Manchester Central Convention Complex

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Manchester Central Convention Complex
Manchester Central Arena.jpg
Former namesGreater Manchester Exhibition Centre (1986–2006)
General information
StatusGrade II* [1]
Architectural style19th Century railway terminus, cast iron and red brick
Location Manchester City Centre
AddressWindmill Street
Manchester M2 3GX
England
Coordinates 53°28′34″N2°14′51″W / 53.476132°N 2.247369°W / 53.476132; -2.247369 Coordinates: 53°28′34″N2°14′51″W / 53.476132°N 2.247369°W / 53.476132; -2.247369
Construction started1982
Completed1986
Opened21 March 1986
Renovated2008–09
Cost £20 million
Renovation cost£30 million
Owner Manchester City Council
Height90 feet (27 m)
Dimensions
Other dimensionsArch span: 210 feet (64 m)
Hall length: 550 feet (168 m) long
Technical details
Structural system2-storey brick building with single-span segmental iron and glass arched roof
Design and construction
Architecture firm EGS Design
Main contractor Alfred McAlpine
Renovating team
Renovating firm Stephenson Bell
Website
Venue Website
Manchester Central Convention Complex
OperatorManchester Central Convention Complex Ltd.
Banquet/ballroom1,200 (Exchange Hall)
Theatre seating
9,000 (Central Hall)
804 (Exchange Auditorium)
Enclosed space
  Total space17,776.71 m2 (191,346.9 sq ft)
  Exhibit hall floor11,834.56 m2 (127,386.1 sq ft)
  Breakout/meeting2,820.15 m2 (30,355.8 sq ft)

Manchester Central Convention Complex (commonly known as Manchester Central) is an exhibition and conference centre converted from the former Manchester Central railway station in Manchester, England.

Manchester Central railway station

Manchester Central railway station is a former railway station in Manchester city centre, England. One of Manchester's main railway terminals between 1880 and 1969, it has been converted into an exhibition and conference centre, originally known as G-MEX, but now named Manchester Central. The structure is a Grade II* listed building.

Contents

The building has a distinctive arched roof with a 64-metre span - the second-largest railway station roof span in the United Kingdom, [2] and was granted Grade II* listed building status in 1963.

Listed building Collection of protected architectural creations in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

After 89 years as a railway terminus, it closed to passengers in May 1969. It was renovated as an exhibition centre formerly known as the G-Mex Centre in 1982 and was Manchester's primary music concert venue until the construction of the Manchester Arena. After renovation the venue reverted to its former name Manchester Central in 2007.

Manchester Arena Event arena in Manchester, England

The Manchester Arena is an indoor arena in Manchester, England, immediately north of the city centre and partly above Manchester Victoria station in air rights space.

History

Manchester Central railway station

An illustrative image of the old Manchester Central railway station, dated 1905. Manchester Central Station 7.jpg
An illustrative image of the old Manchester Central railway station, dated 1905.

The complex was originally Manchester Central railway station, one of the city's main railway terminals. [3]

Designed by Sir John Fowler, the station was opened in July 1880 by the Cheshire Lines Committee. The station served as the terminus for Midland Railway express trains to London St Pancras. The station's large arched roof – a huge wrought-iron single-span arched roof, spanning 210 feet (64 m), 550 feet (168 m) long and 90 feet (27 m) high – was a noted piece of railway engineering and is the widest unsupported iron arch in Britain after the Barlow train shed at London St Pancras. [4]

Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet civil engineer

Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet, KCMG, LLD, FRSE was an English civil engineer specialising in the construction of railways and railway infrastructure. In the 1850s and 1860s, he was engineer for the world's first underground railway, London's Metropolitan Railway, built by the "cut-and-cover" method under city streets. In the 1880s, he was chief engineer for the Forth Railway Bridge, which opened in 1890. Fowler's was a long and eminent career, spanning most of the 19th century's railway expansion, and he was engineer, adviser or consultant to many British and foreign railway companies and governments. He was the youngest president of the Institution of Civil Engineers, between 1865 and 1867, and his major works represent a lasting legacy of Victorian engineering.

Cheshire Lines Committee

The Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) was the second-largest joint railway in Great Britain after the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway. The commmittee, which was often styled the Cheshire Lines Railway, operated 143 miles of track. It served Birkenhead, Chester, Knutsford, Liverpool, Manchester, Northwich, Southport, Stockport, Warrington, Widnes and Winsford. Despite its name, approximately 55% of its network was within Lancashire.

Midland Railway British pre-grouping railway company (1844–1922)

The Midland Railway (MR) was a railway company in the United Kingdom from 1844 to 1922, when it became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. It had a large network of lines managed from its headquarters in Derby. It became the third-largest railway undertaking in the British Isles.

At its height, in the 1930s, more than 400 trains passed through the station every day. [5] The station operated for 89 years, before closing in May 1969. [6]

G-Mex Centre

The interior of the derelict station before its renovation in 1982. Manchester Central Station 4.jpg
The interior of the derelict station before its renovation in 1982.

