Science and Industry Museum

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Science and Industry Museum
Science and Industry Museum.jpg
Entrance structure reflecting its science/industrial themes
Greater Manchester UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Greater Manchester
Established15 September 1983
LocationLiverpool Road, Manchester, England
Coordinates 53°28′37″N2°15′20″W / 53.47694°N 2.25556°W / 53.47694; -2.25556 Coordinates: 53°28′37″N2°15′20″W / 53.47694°N 2.25556°W / 53.47694; -2.25556
Type Science museum
Visitors704,732 (2018) [1]
Public transit access Metroshuttle BSicon BUS2.svg – Green Route
Website
Science Museum Group
Exterior of the museum's Air and Space Hall Air and Space Hall MOSI.JPG
Exterior of the museum's Air and Space Hall
A kamikaze Ohka aircraft in exhibition Kamikaze-ManchesterMSI.jpg
A kamikaze Ohka aircraft in exhibition
The museum's Avro Shackleton Shackleton AEW.JPG
The museum's Avro Shackleton

The Science and Industry Museum (formerly known as the Museum of Science and Industry) in Manchester, England, is a large museum devoted to the development of science, technology and industry with emphasis on the city's achievements in these fields. The museum is part of the Science Museum Group, a non-departmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, having merged with the National Science Museum in 2012. [2]

Contents

There are extensive displays on the theme of transport (cars, aircraft, railway locomotives and rolling stock), power (water, electricity, steam and gas engines), Manchester's sewerage and sanitation, textiles, communications and computing.

The museum is an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage; and is situated on the site of the world's first passenger railway station – Manchester Liverpool Road – which opened as part of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in September 1830. The railway station frontage and 1830 warehouse are both Grade I listed.

History

The museum was originally called the North Western Museum of Science and Industry when it opened in 1969 in temporary premises on Grosvenor Street in Chorlton-on-Medlock. It had close ties with UMIST, having mostly grown out of the Department of History of Science & Technology.

In 1978, Greater Manchester Council purchased the earliest part of the former Liverpool Road Station from British Rail, which had been closed in 1975. The council paid the nominal sum of £1 for the site. The museum opened at this site on 15 September 1983 and later expanded to include the whole of the former station. [3]

Since 2007 the museum has organised an annual science festival in Manchester.

In 2014, it was announced Sally MacDonald would become the director. MacDonald left her role as head of collections at University College London and succeeded Jean Franczyk as director. [4]

Exhibitions

Exhibits at the Science and Industry Museum include:

Aircraft

Computing and Communications

Locomotives

1505 Ariadne Class 77 E27001 at Manchester 1505 (E27001) Ariadne.jpg
1505 Ariadne Class 77 E27001 at Manchester

Former galleries

Previous permanent exhibition galleries which have now been decommissioned include:

Some past exhibitions

Railway

Until 2018, demonstration passenger trains ran within the museum grounds on selected dates. Trains were hauled by the museum's two operational steam locomotives:

The museum's railway line was formerly connected to the national rail network near Ordsall Lane Junction. However, construction of Network Rail's Ordsall Chord railway link, which was completed in 2017, has now severed this connection and significantly shortened the museum's running line despite a legal battle to save it.

As of 2019, railway operations at the museum were suspended indefinitely.

Industrial machines

The last steam engine ever built to power a mill MOSI Galloway 5424.JPG
The last steam engine ever built to power a mill
Spinning machine Ring spinning frame MOSI Textile Hall 6412.JPG
Spinning machine

The museum exhibits the large collection of stationary steam engines, hot air engines, diesel engines, hydraulic pumps, large electric generators and other similar machines. Most of these machines are operational and occasionally can be seen running. This exhibit includes the last stationary steam engine built to power a mill.

There is also the exhibit of spinning and weaving machines, covering all the steps from wool to textile. These machines are run for a few minutes at scheduled times.

Adjacent St John's Quarter

The museum is adjacent to a £1 billion redevelopment area on the former site of Granada Studios. Work on the area, which will be known as St John's Quarter, is expected to be completed by 2022. [7] The Manchester International Festival's new Factory venue is set to open alongside the MSI at the end of 2019 as part of the redevelopment. [8]

The MSI have been granted planning permission to build a new Special Exhibition Gallery on the ground floor of the New Warehouse. Architectural firm Carmody Groarke won a competition to design the new gallery which is set to be complete by October 2020. [9]

In July 2016 the council stated that, along with development partner Allied London, they had been in talks with the MSI "exploring how the presence of Factory opens up new possibilities for revitalising the whole area below Deansgate as a creative hub, with a joined up and extensive public realm. MSI's own developments plans are being aligned with this creative vision and the museum itself will become part of the creative public realm, with MSI's creative science offer balancing the creative and cultural production of Factory." [8]

See also

Related Research Articles

George Stephenson British engineer and inventor

George Stephenson was a British civil engineer and mechanical engineer. Renowned as the "Father of Railways", Stephenson was considered by the Victorians a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement. Self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praised his achievements. His chosen rail gauge, sometimes called 'Stephenson gauge', was the basis for the 4 feet 8 12 inches (1,435 mm) standard gauge used by most of the world's railways.

