media ends naming rights at Manchester Evening News Arena". Manchester Evening News. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  11. Ferguson, James (31 July 2013). "Manchester Arena signs deal with Phones 4u". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  12. Evans, Denise (10 January 2015). "Manchester Arena to mark 20-year anniversary with name change". Manchester Evening News . Trinity Mirror . Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  13. 1 2 Inglis 2004 , p. 101
  14. "BBC News - Sport - Manchester plans huge victory party". news.bbc.co.uk.
  15. Will Pavia (5 January 2008). "From unwanted empty shell to the world's busiest venue". Manchester Evening News . Retrieved on 31 August 2008.
  16. "Take That have played a record 38 dates at the Manchester Arena".
  17. "Record-breaking farewell for Westlife at Manchester Arena is a piece of cake". Manchester Evening News. 10 January 2013.
  18. "Five: Live". 5 December 2000 via Amazon.
  19. "Janet Jackson niet in Sportpaleis". Standaard.
  20. Evans, Denise (17 March 2014). "Kylie Minogue to play record 30th show at the arena in Manchester". Manchester Evening News . Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  21. Denise Evans (17 March 2014). "Manchester is Kylie's number one city". Manchester Evening News . Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  22. Tore Lindø, Leif; Rege Olsen, Olav (17 November 2009). "Whitney Houston til Sørmarka Arena" [Whitney Houston to Sørmarka Arena]. Stavanger Aftenblad (in Norwegian). Schibsted Media Group. Archived from the original on 22 December 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  23. Europe Boxcore Data:
  24. "Venue profile: Finger on the pulse". Music Week. 10 July 2010.
  25. "City arena becomes swimming venue". BBC Online. 18 March 2008. Retrieved on 31 August 2008.
  26. "Monster Jam". Manchester Evening News Arena. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  27. "World Taekwondo Championships 2019 - Manchester Arena". www.manchester-arena.com. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  28. "Peter Kay – July 2003". Manchester Arena. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  29. "Comic Evans breaks crowd record". BBC News. 20 November 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  30. "Peter Kay – The Tour That Doesn't Tour Tour – Farewell Tour". Manchester Arena. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  31. Hughes, Rob (20 July 2011). "Batman Live, Manchester MEN, review". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  32. Rawlison, Kevin (22 May 2017). "Police warning after reports of explosion at Manchester Arena". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  33. "Manchester Arena blast: 22 dead and 59 hurt". BBC News. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  34. "Manchester Arena to stay closed until September". BBC News. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  35. "Manchester Arena: Noel Gallagher to headline reopening concert". BBC News. BBC. 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  36. "Manchester Arena: Radio stations to broadcast reopening concert". BBC News. BBC. 5 September 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.

Bibliography

  • Inglis, Simon (2004), Played in Manchester: The architectural heritage of a city at play, English Heritage and Manchester City Council, ISBN   1-873592-78-7
  • Hartwell, Clare (2002), Manchester, Pevsner Architectural Guides, Yale University Press, ISBN   978-0-300-09666-8