Midland Hotel, Manchester

Last updated

The Midland Manchester
Midland Hotel west, Manchester.jpg
West facade
General information
Status Grade II*
TypeHotel
Architectural styleEclectic Edwardian Baroque [1]
Location Manchester
CountryEngland
Coordinates 53°28′38″N2°14′42″W / 53.477222°N 2.245°W / 53.477222; -2.245 Coordinates: 53°28′38″N2°14′42″W / 53.477222°N 2.245°W / 53.477222; -2.245
Opened5 September 1903
Cost£1 million in 1900
(£116 million in 2017) [2]
Client Midland Railway Company
Technical details
Structural systemSteel frame, red brick, brown terracotta, polished granite and Burmantoft terracotta
Design and construction
Architect Charles Trubshaw
Website
Official website

The Midland Hotel Manchester [3] , often referred to simply as The Midland, is a grand hotel in Manchester, England. Opened in September 1903, it was built by the Midland Railway to serve Manchester Central railway station, its northern terminus for its rail services to London St Pancras. It faces onto St Peter's Square. The hotel was designed by Charles Trubshaw in a highly individualistic Edwardian Baroque style. It is a Grade II* listed building. [1]

Contents

History

Side of the Midland Hotel Midland Hotel Manchester 2.jpg
Side of the Midland Hotel
Midland Hotel at Night Midland Hotel Manchester at Night.jpg
Midland Hotel at Night

Built at the junction of Peter Street and Lower Mosley Street opposite Manchester Central railway station, terminus for Midland Railway express trains to London St Pancras, the hotel was designed by Charles Trubshaw and constructed between 1898 and 1903 for the Midland Railway Company at a cost of more than £1 million. In 1908 The Railway News reported that the hotel had over 70,000 guests in its first year and described it as a "Twentieth century palace". [4] The hotel had a 1,000-seat purpose-built theatre where opera, drama and early Annie Horniman performances were staged, and a roof terrace where a string quartet performed. [5]

The Midland Hotel was allegedly coveted by Adolf Hitler, who maintained a keen interest in architecture, as a possible Nazi headquarters in Britain. [6] American intelligence speculated that the area of Manchester around the town hall was spared from bombing so as not to damage or destroy the Midland Hotel. [7]

The Midland was where Charles Rolls met Henry Royce leading to the formation of Rolls-Royce Limited in 1904. [8] Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother dined in the hotel's Trafford Restaurant in November 1959 after attending a Royal Variety Performance at the Palace Theatre. The Beatles were famously refused access to the French Restaurant for being "inappropriately dressed". [9]

Architecture

The Midland has a steel structure clad in red brick, brown terracotta and several varieties of polished granite and Burmantofts terracotta to withstand the polluted environment of Manchester. This includes some fine modelled panels by the sculptor Edward Caldwell Spruce. [10] The building shares some similarity with other highly decorative Edwardian Baroque buildings in Manchester such as London Road Fire Station and Lancaster House. The building has been designated a Grade II* listed building by English Heritage. [1] The building was voted Greater Manchester's second-favourite building by readers of the Manchester Evening News in 2012. [11]

Once known as the Crowne Plaza Manchester – The Midland it was bought by the Paramount Hotel Group (now Barcelo UK) in 2004. [12] It was upgraded in a £12 million renovation and was transferred QHotels (formerly Quintessential Hotels), Paramount's sister company.

The hotel was sold in 2018 to a partnership of the Swedish firm Pandox and the Israeli firm Fattal Hotels, which now operates the Midland under its Leonardo Hotels brand. The new owners undertook a £14m renovation. [13]

Hotel

Midland Hotel, Manchester from the junction of Oxford Street and St Peter's Square. The Midland Hotel from Oxford Street Manchester.jpg
Midland Hotel, Manchester from the junction of Oxford Street and St Peter's Square.

The hotel is close to Manchester Central exhibition and conference centre on the site of the former railway station, the Bridgewater Hall and Manchester Central Library. The hotel has 312 en-suite bedrooms and 14 suites, a health club and two restaurants – The French and Mr. Cooper's House & Garden.