Rainhill Trials

The Rainhill Trials were an important competition run in October 1829, to test George Stephenson's argument that locomotives would provide the best motive power for the then nearly-completed Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR). Five locomotives were entered, running along a 1 mile (1.6 km) length of level track at Rainhill, in Lancashire.

Stephensons <i>Rocket</i> Early steam locomotive than won the Rainhill Trials

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Timothy Hackworth British engineer

Timothy Hackworth was an English steam locomotive engineer who lived in Shildon, County Durham, England and was the first locomotive superintendent of the Stockton and Darlington Railway.

National Railway Museum Railway museum in York, England

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Liverpool and Manchester Railway Railway in England

The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was the first inter-city railway in the world. It opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in England. It was also the first railway to rely exclusively on locomotives driven by steam power, with no horse-drawn traffic permitted at any time; the first to be entirely double track throughout its length; the first to have a signalling system; the first to be fully timetabled; and the first to carry mail.

<i>Sans Pareil</i> early British locomotive

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<i>John Bull</i> (locomotive) British-built railroad steam locomotive

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Vulcan Foundry defunct British locomotive manufacturer, active 1833–1969

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Museum of the Great Western Railway Industrial museum

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National Railway Museum Shildon Railway museum in County Durham, England

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LMR 57 <i>Lion</i> preserved early British 0-4-2 locomotive

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<i>Novelty</i> (locomotive) early experimental locomotive

Novelty was an early steam locomotive built by John Ericsson and John Braithwaite to take part in the Rainhill Trials in 1829.

<i>Planet</i> (locomotive) early locomotive of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway

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Kitson and Company was a locomotive manufacturer based in Hunslet, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.

Dick, Kerr and Company was a locomotive and tramcar manufacturer based in Kilmarnock, Scotland and Preston, England.

The history of rail transport in Great Britain to 1830 covers the period up to the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the world's first intercity passenger railway operated solely by steam locomotives. The earliest form of railways, horse-drawn wagonways, originated in Germany in the 16th century. Soon wagonways were also built in Britain. However, the first use of steam locomotives was in Britain. The invention of wrought iron rails, together with Richard Trevithick's pioneering steam locomotive meant that Britain had the first modern railways in the world.

Manchester Liverpool Road railway station former railway station in Manchester, England

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Ordsall Chord rail connection located in Salford, United Kingdom

Ordsall Chord is a short railway line in Ordsall, Salford, England, which links Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Oxford Road to Manchester Victoria, designed to increase capacity and reduce journey times into and through Manchester. It allows trains to run from Leeds, Newcastle and Middlesbrough direct to Manchester Airport and stations on the main line to London Euston.

River Irwell Railway Bridge Grade I listed railway bridge in Manchester and Salford, United Kingdom

The River Irwell Railway Bridge was built for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway (L&MR), the world's first passenger railway which used only steam locomotives and operated as a scheduled service, near Water Street in Manchester, England. The stone railway bridge, built in 1830 by George Stephenson, was part of Liverpool Road railway station. The bridge was designated a Grade I listed building on 20 June 1988.

References

  1. "ALVA - Association of Leading Visitor Attractions". www.alva.org.uk. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  2. "Manchester's MOSI and London's Science Museum to merge". BBC News. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  3. "History of the Museum — MOSI". Museum of Science and Industry. Archived from the original on 31 October 2007. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
  4. Yakub, Qureshi. "Respected curator named as new boss of Museum of Science and Industry". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  5. MOSI. "BODY WORLDS 4: The Original Exhibition of Real Human Bodies". Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2009.
  6. "Stephenson's Rocket returns". Science and Industry Museum. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  7. ITV report (27 October 2014). "£1bn vision for former ITV site revealed". ITV News Granada Reports . Manchester . Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  8. 1 2 Manchester City Council (July 2016). Executive meeting: 16. Updated Draft St Johns Strategic regeneration framework and Factory Manchester (Report). Manchester City Council. p. 11. Retrieved 23 July 2016. Pdf.
  9. "Science and Industry Museum Special Exhibition Gallery update". Science and Industry Museum. Retrieved 2 October 2019.