Midland Hotel, Manchester

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Midland Hotel
Midland
Midland Hotel west, Manchester.jpg
West facade
General information
Status Grade II*
TypeHotel
Architectural styleEclectic Edwardian Baroque [1]
Location Manchester
CountryEngland
Coordinates 53°28′38″N2°14′42″W / 53.477222°N 2.245°W / 53.477222; -2.245 Coordinates: 53°28′38″N2°14′42″W / 53.477222°N 2.245°W / 53.477222; -2.245
Opened5 September 1903
Cost£1 million in 1900
(£116 million in 2017) [2]
Client Midland Railway Company
Technical details
Structural systemSteel frame, red brick, brown terracotta, polished granite and Burmantoft terracotta
Design and construction
Architect Charles Trubshaw

The Midland Hotel, often referred to simply as The Midland, is a grand hotel in Manchester, England. Opened in September 1903, it was built by the Midland Railway to serve Manchester Central railway station, its northern terminus for its rail services to London St Pancras. It faces onto St Peter's Square. The hotel was designed by Charles Trubshaw in a highly individualistic Edwardian Baroque style. It is a Grade II* listed building. [1]

Hotel Establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis

A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerator and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television, and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa, and social function services. Hotel rooms are usually numbered to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. In the United Kingdom, a hotel is required by law to serve food and drinks to all guests within certain stated hours. In Japan, capsule hotels provide a tiny room suitable only for sleeping and shared bathroom facilities.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

Midland Railway British pre-grouping railway company (1844–1922)

The Midland Railway (MR) was a railway company in the United Kingdom from 1844 to 1922, when it became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. It had a large network of lines managed from its headquarters in Derby. It became the third-largest railway undertaking in the British Isles.

Contents

History

Side of the Midland Hotel Midland Hotel Manchester 2.jpg
Side of the Midland Hotel
Midland Hotel at Night Midland Hotel Manchester at Night.jpg
Midland Hotel at Night

Built at the junction of Peter Street and Lower Mosley Street opposite Manchester Central railway station, terminus for Midland Railway express trains to London St Pancras, the hotel was designed by Charles Trubshaw and constructed between 1898 and 1903 for the Midland Railway Company at a cost of more than £1 million. In 1908 The Railway News reported that the hotel had over 70,000 guests in its first year and described it as a "Twentieth century palace". [3] The hotel had a 1,000-seat purpose-built theatre where opera, drama and early Annie Horniman performances were staged, and a roof terrace where a string quartet performed. [4]

Manchester Central Convention Complex

Manchester Central Convention Complex is an exhibition and conference centre converted from the former Manchester Central railway station in Manchester, England.

St Pancras railway station railway station terminus in London

St Pancras railway station, also known as London St Pancras and officially since 2007 as St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden. It is the terminus for Eurostar continental services from London via High Speed 1 and the Channel Tunnel to Belgium, France and the Netherlands. It provides East Midlands Trains and Thameslink services to Corby, Sheffield and Nottingham on the Midland Main Line and Southeastern high-speed trains to Kent via Ebbsfleet International and Ashford International, and local Thameslink cross-London services. It stands between the British Library, the Regent's Canal and King's Cross railway station, with which it shares a London Underground station, King's Cross St. Pancras.

Annie Horniman British theatre manager

Annie Elizabeth Fredericka Horniman CH was an English theatre patron and manager. She established the Abbey Theatre in Dublin and founded the first regional repertory theatre company in Britain at the Gaiety Theatre in Manchester. She encouraged the work of new writers and playwrights, including W. B. Yeats, George Bernard Shaw and members of what became known as the Manchester School of dramatists.

The Midland Hotel was allegedly coveted by Adolf Hitler, who maintained a keen interest in architecture, as a possible Nazi headquarters in Britain. [5] American intelligence speculated that the area of Manchester around the town hall was spared from bombing so as not to damage or destroy the Midland Hotel. [6]

Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany from 1934 to 1945

Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and later Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.

Manchester Town Hall municipal building in Manchester, England

Manchester Town Hall is a Victorian, Neo-gothic municipal building in Manchester, England. It is the ceremonial headquarters of Manchester City Council and houses a number of local government departments. The building faces Albert Square to the north and St Peter's Square to the south, with Manchester Cenotaph facing its southern entrance.

The Midland was where Charles Rolls met Henry Royce leading to the formation of Rolls-Royce Limited in 1904. [7] Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother dined in the hotel's Trafford Restaurant in November 1959 after attending a Royal Variety Performance at the Palace Theatre. The Beatles were famously refused access to the French Restaurant for being "inappropriately dressed". [8] [9]

Charles Rolls English motoring and aviation pioneer, co-founder of Rolls-Royce

The Honourable Charles Stewart Rolls was a Welsh motoring and aviation pioneer. With Henry Royce, he co-founded the Rolls-Royce car manufacturing firm. He was the first Briton to be killed in an aeronautical accident with a powered aircraft, when the tail of his Wright Flyer broke off during a flying display in Bournemouth. He was aged 32.

Henry Royce English engineer, car designer, co-founder of Rolls-Royce

Sir Frederick Henry Royce, 1st Baronet, OBE was an English engineer and car designer who, with Charles Rolls and Claude Johnson, founded the Rolls-Royce company.

Rolls-Royce Limited 1906-1987 automobile and aerospace manufacturer in the United Kingdom

Rolls-Royce was a British luxury car and later an aero engine manufacturing business established in 1904 by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Henry Royce. Building on Royce's reputation established with his cranes they quickly developed a reputation for superior engineering by manufacturing the "best car in the world". The First World War brought them into manufacturing aero engines. Joint development of jet engines began in 1940 and they entered production.

