Holyoake House

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Holyoake House in Manchester Holyoake House, Manchester.jpg
Holyoake House in Manchester

Holyoake House is a building in the NOMA district of Manchester, England, which was completed in 1911. Designed by F.E.L. Harris, it was built for the Co-operative Union in memory of George Holyoake. It is located alongside other listed buildings such as the CIS Tower, Hanover Building and Redfern Building and is owned by Co-operatives UK.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.7 million, and third-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.3 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority for the city is Manchester City Council.

Co-operatives UK

Co-operatives UK is "the central membership organisation for co-operative enterprise throughout the UK". The co-operative federation was founded in 1870 as the Co-operative Central Board, changing its name to the Co-operative Union before finally becoming Co-operatives UK following its merger with the Industrial Common Ownership Movement (ICOM) in 2001. Historically associated with the consumer co-operatives, the merger broadened its scope to include worker co-operatives and it now exists to support and promote the values of the entire co-operative movement throughout the UK.

George Holyoake British secularist, co-operator, and newspaper editor

George Jacob Holyoake was an English secularist, co-operator, and newspaper editor. He coined the term "secularism" in 1851 and "jingoism" in 1878. He edited a secularist paper, the Reasoner, from 1846 to June 1861, and a co-operative paper, The English Leader, from 1864 to 1867.

Contents

Background

In 1906 the co-operative activist George Jacob Holyoake died and the Co-operative Movement decided to commemorate him by building a permanent headquarters for the Co-operative Union. The building was designed by architect F. E. L. Harris, who had also designed the nearby Hanover Building in the year of Holyoake's death. It was erected in 1911 [1] on Hanover Street [2] and named Holyoake House. [3] A plaque was erected outside the building dedicating the building to Holyoake's memory.

Hanover Building grade II listed architectural structure in Manchester, United kingdom

Hanover Building is an Grade II office building in the NOMA district of Manchester, United Kingdom.

In addition to Co-operatives UK, Holyoake House is also home to the Co-operative College, the Association of British Credit Unions (ABCUL), [4] Co-op News. [5] and the Manchester office of The Phone Co-op.

The Association of British Credit Unions Limited, commonly known as ABCUL, is the leading trade association for credit unions in Great Britain.

<i>Co-op News</i>

Co-op News is a UK-based monthly news magazine and website for the global co-operative movement.

The Phone Co-op

The Phone Co-op is a consumer co-operative in the United Kingdom, which provides landline, mobile telephone and Internet services, including web hosting and broadband. Now part of the Midcounties Co-operative, the largest independent co-operative in the UK, it is owned by its customer-members who democratically control the business and who share in its profits. This makes The Phone Co-op the only telephone co-operative in the UK.

The building was extended in the 1930s, [3] and a training centre on the top floor was destroyed by an incendiary bomb in the Manchester Blitz of 1940. [6] A collection of Holyoake's letters, papers and other writings are held in store in the National Co-operative Archive, also housed in the building, [7] whilst the building itself received Grade II listed building status on 20 June 1988. [8]

Incendiary device bomb designed to start fires

Incendiary weapons, incendiary devices, incendiary munitions, or incendiary bombs are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire, that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus. Though colloquially often known as bombs, they are not explosives but in fact are designed to slow the process of chemical reactions and use ignition rather than detonation to start and or maintain the reaction. Napalm for example, is petroleum especially thickened with certain chemicals into a 'gel' to slow, but not stop, combustion, releasing energy over a longer time than an explosive device. In the case of napalm, the gel adheres to surfaces and resists suppression.

Manchester Blitz bombing of Manchester (UK), by German Luftwaffe in December 1940

The Manchester Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Manchester and its surrounding areas in North West England during the Second World War by the German Luftwaffe. It was one of three major raids on Manchester, an important inland port and industrial city; Trafford Park in neighbouring Stretford was a major centre of war production.

The National Co-operative Archive, located in Manchester, UK, is home to collections relating to the history of the co-operative movement, that provide an unrivaled resource for the understanding of co-operative movement from its initial ideas of the nineteenth century to the present day. The archive includes manuscripts, rare books, periodicals, films, photographs and oral histories.

See also

Related Research Articles

The Co-operative Bank plc is a retail and commercial bank in the United Kingdom, with its headquarters in Balloon Street, Manchester.

Leeds Co-operative Society

The Leeds Industrial Co-operative Society was a British independent co-operative society based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, which merged with United Co-operatives in 2007.

CIS Tower skyscraper on Miller Street in Manchester, England

The CIS Tower is an office skyscraper on Miller Street in Manchester, England. It was completed in 1962 and rises to 387 feet in height. The Grade II listed building, which houses the Co-operative Banking Group, is Manchester's sixth-tallest building and the tallest office building in the United Kingdom outside London. The tower remained as built for over 40 years until maintenance issues on the service tower required an extensive renovation which included covering its facade in photovoltaic panels.

The Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, founded in 1844, was an early consumer co-operative, and one of the first to pay a patronage dividend, forming the basis for the modern co-operative movement. Although other co-operatives preceded them, the Rochdale Pioneers' co-operative became the prototype for societies in Great Britain. The Rochdale Pioneers are most famous for designing the Rochdale Principles, a set of principles of co-operation that provide the foundation for the principles on which co-ops around the world operate to this day. The model the Rochdale Pioneers used is a focus of study within co-operative economics.

The United Kingdom is home to a widespread and diverse co-operative movement, with over 7000 registered co-operatives which are owned by 17 million individual members and which contribute £34bn a year to the British economy. Modern co-operation started with the Rochdale Pioneers' shop in the northern English town of Rochdale in 1844, though the history of co-operation in the UK can be traced back to before 1800. The British co-operative movement is most commonly associated with The Co-operative brand which has been adopted by several large consumers' co-operative societies; however, there are many thousands of registered co-operative businesses operating in the UK. Alongside these consumers' co-operatives, there exist many prominent agricultural co-operatives (621), co-operative housing providers (619), health and social care cooperatives (111), cooperative schools (834), retail co-operatives, co-operatively run community energy projects, football supporters' trusts, credit unions and worker-owned businesses.

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Redfern Building grade II listed low-rise in Manchester, United kingdom

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References

  1. Who Built What in Manchester?, Google, 6 January 2006, retrieved 19 October 2007
  2. "How to find us". Co-operatives UK. Archived from the original on 12 February 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  3. 1 2 Background, 2005, archived from the original on 7 August 2007, retrieved 18 October 2007
  4. Contact Us, 2007, archived from the original on 13 October 2007, retrieved 18 October 2007
  5. Co-operative News – Homepage, 2005, archived from the original on 16 April 2003, retrieved 18 October 2007
  6. The Co-operative College – Origins and Development, 2005, archived from the original on 16 August 2007, retrieved 19 October 2007
  7. GEORGE JACOB HOLYOAKE , retrieved 19 October 2007
  8. Listed Buildings in Manchester – 2, Google, 14 March 2005, retrieved 19 October 2007