Baguley Hall

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Baguley Hall
Baguley Hall.jpg
Baguley Hall, near Manchester
General information
Status Grade I listed
Architectural styleTimber-framed
Location Baguley, Greater Manchester, UK
Coordinates 53°23′42″N2°16′35″W / 53.394955°N 2.276358°W / 53.394955; -2.276358 Coordinates: 53°23′42″N2°16′35″W / 53.394955°N 2.276358°W / 53.394955; -2.276358
Construction started14th-century (14th-century)
Owner English Heritage
Greater Manchester UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Map showing the location of Baguley Hall within Greater Manchester.

Baguley Hall is a 14th-century timber-framed building in Baguley, Greater Manchester (grid reference SJ81628874 ), North West England. [1]

Timber framing building technique, construction method using heavy squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers

Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs. It is commonplace in wooden buildings from the 19th century and earlier. If the structural frame of load-bearing timber is left exposed on the exterior of the building it may be referred to as half-timbered, and in many cases the infill between timbers will be used for decorative effect. The country most known for this kind of architecture is Germany. Timber framed houses are spread all over the country except in the southeast.

Great hall largest room in a medieval manor

A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages, and continued to be built in the country houses of the 16th and early 17th centuries, although by then the family used the great chamber for eating and relaxing. At that time the word "great" simply meant big, and had not acquired its modern connotations of excellence. In the medieval period the room would simply have been referred to as the "hall", unless the building also had a secondary hall, but the term "great hall" has been predominant for surviving rooms of this type for several centuries, to distinguish them from the different type of hall found in post-medieval houses. Great halls were found especially in France, England and Scotland, but similar rooms were also found in some other European countries.

Baguley small locality in Wythenshawe in Manchester, England

Baguley is an electoral ward of the city of Manchester in Wythenshawe, England. The population at the 2011 census was 14,794.

Contents

A former country house, historically in Cheshire, it is now Grade I-listed [2] and a Scheduled Ancient Monument. [1]

Historic counties of England Geographical designations for areas of England, based on historical traditions

The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others. They are alternatively known as ancient counties, traditional counties, former counties or simply as counties. In the centuries that followed their establishment, as well as their administrative function, the counties also helped define local culture and identity. This role continued even after the counties ceased to be used for administration after the creation of administrative counties in 1889, which were themselves amended by further local government reforms in the years following.

Cheshire County of England

Cheshire is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west. Cheshire's county town is the City of Chester (118,200); the largest town is Warrington (209,700). Other major towns include Crewe (71,722), Ellesmere Port (55,715), Macclesfield (52,044), Northwich (75,000), Runcorn (61,789), Widnes (61,464) and Winsford (32,610)

Listed building Collection of protected architectural creations in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

History

The current hall may be on the site of an earlier hall house, possibly dating from the 11th or 12th centuries.

Manor house country house that historically formed the administrative centre of a manor

A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manorial courts, communal meals with manorial tenants and great banquets. The term is today loosely applied to various country houses, frequently dating from the late medieval era, which formerly housed the gentry.

Hall house vernacular house typical of Britain, centred on a hall

The hall house is a type of vernacular house traditional in many parts of England, Wales, Ireland and lowland Scotland, as well as northern Europe, during the Middle Ages, centring on a hall. Usually timber-framed, some high status examples were built in stone.

Wattle and daub

Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw. Wattle and daub has been used for at least 6,000 years and is still an important construction material in many parts of the world. Many historic buildings include wattle and daub construction, and the technique is becoming popular again in more developed areas as a low-impact sustainable building technique.

Wall vertical structure, usually solid, that defines and sometimes protects an area

A wall is a structure that defines an area, carries a load; provides security, shelter, or soundproofing; or is decorative. There are many kinds of walls, including:

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Ownership

Baguley Hall was in the possession of the de Baguleys and later the Legh family for about 400 years. Sir William de Baguley's daughter, Isabel, married Sir John Legh of Booths, near Knutsford. Her son, Sir William Legh, succeeded and the estate remained in the possession of the Leghs until the latter part of the 17th century. The last male heir was Edward Legh who married Eleanor, daughter of William Tatton of Wythenshawe Hall. They had three daughters and Baguley was leased to the Viscounts Allen until 1749 when the estate was bought by Joseph Jackson of Rostherne, whose family married into the Leighs of West Hall, High Legh. [5] Jackson left it in his will to the Revd Millington Massey from whom it was inherited by his daughter, [6] before being conveyed by the trustees of her marriage settlement to Thomas William Tatton, via his son Thomas Egerton Tatton to Robert Henry Grenville Tatton. [7]

Leghs of Adlington

The Leghs of Adlington were established by Robert de Leigh who inherited the lordship of the manor of Adlington from his mother Elena de Corona. His father, John de Leigh, who was lord of the manor of Over Knutsford and seated at Norbury Booths, descended in the male line from the Venable family.

Knutsford town in Cheshire, England, United Kingdom

Knutsford is a town in Cheshire, England, 14 miles (23 km) south-west of Manchester and 9 miles (14 km) north-west of Macclesfield. The population at the 2011 Census was 13,191.

Wythenshawe Hall

Wythenshawe Hall is a 16th-century medieval timber-framed historic house and former manor house in Wythenshawe, Manchester, England, five miles (8 km) south of Manchester city centre in Wythenshawe Park. Built for Robert Tatton, it was home to the Tatton family for almost 400 years. Its basic plan is a central hall with two projecting wings.

Bought by Manchester Corporation in 1926. Since 1968 the building has been owned by HM Gh overnment.The Ministry of Works initiated the 1971 to 1982 restoration program. The hall is currently under the guardianship of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. The structure and grounds are maintained by Historic England. The hall is listed on the Buildings at Risk Register, rating its condition as "fair". [8]

Mansion large dwelling house

A mansion is a large dwelling house. The word itself derives through Old French from the Latin word mansio "dwelling", an abstract noun derived from the verb manere "to dwell". The English word manse originally defined a property large enough for the parish priest to maintain himself, but a mansion is no longer self-sustaining in this way. Manor comes from the same root—territorial holdings granted to a lord who would "remain" there—hence it is obvious how the word mansion got its meaning.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Historic England. "Baguley Hall (76516)". PastScape. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  2. 1 2 Historic England. "Baguley Hall (388166)". Images of England . Retrieved 26 December 2007.
  3. As a result, a recent low-rise apartment block across the road is called Sir William's Court.
  4. Crossley, Frederick Herbert (1951). Timber Building in England: From Early Times to the End of the Seventeenth Century. London: Batsford.
  5. Wythenshawe History Group: Baguley Hall
  6. London Gazette (1844)
  7. University of Manchester Library: Tatton of Wythenshawe Muniments
  8. "Baguley Hall, Hall Lane". English Heritage . Retrieved 20 June 2008.