Architecture

The Midland has a steel structure clad in red brick, brown terracotta and several varieties of polished granite and Burmantofts terracotta to withstand the polluted environment of Manchester. This includes some fine modelled panels by the sculptor Edward Caldwell Spruce. [10] The building shares some similarity with other highly decorative Edwardian Baroque buildings in Manchester such as London Road Fire Station and Lancaster House. The building has been designated a Grade II* listed building by English Heritage. [1] The building was voted Greater Manchester's second-favourite building by readers of the Manchester Evening News in 2012. [11]

Architectural terracotta Fired clay construction material

Architectural terracotta refers to a fired mixture of clay and water that can be used in a non-structural, semi-structural, or structural capacity on the exterior or interior of a building. Terracotta is an ancient building material that translates from Latin as "baked earth". It can be unglazed, painted, slip glazed, or glazed. A piece of terracotta is composed of a hollow clay web enclosing a void space or cell. The cell can be installed in compression with mortar or hung with metal anchors. All cells are partially backfilled with mortar.

Granite A common type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock with granular structure

Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogy. The word "granite" comes from the Latin granum, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock. Strictly speaking, granite is an igneous rock with between 20% and 60% quartz by volume, and at least 35% of the total feldspar consisting of alkali feldspar, although commonly the term "granite" is used to refer to a wider range of coarse-grained igneous rocks containing quartz and feldspar.

Burmantofts Pottery

Burmantofts Pottery was the common trading name of a manufacturer of ceramic pipes and construction materials, named after the Burmantofts district of Leeds, England.

Hotel

Midland Hotel, Manchester from the junction of Oxford Street and St Peter's Square. The Midland Hotel from Oxford Street Manchester.jpg
Midland Hotel, Manchester from the junction of Oxford Street and St Peter's Square.

The hotel is close to Manchester Central exhibition and conference centre on the site of the former railway station, the Bridgewater Hall and Manchester Central Library.

Bridgewater Hall concert hall in Manchester

The Bridgewater Hall is a concert venue in Manchester city centre, England. It cost around £42 million to build and currently hosts over 250 performances a year.

Manchester Central Library public library in Manchester

Manchester Central Library is the headquarters of the city's library and information service in Manchester, England. Facing St Peter's Square, it was designed by E. Vincent Harris and constructed between 1930 and 1934. The form of the building, a columned portico attached to a rotunda domed structure, is loosely derived from the Pantheon, Rome. At its opening, one critic wrote, "This is the sort of thing which persuades one to believe in the perennial applicability of the Classical canon".

Once known as the Crowne Plaza Manchester – The Midland it was bought by the Paramount Hotel Group (now Barcelo UK) in 2004. [12] It was upgraded in a £12 million renovation and was transferred QHotels (formerly Quintessential Hotels), Paramount's sister company. The hotel has 312 en-suite bedrooms and 14 suites, a health club and two restaurants – The French and Mr. Cooper's House & Garden.

Restaurants

The French, once described by The Good Food Guide as "Manchester's finest dining room", [13] was one of Britain’s first Michelin-starred restaurants – awarded in 1974 in the first guide. [14] It re-opened in March 2013 and chef Simon Rogan who stated his desire is to re-establish it to its former opulence [15] and was rated the 12th best restaurant nationally in its first year of opening and awarded the best New Entry award by the Good Food Guide. [16] [17] The French was awarded three Rosettes – the maximum permitted in the first year of opening. [18]

The Colony was named after the cotton traders who sold raw cotton to mill owners and referred to themselves as the Old Colony Club. It closed for refurbishment in 2013 and re-opened in the September as Mr. Cooper's House & Garden in tribute to Thomas Cooper, whose house and gardens occupied the hotel site in 1819. The family were coach-makers and their garden was famous for its strawberries, gooseberries, apples and flowers. [19]

See also

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References

Citations
  1. 1 2 3 Historic England. "Midland Hotel, Manchester (1271154)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 September 2012.
  2. "Bank of England – Inflation Calculator". Bank of England. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  3. "Railway News". Volume 90. 1908. pp. 436–437. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  4. Heßler,Martina & Zimmermann, Clemens (2008). Creative Urban Milieus: Historical Perspectives on Culture, Economy, and the City. University of Chicago Press. ISBN   978-3-593-38547-1.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. "Ed Miliband invokes British wartime spirit". BBC News. 29 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
  6. "VE Day 60 Years: Manchester – A City In World War Two". culture24.org.uk. 6 June 2005. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  7. "Centenary party for status symbol". BBC News. 4 May 2004. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
  8. http://www.qhotels.co.uk/hotels/the-midland-manchester.aspx
  9. http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/32056/united_kingdom/the_midland_hotel_in_manchester.html
  10. Burmantofts Pottery (1983) Bradford Art Galleries & Museums and Leeds City Art Gallery p15
  11. "M.E.N readers vote Manchester town hall region's favourite building". Manchester Evening News. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  12. "Historic Midland hotel to be sold". Manchester Evening News. 30 January 2004. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
  13. "Simon Rogan to open at the French at the Midland Hotel". Good Food Guide. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
  14. "Rooftop turnips with Simon Rogan, latest custodian of the French at the Midland Hotel". The Guardian. September 2012.
  15. "Our Story". The French. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  16. "Editors Awards 2014". Good Food Guide. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
  17. "NW Good Food Guide Entries 2014: It's Rogan's Year". Manchester Confidential. 2 September 2013. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  18. "More Awards For The French At The Midland". Manchester Confidential. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  19. "Mr Cooper's House and Garden" . Retrieved 2013-09-24.
Bibliography