In 1978, the structure was acquired by the Greater Manchester County Council to redevelop as a concert venue. In 1982 construction work undertaken by Alfred McAlpine [7] It was the centrepiece of the regeneration plan for the area and wider Castlefield district. The hall covered 10,000 square metres and could be partitioned into various sized units for different exhibitions. [8] Initial construction work concentrated on repairing the derelict structure and re-pointing brickwork which took 18 months. [7] The Greater Manchester Exhibition Centre or G-Mex Centre was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1986 after four years of renovation. [9]

In 2001, the Manchester International Convention Centre (MICC) was added, comprising an 804-seat auditorium and breakout rooms and the Great Northern Hall. In 2005, the company running the complex was bought by Manchester City Council. G-Mex was Manchester's primary concert venue from 1986 to 1995. Its position as a concert venue diminished after the opening of the Manchester (then NYNEX) Arena in 1995. [10]

Manchester Central

In January 2007 it was renamed Manchester Central, evoking the memory of the former station [11] [12] and converted into an exhibition and conference centre. The building was renovated at a cost of £30 million in 2008 by Manchester-based architects, Stephenson Bell. The first phase to create a foyer took from February to November 2008. [13]

The second phase, completed towards the end of 2009, included an extended foyer to the Grade ll listed Central Hall. The old smoked-glass structure was demolished and replaced by a flat-roofed, clear-glazed structure exposing more of the original architecture. [4] The final phase, completed in September 2010, focused on the rear of the building. New event spaces were built and rooms refurbished to increase the venue's range and size of meeting and banqueting spaces. [14]

Events

During its days as the G-MEX Centre, the venue was used for hosting rock concerts. Not long after its official opening, Factory Records used the venue for their Festival of the Tenth Summer in July 1986 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of Punk In The City, and included appearances by The Smiths, and Factory Records stalwarts New Order. James appeared in 1990, U2 in June 1992, Metallica in November 1992 on their The Black Album tour and The Cure in November 1992. G-Mex had a seating capacity of 9,500 for end stage concerts and 12,500 for standing events and stopped hosting concerts in 1997, with the last gig by Oasis in December. G-Mex was also the 2002 Commonwealth Games venue for gymnastics, weightlifting, judo and wrestling. [15]

After a nine-year break, it was again used for concerts by Snow Patrol in December 2006 with Morrissey, The Verve. Marilyn Manson, Franz Ferdinand, Manic Street Preachers, Arctic Monkeys, [16] Bloc Party and Hard-Fi holding concerts in 2007. Status Quo have performed there multiple times. The venue hosted concerts by Placebo in December 2009, Arcade Fire, Biffy Clyro, Thirty Seconds to Mars, The Taste of Chaos Tour 2010, deadmau5, [17] Pendulum in December 2010 and The Eighth Plague Tour. In 2011, it hosted The Girls' Day Out Show. [18]

In 2009 and 2010, it played host to the Manchester audition stages of the ITV programme The X Factor and in December 2012, the hosted the finals of series 9 of The X Factor . [19]

In September 2006, the Labour Party moved from traditional seaside venues to hold its annual party conference at the complex, returning to the venue in 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014. It has also hosted conferences for the Confederation of British Industry, ECOFIN, the Liberal Democrats and the Conservative Party. Conservatives in 2006, 2009, 2011, 2013,2015 and 2017. [20] [21]

The venue is also the filming location of Ninja Warrior UK. [22]

Transport

Located in the heart of the city, Manchester Central is served by two Metrolink tram stops - Deansgate-Castlefield tram stop and St Peter's Square tram stop both of which are under a five-minute walk from the venue. National Rail local train services serve Deansgate railway station whilst Manchester Piccadilly is a twenty-minute walk away. [23]

See also

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References

Citations
  1. Historic England. "G-Mex (1270514)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  2. "Manchester Central Station (G-Mex) roof". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  3. "About Manchester Central". Manchester Central Convention Complex. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  4. 1 2 Lashley, Brian (5 May 2009). "Manchester Central marks milestone". Manchester Evening News. Archived from the original on 14 January 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2009.
  5. Parkinson-Bailey, p. 212
  6. "What happened to England's forgotten railway stations?". BBC. 11 January 2015. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  7. 1 2 Gray p. 137
  8. Parkinson-Bailey, p. 213
  9. Parkinson-Bailey, p. 214
  10. Watson, Janine (25 July 1995). "Arena ready for Wets sell-out". Manchester Evening News.
  11. Burdett, Jill (25 June 2009). "This is just the start ..." Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 8 July 2009.
  12. "Morrissey plays last 'G-Mex' gig". BBC News. 22 December 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2009.
  13. "Manchester Central". Stephenson Studio. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  14. "Manchester Central - The redevelopment". Manchester Central. 13 August 2012. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  15. "G-Mex". BBC. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  16. "Arctic Monkeys @ Manchester Central". Citylife. 12 December 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  17. "Deadmau5 - Review". Citylife. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  18. Attention all females girls day out in Manchester Archived 2 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  19. "'X Factor' series nine final to be held in Manchester". Digital Spy . 13 August 2012. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  20. "Conservatives will return to Manchester for 2013 and 2015 party conferences". Manchester Evening News. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  21. "Manchester to host Labour Party Conference in 2012 and 2014". Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  22. "ITV brings world renowned television game show to Manchester Central". Manchester Central. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  23. "Manchester Piccadilly". Engineering Times. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
Bibliography