Corporation Street Bridge

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Corporation Street Bridge
Bridge over Corporation Street - geograph.org.uk - 809089.jpg
Coordinates 53°29′01″N2°14′36″W / 53.4836°N 2.2433°W / 53.4836; -2.2433 Coordinates: 53°29′01″N2°14′36″W / 53.4836°N 2.2433°W / 53.4836; -2.2433
Crosses Corporation Street
Locale Manchester, England
Other name(s) Manchester Arndale Bridge
Maintained by Manchester Arndale
Manchester City Council
History
Architect Hodder + Partners
Construction cost £1 million (1999)
Opened 1999

Corporation Street Bridge is a skyway which crosses Corporation Street in Manchester city centre, Manchester. The bridge replaced the old footbridge, which was damaged beyond repair in the 1996 Manchester bombing. The bridge is shaped in the form of a hyperboloid and links the Marks & Spencer/Selfridges building to the Manchester Arndale.

Skyway architectural element

A skyway, skybridge, or skywalk is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed or covered footbridge between two or more buildings in an urban area. This protects pedestrians from the weather. In North America skyways are usually owned by businesses, and are therefore not public spaces. However, in Asia, such as Bangkok's and Hong Kong's skywalks, they are built and owned separately by the city government, connecting between privately run rail stations or other transport with their own footbridges, and run many kilometers. Skyways usually connect on the first few floors above the ground-level floor, though they are sometimes much higher, as in Petronas Towers. The space in the buildings connected by skyways is often devoted to retail business, so areas around the skyway may operate as a shopping mall. Non-commercial areas with closely associated buildings, such as university campuses, can often have skyways and/or tunnels connecting buildings.

Corporation Street, Manchester street in Manchester, England

Corporation Street is one of Manchester city centre's major streets. It runs from Dantzic Street to the junction of Cross Street and Market Street. Major buildings located on or adjacent to the street include the Manchester Arndale, Exchange Square, The Printworks, Urbis and New Century Hall next to the CIS Tower.

Manchester city centre central business district of the City of Manchester, England

Manchester city centre is the central business district of Manchester, England, within the boundaries of Trinity Way, Great Ancoats Street and Whitworth Street. The City Centre ward had a population of 17,861 at the 2011 census.

Contents

History

Interior of the bridge. Arndale Bridge interior.jpg
Interior of the bridge.

The new footbridge was proposed by Manchester-based architects Hodder + Partners, whose entry won the design competition in 1997. [1] Construction swiftly began and was soon complete in time for opening in 1999.

The structure has won numerous awards and the new footbridge has symbolised the renaissance of Manchester city centre since the bomb. [2] The bridge was one of the earliest structures to be built after the bomb and overhangs the spot where the bomb exploded.

In 2011, the bridge received a seven-month renovation at a cost of £730,000. [3] Repairs included fixing cracked window panes and permanently replacing floor panels. [4]

Awards

See also

Hyperboloid structure

Hyperboloid structures are architectural structures designed using a hyperboloid in one sheet. Often these are tall structures such as towers where the hyperboloid geometry's structural strength is used to support an object high off the ground, but hyperboloid geometry is also often used for decorative effect as well as structural economy. The first hyperboloid structures were built by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov (1853–1939). The world's first hyperboloid tower is located in Polibino, Dankovsky District, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia.

Vladimir Shukhov Russian engineer-polymath, scientist and architect

Vladimir Grigoryevich Shukhov was a Russian engineer-polymath, scientist and architect renowned for his pioneering works on new methods of analysis for structural engineering that led to breakthroughs in industrial design of the world's first hyperboloid structures, diagrid shell structures, tensile structures, gridshell structures, oil reservoirs, pipelines, boilers, ships and barges. He is also the inventor of the first cracking method.

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1996 Manchester bombing Terrorist attack

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Market Street, Manchester retail street in Manchester, England

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Manchester Arndale shopping centre in Manchester, England

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References

  1. "Corporation Street Bridge, Manchester". Hodder + Partners. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  2. "Manchester Bomb: How the city rose from the ashes". Manchester Evening News. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  3. "Glass bridge over Corporation Street to reopen after £730k emergency repair job". Manchester Evening News. 9 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  4. "Safety fears shut Arndale bridge that rose from IRA blast". Manchester Evening News. 16 February 2011.

Coordinates: 53°29′01″N2°14′36″W / 53.48358°N 2.24328°W / 53.48358; -2.24328

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.