Kendals

Last updated

Kendals
Private company
IndustryRetail
Genre Department store
Founded1836;183 years ago (1836)
Headquarters Deansgate, Manchester
ProductsQuality and luxury goods
Owner Mike Ashley

Kendals was the name mostly used by Mancunians of a department store in Manchester, England now operated as House of Fraser. [1] The store had previously been known during its operation as Kendal Milne, Kendal, Milne & Co, Kendal, Milne & Faulkner, Harrods or Watts.

Department store Retail establishment; building which offers a wide range of consumer goods

A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments". In modern major cities, the department store made a dramatic appearance in the middle of the 19th century, and permanently reshaped shopping habits, and the definition of service and luxury. Similar developments were under way in London, in Paris and in New York.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Contents

History

The store was opened as Watts' in 1832, and became Kendal, Milne & Faulkner when three employees bought out the business and re-opened it in 1836. [2] The founder John Watts had begun a drapery business in Deansgate in 1796 which became prosperous and was later known as "The Bazaar" and expanded onto a site on the other side of Deansgate. [3] The store building of 1836 (on the east side) was reconstructed after the street widening of 1873 by the architect E. J. Thompson. The site of the present store was occupied by the cabinet showrooms, workshops and packing departments. [4]

It was purchased by Harrods in 1919, and was called Harrods for a period in the 1920s, but the name swiftly reverted to Kendal Milne following protests from customers and staff. [2]

Harrods British department store

Harrods is a department store located on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London. It is owned by the state of Qatar via its sovereign wealth fund, the Qatar Investment Authority. The Harrods brand also applies to other enterprises undertaken by the Harrods group of companies including Harrods Estates, Harrods Aviation and Air Harrods, and to Harrods Buenos Aires, sold by Harrods in 1922 and closed as of 2011.

The Harrods group, along with Kendals, was taken over by House of Fraser in 1959. [2] The store continued trading as Kendals until 2005, [2] when, after extensive refurbishment, the store was renamed House of Fraser Manchester. Despite the re-branding of Kendals, the 'Kendal, Milne and Co' name is still clearly visible on marble fascias above the store's entrances.

House of Fraser is a British department store group with 55 stores across the United Kingdom and Ireland. It was established in Glasgow, Scotland in 1849 as Arthur and Fraser. By 1891, it was known as Fraser & Sons. The company grew steadily during the early 20th century, and after the Second World War a large number of acquisitions transformed the company into a national chain.

The store is located in a purpose-built Art Deco building on Deansgate, with 280,000 sq ft (26,000 m2) of retail space, making it Manchester's second largest department store (the largest being Debenhams on Market Street) at 420,000 sq ft (39,000 m2). The present store was designed by Harrod's in-house architect, Louis David Blanc, with input from a local architect J. S. Beaumont, in 1938 and completed in 1939. [5] It is a Grade II listed building. [6] It operated for many years alongside the Victorian store building on the opposite side of Deansgate (opened in 1873). A large multi-storey car park stands to the west of the store.

Art Deco Influential visual arts design style which first appeared in France during the 1920s

Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners. It took its name, short for Arts Décoratifs, from the Exposition internationale des arts décoratifs et industriels modernes held in Paris in 1925. It combined modern styles with fine craftsmanship and rich materials. During its heyday, Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, exuberance, and faith in social and technological progress.

Deansgate road in Manchester, England

Deansgate is a main road through Manchester city centre, England. It runs roughly north–south in a near straight route through the western part of the city centre and is the longest road in the city centre at over one mile long.

Debenhams British multinational retailer operating under a department store.

Debenhams is a British multinational retailer operating under a department store format in the United Kingdom and Ireland with franchise stores in other countries. The company was founded in the eighteenth century as a single store in London and has now grown to 178 locations across the UK, Ireland and Denmark. It sells a range of clothing, household items and furniture and has been known since 1993 for its 'Designers at Debenhams' brand range.

In October 2018,it was announced that the House of Fraser store would close in late January 2019 due to being unable to sort out a crucial restructuring deal. [7] [8] However in November 2018 it was announced that the store had been saved from closure. [9]

See also

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References

  1. "House of Fraser premium department store in Manchester". www.houseoffraser.co.uk. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Ottewell, David (28 October 2005) "Kendals name dropped forever" ManchesterEveningNews.co.uk (Retrieved: 19 February 2010)
  3. Linton, Deborah. "Kendals celebrates 175 years of trading". M E N Media. Archived from the original on 11 November 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. Atkins, Philip (1976) Guide Across Manchester. Manchester: Civic Trust for the North West; p. 55
  5. Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Louis David Blanc
  6. Historic England. "Nos. 98-116, DEANSGATE, Manchester (1200851)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  7. "Sports Direct to close House of Fraser's Manchester store". The Guardian. 19 October 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  8. "House of Fraser 'Kendal's' Manchester store closing after 180 years". BBC News. 19 October 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  9. "Manchester's House of Fraser store Kendal's saved from closure". BBC News. 30 November 2018. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

Coordinates: 53°28′54″N2°14′52″W / 53.4818°N 2.2479°W / 53.4818; -2.2479