Restaurants

The French, once described by The Good Food Guide as "Manchester's finest dining room", [14] was one of Britain’s first Michelin-starred restaurants – awarded in 1974 in the first guide. [15] It re-opened in March 2013 and chef Simon Rogan who stated his desire is to re-establish it to its former opulence [16] and was rated the 12th best restaurant nationally in its first year of opening and awarded the best New Entry award by the Good Food Guide. [17] [18] The French was awarded three Rosettes – the maximum permitted in the first year of opening. [19]

The Colony was named after the cotton traders who sold raw cotton to mill owners and referred to themselves as the Old Colony Club. It closed for refurbishment in 2013 and re-opened in the September as Mr. Cooper's House & Garden in tribute to Thomas Cooper, whose house and gardens occupied the hotel site in 1819. The family were coach-makers and their garden was famous for its strawberries, gooseberries, apples and flowers. [20]

See also

Related Research Articles

Midland main line Railway in the UK

The Midland Main Line is a major railway line in England from London to Sheffield in the north of England. The line is under the Network Rail description of Route 19; it comprises the lines from London's St Pancras station via Leicester, Derby/Nottingham and Chesterfield in the East Midlands.

St Pancras railway station railway station terminus in London

St Pancras railway station, also known as London St Pancras and officially since 2007 as St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden. It is the terminus for Eurostar services from London to Belgium, France and the Netherlands. It provides East Midlands Railway services to Corby, Sheffield and Nottingham on the Midland Main Line, Southeastern high-speed trains to Kent via Ebbsfleet International and Ashford International, and Thameslink cross-London services to Bedford, Peterborough, Brighton and Gatwick Airport. It stands between the British Library, the Regent's Canal and King's Cross railway station, with which it shares a London Underground station, King's Cross St. Pancras.

Leicester railway station Leicester railway station serves the City of Leicester in Leicestershire, England

Leicester railway station is a mainline railway station in the city of Leicester in Leicestershire, England. The station is managed by East Midlands Railway and owned by Network Rail. The station is served by CrossCountry and East Midlands Railway services.

Raymond Blanc French chef

Raymond Blanc OBE is a French chef. Blanc is the chef patron at Le Manoir aux Quat' Saisons, a hotel-restaurant in Great Milton, Oxfordshire, England. The restaurant has two Michelin stars and scored 9/10 in the Good Food Guide. He is entirely self-taught, but has himself taught or employed other chefs including Heston Blumenthal, John Burton-Race, Michael Caines, Paul Liebrandt, and Marco Pierre White.

Manchester Central Convention Complex

Manchester Central Convention Complex is an exhibition and conference centre converted from the former Manchester Central railway station in Manchester, England.

100 King Street designed by Edwin Lutyens

100 King Street, formerly the Midland Bank, is a former bank premises on King Street, Manchester, England. It was designed by Edwin Lutyens in 1928 and constructed in 1933–35. It is Lutyens' major work in Manchester and was designated a Grade II* listed building in 1974.

Derby railway station Railway station in Derby, England

Derby railway station is a main line railway station serving the city of Derby in Derbyshire England. Owned by Network Rail and managed by East Midlands Railway, the station is also used by CrossCountry services and two daily Northern services.

Luton railway station

Luton railway station is a railway station located in the town centre of Luton, Bedfordshire, England. The station is about three minutes' walk from the Arndale Shopping Centre. It is situated on the Midland Main Line and is operated by Thameslink.

Kettering railway station Railway station which serves the town of Kettering in Northamptonshire, England

Kettering railway station serves the town of Kettering in Northamptonshire, England. It lies south-west of the town centre, on the Midland Main Line, 71 miles (115 km) north of London St. Pancras.

Manchester Central railway station

Manchester Central railway station is a former railway station in Manchester city centre, England. One of Manchester's main railway terminals between 1880 and 1969, it has been converted into an exhibition and conference centre, originally known as G-MEX, but now named Manchester Central. The structure is a Grade II* listed building.

James Martin (chef) British chef and television presenter

James Martin is a British chef and television presenter, best known for his television work with the BBC and ITV.

The Principal Manchester

The Principal Manchester, originally known as the Refuge Assurance Building or Refuge Building after the insurance company stands at the corner of Oxford Street and Whitworth Street in Manchester, England. The building was later known as the Palace Hotel.

Architecture of Manchester

The architecture of Manchester demonstrates a rich variety of architectural styles. The city is a product of the Industrial Revolution and is known as the first modern, industrial city. Manchester is noted for its warehouses, railway viaducts, cotton mills and canals - remnants of its past when the city produced and traded goods. Manchester has minimal Georgian or medieval architecture to speak of and consequently has a vast array of 19th and early 20th-century architecture styles; examples include Palazzo, Neo-Gothic, Venetian Gothic, Edwardian baroque, Art Nouveau, Art Deco and the Neo-Classical.

Midland Hotel, Bradford 90-bedroom three-star Victorian hotel in Bradford city centre

The Midland Hotel is a 90-bedroom three-star Victorian hotel in Bradford city centre, owned and managed by London-based Peel Hotels.

LEnclume

L'Enclume is a two Michelin star, five AA Rosette restaurant located in Cartmel, Cumbria, England, run by chef Simon Rogan and his partner Penny Tapsell. Since opening in 2002, L'Enclume has received much critical praise, including a rating of 10 out of 10 five times in the Good Food Guide and named their top restaurant for the fourth consecutive year in the 2017 guide and placed second in the 2018 guide.

Charles Trubshaw English architect

Charles Trubshaw FRIBA was an architect specifically associated with railway buildings on the London and North Western Railway and Midland Railway lines.

St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel

The St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel is a hotel in London, England, forming the frontispiece of St Pancras railway station. It opened in 2011, and occupies much of the former Midland Grand Hotel designed by George Gilbert Scott which opened in 1873 and closed in 1935. The building as a whole including the apartments is known as St Pancras Chambers and between 1935 and the 1980s was used as railway offices. Its clock tower stands at 82m tall, with more than half its height usable.

The Whitebrook

The Whitebrook, formerly known as The Crown at Whitebrook, is a restaurant with rooms in Whitebrook, 6 miles (9.7 km) south-south-east of Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales, near the River Wye and the border with England. The building is thought to date from the 17th century and by the 19th century it was used as a roadside inn. Its restaurant was run by Chef Patron James Sommerin until 2013; it gained a Michelin star in 2007. It contains eight double rooms and a 2-acre (0.81 ha) garden. On 7 March 2013, it closed because of financial difficulties; at the time it had the longest held Michelin star in Wales. Critics praised the food under Sommerin, but have criticised the difficulty in finding the restaurant. It re-opened in October 2013 under new chef and owner Chris Harrod, and regained the Michelin star in 2014. Harrod serves a menu using locally produced meat and vegetables along with foraged ingredients such as charlock, hedge bedstraw and pennywort.

Statue of John Betjeman statue in St Pancras railway station, London

The statue of John Betjeman at St Pancras railway station, London is a depiction in bronze by the sculptor Martin Jennings. The statue was designed and cast in 2007 and was unveiled on 12 November 2007 by Betjeman's daughter, Candida Lycett Green and the then Poet Laureate Andrew Motion to commemorate Betjeman and mark the opening of St Pancras International as the London terminus of the Eurostar high-speed rail link between the United Kingdom and Continental Europe. The location memorialises the connection between St Pancras station and Betjeman, an early and lifelong advocate of Victorian architecture.

References

Citations
  1. 1 2 3 Historic England. "Midland Hotel, Manchester (1271154)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 September 2012.
  2. "Bank of England – Inflation Calculator". Bank of England. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  3. Google sites
  4. "Railway News". Volume 90. 1908. pp. 436–437. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  5. Heßler,Martina & Zimmermann, Clemens (2008). Creative Urban Milieus: Historical Perspectives on Culture, Economy, and the City. University of Chicago Press. ISBN   978-3-593-38547-1.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. "Ed Miliband invokes British wartime spirit". BBC News. 29 September 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  7. "VE Day 60 Years: Manchester – A City In World War Two". culture24.org.uk. 6 June 2005. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  8. "Centenary party for status symbol". BBC News. 4 May 2004. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  9. http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/32056/united_kingdom/the_midland_hotel_in_manchester.html
  10. Burmantofts Pottery (1983) Bradford Art Galleries & Museums and Leeds City Art Gallery p15
  11. "M.E.N readers vote Manchester town hall region's favourite building". Manchester Evening News. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  12. "Historic Midland hotel to be sold". Manchester Evening News. 30 January 2004. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  13. https://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/whats-on/food-drink-news/first-look-midland-hotels-14m-17452754
  14. "Simon Rogan to open at the French at the Midland Hotel". Good Food Guide. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  15. "Rooftop turnips with Simon Rogan, latest custodian of the French at the Midland Hotel". The Guardian. September 2012.
  16. "Our Story". The French. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  17. "Editors Awards 2014". Good Food Guide. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  18. "NW Good Food Guide Entries 2014: It's Rogan's Year". Manchester Confidential. 2 September 2013. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  19. "More Awards For The French At The Midland". Manchester Confidential. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  20. "Mr Cooper's House and Garden" . Retrieved 24 September 2013.
Bibliography